2014中考英语江苏省无锡市二模试卷


省锡中初三英语适应性练习
第一卷
14 分,每小题 1 分)

2014 年 4 月

客观题 (共 50 分)

一、单项填空 在 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项 (本大题共

1. Have you read _____ ending of _____ amazing story, Daniel? It’s______ one that I’ve ever read. A. an ; the ; the most exciting C. the ; the ; an excited A. so ; so; such know. A. cost B. pay C. spend D. worth 4. ---Were your parents at home last night? ---No. _______ of us went to my uncle’s birthday party. A. None A. is smelt terrible B. Neither B. is smelt terribly C. All C. smells terribly D. Both D. smells terrible 5. The food cooked the day before yesterday ______ bad. Throw it away. 6. ---This Math problem isn’t easy for Jack to work out, is it? ---_______. He is far better at Math problems than we expected. A. No, it isn’t ---OK. I ______. A. anybody ; nobody ; will C. nobody ; somebody ; don’t A. makes ; excited B. anybody ; anybody ; won’t D. somebody ; anybody ; know C. made ; excited D. made ; get excited B. I’m afraid not C. Yes, it is D. I don’t think so
[来源:Z§xx§k.Com]

B. the ; an ; the most excited D. the ; the ; the most exciting C. so ; such ; such D. such ; such ; so ---Sorry, I don’t

2. It is impossible for ______ little children to do ______ much work in ______ a short time. B. such ; so ; such 3. ---Whose badminton racket is this? It looks nice. How much is it _____?

7. ---Lisa, don’t let ______ in. I’m too busy to see ______ all the morning.

8. What do you think ______ him ______ all the time that day? B. to make ; to be excited 9. _______ our national football team lost the game to such a weak team, I didn’t have any doubt about the new coach’s ability. A. Until B. By the time C. Unless D. After 10. Could you tell me ______ there? A. when the first bus will arrive at C. when the first bus arrived at A. had happened ______ come at 9:00. A. can’t; may A. for ; for B. mustn’t; can B. of ; of C. needn’t; may C. for ; of D. couldn’t; can D. of ; for 13. It’s clever________ Amy to make a birthday cake, but it’s hard _____ me to do that. B. was happened B. when would the first bus arrive D. w hen the first bus arrives C. has happened D. happened

11. We still don’t know what _________ while we were away from home. 12. You have finished most of the work, so you ______ start working so early tomorrow. You

14. ---Would you mind my sitting here, sir? ---_________. It’s for my wife. A. Not at all 二、完形填空 B. Certainly not C. I’m afraid you can’t D. All right

先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从下面四个答案中选择可以填入相 应空白处的最佳答案 (本大题共 10 分,每小题 1 分)

I stood there listening to my father shout at top of his voice. The that one of us had done something wrong. “ 18 16 one of you did this?” 17 We all

15

on his face said

the step. There was a child’s handwriting in chalk there. I was very

. I hoped no one could see it. Would he guess it was me? I was so afraid. When he asked The others denied (否认) it as well. Of course, we all knew that one of us must have done it.

me, I lied, “Not me, Dad.” But as the youngest and smallest of the three, I just couldn’t find the want each of you to write exactly what you see on the step.” I tried my best to write the words 20 . I didn’t want Dad to be able to tell it was me. 21 none of you will admit(承 22 . The last thing I He gathered up our pieces of paper and looked at them. “ wanted was for Dad to punish me! “I did it.” My sister stepped forward and said she had done something she hadn’t. She was grounded for a month. We didn’t 23 that day for many years. Not until we were all older and I knew it was 24 safe to finally tell my dad it was really me. I always felt sorry because of it. That was the time I let anyone take the blame for me. 15. A. smile 16. A. Whose 17. A. looked up at 18. A. surprised 19. A. chance 20. A. differently 21. A. Since 22. A. something 23. A. worry about 24. A. first B. ache B. Which B. looked over on B. amazed B. courage B. carefully B. Because B. everything B. think about B. second
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19

to tell the truth.

To find out who had written on the step, Father gave us each a piece of paper and a pencil. “I

认) to have done it, then I will punish you all.” I stood there and said

C. change C. What C. looked down at C. interested C. condition C. clearly C. As C. anything C. talk about C. last

D. look D. Who D. looked around at D. frightened D. cause D. slowly D. For D. nothing D. care about D. other

三、阅读理解 阅读下面短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案 (本大题共 26 分,每小题 2 分) A The Snowdonia Center The Snowdonia Center for young mountain climbers has a climbing lesson. The beginners’ costs are $57 for a week, including food and rooms. Equipment (设备) is i ncluded except walking shoes, which can be hired (租用) at a low cost. You must be in good health and prepared to go through body exercise. This could be the

beginning of a lifetime of mountain climbing adventure (冒险). Holiday News Vacations now and in the school holidays at a country hotel in Devon. This comfortable, friendly home-from-home hotel is near the beautiful quiet countryside, but just a drive away from the sea. The food is simple but good. Children and pets are welcome. Reduced prices are offered for low season. The World Sea Trip of a Lifetime Our World Sea Trip of 2014 will be unlike any holiday that you have ever had before. You just go to bed in one country and wake up in another on the ship. But if you stay at one hotel after another as you traveled before, you’ll have to pack and unpack all your things, wait and travel during the tour. On the ship, you will be well taken care of. Every meal will be first-class and every cabin (房 舱) will be like your home. During the trip, you can rest on deck (甲板), enjoy yourself in the game rooms and in the evening dance to our musical team and watch our wonderful play You will visit all the places most people only dream about---from Acapulco and Hawaii to Tokyo and Hong Kong. For a few thousand dollars, all the things can be yours. 25. What can you do if you like to go on holidays with pets? A. Choose the holiday in Devon. C. Join the World Sea Trip of 2014. A. It provides chances for families to get together. B. It provides customers with good food. C. It offers a climbing lesson. D. It offers comfortable rooms. 27. What is the most special about the World Sea Trip of 2014? A. You can have free meals on deck every day. B. You can sleep on a ship and travel to many places. C. You can dance to your own favourite music. D. You have to pack and unpack your things. B Once there was a piano player in a bar (酒吧). People came just to hear him play. But one night, a lady asked him to sing a song. “I don’t sing,” said the man. But the lady told the waiter, “I’m tired of listening to the piano. I want the player to sing!” The waiter shouted across the room, “Hey, friend! If you want to get paid, sing a song!” So he did. He had never sung in public before. Now he was singing for the very first time! Nobody had ever heard the song Mona Lisa sung so beautifully! He had talent he was sitting on! He may have lived the rest of his life as a no-name piano B. Go to the Snowdonia Center. D. Visit Acapulco and Hawaii.

26. In what way is the Snowdonia Center different from the other two holidays?

player in a no-name bar. But once he found, by accident, that he could sing well, he went on working hard and became one of the best-known singers in the US. His name was Nat King Cole. You, too, have skills and abilities. You may not feel that your talent is great, but it may be better than you think. With hard work, most skills can be improved. Besides, you may have no success at all if you just sit on your talent. 28. The lady asked the player to sing a song because _____________. A. she had paid him for this C. she wanted to have a change 29. Nat King Cole succeeded because ____________. A. the lady helped him a lot C. he continued to play in the bar A. fail to realize C. try to develop C It’s in the 2010s.You feel sick, so you go to the doctor. She checks your fever, looks at your throat, and asks what you’ve been thinking about lately. When you leave, she gives you some medicine, but also a list of thinking skills that you are supposed to practice daily. She says that the way you think is causing some of your illness. Doctors and other scientists who study the human mind and try to explain why people act in the way that they do, called psychologists (心理学家), are starting to believe it. You know that your brain (脑) is connected to every part of your body through your nervous system (神经系统). Now scientists have proved that how you think and feel can have an influence on the health of your body. Stress is caused whenever there is a problem or a change in your life. Of course, everybody has stress more or less; nobody’s life is perfect. In fact, stress is necessary. Without stress, we would never learn anything or grow or change. We would probably be bored to death. But too much stress can hurt you. It can weaken your body’s protection so that you are more likely to catch diseases. It can even make you more likely to have an accident. When you feel stressed, your brain sends a message to your body to produce a chemical called adrenaline (肾上腺素). Adrenaline speeds up your breathing and your heartbeat. Today you have a different kind of stress. Problems like endless homework or troubles with your family are the kind of things you can’t fight or run away from, so you don’t use up all that adrenaline. It just stays bottled up inside you, and that’s what can do something bad to you. What can you do about stress? First, you can try to find ways to change things so you aren’t under so much stress. You can set up a plan to finish homework or go to a doctor or a psychologist to try to work things out with your family or your friends. But sometimes you can’t change a stressful situation. Sometimes you don’t even want to. A big change might be a good change, but it will still be stressful. The link (关联) between your body and brain works in two ways. Your body can help your mind deal with stress. If you are under stress, you need to take especially good care of your body. It’s important to get enough sleep and eat nutritious (有营养的) meals. Some people take a B. he caught the chance D. he stopped playing the piano B. forget to use D. manage to show B. she knew him very well D. she enjoyed his singing

30. The underlined words “sitting on” in the passage probably mean ___________.

vitamin-mineral pill every day. Another thing that you can do is daily exercise. If you go walking or do aerobic dancing or work out at the gym (体育馆), you give your body a chance to burn up some of that adrenaline. Of course, a person who isn’t used to much physical activity should start slowly. Anyone with a continuing physical problem should check with a doctor before starting any exercise programs. 31. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. You shouldn’t go to the gym if you are under stress. B. One can do his homework to burn up adrenaline. C. Disease and accidents are caused by stress. D. Everyone needs stress to improve himself. 32. From the last sentence of Paragraph 5 we can infer (推断) that _____________. A. it’s difficult to change a stressful situation B. it’s not stressful when a good change takes place C. a big change will cause another stressful situation D. a stressful situation can’t be changed without any effort 33. What is probably the best title for this passage? A. The Body-Brain Link C. The Advice on Health D LONDON—Scientists have found an unusual way to prevent our planet from overheating: move it to a cooler spot. All you have to do is to send a few comets (彗星) in the direction of Earth, and its orbit (轨道) will be changed. Our world will then be sent moving into a safer older part of the solar system. This idea for improving our climate comes from a group of US NASA (美国航空航天局) engineers and American astronomers. They say their plan could add another six billion years to the useful lifetime of our planet—hopefully doubling its working life. The plan put forward by Dr. Laughlin, and his colleagues Don Korycansky and Fred Adams, needs carefully directing a comet or asteroid (小行星) so that it passes close by our planet and sends some of its gravitational energy (重力势能) to Earth. “Earth’s orbital speed would increase as a result and we would move to a higher orbit away from the sun,” Laughlin said. Engineers would then direct their comet so that it passed close to Jupiter (木星) or Saturn(土 星). The comet would pick up energy from one of these giant planets. Later its orbit would bring it back to Earth, and the process would be repeated. In the short term, the plan provides an ideal way to worldwide warming, although the team was actually worried about a much greater danger. The sun is certain to heat up in about a billion years and so “seriously compromise” our biosphere (生物圈)—by cooking us. That’s why the group decided to try to save Earth. The plan has one or two worrying sides, however. For a start, space engineers would have to be very careful about how they directed their aster oid or comet towards Earth. The smallest miscalculation (误算) in orbit could fire it straight at Earth—with deadly results. B. The Causes of Stress D. The Nervous System

There is also the question of the moon. As the present issue of Scientific American magazine points out, if Earth was pushed out of its present location, it is “most likely the moon would be stripped (剥离) away from Earth,” it states. This would greatly change our planet’s climate. 34. What makes the scientists plan to move Earth? A. A few comets are moving to the direction of Earth. B. Earth’s working life is coming to an end soon. C. Earth will become too hot for mankind to keep alive. D. The moon is moving farther and farther away from Earth. 35. If the plan is successful, Earth will have a working life of ________ years. A. 12 billion B. 6 billion C. 18 billion D. 24 billion 36. What serious problems might the plan cause according to the passage? A. The comet might hit Earth and man might lose the moon. B. Earth might be moved too far away and man might die because of the coldness. C. The comet might hit Jupiter or Saturn and never return to Earth. D. Earth’s working life might be greatly shortened. 37. What does the underlined word “compromise” mean? A. provide B. benefit (受益) C. share D. endanger

第二卷

主观题 (共 40 分)

四、单词拼写 (本大题共 8 分,每小题 1 分) (A) 根据句意和汉语注释,写出单词的正确形式。 1. Too much time on computer games leads to the children’s poor ____________ (视力). 2. We made our way ____________ (穿过) the crowd to the centre of the square. 3. What a beautiful wedding dress! It was ____________ (专门地) made for her. 4. They went to the mountain for a trip and had an _____ _______ (令人愉快的) day there. (B) 根据句意,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。 5. Look at ____________ (you) in the mirror. How dirty your faces are! 6. It’s surely the __________ (tough) experience in his life that the brave young man has had. 7. Seven ____________ (twelve) of the students in our school are boys. 8. All of them want to know how the matter is ____________ (progress) at the moment. 五、动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空 (本大题共 8 分,每小题 1 分) 1. The fish on the plate smells so nice. Who _____________ (cook) it? 2. He said the next time he came here, he _____________ (stay) for a longer period of time. 3. _____________ (not talk) to the boy who is learning German all by himself now, will you? 4. When the teacher came in, I _____________ (complain) about too much homework. 5. The chicken soup _____________ (taste) so salty that I had just a bit of it. 6. The boys played computer games happily, _____________ (forget) all about their homework. 7. The fashion show _____________ (hold) unless it rains next Saturday. 8. She told us that the prices of fixed gear bicycles _____________ (rise) a lot recently. 六、句子翻译 按所给的汉语,用英语完成下列句子 (本大题共 9 分,每小题 1.5 分) 1、计划尚在讨论中,我们还没做出决定。 The plan _____________________________ and we ______________________________. 2、你对英语越感兴趣,你就会觉得它越容易。

__________________ you show in English, __________________ you’ll find it. 3、他毫不关注怎样与其他人融洽相处,明智吗? Is it wise of him ____________________________________________________________? 4、我想知道昨天下午那对心情不好的双胞胎在干什么。 I wonder what the twins ________________________________________ yesterday afternoon. 5、这些建议很重要,值得倾听。 These suggestions are of such __________________________________________________. 6、据报道过去的几年中,雾霾对环境造成了不良影响。 It was reported that the thick haze ________________________________________________. 七、缺词填空 先通读下列短文,掌握其大意,然后根据短文内容和所给首字母,在空格 在学习数学、英 语方面有困难;现在想要提高但不知道怎么办。 1、 仔细计划好时间: 当你计划你的一周时, 你应该把你不得不要做的事 列出一个清单来。 2、 充分利用好课堂时间:课上听好老师所讲的一切;适时记好笔记,它 是一种学习的好方法。

Simon’s problems

Your suggestions

内填入一个适当的词, 使短文意思完整。 所填单词在题后横线上必须完整写 出 (本大题共 5 分,每空 0.5 分) A young man saw an elderly couple (夫妇) sitting down to lunch at McDonald’s. They had o______ (1) one meal and an extra drink cup. The gentleman c________ (2) divided the hamburger in half and then counted out the fries, one for him, one for her, u_________ (3) each had half of them. Then he p_______ (4) half of the soft drink into the extra cup and put that in front of his wife. The old man then began to eat and his wife sat w______ (5), with her hands folded (交叉) in her lap. The young man decided to ask w_________ (6) they would allow him to buy a________ (7) meal for them. The old gentleman said, “Oh, no, we have b______ (8) married for 50 years, and everything has always been and will a________ (9) be shared, 50/50.” The young man then asked the wife if she was going to eat, and she replied, “It’s his t________ (10) to eat with the teeth.” 八、书面表达 (本大题共 10 分) 北京阳光中学九年级学生 Simon 目前学习成绩不理想, 他写信给青少年辅导员 Sigmund Friend,倾诉困惑,寻求帮助。假设你是 Sigmund Friend, 请根据所给的信息,完成一封给 Simon 的回信,内容要点如下:

3、 培养对待考试的良好心态: 考试的目的在于考查你对一门科目学到了 什么;即使考得不够好也不必太忧虑;下次取得进步更为重要。 4、 …… Your expecta tion 希望你的答复对 Simon 有价值。

注意: 1. 书信须包括所有内容要点,要求语句通顺,意思连贯; 2. 建议部分的第 4 个要点内容须用 1~2 句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥; 3. 词数 80 个左右,已给出的句子,不计入总词数。 Dear Simon Thank you for your letter. You say that ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how. Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week, you should make a list of things that you have to do. Make good use of your time in class. _________________________________________________ _____________________________ ___________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ Develop a good attitude about tests. _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ __ ______________________________________________________________________________ __ I hope my answers will be valuable to you. Best wishes Sigmund Friend

省锡中实验学校初三适应性练习
第一卷
一、1—5 DBDCC 二、15—19 DBCDB 三、25—27 ACB 四、1.eyesight 6—10 CBCAD 29-30 CBA 2.through

参考答案

2014 年 4 月

(客观题,共 50 分)
11—14 DCDC 20—24 AADCC 31—33 DCA 34—37 CAAD 3.specially 4.enjoyable

第二卷(主观题,共 40 分)
5.yourselves 6.toughest 7.twelfths 8.progressing 五、1.has cooked 2.would stay 3.Don’t talk 4.was complaining 5.tasted 6.forgetting 7.will be held 8.had risen 六、1. is still under discussion, haven’t made a decision 2. The more interest, the easier 3. to pay no attention to how to get on/along well with others 4. in a bad mood were doing 5. great/much importance that they are worth listening to 6. had had a bad effect on the environment in/over/during the past few years 七、1.ordered 2.carefully 3.until 4.poured 5.watching 6.whether 7.another 8.been 9.always 10.turn 八、书面表达(本大题共 10 分) One possible version: Dear Simon Thank you for your letter. You say that you have difficulty/difficulties/problems with English and Math. Now you want to improve them but don’t know what to do. You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how. Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week, you should make a list of things that you have to do. Make good use of your time in class. Listen to everything the teachers say in class. Take notes at the right time. It’s a good way of learning. Develop a good attitude about tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. You don’t need to worry too much even if you haven’t done well enough in tests. It’s more important to make progress next time. Also, you can find a good place to study. … I hope my answers will be valuable to you. Best wishes Sigmund Friend


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