中考英语(短文填词、选词填空)练习(含答案)


一 well , soft, second ,better , may , strongly, afraid, sand , stay up, if, now, house We can’t stop an earthquake(地震), but we can do things to make sure they don’t destroy(毁坏) whole cities. First, it is not a 1 .________ idea to build houses along lines where 2. ________ of the earth’s plates(板块) join together. Second, if you think there 3. ________ be an earthquake, it is better to build houses on rocks , not on 4. ________. Third, you must make the houses as 5. ________ as possible. Weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake, but strong ones may 6. ________ . . Scientists are 7. ________ that one day an even bigger earthquake will hit the part around San Francisco(旧金山) . They call it “ The Big One ”. However, people today are still building more 8. ________ . The population in and around San Francisco is 9. ________ ten times more than it was in 1906. This means that 10. ________ there is another earthquake, a great many houses and buildings will be destroyed. 二 forget, bring,mend,beside,luck,pick,same,differently, I ,every , stop,each Mr. Brown had an umbrella shop in a small town. People sometimes 1 ________ him broken umbrellas, and then he took them to a big shop in London. They were 2 ________ there. One day Mr. Brown went to London by train. He 3 ________ to take an umbrella with him that day. Sitting in front of him was a man with an umbrella standing 4 _______ the seat. When the train arrived in London, Mr. Brown 5 ________ up the umbrella as he often did during his journey by train. Just as he was getting off, he was 6 ________ by the man. He said angrily, “That’s 7________ !” Mr. Brown’ s face turned red and he gave it back to the man at once. When Mr Brown got to the big shop, the shopkeeper had got his six umbrellas ready. After a good look at 8 ________ of them, he said, “You’ve mended them very well.” In the afternoon he got into the train again. The 9 ________ man was in the same seat. He looked at Mr Brown and his six umbrellas, “You’ve had a 10 ________ day,” he said. 三 before, discover , fast, in, come, watch , so, fast it, ago , shine, not can Light travels at a speed(速度) which is about a million times 1 . ________ than that of sound. 2. ________ one second, light travels about 300,000 kilometers, but sound travels only 340 meters. You can get some idea of this difference by 3. ________ the start of a running match. If you stand far away from the starter(发令员), you can see smoke 4.________ from his gun 5.________ the sound reaches your ears. The fast speed of light produces some strange facts. The nearest star is 6. ________ far away that light which you can see from it tonight started to travel to you four years 7. ________ at a speed of nearly two million kilometers every minute. The light from some of tonight’s started on 8. ________ journey towards you even before you were born. So, if we want to be honest(诚实), we 9. ________ say , “ The stars are shining brightly tonight.” We have to say, “ The stars look nice. They were 10. ________ four years ago but their light has just reached our earth. ”



other, move, enough, find ,desert, make, use , another, friend , carry , trouble, friend You may think there is nothing but sand in the desert of the world, but it is not true. In the desert we can 1._______ stones. We can see hills, too. There is a little rain in the 2.________, but it is not 3. ______ for most plants. The animals are 4. _______ to the desert people in many ways. The desert people eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use their skins to 5. ________ shoes, water bags and even tents(帐篷). They use the camels(骆驼) for 6. _______ things. The people of the desert have to keep 7. _______ from places to place. They must always look for grass or desert plants for their animals. They usually live in the tents. When there is mo more food for their animals, they take down their tents, put them on the camels and move to 8. _______ place. The desert people are very 9. _______. No man in the desert would ever refuse to help the people in 10._______ and give them food and water. 1.find 2.desert 3.enough 4.useful 5.make 6. carrying 7. moving 8. another 9.friendly 10.trouble 五 how, they ,winter, summer spend, care , dance , take, show , open , only, good The world of the out-of doors is full of secrets. And 1. ________ are so interesting that quite a lot of people are busy studying them. All around us are birds, animals, trees and flowers. The facts about 2.________ they live and grow are as interesting as anything could be. Do you know that one of the great presidents of the United States 3 ________ hours and hours studying birds? A businessman who lives near New York City became so interested in insects(昆虫) that he began to collect them. He now has more than one thousand different kinds 4. ________ kept in the glass boxes. Come then with me, and I will help you find some of Nature’s secrets. Let us go quietly through the woods and fields. Here we shall find how a rabbit tells the other rabbits that there is danger. We shall follow a mother bear and her young ones as they search for food and get ready for 5. ________ sleep. We shall watch bees 6. ________ in the air to let other bees know where they can find food. I will 7.________ you many other interesting things, but the 8. ________ thing that I can teach you is to keep your eyes and ears 9.________ when you go out of doors. Nature tells her secrets 10.________ to people who look and listen carefully. 1. they 2. how 3. spent 4. carefully 5. winter 6. dancing 7. show 8. best 9. open 10. only 2. 3. 1.good 2.two 3. may 4.sand 5.strong 6. stay up 7. afraid 8.houses 9.now 10.if 4. 1.brought 2.mended 3. forgot 4. beside 5.picked 6. stopped 7. mine 8.each 9. same 10. lucky 5. 1.faster 2.In 3. watching 4. come 5. before 6. so 7. ago 8. its 9. cannot 10. shining 6.

六 two, sudden , cold, teach, in surprise, French, hot, beard, photo, office, passport, China Mr Hill arrives at London Airport, at the end of a three-week holiday in 1. ________. Usually he wears a beard(蓄着胡须). Since it has been 2.________ there, he has taken it off (剃掉). But his passport photo shows him with his 3. ________. An officer looks at the 4. ________for a moment, and says,"Will you excuse me? Please sit down. I shan't keep you long." With this, he walks away, shows the photo to a second 5.________, and says: "I know that face." The second officer looks at the 6. ________ and asks where Mr Hill has come from. When he hears that Mr Hill has arrived back from Paris, the 7.________ officer smiles and says: "An Englishman with a beard stole a painting in Paris on Friday, And that man looks just the kind of man..." 8.________ it comes to the first officer who Mr Hill is. He returns to him, and asks: "Did you 9. ________ at the No.2. High School?" When Mr Hill answers, 10. ________, that he did, the first officer smiles and says: "I thought so. I'm Jack Smith. You taught me French. You haven't changed a bit." 1.France 2.hot 3. beard 4. photo 5. office 6. passport 7. second 8. Suddenly 9. teach 10. in surprise 七 how, much, safe, thank, play , be, invent , no, so , interest, must , ask Thomas Edison was a great American 1.________ . When he was a child, he was always 2.________ questions and trying out new ideas. No matter 3.________ hard it was, he never gave up. Young Tom was in school for only three months. His teacher didn’t understand why he had 4.________ many strange questions. Most of them were not about his lessons. The teacher didn’t want to teach Tom any 5.________ . He asked Tom’s mother to take the boy home. Tom’s mother taught him to read and write, and she found him 6.________ a very good pupil. He learnt very fast and became very 7.________ in science. One day , he saw a little boy 8.________ on the railway tracks at a station. A train was coming near quiclly, and the boy was too frightened to move. Edison rushed out and carried the boy to 9 .________. The boy’s father was so 10.________ that he taught Edison to send messages by telegraph. 1.inventor 2. asking 3.how 4.so 5. more 6.to be 7.interested 8.playing 9. safety 10.thankful 八 as, sleep ,dream, like, again, about, think, must, wake up, quick, much ,why "Dreams (梦 ) may be more important than sleep. We all need to dream," some scientists say. Dreams take up about one quarter of our 1 .________ time. People have several 2. ________each night. Dreams are like short films. They are usually in colour. Some dreams are 3. ________ old films. They come to us over and over 4. ________. That may be because the dreamer is worrying about something. Dreaming may be a way of trying to find an answer. Some people get new ideas 5. ________ their work from dreams. They may have been 6. ________ about their work all day. These thoughts can carry over into dreams. Sometimes we 7. ________ with a good feeling from a dream. But often we can't remember the dream. Dreams can disappear (消失) 8. ________ from memory (记忆). Too much dreaming can be harmful (有害的). The 9. ________ we sleep, the longer we dream. The mind is hard at work when we dream. That is 10. ________ we may have a long sleep and still wake up tired. 1 .sleeping 2.dreams 3.like 4. again 5. about 6. thinking 7. wake up 8. quickly 9. more 10. why

九 see, looked for, hunt , dog ,kill , wolf ,die, tear , remind , back , hunt , his, remember More than seven hundred years ago, the Prince of Wales had a very big and brave dog called Gelert. One day the Prince wanted to go 1. ________ with his men. He told his 2. ________ to stay at home and look after his baby son. The baby was in a wooden cradle (摇篮), which was like a small bed. When the Prince came back from hunting, Gelert ran out to meet his master. He wagged his tail and jumped up to put his paws (前爪)on the Prince's chest. Then the Prince saw the blood on Gelert's jaws and head. "What have you done?" the Prince said. He rushed into his house and 3. ________his baby son. The cradle was lying on its side on the floor. The clothes were torn and there was blood on them. "So you have killed my son?" the Prince said angrily. "You unfaithful dog!" He took out his sword(剑) and 4. ________ the dog. Just as Gelert was 5. ________ , he managed to bark. Then the Prince heard a baby call to the dog. The Prince ran out of the house and saw his son lying on the ground unhurt. Near him was a dead 6. ________. Then the Prince knew that Gelert had defended(保卫) the baby and killed the wolf. The Prince ran 7. ________ into the house but he was too late. Gelert was dead. The Prince was very sad indeed. 8. ________ ran down his face when he realized 'he had killed 9. ________faithful friend. The Prince carried the body of his brave dog to the top of a mountain and buried him there. After this, the Prince never smiled again. Every morning at dawn, he walked up the mountain and stood by the dog's grave for a few minutes. If you go to Mount Snowdon in Wales, people will show you where Gelert is buried. There is a sign by his grave. It 10. ________people of a brave and faithful dog. 1.hunting 2. dog 3. looked for 4,killed 5. dying 6. wolf. 7. back 8.Tears 9. his10. 十 and ,receive , satellite , weather , change ,help, or , early , for, when, forecast , star Satellites Forecast the Weather Now satellites are helping to forecast (预报) the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The 1.________ take pictures of the atmosphere (大气), because this is where the weather forms (形成). They send these pictures to the 2. ________ station. So the scientists there can see the weather of any part of the world and tell how the weather will change. Today, nearly five hundred weather stations in sixty countries can 3. ________ satellite pictures. 4. ________they receive the new pictures, they compare (比较) them with the earlier ones. Perhaps they may find that the clouds have 5. ________ during the last few hours. This may mean that the weather on the ground may soon change, too. In their next weather 6. ________, they can tell people about it. So the weather satellites are of a great 7. ________ to the scientists at the station. In the past they could forecast the weather for about 24 or 48 hours 8. ________. Now they can make good forecasts for three 9 ________ five days. Soon, perhaps, they may be able to forecast the weather 10. ________ a week or more ahead. 1.satellites 2.weather 3.receive 4.When 5.changed 6. forecast 7. help 8.earlier 9. or 10. for reminds

十一

have, study , happy ,leave, coffee, message, on , must , next ,arrive, go , she Catherine was a famous writer of children's stories. She lived in a fine old house in a small town near London. Often she worked at home, in her quiet 1.________.Long before her books became popular, she had tried to teach 2 how to use a computer. And now she typed(打字)all her stories on her computer. But sometimes she had to 3 the house to get some books from the library or have a meeting. She didn't like being away because she was worried about burglar(盗贼) she was very careful. .So Just before leaving, she always put a full cup of coffee on the writing desk, and left the radio playing to make a burglar think someone 4 be at home. One day she came back after a day out, and found that there was something different in her house. There was only a little 5. lift in the cup, and the radio was off. But when she looked at her computer, she saw it was 6. , and someone had typed in a new story. She had no idea who had got in, or how, because none of the doors or windows was broken. Then she sat down to read the story. To her surprise, it was a very good one. "I'll use it in my 7. book!" she said 8 . The next month she had to go to London. She put a cup of coffee and a plate of sandwiches on the desk. When she returned, the coffee and the sandwiches had 9. .She ran to the computer. This time there was only a 10. on the screen(屏幕)."IT'S NOT YOUR STORY.IT'S MINE!" it said. 1. study 2. herself 3. leave 4. must 5. coffee 6. on 7. next 8. happily 9. gone 10. message 十二 try, how, down, put what, if, can, wonderful , much, shop, glass , read,

Tom lived a way from town. One day he went into town to buy something in the shop, and after he bought 1. ________ he wanted, he went into a restaurant and sat 2 . ________ at the table. When he looked round, he saw some old people 3. ________ eyeglasses on before 4. ________ their books, so after lunch he went to a shop to buy 5. ________, too. He walked along the road, and soon found a 6. ________. The man in the shop made him 7. ________ on a lot of glasses, but each time Tom said, “ No, I can’t read with these. ” The man became 8 . ________ and more puzzled (困惑) . At last he said, “ Excuse me, but 9. ________ you read at all?” “ No, I can’t! ” Tom said, “10. ________ I can read, do you think I will come here to buy glasses? ” 1. what 2.down 3.put 4.reading 5.glasses 6. shop 7.try 8.more 9.can 10. If 十三

well, brother, on , ago , I , for , make , needn’t , as , because , much, before In my spare time, I paint designs on T-shirts. I got the idea two years 1 for my 2 birthday present. The shop wanted $ 20 for a special design 3 a T-shirt, so I decided to do it 4 . I bought a white cotton T-shirt 5 $6 and some paints, and I painted a lion on the front. My brother loved it! Painting T-shirts is great fun. You 6 be a great artist, you can just paint shapes and lines. The T-shirts are the 7 expensive part of my hobby. Also you have to use special fabric paints and you need to buy good quality brushes. I love my hobby 8 I can make T-shirts that no-one else has. I give a lot of them away 9 presents to my family and friends. Sometimes, I sell them. Since I started, I’ve 10 about 60

T-shirts and each one is different. 1. ago 2. brother’s 3. on 4. myself 5.for 6. needn’t 7. most 8. because 9. as 10. made

十四 eat, around , be , of , amuse , difficult, different , probable, other, gift, but, and,

Have you ever been to Disneyland? For most of the kids 1 the world, this 2 park is a fantastic place for them to have fun. When we 3 young, we all have heard 4 Mickey Mouse, Sleeping beauty, Snow White and many Disney characters. Some of us 5 have seen them in cartoons. Actually, you can go to see them all in a theme park. Now, there are four 6 Disneyland amusement parks all over the world. Two are in the United States, one is in Tokyo, and the 7 is in France. There are not only some amusement attractions there , 8 also many specials with Disney characters. In Disneyland, you can have a lot of fun watching Disney movies, 9 in Disney restaurants, and buying Disney 10 . 1. around 2. amusement 3. were 4. of 5. probably 6. different 十五 choose, across , never, thirst, difference need, time, play, on, exercises, photo, through 7. other 8. but 9. eating 10.gifts

Do you want to be healthier? Then go fit.

1

the passage, and you may find it’s easy to keep

1) Eat all kinds of foods, especially fruits and vegetables. You may have a favourite kind of food, but the best 2 is to eat as many kinds as possible. If you eat 3 foods, you’re more likely to get the nutrients your body needs . Taste new foods that you 4 tried before. Some foods, such as green vegetables, are very important. Have five servings(份) of fruits and three vegetables. 2) Drink water and milk often. When you are really 5 , cold water is the No. 1 choice. Kids need calcium(钙) to grow strong, and milk is a great source of this mineral (矿物质) . How much do children 6 ? About three glasses of milk every day. 3) Limit screen time. What’s screen time? It’s the 7 for watching TV, DVDs, and videos, 8 computer games, and using the computer. If you spend much time 9 these activities, you may have less time left to take 10 , such as playing basketball, bicycling, and swimming. 1. through 2. choice 3. different 4. never 5. thirsty 6. need 7. time 8. playing 9. on 10. exercise 十六 although、call、first、go、riding、in、different、shapes、inside、real、relax、town、watch I've just go back from my holiday !It's the _71_holiday that my family have taken in these two years ,so we were_72_excited.My dad's sister lives in Guilin,so we stayed with her for two days and then we went to

Yangshuo for a week.Yangshuo is such an attractive little_73_and there's so much to do! First we hired bicycles and _74_into the countryside to a place_75_Moon Hill.When we got there,we hiked all the way to the top and the views were beautiful .The landscape around Yangshuo is amazing.The mountains stand _76_and reach for the sky.That evening we went out on a boat on the Li River to _77_the fishermen using birds to catch fish.Those birds are so well trained! The most exciting thing we did in the next few days was to go caving .There was a river in the cave so we could hear the sound of running water _78_we couldn't always see it.Deep _79_the cave it was so dark that I couldn't even see my hand in front of my face!To tell the truth,I felt quite_80_when I was in the open air again! 【答案】71-80 first inside relaxed really town went riding called in different shapes watch although

十七 (cook、dark、finish、high、lead、light、luck、map、sign、sure、surprise 、worry) It was already late when we started for the next town,which according to the _1_was about fifteen miles away on the other side of the hill.There we felt_2_that we would find a bed for the night.Soon _3_fell after we left the village,but _4_,we met no one as we drove fast along the narrow road that _5_to the hill.As our car climbed _6_,it became colder and the rain began to fall,making it difficult to see the road. After we had travelled for about twenty miles,there was still no_7_of the town which was marked on the map,we were beginning to get _8_.Then,the car suddenly stopped .A quick examination showed that we had used up the gas.Although we had little food with us,we diceded to spend the night in the car. Our meal was soon _9_, and then I tried to go to sleep at once,but John,who was a poor sleeper,got out of the car after a few minutes and went for a walk up the hill.Soon he found,in the valley bellow,the _10_of the town we were looking for.We at once pushed the car to the top of the hill.In less than a quarter of an hour ,we were in the town.

【答案】1.map 9.cooked 10.lights

2.lucky

3.darkness

4.surely

5.leading

6.higher

7.sigh

8.worried

十八 (exercise inside big clear get arrive when outside child what size make)

Dogs are very good pets.They are very friendly to people and very beautiful,too.Most dogs get on well with_6_and their parents.Others are good watchdogs because they cry loudly when a strange person_7_ When you buy a dog,an important thing to think about is its_8_--buy a small dog if your home is small and a _9_one if your is larger.Many people don't know -10_to feed their dogs.Dogs eat almost anything!They like meat,rice and lots of other things.You can buy lots of food which is _11_for dogs in shops.Don't let your dog eat too much.Always leave some _12_water for your dog.It can _13_thirsty very

quickly,especially in summer. Remember that dogs need _14_.You should take it for a walk every day.Don't keep your dog _15_all day. 【答案】6.children 14.exercise 15.inside 7.arrives 8.size 9.bigger 10.what 11.made 12.clear 13.get

between, at once , he ,

how, that ,

十九 truth, courage , stay , later , what

cry,

which,

A father was really worried about his son, who was sixteen years old but had no _▲86_ at all. So the father decided to call on a monk (修道士)to train ▲87_child. The monk said to the boy's father, "You should leave your son alone here, I'll make him into a _▲88_man within three months. However, you can't come to see him during this period." Three months_▲89_, the boy's father came. The monk arranged a box match _▲90__the child and an experienced boxer. Each time the fighter struck the boy, he fell down, but __▲91_the boy stood up, and each time he was knocked down again, then the boy stood up again. After several times, the monk asked, "What do you think of your child?" "▲92_ a shame (羞愧)!" the boy's father said. "I never thought he would be so easily knocked down. I needn't have him__▲93_here any longer." "I am sorry ▲94_that's all you see. Don't you see that each time he falls down, he stands up again instead of ▲95__? That's the kind of courage you wanted him to have." 【答案】 91. at once 86. courage 92.What 87. his 93.stay 88. true 94. that 89. later 95. crying 90.between


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