2015年广州市越秀区第一次调研考试


2015 年广州市越秀区第一次调研考试

英 语 试 题
2014.07

本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 135 分,考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的市(县)/区、学 校、班级、 姓名、准考证号、试室号和座位号填写在答卡的密封线内。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号 涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案;不能答在试题卷 上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在另发的答 题卷各题目指定区域内的相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案, 然后再写上新的答案; 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答 案无效。 4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,请将答题卷和答题卡一并交 回。 Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) Last summer I was a volunteer at a shelter for the homeless, a place for homeless pe ople to sleep at night. I wasn't working that summer and was 1 only two classes in su mmer school, so I had some free time. Three nights a week, I 2 in the kitchen of the shelter along with four other volunte ers. We planned and 3 for 45 people hot meals with vegetables, chicken, fish and frui t. The homeless people 4 this good food because many of them usually didn't eat wel l. I 5 this volunteer work, making 6 with the four volunteers in the kitchen. One wa s a very nice elderly housewife, one a movie actor, another a young teacher, and the ot her a college student, like me. I talked to a lot of the homeless people at the shelter. Their life stories 7 me with s ympathy. Some of them had 8 with alcohol or drugs while others only had bad 9 . One woman worked for almost 30 years for a small company, and then she lost her job. She wante d to look for a 10 job, but couldn't find one, for she was too 11 . She could do nothing but sell her furniture — sofas,

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chairs, and tables so that she could pay for her food. The woman 12 on job hunting, but she 13 couldn't find one. She had no money for her 14 and had to sleep in her car. Then she had to sell her car. Alone, 15 , and homeless, she finally came to the shelter. 1.A.studying B.planning C.holding D.taking 2.A.helped B.raised C.appeared D.washed 3.A.ordered B.bought C.cooked D.accomplished 4.A.appealed B.required C.collected D.requested 5.A.wanted B.had C.owned D.enjoyed 6.A. decisions B. wished C. friends D. amateurs 7.A. struck B. filled C. deposited D. Provided 8.A. habits B. hardships C. difficulties D. Problems 9.A. luck B. pain C.experience D. Loss 10.A. challenging B. delicate C. skilled D. New 11.A. old B. poor C. sick D. dishonest 12.A. went B. moved C. came D. worked 13.A. partly B. still C. almost D. extremely 14.A. block B. cottage C. building D. flat 15A. afraid B. unbearable C.dull D.awkward

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入 一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 BEIJING — Worldrenowned Oxford and Cambridge have come to China 16 (attract) top-rank postgraduate students in cooperation with the China Scholarship Council. Oxford made its first 17 (appear) at the China Scholarship Council's annual Internati onal Graduate Scholarship Fair, 18 opened on Saturday in Beijing. The school wants to encourage excellent Chinese students to consider 19 Oxford can offer for 20 academic and professional careers. “The students came wellprepared with specific questions and were serious about the chance,” said Sherwood, director of graduate admissions and funding at Oxford, who will make 21 two stops for the fair in Wuhan and Shanghai. The University of Cambridge 22 (attend) the fair since its first session in 2009, and stresses
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that it would continue to invest to train students to be problemsolvers. 23 Cambridge and Oxford present at the fair in competition for 24 best and brightest, Osterfield and Sherwood agree that the two universities usually have more interest in cooperation 25 competition, except in their traditional annual boat race. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分50分) 第一节 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

It was the summer of 1965. Deluca, then 17, visited Peter Buck, a family friend. Buck asked Deluca about his plan for the future. "I'm going to college, but I need a way to pay for it, "Deluca recalls saying." Buck said, 'you should open a sandwich shop.'" That afternoon, they agreed to be partners. And they set a goal: to open 32 stores in te n years. After doing some research, Buck wrote a check for $1,000. Deluca rented a storefront (店面) in Connecticut, and when they couldn't cover their startup costs, Buck kicked in another $1,000. But business didn't go smoothly as they expected. Deluca says, "After six months, we were doing poorly, but we didn't know how badly, because we didn't have any financial con trols." All he and Buck knew was that their sales were lower than their costs. Deluca was managing the store and to the University of Bridgeport at the same ti me. Buck was working at his day job as a nuclear physicist in New York. They'd meet Monday evenings and brainstorm ideas for keeping the business running. "We convinced ourselves to open a second store. We figured we could tell the public, 'We are so successful; we are opening a sec ond store.'" And they did — in the spring of 1966. Still, it was a lot of learning by trial and error. But the partners' learn-as-you-go approach turned out to be their greatest strength. Every Friday, Deluca would drive around and hand3

deliver the checks to pay their supplies. "It probably took me two and a half hours and it wasn't necessary but as a result, the suppliers got to know me very well, and the personal relationships established really helped out," Deluca says. And having a goal was also important. "There are so many problems that can get yo u down. You just have to keep working toward your goal," Deluca adds. Deluca ended up founding Subways Sandwich, the multimillion dollar restaurant chain. 26.Deluca opened the first sandwich shop in order to _____. A.support his family B.pay for his college education C.help his partner expand business D.do some research 27.Which of the following is true of Buck? A.He put money into the sandwich business. B.He was a professor of business administration. C.He was studying at the University of Bridgeport. D.He rented a storefront for Deluca. 28.What can we learn about their first shop? A.It stood at an unfavorable place. B.It lowered the prices to poor management. C.It made no profits due to poor management. D.It lacked control over the quality of sandwich. 29.They decided to open a second store because they _____. A.had enough money to do it B.had succeeded in their business C.wished to meet the increasing demand of customers D.wanted to make believe(假装) that they were successful 30.What contributes most to their success according to the author? A.Learning by trial and error. B.Making friends with supplies. C.Finding a good partner. D.Opening chain stores. B I heard many parents complaining that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should b e learning to stand on your own two feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenage rs are taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching(紧握) at one another's hands for reassurance. They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. T hey set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up huddled(聚在一
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起) round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thousand such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out if their cocoon(蚕茧) into a larger cocoon. It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wa ve and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a teenage market. The se days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. And many of t oday's parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of their children. All this ad ds up to a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when every one else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don't care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come — with th e people who respect you for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts. 31.In this passage, the author wants to tell _____. A.teenagers to try to pursue their real selves B.readers to try to be popular with people around C.parents to try to control and guide their children D.people to try to understand and respect each other 32.The author disapproves of rebelling teenagers _____. A.growing away from their parents B.following the popularity trend C.walking a new way on their own D.turning to their friends for help 33.The phrase "larger cocoon" at the end of the second paragraph refers to ____ _. A.the distractive and variable society B.the dazzling music world C.the parental care and love D.the popularity wave in the society 34.What does the author think of advertisements? A.Convincing. B.Instructive. C.Influential. D.Authoritative. 35.According to the author, what might happen when a teenager stands up again st the
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popularity wave and follows his/her own path? A.He/She falls behind the time. B.He/She loses good friends. C.He/She faces all kinds of criticism. D.He/She gains valuable popularity. C Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy. Almost everyone thin ks attractive people are happier and healthier, have better marriages and have more res pectable occupations. Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs. Even judges are softer o n attractive defendants(被 告). But in the executive circle, beauty can become a liability. While attractiveness is a positive factor for a man on his way up the executive ladd er, it is harmful to a woman. Handsome male executives were thought as having more integrity than plainer men ; effort and ability were thought to account for their success. Attractive female executives were considered to have less integrity than unattractiv e ones; their success was attributed not to ability but to factors such as luck. All unattractive women executives were thought to have more integrity and to be m ore capable than the attractive female executives. Interestingly, though, the rise of the unattractive overnight successes was attributed more to personal relationships and less to ability than that of attractive overnight successes. Why are attractive women not thought to be able? An attractive woman is thought t o be more feminine and an attractive man more masculine(有男子气概的)than the less attractive ones. Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage in traditionally female jobs, but an attractive woman in a traditionally masculine position appears to lack the “masculine” qualities required. This is true even in politics." When the only clue is how he or she looks, people tre at men and women differently," says Anne Bowman, who recently published a study on the effects of attractiveness on political candidates. She asked 125 undergraduate students to rank t wo groups of photographs, one of men and one of women, in order of attractiveness. The students were told the photographs were of candidates for political offices. They were asked to rank them again, in the order they would vote for them. The results showed that attractive males utterly defeated unattractive men, but the women who had been ranked most attractive invariably received the fewest votes. 36.The underlined word "liability"(in Para.1) most probably means "_____". A.misfortune
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B.Instability C.disadvantage D.burden 37.In traditionally female jobs, attractiveness _____. A.reinforces(加强) the feminine qualities required B.makes women look more honest and capable C.is of primary importance to women D.often enables women to succeed quickly 38.Bowman's experiment reveals that when it comes to politics,attractiveness ___ __. A.turns out to be an obstacle to men B.affects men and women alike C.has as little effect on men as on women D.is more of an obstacle than a benefit to women 39.It can be inferred from the passage that people's views on beauty are often __ ___. A.practical B.prejudiced C.oldfashioned D.pessimistic 40.The author writes this passage to _____. A.demand equal rights for women B.emphasize the importance of appearance C.discuss the negative aspects of being attractive D.give advice to jobseekers who are attractive D Winners Club You choose to be a winner! The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers. It has been mad e to help you better manage your money. The Winners Club is a transaction account( 交 易 账 户 ) where you receive a keycard so you can get to your money 24/7 — that's 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! It's a club with impressive features for teenagers: No account keeping fees! You're no millionaire so we don't expect you to pay large fees. In fact, there are no account keeping or transaction fees! Excellent interest rates! You want your money to grow. The Winners Club has a good rate of interest which g ets even better if you make at least two deposits(储蓄) without taking them out in a month.
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Convenient Teenagers are busy — we get that. You may never need to come to a bank at all. W ith the Winners Club you can choose to use handy tellers and to bank from home using the p hone and the Internet…You can have money directly deposited into your Winners Clu b account. This could be your pocket money or your pay from your part-time job! Mega magazine included Along with your regular report, you will receive a FREE magazine full of good ide as to make even more of your money. There are also fantastic offers and competitions only for W inners Club members. The Winners Club is a great choice for teenagers. And it is so easy to join. Simply f ill in an application form. You will have to get permission from your parent or guardian(so we can organize that cool keycard)but it is easy. We can't wait to hear from you. It's the best way to choose to be a winner! 41.The Winners Club is a bank account intended for _____. A.parents B.teenagers C.winners D.adults 42.Which of the following is TRUE about the Winners Club? A.Special gifts are ready for parents. B.The bank opens only on work days. C.Services are convenient for its members. D.Fees are necessary for the account keeping. 43.The Winners Club provides magazines which _____. A.encourage spending B.are free to all teenagers C.are full of adventure stories D.help to make more of your money 44.If you want to be a member of the Club, you must _____. A.be an Internet user B.be permitted by your parent C.have a big sum of money D.be in your twenties 45.What is the purpose of this text? A.To set up a club. B.To provide part-time jobs. C.To organize key-cards. D.To introduce a new banking service.

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第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)(略) Ⅲ 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作 (共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Jill 将于今年 9 月来广东读大学。他写信向你咨询 外国人如何在中国考取小汽车驾驶执照的问题。 【写作内容】 请根据以下中文提纲,用英文给 Jill 写一封回信。 1.报名条件:16-70 周岁;身高不低于 150 厘米 2.流程:报名——到指定医院体检----交通法规笔试----两个月左右的驾驶培训---驾驶考试 3.费用:约 4000 元人民币 4.其他:如果已有国外驾照,就只需参加笔试,费用约 300 元人民币 【写作要求】 1.只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容; 2.信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总句数。 参考词汇:报名 sign up;指定的 appointed 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 Dear Jill, Glad to receive your letter of April 15. Now I will tell you how to apply for a drivin g license here in China. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ______ I am looking forward to meeting you in China. Love, Li Hua 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 I am an ordinary high school student and want to share my opinion on revising the National Matriculation Examination(高考) System with you. The examination system has long been the source of controversy(争议). The majority of high school students, including me, and even some primary school students, complain about the pressure and catastrophic amount of homework they must do.I re member the days when we faced the high school entrance examinations, and our teachers ordered us to stop studying subjects such as music and art.They also told us to stop reading all books exc ept the textbooks.That's horrible! I definitely agree with some of your opinions.The exams do hamper(束缚;妨碍)our creativity. However, I think the examination system has some advantages.The textbooks have been
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changed several times and now focus more on daily skills.We are obliged to recite fac ts, but the ability to recall information precisely is very important, too. Since we haven't found a better way to select intellectuals, maybe we should think a bout improving the examination system. 【写作内容】 假设你是一名中学生,请你 以 On China's National Matriculation Examination System 为题写一篇短文, 内容包 括: 1.以约 30 个词概括以上短文的内容; 2.以约 120 个词发表你的看法,并且包括以下内容: (1)中国的高考制度的优势和劣势; (2)你对高考制度改革的观点。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

第一节 完形填空 参考译文 去年夏天, 我在无家可归者收容所当志愿者,那里会给他们提供晚上睡觉的 地方。那个夏天,我没有工作,暑期班也只有两门课,所以有些空余时间。 我每周去三个晚上,与其他四名志愿者在收容所的厨房帮忙。我们负责为 45 个人计划和烹饪热腾腾的晚餐,要为他们搭配好蔬菜、鸡肉、鱼肉和水果。 无家可归者需要这样好的食物,因为他们中的许多人常常都吃不好。 这份志愿者的工作让我很快乐, 我还和一同在厨房工作的四名志愿者成了朋 友。他们中有一个是年长的家庭主妇,人非常友善,一个是电影演员,一个是年 轻教师,还有一个和我一样是大学生。 我与收容所里的许多无家可归者聊天。他们的人生故事让我满心同情。其中 一些人有酗酒或吸毒的问题, 其他人则只是时运不济。一位妇女在一家小公司工 作 30 年后失了业。她想要找到新工作,但却找不到,只因为她年纪太大了。她 别无选择,只能卖掉家具——沙发、椅子、桌子,这样才能购买食物。她又继续 去找工作,但仍然找不到。她没钱住公寓,不得不睡在自己的车里。然后她不得 不卖掉车。最终,孤独、害怕、无家可归的她来到了这家收容所。 1、 解析:结合语境可知,我之所以有时间去做志愿者是因为那个夏天没有工作 也只在夏季学校上 (take) 了两堂课, take class 意为“上课”, 为固定搭配。 study 意
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为“学习”,与 class 连用无“上课”的含义,plan 意为“计划”,hold 意为“持有;拥 有”,均不合文意。故正确答案为 D。 2、 解析:结合下 文 We planned and 3 for 45 people hot meals with vegetables, chicken, fish and fruit 可知, 作者是在避难所帮 (help) 厨。 raise 意为“提高; 筹集”, 不符合文意; appear 意 为“出现;到场”,不带任何感情色彩且未表达所做之事,不如 help 更为恰当; wash 作“洗涤”之意时为及物动词,与此处不符。故正确答案为 A。 3、 解析:结合语境可知,作者在避难所帮厨,空格处的宾语为 hot meals,此处 表达“我们为 45 人做热餐”之意, cook meal 意为“做饭”, 符合语境。 order 意为“命 令;定购”,bought 是 buy 的过去式意为“买”,accomplish 意为“完成;实现”,均 不合文意。故正确答案为 C。 4、 解析:结合语境可知,因为这些无家可归者吃不好,所以对于他们来说很需 要 (require) 吃顿好的, require 意为“需要; 要求”, 此处取“需要”之意相当于 need。 注意空格处后接宾语 this good food,动词应为及物动词用法,appeal 用作及物动 词时意为“对...申诉”,collect 意为“收集”,均与语意不符。request 意为“要求;请 求”,一般指正式的要求或请求,而且无家可归者也没有正当理由去正式要求吃 好的,不合常理也不合语境。故正确答案为 B。 5、 解析:结合文中作者对于志愿者工作内容和所见所闻的描述可知,作者对于 志愿者工作十分投入,感触很多,可以推知作者享受(enjoy)这份志愿者工作。 上文已经在叙述志愿者的工作内容,所以作者不是表达想要(want)这份工作。 相比毫无感情色彩的 have 和 own 表达“拥有”这份工作的含义, enjoy 更能表现出 作者对于志愿者工作的态度。故正确答案为 D。 6、 解析:结合下文 One was a very nice elderly housewife, one a movie actor, another a young teacher, and the other a college student, like me 可知,“我在和厨房 里的思维志愿者交朋友(friends), make friends with 意为“和……交朋友”, 符合预 警。意为“决定”,意为“愿望”,意为“外行”,均不符合文意。故正确答案为 C。 7、 解析:结合语境可知, 无家可归的人的故事让我充满 (fill) 同情, fill... with... 为 固定搭配,意为“用.……充满……”。struck 意为“打击;罢工”,deposit 意为“存 储;放置”,provide 意为“提供”,均不合文意。故正确答案为 B。 8、 解析:结合语境可知,此处表达“他们中的一些有酗酒或吸毒的问题 (problem)”之意,have problems with sth. 意为“有……的问题”,符合语境。 habit 意为“习惯”,表达“……的习惯”应用介词 of;hardship 意为“困境”, have difficulty with sth. 为固定搭配,意为“做某事有困难”,这里表达“酗酒吸毒” 之意,而非在这方面有困难或困境。故正确答案为 D。 9、 解析:while 引导的分句后紧跟了一个避难所女人的不幸经历,此处应与之形 成呼应,表达“其他人只是糟了厄运”之意,alcohol or drugs 可以看作是主观造成 的痛苦,而厄运则是客观的,二者语意互不包含,存在对比关系。pain 意为“痛 苦”,experience 意为“经历”,loss 意为“损失”,含义均过于广泛 与 alcohol or drugs 不构成对比关系。故正确答案为 A。 10、 解析:结合上文 then she lost her job 可知,她丢了工作想要找一份新(new) 工作。challenging 意为“有挑战性的”,delicate 意为“精美的;柔和的”,skilled 意 为“有技巧的”,均不符合文意。故正确答案为 D。 11、解析;结合上文 One woman worked for almost 30 years for a small company 可 知,这个女人为一家小公司工作了几乎三十年,她此时的年纪一定很大了,即她
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找不到工作的原因是太老(old)。poor 意为“穷的”,由常理可知这不是找不到 工作的理由;sick 意为“病的”,dishonest 意为“不诚实”,从文中找不到对应的线 索。故正确答案为 A。 12、解析:上文提到 She wanted to look for a 10 job, but couldn't find one,此处又 说 job hunting 应表达“继续(go on)找工作”之意,go on sth./doing sth. 意为“继续 (做)某事”,符合文意。move 意为“移动”,come 意为“来”,work 意为“工作”, 均不合文意。故正确答案为 A。 13、解析:前一句说“她在继续找工作”,but 表转折此处应表达“她仍然(still)没 找到工作”。 partly 意为“部分地; 在一定程度上”, almost 意为“几乎”, extremely 意 为“极其地”,均不符合文意。故正确答案为 B。 14、解析:根据下文 homeless 可知,这个女人后来变得无家可归,此处表达“她没 钱支付她的公寓 (flat) ”, flat 作名词使用意为“公寓”。 block 意为“街区”, cottage 意 为“村舍”,均不合文意。building 意为“建筑物”,表意不准确,且 building 通常 指“(一栋)楼”,显然不符合这个女人的经济实力。故正确答案为 D。 15、解析:结合上文这个女人的种种不幸经历最后沦落为无家可归,空格处 与 alone 和 homeless 并列形容这个女人此时的状态,即孤独、害怕(afraid)和 无家可归。unbearable 意为“无法忍受的”,通常指某个事物无法忍受,主语应为 物,而非指人,故排除;dull 意为“沉闷的;乏味的”,awkward 意为“尴尬的”, 均不合文意。故正确答案为 A。 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 参考译文 北京——全球知名的牛津大学和剑桥大学已赴中国, 与中国国家留学基金管 理委员会(China Scholarship Council)合作以吸引最优秀的研究生。 牛津大学首次派人出席中国国家留学基金管理委员会的年度国际研究生奖 学金信息说明会(International Graduate Scholarship Fair),说明会于周六在北京 开幕。 牛津想要鼓励优秀的中国学生考虑牛津可以为他们的学术和职业生涯提供 什么。 “来的学生都精心准备了具体的问题,非常重视这次机会。”牛津大学研究生 招生和财政支持部门主任舍伍德(Sherwood)说。他还将参与该说明会在武汉和 上海的两站。 剑桥大学是自从该会议 2009 年的第一期开始就每次都会参与的,该校与会 代表还强调它会继续投资学生培训,将他们培养成能解决问题的人。 虽然剑桥和牛津都出席说明会,参与对最优秀、最有前途的学生的竞争,但 奥斯特菲尔德(Osterfield)和舍伍德都表示,这两所学校通常对合作比对竞争更 感兴趣,除了每年一度的传统赛船比赛。 16. 解析 本题考查非谓语动词。此处意为“世界著名的牛津大学和剑桥大学与中国奖学金 委员会合作来中国吸引顶级的研究生”,此处来中国的目的为 attract top-rank postgraduate students,动词不定式 to do 表目的,故正确答案为 to attract。 17. 解析 本题考查名词。 此处意为“牛津大学首次亮相”, 空格前有物主代词和序数词修饰, 故空格处需填名词,appearance 意为“出现;外貌”为 appear 的名词形式,故正确 答案为 appearance。 18. 解析
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本题考查定语从句。逗号后的部分为定语从句修 饰 International Graduate Scholarship Fair, 从句部分缺少主语句子不完整, 又有逗 号为非限定性定语从句,故用关系代词 which 来引导,故正确答案为 which。 19. 解析 本题考查名词性从句。空格后的部分为 consider 的宾语,故为宾语从句,从句部 分缺少宾语句子成分不完整,应用关系代词 what 作 offer 的宾语,故正确答案 为 what。 20. 解析 本题考查代词。此处意为“给他们的学术和专业职业”,此处代指上文 的 Chinese students 为复数,空格处作定语修饰名词,故用形容词性物主代 词 their 表示“他们的”,故正确答案为 their。 21. 解析 本题考查形容词。此处意为“Sherwood 将会为这次展会在武汉和上海另外设立两 站”,上文已经提到在北京开展会,武汉与上海是另外的两个,故用 another 表示 “另外的”,故正确答案为 another。 22. 解析 本题考查时态。此处意为“从 2009 年第一期开始剑桥大学就已经参加了”, “since + 时间点”表示“从这个时间开始”,attend 这个动作从过去的时间点持续到 现在,所以用现在完成时,故正确答案为 has attended。 23. 解析 本题考查介词。此处意为“剑桥和牛津大学现在在这个展会上为了最好和最聪明 的学生竞争”,这里 “Osterfield and Sherwood...”为主句,空格处所在部分应为伴 随状语,用 with 构成独立主格结构 “with + 逻辑主语 + 形容词 + 其他”的形式表 伴随,逻辑主语为 Cambridge and Oxford,故正确答案为 With。 24. 解析 本题考查冠词。空格后为形容词最高级,其前面必须加定冠词 the,故正确答案 为 the。 25. 解析 本题考查句子分析。此处意为“Osterfield 和 Sherwood 都认为相比于竞争这两所 大学在合作上更有兴趣”,cooperation 和 competition 两者之间为比较关系, than 意为“比”,故正确答案为 than。 阅读理解 A 参考译文 1965 年夏天,17 岁的德卢卡(Deluca)去拜访世交彼得· 巴克(Peter Buck)。 巴克问德卢卡未来有什么计划。 “我要上大学, 但需要找到支付大学费用的方法。 ” 德卢卡边回忆边说,“巴克说,?你应该开一家三明治店。?” 那天下午,他们达成一致,结成合作伙伴。他们制定了一个目标:在 10 年 内开 32 家店。在做了一些调研后,巴克写了一张 1000 美元的支票。德卢卡在康 涅狄格州租了一间店面,在他们不够钱支付启动成本时,巴克又投入了 1000 美 元。 但生意并不如他们预想般顺利。德卢卡说,“6 个月后,我们的生意还是没有起 色,但我们不知道到底有多糟糕,因为我们没有对财务进行任何管理。”他和巴
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克唯一知道的就是,他们的销售额低于成本。 德卢卡是一边管理店铺, 一边在桥港大学上学。巴克的正职是纽约的一名核 物理学家。他们每周一晚上会开碰头会,进行头脑风暴,思考如何让生意继续下 去。“我们说服自己去开第二家店。我们发现,我们可以告诉公众,?我们特别成 功;我们要开第二家店了。?”然后,在 1966 年春,他们的第二家店开业。不过 还有很多东西要通过反复试验来学习。 但事实证明,这对合作伙伴边做边学的方式是他们最强大的力量。每周五, 德卢卡都会亲自开车到各处送支票给供应商支付货款。“这可能会花掉我两个半 小时的时间,虽然我不必亲自去,但结果是,供货商得以非常了解我,而我们之 间私人关系的建议真的对我的生意大有裨益。”德卢卡说。 有目标也很重要。“能够让你沮丧的问题真的很多。而你要做的就是继续工 作,朝着目标迈进。”德卢卡补充道。 最终,德卢卡创建了价值数百万美元的连锁餐厅赛百味三明治 (Subways Sandwich)。 26、解析:细节题。由第一段最后两 句 “I'm going to college, but I need a way to pay for it, "Deluca recalls saying." Buck said, 'you should open a sandwich shop.'” 可知, Deluca 想上大学, 但无法支付学费, Buck 因此建议他开一家三明治商店。故正确答案为 B。 27、解析:细节题。由第二段三、四 句 “After doing some research, Buck wrote a check for $1,000. Deluca rented a storef ront( 店面) in Connecticut, and when they couldn't cover their startup costs, Buck kicked in another $1,000.” 可知,Buck 为开三明治商店投入了两次 资金,A 项正确,而店面是由 Deluca 租借的,所以 D 项错误。 B 项,由第四段第二 句 “Buck was working at his day job as a nuclear physicist in New York.” 可知 B 项 错误。 C 项,由第四段第一 句 “Deluca was managing the store and to the University of Bridgeport at the same ti me.” 可知上大学的是 Deluca 而非 Buck。所以 C 项错误。 故正确答案为 A。 28、解析:推断题。由第四段二、三 句 “Deluca says, "After six months, we were doing poorly, but we didn't know how b adly, because we didn't have any financial controls." All he and Buck knew was that t heir sales were lower than their costs.” 可知,他们的第一家商店销售额比成本还 低, 不但不能盈利反而亏本, 而由于没有对财务方面进行控制他们甚至连亏损多 少都不知道,所以 C 项“因经营不善而未能盈利”符合文意。地理位置、价格、三 明治的质量问题在文中皆未提及,其他三项错误。故正确答案为 C。 29、解析:细节题。由第四段第四 句 “We convinced ourselves to open a second store. We figured we could tell the publ ic, 'We are so successful; we are opening a second store.'” 可知,他们决定开第二家 商店的原因是想让大众以为他们的第一家店如此成功以至于他们又开了第二 30、解析:推断题。由第四段最后一 句 “Still, it was a lot of learning by trial and error.” 以及第五段第一 句 “But the partners' learn-as-you14

-go approach turned out to be their greatest strength.” 可知,他们在开店的过程中一 边尝试一边学习,虽然犯了不少错误,但这也成为他们最强大的力量。所以 A 项“通过不断尝试与错误来学习”符合文意。 第五项提到的与供应商建立良好关系 只是他们 “learn-as-you-go approach” 的一种体现,所以不能算是对他们成功最大 的贡献,B 项错误。C、D 项文中未提及。故正确答案为 A。 B 参考译文 我听说许多父母都在抱怨自己正处于青春期的小孩很叛逆。 我希望事实也如 此。在你的这个年纪,你应该逐步脱离父母。你应该学着用自己的双脚站立。但 仔细看看现在的所谓叛逆。 青少年似乎都选择了同一种方式来展示自己与父母的 不和。他们没有勇敢地大步迈出自己的道路,相反,他们中绝大多数都紧握着别 人的手以谋求安慰。 他们声称自己想要随心所欲的打扮。但他们都穿得一样。他们开始追求新音 乐,但不知怎么地,他们最终都聚在了一起,听着同一张唱片。他们这样思考或 行动的原因就是大家都在做这件事。他们走出了自己的蚕茧,但又迈进了一个更 大的蚕茧。 青少年越来越难以站出来反对流行浪潮,走自己的路了。工业企业已经开拓 出了一块青少年市场。 现今, 所有青少年都可以从广告中了解青少年应该做什么, 应该是什么样子。 而今天的许多父母过分重视自己的孩子是否受欢迎。所有这些 加在一起就给那些想要走自己的道路的青少年制造了巨大的障碍。 但跨越障碍是件值得做的事。这样的道路是值得追求的。你也许想要听古典 音乐,而不是去参加派对。你也许想要收集石头,而不是跟其他所有人一样收集 唱片。 你也许有些想法是不想立即与同班同学分享的。 那么就去做吧。 找到自己。 做自己。 你会受欢迎的——那些尊重真正的你的人会喜欢你。这种受欢迎才是真 正重要的。 31、解析:主旨题。文章前两段描述了现在青少年们虽然表面上充满反叛,但实 际上跟同伴们保持着一致追逐着所谓的流行与时尚,因而缺失了真实的自我。第 三段讲述了这种现象产生的各种原因,第四段呼吁青少年们试着追求真实的自 己。第四段一、二 句 “But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following.” 以及最后四 句 “Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come — with the people who respect y ou for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts.” 点明了主 旨。故正确答案为 A。 32、解析:推断题。由第四段一、二 句 “But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following.” 以及最后四 句 “Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come — with the people who respect y ou for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts.” 可知, 作者 认为青少年们回归自我的障碍很大,但这些障碍值得去克服,青少年们应该做回 自己,创造属于自己的潮流,而不是盲目地跟随大众,随波逐流。故正确答案为 B。 33、解析:推断题。文章第二段通过举例说明了现在青少年们虽然表面上充满反 叛,但实际上跟同伴们保持着一致追逐着所谓的流行与时尚。第二段倒数第二 句 “Their reason for thinking or acting in thousand 15

such a way is that the crowd is doing it.” 体现了青少年们的随波逐流。 故可推断划 线词所在句 “come out of their cocoon” 指的是青少年们逃离了父母的束缚, 而 “into a larger cocoon” 则指他们非但没有解脱,反而受到了更大的束缚,即社 会上的流行风潮。故正确答案为 D。 34、解析:推断题。由第三段第一 句 “It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way.” 以及第三 句 “These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager sho uld have and be.” 可知,作者认为青少年们脱离潮流走自己的路越来越难了,并 且每一个青少年都能从广告中得知当下的潮流时尚, 由此推断作者认为广告是具 有影响力的(influential),但对其应持否定态度。A 项“令人信服的;有说服力 的”,B 项“有教育意义的;有益的”,D 项“权威的;命令式的”,均不符合作者 的情感态度。故正确答案为 C。 35、解析:推断题。由文章最后四 句 “Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come — with the people who respect y ou for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts.” 可知, 作者 认为青少年们应该勇敢地从大众潮流中跳出来,做回真实的自己,这样的话那些 因为你是真实的而尊敬你的人就会追随着你,真正有价值的潮流就会到来。故正 确答案为 D。 C 参考译文 一直以来, 美丽都被视作值得称赞的东西。 几乎所有人都认为有魅力的人更快乐、 更健康、有更好的婚姻和更值得尊重的职业。私人顾问会给他们更好的建议,以 帮助他们寻找工作。就连法官都会对有魅力的被告更温柔。但在管理圈,美丽可 能会变成一种不利条件。 尽管魅力会成为男人在往更高管理职位迈进过程中的助力, 但却会拖女人的 后腿。 帅气的男性管理者会被认为比那些长相平庸者更正直; 人们会认为他们的成 功来自自己的努力和能力。 而有魅力的女性管理者会被认为比那些不怎么美丽的更虚伪; 人们会认为她 们的成功来自运气等因素,而与能力无关。 所以缺乏魅力的女性管理人员都会被认为比那些长相好看的更正直、 更有能 力。不过,有趣的是,与长相出众者相比,那些长相平凡者若突然获得成功往往 更多是靠个人关系而非能力。 人们为什么认为美丽的女人没能耐呢?人们认为, 美丽的女性比那些普通女 性更女性化,而帅气的男人比那些普通男性更有男子气概。因此,有魅力的女性 在传统女性职位上更有优势,但在传统男性化职位上似乎就缺少了职位所需的 “男子气概”。 在政坛也是如此。“当对某人唯一的评判依据只有他或她的长相时,人们会 对男性、女性有差别待遇。”安妮· 鲍曼(Anne Bowman)说,她最近出版了一项 研究, 研究魅力对政治候选人的影响。她让 125 名大学生对两组照片按魅力值进 行排名,一组是男性照片,一组是女性照片。学生们被告知,这些人是要去竞选 政府部门职位的候选人。然后他们被要求按照自己的投票意愿来再次给照片排
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名。 结果显示, 有魅力的男性以绝对优势战胜了长相平庸者, 而女性却是越漂亮, 票数越少。 36、解析:推断题。第一段除了划线词所在句均通过举例说明了美丽的外表能给 人带来的种种好处及优势,最后半句以 “But” 开头表示转折,故可推断此处应指 出从执行层面看具有美丽的外表也可以是处在劣势的(disadvantage)。A 项“不 幸”,B 项“不稳定”,D 项“负担”,均不如 “disadvantage” 更能与上文形成对比。 故正确答案为 C。 37、解析:细节题。由第六段二、三 句 “An attractive woman is thought to be more feminine and an attractive man more masculine(有男子气概 的) than the less attractive ones.Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage in traditi onally female jobs.” 可知,一个有魅力的女人会被认为更具有女性特征,因此在 传统的女性工作中会更具有优势。故正确答案为 A。 38、解析:推断题。由最后一 段 “The results showed that attractive males utterly defeated unattractive men, but the women who had been ranked most attractive invariably received the fewest votes.” 可知,实验结果表明,有吸引力的男士完全胜过了没有吸引力的男士,而被认为 最具吸引力的女士在模拟的竞选投票中却获得了最低的票数。由此推断,就政治 而言,吸引力对于女性来说是种障碍而非益处。故正确答案为 D。 39、解析:推断题。由文章 3-5 段的内容可知,人们的外表通常被认为和能力挂 钩, 然而分别就男性和女性而言却呈现出完全不同的看法和态度,有吸引力的女 性的成功多会被认为是因为运气而非能力, 由此可见人们对美丽的看法是带有偏 见的(prejudiced)。A 项“实际的”,C 项“过时的”,D 项“悲观的”,均不符合文 意。故正确答案为 B。 40、解析:主旨题。第一段以列举美丽外表的好处开头,段 尾 “But in the executive circle,beauty can become a liability.” 点出了全文主旨, 即美 丽在执行方面存在的劣势。 接着作者举出种种例子证明了这个观点,并探讨了有 吸引力的女性反而具有劣势的原因, 最后通过一个实验证明了这个观点在政治方 面也适用。 所以 C 项“讨论具有吸引力的负面影响”最能概括全文主旨。 故正确答 案为 C。 D 参考译文 赢家俱乐部 你选择成为一名赢家! 赢家俱乐部是个银行账户, 专为青少年设计。它的作用是帮助你更好地管理 金钱。赢家俱乐部是一个交易账户,开通后会得到一张钥匙卡,让你随时都可以 使用自己的钱——随时是指一周 7 天、一天 24 小时! 该俱乐部为青少年量身打造了各种特色服务: 没有账户保管费! 你不是百万富翁,所以我们不会指望你支付高额的费用。事实上,我们不收 取任何账户保管费和交易费! 诱人的利率!
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你想要让自己的钱越来越多。赢家俱乐部利率很高,如果你每月至少存入两 笔储蓄,且不取出,还会得到更高的利率。 便捷 青少年很忙——这点我们知道。你也许永远都不用来银行。参加了赢家俱乐 部,你就可以选择使用就近的取款机,或通过电话和互联网在家完成银行业 务……你可以直接将钱存入自己的赢家俱乐部账户。这些钱可以是你的零花钱, 也可以是你兼职的报酬! 附送优质的杂志 你除了会定期收到报告外, 还将获得一份免费杂志,里面满是各种能让你的 钱生出更多钱的好主意。 里面还有很多非常棒的职位和比赛,只对赢家俱乐部成 员开放。 赢家俱乐部是青少年的绝佳选择。加入方式非常简单。只需要填写一份申请 表。 但你必须先取得父母或监护人的同意(这样我们才能为你安排那张酷毙了的 钥匙卡),但这个程序也很简单。我们已迫不及待想收到你的消息。要想成为赢 家,这是最好的方式! 41、解析:细节题。由第一个小标题下第一句 话 “The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers.” 可知 B 项 正确。故正确答案为 B。 42、解析:细节题。由第四个小标题 “Convenient” 下的内容可知,胜利者俱乐部 针对其成员的服务是非常方便的,所以 C 项正确。 A 项,文章未提及有礼物给父母,最后一个小标题提到的 “Mega magazine” 是送 给青少年成员们的礼物。所以 A 项错误。 B 项,由第一个小标题下的 “The Winners Club is a transaction account(交易账 户) where you receive a keycard so you can get to your money 24/7 — that's 24 hours a day, 7 days a week!” 可 知 B 项错误。 D 项,由第二个小标题 “No account keeping fees!” 可知 D 项错误。 故正确答案为 C。 43、解析:细节题。由最后一个小标题 下 “you will receive a FREE magazine full of good ideas to make even more of your money.” 可知这本杂志是帮助青少年们赚更多的钱的。故正确答案为 D。 44、解析:细节题。由最后一段第四 句 “You will have to get permission from your parent or guardian.” 可知申请成为会 员必须得到父母或监护人的许可。故正确答案为 B。 45、解析:主旨题。结合全文内容可以看出这是一份广告或宣传单,主要介绍 了 Winners Club 特别针对青少年用户推出的银行账户以及其提供的各项服务。 故 正确答案为 D。 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)(略) 写作 第一节、基础写作 答案 Dear Jill,

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Glad to receive your letter of April 15. Now I will tell you how to apply for a drivin g license here in China. To meet the requirements of application, you must be between 16 and 70 years old and no shorter than 150 centimeters. After you have signed up for the test, you need to have a physical examination in an appointed hospital and then take a written exam on traffic rules and regulations. After that, you should practice driving for about two months before takin g the driving test. The total cost of all these will be about 4,000 yuan. However, if you have a valid driving li cense of your country, you will only need to pass the written exam to obtain a Chinese driving license at a cost of about 300 yuan. I am looking forward to meeting you in China. Love, Li Hua 解析 固定句型和搭配: 1. apply for “申请”; 2. meet the requirement of... “满足...的要求”; 3. at a cost of... “以...为代价”; 4. look forward to doing “期望...”。 二、答案 On China's National Matriculati on Examination System The National Matriculation Examination System imposes too much homework and pressure on students and hamper students' creativity, but this system has some advanta ges as well. And so the author thinks that it should be improved rather than abandoned. The National Matriculation Examination System has long been a heated topic. In m y opinion, this system has some strengths. First of all, it is still our country's fairest way to select talents for the moment. And we also have to admit that this system is always in the process of be ing improved and now it has become more scientific and emphasizes more on students' comprehensive abilities than before. However, this system is still more examoriented as a whole, which will unavoidably strangle students' creativity. What's more, students have only one chance in the examination, a nd a lot of top students may not be able to fulfill their potential when they bear too much pressur e.
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Consequently, they may fail to be qualified for their ideal universities and even lose th e opportunity for further study. Therefore, I think this system needs further reforms so that it serves both the countr y and the students more properly. 解析 固定句型和搭配: 1. impose...on... “施加...在...”; 2. In one's opinion “在某人看来”; 3. in the process of... “在...过程中”; 4. what's more “另外”。

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