第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空 (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。 21. -How would you like your coffee? -_________. A. It's well done B. Very nice, thank you C. One cup. That's enough D. The stronger, the better 22. How many of us ________, say, a meeting that is not important to us would be interested in the discussion? A. attended B. attending C. to attend D. have attended 23. - Coffee _______ milk? - Only milk, please, ________ I used to like coffee. A. and; and B. and; but C. or; and D. or; but 24. - Why are your group so happy? - Our group ________ theirs in the oral English competition. A. has won B. have gained C. has beaten D. have defeated 25. As is known to us all, _______ life in _______ modern world is easier in some ways than _______ life our grandparents lived. A. the; a ; the B. a; the; the C. / ; the; the D. the; / ; the 26. Ugly papers sold on streets are another problem of pollution. Young readers should ________ them. A. throw away B. keep away C. break off D. get rid of 27. Tom looked at Jenny, tears ______ his eyes, and shouted out the words _______ in his heart for years. A. filling; having hidden B. filled; hidden C. filling; hidden D. filled; hiding 28. -Yao Ming has begun his new season in NBA. -Yes, he couldn't have wished for a _______ start to the new NBA year. He scored 19 points in 20 minutes in the opening game. A. better B. good C. nice D. best 29. Mr. Thompson, without _______ timely help finishing the task would have been out of the question, fell sick last week. A. his B. him C. what D. whose 30. -What do you think of the furniture on exhibition? -Well, great! But I don't think much of _______ you bought. A. the one B. it C. that D. which 31. -I wonder why Mr. Green looks quiet in class. -I'm not sure, but he ________ a small accident driving here. A. could have B. might have C. might have had D. must have had 32. About 170 people ______ killed and dozens more ________ still missing after a flood hit an Indonesian town last week. A. were; are B. have been; were C. are; are

D. had been; were 33. _______a car reaches the end of its life, it is taken apart and any part that can be reused is sold off. A. As B. With C. Once D. While 34. It is ________ he often fails in exams ________ makes his parents worried about him. A. what; that B. that; what C. that; that D. / ; that 35. The successful mission of the "Shenzhou 5" manned spacecraft has made China the third nation to send a man into space, ________ more than four decades after the Soviet Union and the United States. A. came B. comes C. coming D. to come 第二节:完形填空 (共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36-55 题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。 Certainly dustmen prefer to be known as "Reuse Collection and Disposal Officers" (垃圾回收处理官员) . You may think that this is rather 36________ , and it is better to call a spade a spade. But dustmen can be as 37________ as people of any other occupation(职业), though we must 38________ that their job is not a 39________ one in the world. We often take dustmen for granted. Perhaps because they usually come very early in the morning, before most people are 40________ . We are likely to forget their 41________ . Our dustbins are 42________ regularly, but we 43________ stop to think about the men who do this. However, it is one of the most important jobs in the world, and when there are no dustmen to 44________ the rubbish, the general 45________ soon becomes aware that something is wrong. Recently, the dustmen of England went on strike for higher wages. During the first few days it was regarded as a 46________ . But when the first two weeks had passed, and the dustbins were overflowing in nearly every backyard in the country, the joke did not seem so 47________ any more. 48________ the strike continued, people could not 49________ the hills of rubbish around their dustbins, and they looked for other places in which to 50________ it. Even Leicester Square, in the heart of West End of London, was 51________ high with plastic bags full of smelly rubbish. This was a(n) 52________ attraction that the people of London were not at all 53________ to see. Even when the strike was over, it took several weeks for the country to get cleaned up completely. Perhaps now the English people 54________ the work of their dustmen rather more 55________ and won't take them for granted any more. 36. A. clever B. silly C. interesting D. reasonable 37. A. sensitive B. careless C. hopeful D. shy 38. A. realize B. believe C. know D. admit 39. A. necessary B. difficult C. romantic D. heavy 40. A. away B. up C. down D. in 41. A. existence B. presence C. absence D. performance 42. A. cleaned B. filled C. emptied D. burned 43. A. generally B. frequently C. sometimes D. seldom 44. A. take away B. take off C. take up D. take on 45. A. society B. citizen C. public D. community 46. A. trick B. joke C. trouble D. show 47. A. pleasing B. excited C. stupid D. funny 48. A. When B. While C. As D. Because 49. A. bear B. contain C. manage D. control 50. A. keep off B. give up C. take care of D. get rid of 51. A. crowded B. piled C. fixed D. put 52. A. business B. industrial C. tourist D. agricultural 53. A. disappointed B. serious C. nervous D. happy 54. A. like B. recognize C. find D. appreciate 55. A. highly B. eagerly C. differently D. entirely 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中选出最佳答案。 A Priscilla Ouchida's house turned out to be a horrible dream. When she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000, three-bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leak, the house was equipped with double-- paned(双层玻璃的) windows and several other energy-saving qualities. Problems

began as soon as the couple moved in, however, Priscilla's eyes burned. Her throat was often dry. She suffered from headaches and could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly developed a strange illness. Experts finally find the cause of her illness. The level of formaldehyde(甲醛) gas in her kitchen was twice the largest amount allowed by federal standards for chemical workers. The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cabinet and wall-to-wall carpeting. The Ouchidas suffered the effects of indoor air pollution, which is not given enough attention partly because of the nation's drive to save energy. The problem itself isn't new. "The indoor environment was dirty long before energy saving came along", says Moschandreas, a pollution scientist at Geomet Technologies in Maryland. "Energy saving has worsened the situation in some cases." The problem appears to be more troublesome in newly constructed homes rather than old ones. Back in the days when energy was cheap, home builders didn't worry much about unsealed cracks. Because of such leaks, the air in an average home was replaced by fresh outdoor air about once an hour. As a result, the pollutants caused by most households seldom built up to dangerous level. 56. It can be learned from the passage that the Ouchida's house________ . A. is well worth the money spent on its construction B. is almost faultless from the point of energy saving C. failed to meet energy saving standards D. was designed and constructed in a scientific way 57. What made the Ouchida's new house a horrible dream? A. Lack of fresh air. B. Poor quality of building materials. C. Gas leakage in the kitchen. D. The newly painted walls. 58. Why didn't people care about cracks in the past? A. Because indoor cleanness was not emphasized. B. Because energy used to be inexpensive. C. Because environmental protection was not taken into consideration. D. Because they had to build their houses in that way. 59. This passage is most probably taken from an article with the title "_______". A. Energy Saving B. House Building C. Air Pollution Indoors D. Traps in Building Construction B WASHINGTON-Laura Straub is a very worried woman. Her job is to find families for French teenagers who expect to live with American families in the summer. It's not easy, even desperate. "We have many children left to place: 40 out of 75," said Straub, who works for a Paris-based foreign-exchange programme called LEC. When exchange programmes started 50 years ago, family life was more accommodating(接纳). For one thing, more mothers stayed home. But now, increasing number of women work outside the home. Exchange-student programmes have struggled in recent years to sign up host families for 30,000 teenagers who annually come from abroad to spend an academic (学术) year in the United States, as well as the thousands more who participate(参与) in the summer programmes. School systems in many parts of the US, unhappy about accepting non-taxpaying students, have also strictly limited the number of exchange students they accept. At the same time, the idea of hosting foreign students is becoming less exotic. In searching for host families, who usually receive no pay, exchange programmes are increasingly broadening their appeals (要求) to include everyone from young to retirees (退休者). "We are open to many different types of families," said Vickie Weiner, eastern regional director for ASSE, a 25-year-old programme that sends about 30,000 teenagers on academic-year exchange programmes worldwide.

For elderly people, exchange students "keep us young - they really do", said Jean Forster, who is hosting 16-year-old Nina Porst from Denmark. 60. Vickie Weiner is the person who________ . A. works for a programme called LEC B. works for a programme called ASSE C. is 25 years old D. hosts foreign students 61. The underlined word "exotic" means ________. A. difficult B. wonderful C. exciting D. accommodating 62. From the passage we can learn that at the beginning of the exchange programmes, ________. A. all the families could host foreign students B. only young couples could host foreign students C. only those who were retired could host foreign students D. those who were not too old could host foreign students 63. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. US Struggle to Find Host Families B. Idea of Hosting Students Is Different C. Foreign-exchange Program Is Going On D. Exchange Students Keeps Old People Young C You are standing under the most famous neon lights in the centre of London, waiting to cross the road. Suddenly the traffic stops. You hear the distant sounds of cheering, clapping and shouting. Then, like a multi-colored train, 2, 000 people with wheels on their feet zoom past you. You have just witnessed the London Skate, a twice weekly roller-skate event that attracts people in their hundreds and thousands London. Skate is a completely free tour of the streets of London -the only condition is that you go along on roller-skates. It lasts between two and three hours and by the end of it you have skated between 10 and 12 miles. The skate snakes sound the streets of London along several different routes. Many of the routes pass by tourist attractions such as Buckingham Palace and Big Ben. Marshals (交通协调员) go ahead of the group, stopping the traffic so that people can skate as safely as possible. Everyone is welcome to take part and people from the age of 4 to 63 years old join the fun. "I love it very much, it is amazing. It feels just like a carnival (狂欢节)," said Celeste Beverage regular skater. Roller-skating is really taking off across Europe and America. It is a very good way to keep fit and can be practised anywhere there is a smooth surface. Many big cities in Western Europe and in the US now have a regular group skating event. The biggest skates take place in Paris and Munich and tens of thousands of fans show up on warm evenings. "Roller-skating is taking over the world," said Julian Grenoble, a 25-year-old ski shop employee from London. Grenoble went to the Paris-Roller (Paris skate) regularly until he moved to Britain. "It's so exciting to skate in Paris. Everyone skates so fast and puts in their best efforts!" he said. The Paris Roller is well known because of the huge attendance, the presence of marshals and the police protection. Paris is a great city for roller-skating because of its long wide streets and smooth surfaces. Roller-skating is also becoming more popular in China among young people and children. Skating fans' favorite places to practise in China are big squares. 64. We can infer from the passage that London Skate Event ________. A. is probably supported by the city government B. attracts a great many tourists from all over the world C. usually causes a lot of traffic problems D. draws people of all ages into the sport 65. The underlined phrase "taking off " in the passage means________ . A. rising from the ground B. becoming popular C. setting out D. getting exciting 66. Paris is regarded as one of the most suitable places for roller-skating because ________. A. a large number of roller players attend it

B. the police protect the roller skaters C. the streets are safe, wide and smooth D. the event usually takes place on warm evenings 67. This article mainly talks about________ . A. places and streets for roller-skating B. roller-skating in big cities C. London Skate Event D. roller skaters in different countries D I'm beginning to think whether my grandmother was right when she complains, as she frequently does, that children nowadays aren't as well-behaviored as they used to be. She recounts in detail how she used to be told to respect her elders and betters(上司). She was taught to speak when she was spoken to and when she went out on her own, she was reminded to say "please" and "thank you". Children in her days, she continues, were expected to be seen and not heard, but these days you are lucky if you ever hear parents telling their children to mind her manners. If you give her the chance she then takes out of her writing desk the old photograph album which she keeps there, and which she never tires of displaying. Of course when you look at pictures of her parents you feel sure that, with a father as strict looking as that, you too would have been "seen and not heard". Beside him sits his wife, with their children around her; Granny and her elder brothers. It always occurs to me that perhaps those long, stiff, black clothes were so burdensome (heavy) to a little girl that she hadn't enough breath left to be talkative, let alone naughty. It must have been a dull and lonely life too, for she stayed mainly at home during her childhood, while her brothers were sent to school from an early age. However, my childhood was much freer than Granny's. I went to school with my brother. I played football with him and his friends. We all spoke a common language, and we got up to the same mischief (恶作剧) . I would have died if I had had to stay indoors, wearing tight, stiff clothes. 68. The writer thinks that her grandmother ________. A. makes mistakes about the youth B. complains too much about her childhood C. received good education at school D. led an unhappy life when she was a child 69. When Granny was young, children were expected________ . A. to speak to the elders loudly B. to hear and not to see C. to be present quietly D. to stay still and study 70. This passage is mainly about________ . A. Granny's life story in the past B. Granny's complaints about the children C. women's life in different times D. children in the past and at present E Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners. Most children will "obey" instructions some time before they can speak, though the word "obey" is hardly accurate as a description of the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child. Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises. Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spoken words leads to considerable difficul-ties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly expressive as delight, pain, friendliness, and so on. But since these can't be said to show the baby's intention to communicate, they can hardly be regarded as early forms of language. It is agreed, too, that from about three months they play with sounds for enjoyment, and that by six months they are able to add new words to their store. This self-imitation leads to deliberate imitation of sounds made or words spoken to

them by other people. The problem then arises as to the point at which one can say that these imitations can be considered as speech. It is a problem we need to get our teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the word. Thus the use at seven months of "mama" as a greeting for his mother can not be dismissed as a meaningless simply because he also uses it at other times for his father, his dog, or anything else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child has begun to speak for himself. I doubt, however, whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds. 71. Before children started speaking________ . A. they need equal amount of listening B. they need different amounts of listening C. they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obeying spoken in- structions D. they can't understand and obey the adult's oral instructions 72. Children who start speaking later________ . A. may have problems with their listening B. probably do not hear enough language spoken around them C. usually pay close attention to what they hear D. often take a long time in learning to listen properly 73. A baby's first noise are________ . A. an expression of his moods and feelings B. an early form of language C. a sign that he means to tell you something D. an imitation of the speech of adults 74. The problem of deciding at what point a baby's imitations can be considered as speech________ . A. is important because words have different meanings for different people B. is not especially important because the changeover takes place gradually C. is one that should be properly understood because the meaning of words changes with age D. is one that should be completely ignored because children's use of words is often meaningless 75. The speaker implies _______. A. parents can never hope to teach their children new sounds B. children no longer imitate people after they begin to speak C. children who are good at imitating learn new words more quickly D. even after they have learnt to speak, children still enjoy imitating 第四部分:写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Allow me, the first of all, on behalf of my teachers 76.________ and classmates, give a warm welcome to all of you 77.________ from London. It gave us much pleasure to have you 78.________ in our school for brief visit. You will be glad to 79.________ see how nice we Chinese students are getting along 80.________ with our English learning. However, you know, there 81.________ are still some students, most of them are boys of science, 82.________ learn English with much trouble. So we hope you can 83.________ give us some more advice on the language study. Let me 84.________ hope you a pleasant stay here. May your visit go successfully. 85.________ 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李林,你最近对你所在班级 60 名同学(男女各半)进行上网目的调查。现在将调查结果(如 下图所示)用英语给报社的编辑写一封信,报告此事,以引起舆论的关注。 注意: 1. 报告应包括图表所示的全部内容; 2. 叙述调查结果时要避免重复使用百分比; 3. 叙述过程中要适当添加评语;

4. 词数:100 左右。 高二英语上学期期末测试题 第二部分:第一节:单项填空 21. D。根据问话意义"你喜欢喝什么样的咖啡?",说明"咖啡还没喝",故应选 D。该题考生极易误选 B, 选 B 其问句应为: How do you like your coffee? / What do you think of your coffee? / How / What about your coffee? 22. B。本题中动词 say 为插入语,不影响句子结构,如果去掉它,我们便可清楚地看到选项动词用作 介词 of 的宾语,us 为其逻辑主语,故应选用其动名词形式,构成 How many of us attending a meeting that is not...? 23. B。根据答句中 only milk"只要牛奶"可知,说明答话人的意思:过去还喜欢咖啡的,而现在只喜欢 喝牛奶了。可见,问话人意思为"要加牛奶的咖啡吗?(coffee and milk)"。 24. C。本题既测试了集体名词 group 在句中的主谓一致结构的选用,又测试了四个动词的用法区别。 25. C。life in the modern world"当今世界的生活",life 为泛指,modern world 应为特指;第三空"我们祖 辈们过去的生活"为特指。 26. D。短语动词 get rid of 意为"摆脱、免除",符合句意;而选项 A 含有该题句意,但搭配不当;选项 B、C 意义不符。 27. C。第一空选项动词 fill 与前面谓语动词 looked at 同时进行,所以应选现在分词用作伴随状语;而 在后一并列分句中选项动词 hide 与被限定的名词 the words 有被动意义,故应选过去分词用作后置定语。 28. A。根据句意"姚明在 NBA 首场比赛二十分钟内就得了 19 分,这可算是一个最好开端了"。比较级 与 can't 连用,常表示一种肯定,且含有最高级的含义。 29. D。分析句子结构可知,中间的这一长句为插入语,直接置于主语之后,限定前面的主语 Mr. Thompson,用作一个非限制性定语,而不是一个并列分句,所以应选用形容词性的关系代词 whose 引导一 个非限制性定语从句。 30. C。 本题测试替代词的用法。 分析句意可知, 选项部分的替代词代替的名词为 furniture。 由于 furniture (家具)为不可数名词,所以,只可用 that 来代替,而不可用 the one 来替代。代词 it 常常来代替上文中的 同一个名词。 31. C。根据上下文语境可知,答话人的意思是对过去事情的推测,由于不肯定的语气 I'm not sure,所 以应选 might have had,意思为:很可能在他开车来这儿的时候,发生了一起小事故。 32. A。这是一则即时新闻报道中的用语。分析句意可知,大约 170 人的死亡已在上周发生,用一般过 去时;而失踪的人在报道时仍未找到,故应用一般现在时。 33. C。解答本题的关键是要看清题中的主语 a car 为泛指,句中动词时态为现在时。所以,它强调的是 一个事实,而不是特指那一辆车在过去已发生的事,故不能选As 表示原因。 34. C。本题为一强调句结构,句中强调部分为一主语从句。分析句意可知,所强调的主语从句为一意 义完整的句子,故应选用连接词 that 来引导主语从句。 35. C。分析句意可知,空格前是一个意义完整的句子结构,选项部分事实上相当于非限制性定语从句 which comes...或一个并列句 and it comes...,根据英语中句法结构的转换,可转换成现在分词 coming 在句中 用作非限制性定语。其它选项结构错误。 第二节:完形填空 36. B。根据该空后一并列分句意义可知,在人们心目中垃圾清运工就是垃圾清运工,竟然还要把自己 称为"垃圾回收处理官员"。这种说法不是很傻(自己在欺骗自己)吗? 37. A 38. D 39. C。该句句意为:我们必须承认(admit)他们的工作不是天底下一项动人的(romantic) 工作, 但垃圾清运工们也像任何其他职业的人们一样, 对得到他人的理解、 尊重也是一样敏感的 (sensitive) 。 40. B 41. A 。在大多数人还未起床 (up) 之前,他们就上班了,我们很可能都忘记了他们的存在。 42. C。empty the dustbins"倒空垃圾箱",而 clean 意为"打扫、擦、洗",意义错误。 43. D。在垃圾清运工们倒空垃圾箱的时候,我们很少会停下脚步来想一想是谁在做这件事。 44. A。运走垃圾。其它短语无此意义。 45. C。public"公众、民众",单复数相同;而 citizen 意为"市民、公民",为可数名词。 46. B 47. D。罢工两个星期过去了,人们原以为的玩笑不再令人好笑了。 48. C 49. A 50. D。随着(as)罢工的继续,人们不再能忍受(bear)垃圾箱周围小山似的垃圾了,人们 开始寻找其它清除(get rid of)垃圾的地方。 51. B。pile"堆放"。

52. C 53. D。这是一个伦敦人根本不希望看到的旅游胜地。a tourist attraction"一个吸引游客的地方、旅 游胜地"。 54. D 55. A。 现在人们十分感激垃圾清运工的工作,而且不再认为是理所当然的事了。 第三部分:阅读理解 56. B。分析全文可知,这座房子从节约能源角度来看,设计得是很好的,符合标准。但室内空气不流 畅,导致房子的主人中毒生病。 57. A。 从文章第一段可知,由于房子过于密封,室内缺少空气,导致疾病。 58. B 59. C。 本文围绕室内空气污染这一主题,讲述了整个事情的原因和结果。 60. B 61. C。 文章第五段说明了现在美国一些学校已严格控制交换学生的数量,同时,主办这种学校 的想法也越来越不吸引人。 62. D。文章第三段最后两句说明了由于过去大多数妇女结婚生孩子以后都不上班,为交换学生计划的 实施提供了方便,所以,她们的年龄都不太大,而且还有选择余地。 63. A。文章开始两段交代了本文主题。 64. A。由第一段可知,在伦敦街头有两千人滑旱冰,交通协调员处在队伍的前头,交通中断。由此 可断定这一行为受到政府的支持。 65. B。第二段第二句表明,这种运动是保持健康的好方式,可以在表面平滑的任何地方进行,可见滑 旱冰是受人欢迎的。 66. C。第三段第三、四句即本题答案出处。 67. B。文中提到的滑旱冰的城市有伦敦、巴黎、慕尼黑等大城市。 68. D。全文讲述了作者对奶奶的童年礼节方面的看法,作者在短文结尾段落清楚地表明了自己的态度。 69. C。第一段最后一句表明,奶奶那个时代的孩子们,只许被看见,而不许被听见。也就是说,孩子 们在长辈和上司面前不能随便讲话。 70. D。本文讲述了奶奶那个时代的孩子们与今天的孩子们的童年生活。 71. B 72. D 73. A。从第二段第二句可知答案。delight, pain, friendliness 都属于 moods and feelings。 74. B。第三段第二句,以及下文所举的例子说明,孩子模仿的声音在什么时候能确定为语音并不很重 要,随着孩子的成长,孩子模仿的含义也在变化。 75. D。根据题意要求选出作者暗示的内容,所以排除 A 和 B,文章没有提到 C 的内容,所以选 D。 第四部分:写作 第一节:短文改错 76. 去掉 the。first of all 为一固定短语,前面不用冠词,意为"首先"。 77. give 前面加 to。构成 allow sb. to do...。 78. gave 改为 gives。强调现在,用一般现在时。 79. brief 前面加 a。 80. nice 改为 well。构成 get along / on well with...。 81. 正确 82. them 改为 whom。该句用作非限制性定语从句,一般不用作并列分句。 83. learn 改为 learning。构成 There are still some students learning...。 84. 去掉 more。此处无比较含义。 85. hope 改为 wish。表示祝愿应用动词 wish 表达。 第二节:书面表达 Dear editor, I have recently made a survey about the purpose of going on the Internet among 30 boys and 30 girls in our class. The result is worrying. Both boys and girls like to read news and send e-mails on the Internet. What the girls like best is to chat on the Internet while the boys' favorite is to play computer games. The number is up to 35%. Of course 20% of the girls like to play games. However, only 10% of the boys and girls learn by going on the Internet. In my opinion, the Internet should be one of the important means by which we get information. We shouldn't waste time chatting or playing computer games. I suggest that all the schools should give students a necessary guidance on how to make use of the Internet correctly. Yours, Li Lin



河北省石家庄市第一中学2013-2014学年高二化学上学期期末考试试题 理 新人教版