中考英语短文填词指导与训练


中考英语短文填词指导与训练
The Guidance and Training for Word-filling

Have you smiled today?

The final victory belongs to us!
We are hitting the books! 胜利最终属于我们! 我们正在埋头苦读! Smile, and the world will smile with you !

Smile, though your heart is aching. reaking Smile, even though it’s b . When there are c louds in the sky, you get by if you smile. Through your fears and sorrow, smile. And maybe tomorrow you’ll s ee the sun come shining through for you. Light up your f ace with gladness. Hide every trace of sadness, a lthough a tear may be ever so near. That’s the time you must k eep on trying. Smile, what‘s the u se of crying You’ll find that life is still worthwhile, if you just smile.

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命题特点

2

3

四大考点

常考词类

4 高分策略

5

范文评析

6

实战演练

短文填词属于完形填空题型的一种,是中考常用的考题 之一,难度较大,得分率较低。试题选材贴近学生生活实际, 文体以记叙文为主,总词数在200词左右,首句不设空,共10 空,只给出首字母提示。它融汇了语言知识、语言技能、情 感态度、学习策略和文化意识等多个方面的内容。因此,它 考查了学生的综合语言运用能力,具体主要体现在: 1.the ability of reading discourse (阅读\理解语篇的能力) 2.the analysis of sentence structure (分析句子结构的能力) 3.the ability to spell the words correctly (准确拼写单词的能力)

nowing She started 1.When Mary left her office to go home,it was s______.
her car and drove back to her home in the country. It was cold and the snow was heavy...
考点一: 对上下文语境的考查 它要求考生在充分理解文意和上下文 的基础上,填入一个符合上下文语境的词,从而使文章意思完整。

2.Stone is all around us. Stone is usually very hard, but it can also be s____. oft 考点二 : 对上下文逻辑关系的考查 它要求考生能把握前后句
子之间的逻辑关系,从而使文章通顺合理

3.Too often,we spend too much time t_____ hinking about the future---for example ,getting into college or getting a job.
考点三:对固定搭配和惯用语的考查 固定搭配和惯用语指语 言使用中形成的固定结构、句式和习惯表达方式等。

4. The bridge, which was b___ uilt last year , is the longest one in our town.
考点四: 对语法知识的考查 它主要集中在对复合句, 时态及被动语态,非谓语动词和虚拟语气等语法知识的考查上。

常考词类

名词

代词

动词

词类

连词

形容词/ 副词

介词

近三年武汉市中考短文填词的考点分布
年份 动词(含 名词 时态、语 态、情态 动词、非 谓语动词) 形容词\ 副词 连词 代词 介词

2010

3

3

4

2011
2012

4
7

2
2

3

1
1

四大实词(n, v, adj, adv)是主要考查点,其中又以名词 和动词为主;此外,对动词的词形变化的考查所占比例较大。

I.动词专练: eminds me of my English teacher. Her smile is so sweet. 1. The lady r_______ 2.Jim w_____ rote a letter to me last week. iven in our school. 3.A talk on Chinese history will be g_____ aughing 4. The students walked into the classroom ,talking and l______. houldbe allowed to work in groups. 5. Teenagers s_____
技巧点拨: 1.注意时态、语态和非谓语动词的考查 2.注意识记动词的各种形式 (如动词单三,过去式及过去分词,现在分词)

II.名词专练:

1.Amerian summers are filled with outdoor picnics, baseball g____ ames and swimming pools. ain in the desert(沙漠). 2. There isn't much r____ hanges have taken place in Wuhan. 3. Great c_______ ours' walk from my home to that town. 4.It's two h______
技巧点拨: 1.注意并列连词and ,but 以及or前后的名词或代词单复数形式 2.注意主谓一致原则 3.注意不可数名词,复数名词不规则变化及其所有格形式

III.形容词、副词专练:
fraid that he will be late for the meeting. 1. I'm a____ 2.I‘ve never watched such an e_____ xciting match before. uckily he has got a job that he likes. 3. L_____, arder than the new comer. 4.No one works h_____ ongest rivers in China. 5. The Yellow River is the second l____
技巧点拨: 1.形容词常用来修饰名词,在句中常作定语和表语。 2.副词常用来修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,在句中常作状语。 3.注意形容词副词比较级、最高级形式的考查

Ⅳ.代词专练:
1. It took u___ s two hours to put up the tents. erselfwhen she was young. 2 The poor girl had to teach h____ 3. I love my motherland as much as you love y_____. ours 4.I'm so thirsty that I 'd like a_____ nother glass of water.
技巧点拨:注意人称代词的主宾格,形容词性及 名词性物主代词反身代词,指示代词和不定代词。

V.连词专练:

1.The car is very old ,b___ ut it runs fast. 2. He neither wrote to me ,n___telephoned me last month. or 3.He has lived here s____ ince he was 3 years old. 技巧点拨:
1.注意把握句子之间的逻辑关系,选择合适的连词,and,but ,or,so等 2.注意引导各种复合句的从属连词 3.牢记固定句式some...,others;either...or...;neither...nor...; not only...,but also...; not...,but...等

VI.介词专练:

1. He got up so early that he hurried to school w______breakfast. ithout 2.We students should concentrate more o___ n our studies than clothes.

技巧点拨:牢记常用介词的基本用法及在语境中的活用

? 空前空后要注意,名词单复要牢记,还 有’s 不能弃; ? 动词注意要变形,四种形式要看清; ? 形、副注意用“三级”; ? 填入代词要谨慎,“五格”变化要谨记; ? 介词连词最省力,直接填入就可以。

第一步 通读全文、了解大意

再次阅读,检查所填单 每篇短文段落之间 此次阅读,要对留空的句子进行全 了解。特别注意首尾句,它们通常揭示 第三步 反复推敲多分析、前后照应巧猜词 面分析,要学会找出关键词,短语和句 词是否与文章要求相符, 文章主题。阅读时,要注意上下文的联 必然承上启下,前后 子。一般来说,整篇文章必有几空答案 第四步 复读全文、检查词形及拼写、前后连贯 系,这对于把握文章整体意义大有用处。 文章是否通顺,有无词形 难以确定,因此,务必要遵循先易后难 另外,要学会跳读,对不理解的地方要 呼应,因此通读全文 的原则,在已知答案的基础上,再对文 (句型结构,语法及单词 采取暂时回避的方式。 章进行仔细分析。 时一定要一气呵成。 拼写)错误。
第二步 复读短文、抓主题句 复读短文目的是对文章有更进一步的

范文评析
A group of frogs were traveling through the forests(森林) , but unluckily two of them fell into a hole . The other frogs t__1__ to help them . But when they saw how d__2___ the hole was , they cried to the frogs that they could not be s__3___ . The two frogs didn't care and tried their b__4__ to jump up out of the hole.The other frogs kept saying that they were sure to die.F__5__ ,one of the two frogs ,who heard what the other frogs were saying ,gave up.Then he fell down and died. The other frog ,however,c___6__to jump as hard as he could,and at last made it out.When he got out ,the o__7___ frogs asked ,"Didn't you hear us?" The frog, who had a poor h_ 8__,explained ." I thought you were encouraging me all the time." The story t__9__ us a lesson:There is a power of life and death on the tongue.An e__10____ word to those who are down can help them out while a discouraging word can kill them.

ried 2.d______ eep 3.s_____ aved 1.t____ _ ontinued 7.o_____ 6.c_____ earing ther 8.h_____

4.b______ est
9. t aught

inally 5.F_____
ncouraging 10.e_____

人的话有决定生死的力量!一句鼓励的话可以让落魄的人重新振作,让他们 重新面对生活,而一句消极的话足以杀掉一个意志消沉的人。

实战演练
One morning a young woman , who had just lost her job , was examining the ads in the paper in search of (寻找) other work . Suddenly she c 1 out to her mother , who was in the kitchen . “Listen to me , Mother !” she cried . “I’ve found an easy way of making money.” “What’s it?” her mother asked, c__2__ into the room. “Listen,” said the girl, and read the advertisement a 3 . “Do you want to make money? S 4 me a postal order(邮政汇款) for five cents, together with a stamped, addressed envelope(信封) . You will receive a r 5 showing you how to make hundreds of dollars w 6 leaving your house , Then there is a name and address.” “Nonsense!(废话)” said her mother. “You’ ll only lose five cents and the c 7 of a postal order and two stamps . If he knows how to do that, why doesn’t he do it h 8 ? Why does he need to advertise? You won’t get an answer.” “Well , five cents isn’t much, ”she said , “I can try .” She went to the post office , b__9___a postal order , and sent it off. Two or three days later ,she received an envelope with a s__10___ piece of paper in it . On the paper were four words: “Do as I do. eply 1. c alled 2. c oming3.a loud 4. S end 5. r _______ ithout 7. c_____8.h______ ost imself 9. b______ ought 10.s______ mall 6. w_____

Wish you all success in Senior High School Entrance Examination ! 祝大家中考成功!


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