八年级下册英语词汇 重点短语句型总结(人教版同山东版八年级上)


词汇短语句型

汇总

Unit 1 1. go to the movies = go to the cinema = see a film 看电影 2. look after = take care of = babysit 照顾 3. surf the Internet 上网 4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式 5. go skateboarding 去划板 6. (be) in good health =(be)healthy 身体健康 7. keep / stay healthy = keep / stay in good health 保持健康 8. as for 至于 easye.2000y.net 9. take / do exercise = play / do sports 锻炼,做运动 10. eating habits 饮食习惯 11. be the same as 与……相同 12. once a month 一月一次 13. be different from 不同 14. twice a week 一周两次 15. make a difference to 对什么有影响 16. how often 多久一次 17. hardly ever easye.2000y.net 18. most of the students = most students 大多数学生 19. activity survey 活动调查 20. go shopping = do some shopping 购物 21. do homework 做家庭作业 22. do housework 做家务事 23. junk food 垃圾食物 24. be good/bad for 对……有益(害) 25. on / at weekends 在周末 26. want to do sth. = would like to do sth. = feel like doing sth. 想要做某事 27. want sb. to do sth.= would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 28. try to do sth 尽量做某事 try doing sth.试着做某 try one's best to do sth. 尽力做某事 29. come home from school 放学回家 30. of course = certainly = sure 当然 31. get good grades 取得好成绩 32. help sb. ( to )do sth. 帮助某人做某事 33. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人 34. a lot of = lots of = many + 可数名词。 许多,大量的 35. a lot of = lots of = much + 不可数名词 。 许多,大量的 36. the results of … ……的结果 37. a health lifestyle 健康的生活方式 38. two or three times a week 一周两三次
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39. a healthy habit 一个健康的习惯 40. kind of unhealthy 有点不健康 41. How often do you exercise? 42. What''s your favorite program? 43. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 44. How many hours do you sleep every night? Unit 2 1. have / catch a cold = have got a cold 感冒 2. have a sore throat = have a pain in one's throat 咽喉痛 3. have a stomachache = have a sore stomach = have a pain in one's stomach 胃痛 4. lie down and rest 躺下休息 5. see a dentist 看牙医 6. drink lots of water 多喝水 7. drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶 8. That sounds like a good idea. 听起来像个好主意。 9. stressed out 紧张,有压力感 10. easye.2000y.net 11. traditional Chinese doctors 传统中医 12. a balance of yin and yang 阴阳平衡 13. too much yin 阴气过盛 14. a balanced diet 饮食平衡 15. healthy/yin/yang food 健康(阴性,阳性)食品 16. at the moment = now 此刻 17. enjoy oneself = have a good time = have fun = have a wonderful time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 19. host family 寄宿家庭 20. conversation practice 会话练习 21. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 like doing sth 喜欢做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 finish doing sth. 完成某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 keep doing sth. 坚持做某事 can't stand doing sth. 忍不住做某事 have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快 即:practice, mind, finish, give up, keep, can't stand, have fun 等与 enjoy 用法似。 22. It's + adj. + (for sb.) + to do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样。 23. have a lot of headaches 经常头痛。 24. What's the matter(with Gina)? (吉娜)怎么啦? 25. Maybe you should see a dentist. 也许你该看看牙医。 26. Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy.
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传统中医认为,保持身体健康需要体内阴阳二气的平衡。 27. You should eat hot yang foods, like beef. 你应该吃热的阳性食品,比如牛肉。 28. It's important to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食很重要。 29. I really need some conversation practice. 我确实需要些对话练习。 30. I'm sorry to hear that you're not feeling well. 得知你身体不适,我很难过。 31. I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你尽快好起来。 32. When did it start? 什么时候开始这样的? 33. Eat a balance diet to keep healthy. 吃平衡的饮食为了保持健康 。 Unit 3 1. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光 2. a sports camp 运动野营 3. how about= what about ……怎么样 4. go camping 去野营, go shopping 去买东西 go swimming 去游泳, go boating 去划船 go skating 去溜冰, go walking 去散步 go climbing 去登山, go dancing 去跳舞 go hiking 去徒步远足, go sightseeing 去观光 go bike riding 骑自行车旅行, go fishing 去钓鱼 5. do some shopping 买东西, do some washing 洗衣服 do some cooking 作饭, do some reading 读书 do some speaking 训练口语 6. how long 1) 多长时间 (询问动作在时间上所延续的长度) 2)多长(询问事物的长度)easye.2000y.net 7. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 出示某物给某人看 give me the book = give the book to me 给我书 pass me the cup = pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我 sell me the house = sell the house to me 把房子卖给我 buy me a book = buy a book for me 给我买书 make me a cake = make a cake for me 给我做蛋糕 8. get back home = come back home = return home = be back home 返回家 9. take walks = go for walks 散步 10. take sth. with sb. 随身携带某物 11. decide on 做出……决定/计划 12. something different 不同的事情 13. a great / exciting vacation 愉快的(令人激动的)假期 14. can't wait to do sth. 等不及做某事 15. leave for 动身去某地 easye.2000y.net 16. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事 17. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 18. a good place to do sth. 一个作某事的好地方 19. What are you doing for vacation? 假期你要干什么?
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20. That sounds interesting. 那听起来很有趣。 21. Show me your photos when we get back to school. 当我们回到学校的时候给我看一下你的照片。 22. He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada. 他原本想去希腊或西班牙, 但最终还是决定去加拿大。 23. I hope I can forget all my problems! 我希望我能忘记所有的烦恼! 24. I just finished making my last movie, I'm tired and I really need to relax. 我刚拍完上一部电影,我也累了,确实需要放松一下。 25. I hear that Thailand is a good place to go sightseeing. 我听说泰国是个可去观光旅游的好地方。 26. Can I ask you a few questions about your vacation plans? 我可以问你几个有关你的假期计划的问题吗? 27. What should tourists take with them ? 游客应该随身带点什么? 28. Where are you leaving from? 你们从那出发? Unit 4 1. get to school = arrive at school = reach school 到校 2. a bus stop 公共汽车站 a train/ subway station 火车(地铁站)站 a bus station 客运站, a TV station 电视台 3. take the subway 乘地铁 4. ride a bike 骑自行车 5. take the / a bus 乘公共汽车 6. want to do sth. 想做某事 7. take a taxi 乘坐出租车 8. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行上学 9. go in one's car 坐(某人的)车去 10. in North America 在北美 11. go by bike / bus / subway / car / train 乘坐……车去 12. in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地区 13. have a quick breakfast 迅速吃早饭 14. depend on 依靠……决定, 取决于…… 15. the early bus 早班车 16. how far 多远 easye.2000y.net 17. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处 18. a number of = many + 可数名词 许多 19. Doing sth. takes sb. some time / money. = It takes sb. some time / money to do sth. = sb. spends some time/money (on sth.). = sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth. = sth. costs sb. some time/money. = sb. pay some money for sth. 某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事。 20. the number of ……的数量
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21. worry about (sb. / sth.) = be worried about(sb. / sth.) 为某人(事)着急/担心 22. around the world = all over the world 世界各地,全世界 23. How do you get to school? 你怎么去学校? 24. It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus. 步行大约需要 25 分钟,乘公交车 10 分钟。 25. Then the early bus takes him to school. 然后早班公共汽车带他去学校。 26. The bus ride usually takes about 25 minutes. 乘公共汽车的路程通常需要大约 25 分钟。 27. How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远? 28. How long does it take you to get from home to school? 从家到学校你花费多长时间? 29. I ride my bike to the subway station. 我骑车去地铁车站。 30. It depends on where you are. 它取决于你在哪里。 31. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus. 那一定比乘公共汽车上学更有趣。easye.2000y.net 32. In North America,not all students take the bus to school. 在北美,并非所有学生坐公共汽车去学校。 33. In China,bikes and buses are the most popular means of transportation. 在中国,自行车和公共汽车是最普遍的交通方式。 34. What do you think of the transportation in your town? 你认为你们镇上的交通情况如何? Unit 5 1. come to the party 参加聚会 2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午 3. study for a test 为测验而准备 4. go to the doctor = see a doctor 去看医生 go to the concert 去听音乐会 go to the baseball match 去看棒球比赛 go to the mall 去商业街 5. have / take a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课 6. much too + adj. 太,过于 7. too much + (uncountable noun) 太多 8. finish the geography project 完成地理作业 9. soccer practice 足球训练 have tennis training 进行网球训练 10. look for 寻找 11. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明 12. be (go) on vacation 度假 13. join sb.加入某人(的行列) 14. a football match 足球比赛 15. be (keep) quiet 保持安静(keep + 形容词“保持某状态”) keep +(sb.) + doing 使(某人)不停地做某事” keep sth. 保存某物,饲养某物 16. a culture club 文化俱乐部
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17. “给某人打电话”的几种说法: call sb.( up), phone sb.(up) phone to sb., telephone sb.(up) telephone to sb., ring sb.(up) give sb. a ring, give sb. a phone make a telephone (call) to sb. 18. have to 不得不,必须 19. the day after tomorrow 后天 20. discuss a science report 讨论科学报告 21. Thanks for asking me. = Thanks for inviting me. = Thanks for having. = Thanks for your invitation. 谢谢你的邀请 22. the day before yesterday 前天 23. on / at weekends 在周末 24. on weekdays 在平日/工作日 25. the whole day 整天 26. --Can you come to my birthday party? --Sure, / Certainly, / Yes, I'd love to. --Sorry, / I'm sorry, I can't. I have to … --I'd love to. But I have to … 27. --What's today ? --It's Friday the 14th. 28. next week 下一周 29. this week 这一周 30. the day after tomorrow 后天 31. I have too much homework(to do) this weekend. 本周末我有太多家庭作业(要做)。 32. Can you come over to my house Wednesday evening to discuss the science report? 星期三晚上,你能来我家讨论这份科学报告吗? Unit 6 1. talk about 谈论 2. in some ways 在某些方面 3. more than 超过,多于 4. things in common 共同之处 5. be good at = do well in 擅长于 6. (not) as … as … (不)如……一样…… 7. in school 在校求学;在学校 8. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 9. look the same 看起来一样 10. talk to/with 和……谈话 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 12. stop to do sth 接着做某事 13. begin / start with 以……开始 14. end with 以……结束 easye.2000y.net
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15. in the middle of 在……中间 16. a swimming poor 游泳池 17. on the other hand = on the opposite 另一方面(边) 18. be good with … = get on well with … 和……相处得好 19. use sth. to do sth.= do sth. with sth. 用……来做…… 20. around China = all over China 全中国 21. after that 自那以后 easye.2000y.net 22. As you can see. 正如你所见到的那样。 23. more than one sister 不只一个姐妹 24. opposite views and interests 对立的观点和兴趣 25. have good grades 有好成绩 26. enjoy telling jokes 喜欢讲笑话 27. stay at home and read 呆在家里看书 28. get the job 得到这份工作 29. do the same thing as sb. 跟某人做一样的事情 30. This is what they said. 这就是他们所说的。 31. We both enjoy going to parties. 我们俩都喜欢参加晚会。 Both girls go to lots of parties.两个女孩都参加了许多晚会。 32. Liu Li has more than one sister. 刘丽不止有一个姐姐。 33. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister. 刘莹不如她姐姐擅长体育。 34. It's not necessary to be the same. 没有必要非得一样。 35. I don't think differences are important in a friendship. 我认为差异对于友谊来说并不重要。 36. English Study Center needs a weekend teacher for primary school students. 英语学习中心需要招聘一位小学生周末教师。 37. Call English Study Center at 443-5667 for more information. 请拨打 443-5667 向英语学习中心咨询更多信息。 Unit 1-6 1. in my free time 在我的业余时间里 2. in the swimming pool 在游泳池里 3. among some students 在一些学生当中 4. too many passengers 太多的乘客 5. We need this to play soccer or ping-pong. 我们需要这东西去踢足球或打乒乓球。 6. You use this to make cheese. 你用它来做奶酪。 7. Not many people can afford a car. 并不是很多人都买得起小汽车。 Unit 7 1. milk smoothie 奶昔 2. turn on 打开 turn off 关 easye.2000y.net turn up 调大,调亮 turn down 调小,调暗 3. pour yogurt into the blender 把酸奶倒人搅拌机里 4. put … into / in … 把……放入……内 5. 2 teaspoons of relish 两茶匙调味品 6. cut up three apples 切碎三个苹果
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7. add the ingredients to the noodles 把这些原料加入面条中 8. mix up 混合在一起 9. make a banana smoothie 做香蕉奶昔 10. peel the bananas 剥香蕉皮 11. How do you make a banana shake ?怎样制作香蕉奶昔 12. turn on the blender 启动搅拌机 13. Let's make fruit salad. 咱们制作水果沙拉吧。 14. put in two teaspoons of honey 加入两匙蜂蜜 15. mix it / them all up 把它(他们)混合在一起 16. boil dumplings 煮饺子 easye.2000y.net 17. a bag of 一袋…… 18. a box of 一盒…… 19. a teaspoon of 一匙…… 20. a slice of 一片…… 21. a cup of 一茶杯 22. a recipe for a great turkey sandwich 巨型火鸡三明治食谱 23. I need some help. 我需要帮助。 24. check you have all the ingredients. 检查有所有的原料。 25. roll the pancake 卷起煎饼。 26. How much yogurt do we need? 需要多少酸奶? 27. How many apples do we need? 需要多少苹果? 28. First, put the butter on a slice of bread. 首先, 将黄油涂在一片面包上。 29. Turn on the blender for about two minutes. 打开果汁机大约两分钟。 Unit 8 1. go to the aquarium 去水族馆 2. take photos 照相,拍照 3. hang out with sb. 和某人闲逛 4. win a prize 获奖(金)easye.2000y.net 5. take the bus back to school 乘公共汽车回学校 6. eat some ice cream 吃冰激淋 7. at the end of 在……的尽头 8. go for a drive 开车兜风 9. thanks for doing sth. 感谢某人做了某事 10. day off 休假 easye.2000y.net 11. have fun doing sth. 很高兴做某事 12. have a yard sale 进行庭院旧货出售 13. school trip 学校组织的旅行 14. in the future 将来,未来 15. a famous actor 著名演员 16. have a great time = have fun = enjoy oneself 过得愉快 17. watch a movie about sharks 观看有关鲨鱼的影片 18. watch a dolphin show 观看海豚表演 19. after that = then 之后,然后
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20. at the end of the day 在当天结束的时候 21. sleep late 睡过头 22. take a class 上课 23. on my next day off 在我的下一个休息日 24. stay up 熬夜 easye.2000y.net 25. go camping in the rain 在雨中野营 26. How was your day off ? 你的休息日过得怎样? 27. put … out 把 …… 放到外面 28. no one = nobody = none 没有一个人 29. in my opinion 我认为, 依我看 30. a movie about living in the future 关于未来生活的影片 31. in yesterday's singing competition 在昨天的歌唱比赛中 32. be with sb. 与某人在一起 33. the Outdoor Pool 露天水池 34. the Gift Shop 礼品店 35. finally = at last = in the end 最后 36. What else did you do? 你还干了别的什么事? 37. Did you have fun camping? 你们野营愉快吗? Unit 9 1. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 2. start / begin doing (to do) sth. 开始做某事 3. first have a party 首次举行聚会 4. be born 出生 5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事 6. for example 例如…… 7. too … to … 太……而不能…… 8. a professional soccer player 一个专业的足球运动员 9. a famous movie star 一位著名影星 10. all his free time 他的全部空闲时间 / 业余时间 11. see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事 12. a famous violinist 一位著名小提琴家 13. become a skating champion 成为滑冰冠军 14. a great Brazilian soccer player 一位伟大的巴西足球运动员 15. the 70-year history 七十年的历史 16. the International Piano Competition 国际钢琴比赛 17. at the age of 在……(多大年龄)的时候 18. major in sth.主修某科目 19. take (an active) part in (积极)参加 20. because of 因为 easye.2000y.net 21. the number one women's singles player 女子单打头号种子选手 22. a comedy called … 一个名叫……的喜剧 23. She was born in 1973.她出生于 1973 年。 24. You are never too young to start doing things. 你多早开始做事都不为过。
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25. spend all the free time with sb. 与… … 度过全部的空闲时间 26. He is alive. 他还活着。 27. He began to learn the accordion when he was a small boy. 当他还是个孩子的时候就开始学手风琴了。 28. How old are you when you started learning English ? 你多大开始学习英语的? Unit 10 1. grow up 成长 2. a professional basketball player 一位职业篮球运动员 3. a computer programmer 一位电脑程序设计师 4. take (acting)lessons 上(表演)课 5. somewhere interesting 有趣的地方 6. a part-time job 一份零工,一份兼职工作 7. a /one year or two = one or two years 一两年 8. save some money 省钱;攒钱 9. make money 挣钱、赚钱 10. at the same time 同时 11. all over the world 全世界 12. send … to … 送……到…… 13. get good grades 取得好分数(成绩) 14. communicate with sb. 与……交际;与……交流 15. a teaching job 一份教学的工作 16. a foreign language teacher 一位外语教师 17. practice basketball 练篮球 18. study computer science 学习电脑科学 19. move somewhere interesting 搬到某个有趣的地方 20. hold art exhibitions 举行艺术展览 21. travel / tour all over the world 到世界各地去旅行 22. make the soccer team 组建个足球队 23. learn a foreign language 学习一门外语 24. get sth. from sb. 从某人那儿获得到某物 25. exercise more to (keep fit = keep healthy = stay healthy )多做运动来保持健康 26. leave her job 离职,辞职 easye.2000y.net 27. write for … 为……写东西 28. have a welcome party 举行一个欢迎会 29. move to … 搬到某地 easye.2000y.net 30. think of a six-point plan 想出一个六点计划 31. some American exchanged students 一些美国交换生 32. make New Year's resolutions 制定新年打算 33. in the speech competition 在演讲比赛中 34. find a job as a language teacher 找一份当语言教师的工作 1. What are you going to be when you grow up? 你长大了要干什么? 2. I'm going to be a computer programmer. 我要成为一名电脑程序设计师。
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3. How are you going to do that? 你打算怎样去做呢? 4. I'm going to take acting lessons.我要去上表演课。 5. When I grow up, I'm going to do what I want to do. 我长大后我要做我想做的事。 6. I'm going to study French at the same time. 同时,我要学法语。 7. I'm going to get good grades. 我要取得好成绩。 8. We're going to build a bigger subway. 我们要建立一个更大的地铁。 Unit 11 1. take out the trash 把垃圾拿出去 2. make the bed 整理床铺 3. sweep the floor 扫地,清洁地面 4. fold one's clothes 叠衣服 5. clean the living room 打扫起居室 6. like to do sth. 喜欢干…… 7. invite … to … 邀请……到…… 8. take care of = look after 照顾 9. forget to do sth. 忘记要去干…… forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 10. work on 从事,操作,演算 11. go on vacation 去度假 easye.2000y.net 12. do the dishes 清洗餐具 13. go to a meeting 去参加会议 14. stay out late 在外面呆到很晚 15. do chores = do the housework 做家务 16. do the laundry 洗熨衣服 17. borrow … from … 从……借来…… 18. feed sth. 饲养……,喂养…… 19. take … for a walk 带……去散步 20. need some help 需要帮助 21. get angry (with sb.) 生某人的气 1. Could you please take out the trash? 请把垃圾拿出去好吗? 2. --Could I use (borrow) your computer? 我能借用一下你的电脑吗? --Sorry. I'm going to work on it now. 抱歉,我正准备用它呢。 3. I hate doing (to do) chores. 我讨厌做家务。 4. Could I invite my friends to a party? 我能邀请朋友来参加晚会吗?。 5. There are a few other things I want you to do before the party. 晚会前我有几件别的事要你做。 Unit 12 1. close to / near home 离家近 2. a movie theater 电影院 3. comfortable seats 舒适的座位 4. do a survey of 做一个……调查 5. play a piano piece 弹一支钢琴曲
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6. the price of ……的价格 7. the radio station 广播电台 8. think about 考虑 easye.2000y.net 9. a talent show 才能展示 10. a boring TV show 乏味的电视节目 11. friendly service 友好的服务 12. make mushroom soup 做蘑菇汤 13. a speech contest 一次演讲比赛 14. a creative job 富有创造性的工作 15. an elementary school 小学 16. in a fun part of town 位于城里的好玩地区 17. clothing store 服装店 18. trendy teens 时尚少年 19. good quality clothes 好质量服装 20. in town 在城镇 in the city 在城市里 in the country 在农村 21. in southern China = in the south of China 在中国的南方 22. in Hainan Province 在海南省 23. cut the price 降价 easye.2000y.net 24. the prize for … …… 奖 25. 200 yuan a night 每晚 200 元 26. minus 30 degrees Celsius 零下三十度 1. It's the closest to home. 它离家最近。 2. We did a survey of our readers and this is what we learned. 我们在读者中做了个调查,下面就是我们调查到的一些情况。 3. Last week's talent show was a great success.上周的才艺展示举办得非常成功。 4. She played a beautiful piano piece.她弹奏了一曲优美的钢琴曲。 5. He danced without music. 他跳了一支无音乐伴奏的舞。 6. The price of a hotel room is about 320 yuan a night. 旅馆一个房间的价格是每晚 320 元。 Review of units 7 一 12 1. a leader of a bank 银行领导 2. What kind of bread ? 什么样的面包? 3. What's next ? 下一步呢? easye.2000y.net 4. World Animal Day 世界动物日 5. lay eggs 生蛋,下蛋 6. not … at all 根本不,完全不 7. tell us on the radio 通过广播告诉我们 1. Beijing is very far from Hainan. 北京离海南很远。 2. How do you make mushroom soup? 你怎么做蘑菇汤? 3. I don't like them at all. 我根本就不喜欢它们。

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