八年级仁爱英语下册重点句型和短语


八年级仁爱英语下册重点句型和短语
(2011-06-17 22:42:31) 标签: 分类: 英语
杂谈

Topic1

How do you go to school?

一、重点词语: 1. wake up 醒来,唤醒 去上学 get up 起床

2. go to school

go home 回家

3. go dancing / shopping / skating / swimming 去跳舞;购物、滑冰;游泳 go doing something 可用于表达去进行某种娱乐休闲活动。 4. 表示交通方式: on foot by boat by plane by car 步行 坐船 by ship 坐船 by air 坐火车 坐公共汽车 乘飞机 by subway by bike 搭乘地铁 骑自行车

乘飞机

by train

坐小汽车 by bus

5. take the subway / bus / car

搭乘地铁;公共汽车;小汽车

6. drive a car to work = go to work by car 驾车去上班 take a bus to work = go to work by bus go to school on foot = walk to school 7. ride a bike / horse 8. after school / class 骑自行车;骑马 放学以后;下课以后 乘公共汽车去上班 步行去上学

9. play the piano / guitar / violin play basketball / soccer / football play computer games play with a computer play sports 10. next to 做运动 紧挨着,在…旁边 玩电脑游戏 玩电脑

弹钢琴;吉他;小提琴 打篮球;踢足球;打橄榄球

11. a plan of my school 12. on weekdays at weekends

一幅我们学校的平面图

在工作日 在周末

13. have breakfast / lunch / supper / dinner / meals 吃早餐;中餐;晚 餐;正餐;一日三餐 have classes / lessons / a meeting 上课;上课;开会 看电视;电影;比赛;动物

14. watch TV / movies / games / the animals read novels / newspapers / books 15. wash one’s face / clothes

看小说;报纸;书 洗脸;衣服 近义词:quickly – fast

16. 反义词:up – down, early – late get up early 早起 be late for 迟到

17. the first / second / third / fourth day 18. clean the house 打扫房子

第一;二;三;四天

19. 表示建筑物(尤其学校建筑物): on the playground 在操场 在学校;家里;桌旁

at school / home / table

in a computer room / teachers’ office / classroom building / gym / library / lab / canteen

在电脑室;教师办公室;教学楼;体操馆;图书馆;实验室;食堂 20. around six o’clock = at about six o’clock 大约在六点

21. 频率副词:never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always 二、重点句型: 1. It’s time to get up. 该起床的时候了。 It’s time for breakfast. = It’s time to have breakfast = It’s time for having breakfast.该吃早饭了 2. You must go to school early. 须”) I have to wash my face quickly. 须”) 你必须早点去上学。(主观因素造成“必

我不得不迅速地洗脸。(客观因素造成“必

3. Happy New Year! The same to you! 4. How about you? = What about you? 5. It tastes good. 它尝起来很好。

新年快乐!也祝你新年快乐! 你怎么样? It sounds good. 它听起来很好。

6. How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike. 你通常怎样去上学?我通常骑自行车去上学。 What do you usually do after school? I usually play computer games. 你通常放学做什么?我通常玩电脑游戏。 7. How does she usually go to work? She usually goes to work by car. 她通常怎样去上班?她通常开车去上班。 What does he usually do after class? He usually reads novels. 他通常下课后做什么?他通常看小说。 8. The early bird catches the worm! 早起的鸟儿有虫吃。/ 笨鸟先飞。 9. Where’s Mr. Zhou going? He’s going to Shanghai. 周先生将要去哪里? 他将要去上海。

三、语法学习:复习一般现在时和现在进行时。 一般现在时: 1. 区别含有 be 动词和行为动词的肯定句式。 I am at home.√ at home. × I stay at home.√ I am stay at home. × She stay

2. 一般疑问句、否定句表达的不同方式: Are you at home? Do you stay at home? Yes, I do. Does she stay at home? Yes, she does. No,

Yes, I am. No, I am not. she doesn’t. I am not at home.

No, I don’t.

I don’t stay at home.

She doesn’t stay at home.

3. 主语为第三人称单数时,谓语行为动词的变化。 She plays computer games on Sundays. She studies English every morning. She goes to school on weekdays. She has breakfast at 6:45. 4. 用法: (1) 表示现在的状况:I am a teacher. You are student. They are in London. (2) 表示经常的或习惯性的动作:I usually go to school on foot. She plays tennis every morning. (3) 表示主语具备的性格和能力等:He likes playing basketball. They do the cooking. 现在进行时: 1. 基本句式结构:I am playing with a computer. 2. 现在分词构成法: go – going play – playing have – having drive – driving

run – running 3. 用法:

swim – swimming

begin – beginning

(1)表示现在正在进行的动作:She is having dinner. 她正在用餐。 (2)方位动词的现在进行时可用来表示将要发生的动作:I’m going. 我要走 了。 四、交际用语:谈论交通工具及如何上学和日常生活。 主要句型: How do you usually go to school? I usually go to school by bike. I’m riding a bike now. What’s she doing? She’s dancing. Do you often go to the library?

Topic 2 How often do you have an English class?

重点词语: 1. 学科名词: 政治 语文 数学 英语 历史 地理 生物 音乐 体育 美术 politics Chinese math English history geography biology music P.E. Art 2. 一周七天名词: 星期日 星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六 Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 3. swimming pool 游泳池

4. listen to music 听音乐 滑轮 go shopping 去购物 公园 meet friends 会见朋友 watch TV 看电视

write letters 写信

go roller-skating 滑

have an English class 上英语课 go to the park 去

draw pictures 画画

play sports 做运动

play computer games 玩电脑游戏 play soccer 踢足球 解答数学题 take exercises 做运动

work on math problems

learn about the past 学习历史 学着用中文读写

learn how to read and write in Chinese

play ball games with my classmates 和我的同班同学玩球类游戏 5. be good at = do well in 擅长于… in English. 6. be different from 与…不同 I am good at English. = I do well

the same as 与…相同

7. do outdoor activities 进行户外活动 8. every week 每周 each day 每天 9. 反义词:boring – interesting 近义词:difficult – hard 10. care about 关心;担心 11. try to do something 尝试去做某事 12. do one’s best 尽力去做某事 do one’s homework 做家作 three times a week 每周三次 difficult – easy begin – finish

13. like doing something = love doing something 喜欢做某事 hate doing something 讨厌做某事 14. noon break 午休 15. at half past six = at thirty past six = at six thirty 六点半 o’clock = at seven 在七点 at seven

at five fifteen = at fifteen past five = at a quarter past five 五点十 五分 at fifteen to ten = at a quarter to ten = at nine forty-five 九点四十 五分 16. for a little while 就一会儿 17. a student of Grade One 一年级的学生 18. eat out 出去吃 19. get home 到家 二、重点句型: 1. Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best.你最喜 欢哪个地方?我最喜欢电脑室。 2. Swimming is my favorite sport. = I like swimming best. 游泳是我最喜 欢的运动。 3. Why do you think so? Because he likes sleeping. 你为什么这么想?因 为他喜欢睡觉。 4. How often do you go to the library? Very often. 你经常去图书馆吗? 经常。 5. Peter is good at soccer ball. 彼特擅长与足球。 6. My interest is different from theirs. 我的兴趣和他们的不一样。 7. How many lessons do you have every day? 你每天上多少节课? 8. What time is school over? 什么时候放学? 9. I try to do my best each day. 每天我都尽力做到最好。 10. And if I always do my best, I need not care about the test. 如果我 总是尽力,我就不需要担心考试 11. After dinner, I often do my homework and then watch TV for a little while. 晚餐后,我经常做作业然后看一会儿电视。

三、语法学习:以 How,Wh- 开头的疑问句。 疑问词:how often, how long, how soon, how old, how many, how much, how big, how heavy, how wide, how far, what, when, who, whose, whom, where, which, why, what color, what time, what class… 四、交际用语:谈论课程、作息时间、个人爱好及学习生活。 主要句型: Which place do you like best? I like the computer room best. What’s your favorite subject? Math is. How often do you…? Every day. Always. Often. Seldom. Never. Sometimes. Do you like going to…? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. How many lessons do you have every day? We have seven lessons every day.. When do morning classes begin? At 7:20.

Topic3 I like the school life here.

一、重点词语: 1. 反义词:first – last , borrow – return / give back –begin easy—hard Interesting—boring lost—found end

同义词: end—be over , study—learn , of course –certainly/ sure , return –give back come from—be from (be= am/ is / are ), have class—have lesson 2. 名词单数转化复数:life – lives – halves child--children shelf – shelves leaf – leaves half

名词变成形容词:wonder – wonderful, careful, beauty - beautiful

use – useful,

care –

interest – interesting, excite – exciting 与…之间 4. school hall 学校大厅

3. between… and… 在…

5. Our School Times 《学校时报》 6. Everyday Science 《每日科技》 7. the school life 学校生活 8. most of them 他们大多数 9.wait for – 等待 10 get home 到家 so on 等等 12. on time 按时 向…学习 二、重点句型: 1. Welcome to our school. 欢迎到我们学校来。 2. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice. life here . 你认为我们学校怎么样?挺好的。我喜欢这儿的学校生活。 3.。 Wait a minute. = Just a minute. 等一等。 I like the school 13. Here it is. = Here you are. 给你 11. and

14. learn…from

4. Thank you anyway. = Thank you all the same. 仍然谢谢你 5. Thank you for your hard work. 谢谢你们的努力工作。 6. Thank you for asking me. 谢谢你邀请我。 7. I read them with great interest. (我读得津津有味)我带着极大的兴趣 读它们。 8. May I ask you some questions? Yes, please 我可以问你几个问题吗 9. Where do you come from? I come from Australia. = Where are you from? I’m from Australia. 你来自哪里?我来自澳大利亚。 10. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. 我能借多久?两个星期。 11. . Do you have a problem? 你有问题吗?

12. What day is it today ? 期三。

It’s Wednesday . 今天是星期几? 今天是星

13.What time does the class begin / end ? 几点上课/ 下课? 14.What is your favorite subject ? 你最喜爱的学科是什么(是哪一科) ? What subject do you teach ? 你教什么学科?(哪一科) 15 How often do you do outdoor activities ? 你多常进行户外活动? 16.How many lessons do you have every week ? 你每周上几节课? 17.Why do \ don’t you like English ? 你为什么喜欢英语/ 不喜欢英语 ? Because it’s easy and interesting .因为它既容易又有趣。 Because it’s difficult and boring. 因为它既难又烦人。 18.I don’t like math at all .我一点儿(完全)不喜欢数学。 三、语法学习:There is / are…某处(某时)有某物(某事) 1. 用法:表示存在。什么时间或者地点“有”什么东西 几种基本句式:

There is a book and two pens on the desk. 桌上有一本书和两支笔。 There are two pens and a book on the desk. 桌上有两支笔和一本书。 There isn’t a book on the desk. 桌上没有一本书。 There aren’t two pens on the desk. 桌上没有两支笔。 Is there a book on the desk? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. 桌上有一本书吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。 Are there two pens on the desk? Yes, there are./ 桌上有两支笔吗?是的,有。/ 不,没有。 3. 与 have 的区别: I have a book. I don’t have a book. Do you have a book? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. No, there aren’t.

She has a book. She doesn’t have a book. Does she have a book? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t. 现在进行时的特征:(结构 be+ving) 1. Look ! They are playing soccer on the playground. 2. Listen ! He is singing in the classroom. 3. We are having an English class now. (at the moment) 4.It’s seven o’clock in the evening . 5. Where is Jim ? (当问答动作时用进行时) dining-room. I am doing my homework. He is having lunch in the

6.根据上下文提示: What are you doing ? I am reading in the library. 四、交际用语:学习校园生活的一些活动,如采访、借书、找寻失物、制作海报 等。 主要句型: May I ask you some questions? Yes, please. What do you think of our school? It’s very nice. Can I borrow …? Sure, here you are. How long can I keep it? Two weeks. But you must return it on time. There is / are… Is there a bed in the room? Yes, there is. What are you / they doing ? I (We are) / They are) am reading stories .

What is he/ she doing ?

He/ She is having a biology class.

Unit 6

Our Local Area

Topic 1

Is there a computer in your study?

词汇: 1、in front of 在……的前面 to 靠近 3、give back 归还 2、hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 2、next

4、 a while 一会儿 for 5、 upstairs 上楼 go put away 把……收起来 8、 play with a ball 玩球 照顾;照看;照料;保管 二、句型: Why not go upstairs and have a look? (1) go upstairs 上楼 (2) have a look 看 步 have a bath 洗澡 have a talk 谈话

6、 have a look 看一看

7、

9、 the second floor 在第二层 on

10、 look after

go downstairs 下楼 have a look at… 看…… have a swim 游泳 have a walk 散

have a rest 休息

(3) Why not+动词原形…?句型是提建议的一种表达法,形同“Why don’t + 人 称代词 + 动词原形上+ …?”。这样的句型常用来启发或建议某人做某事。回 答常用 Ok, let’s…/All right./That’s a good idea. Please give it back soon.请尽快地把它还给我。 give …back:(=return)归还:代词作宾语时应放在 give 和 back 的中间,如果 是名词作宾语,可放在中间,也可放在后面。例如: give the book back;/give back the book. give it back / give them back 类似的短语还有 put away, put on, try on, take off,

3.Let’s play computer games for a while.让我们玩一会儿电脑吧。 play computer games 玩电脑游戏 Let’s …=Let us 后接动词原形:让我们…… 4.My pet dog plays with the ball everywhere.我的宠物狗在家里到处玩球。 everywhere=here and there 处处;到处 play with 其后接人时,意为“与……玩” 其后接物时,意为“玩(单纯地玩耍)……” play football, play basketball, play volleyball 指技术性较高的运动 5.There is a watermelon and lots of apples in the box.箱子里有一个西 瓜和许多苹果。 lots of =a lot of 许多的;大量的,用来修饰名词 There are a lot of students in that school. (=many) There was a lot of snow last year.(=much) There’s a lot of rice in the bag.(=much) 三、语法:There be 句型和 Have 的区别 类型 There be Have 涵义不同 侧重 "存在关系",表示"某地或某时间存在某人/某物",there 只是 引导词,无意义。 如:There is a boat in the river.河里有一条船。 侧重 "所属关系",示" 属于……所拥有"的东西,第三人称用 has。如: I have a nice watch. 我有 一块好看的手表。 She has a new computer. 她 有一台新电脑。

句型不同 1.肯定式:There is/are+主语+其它。 2.否定式:There is/are+ not+主语+其它。 3.疑问式:--Is/Are there+主语+其它?

--Yes, there is/are. --No, there isn't/aren't 1.肯定式:主语+have/has+其它。 2.吉伯定式:a)主语+don't/doesn't have+其它; b)主语+haven't/hasn't+其它。 3.疑问式:a)--Do/does+主语+have+其它? --Yes,主语+do/does./No,主语+don't/doesn't. b)--Have/Has+主语+其它?--Yes,主语+have/has./No,主语+haven't/hasn't.

主谓一致不同 1.There is +单数主语/不可数主语…如: There is some milk in hte bottle. There is a hat on the desk. 2.There are+复数主语…如:There are some flowers in the basket. 3.There is +单数主语+and+复数主语…如: There is a mouse and two pens on the deak. 4.There are+复数主语+and+单数主语…如:There are two pens and a mouseon the desk. 1.主语(第三人称单数)+has+…如: She has many new clothes. Tom has a nice feather. 2.第一、二人称单数和复数主语+have+…如:You have some good firends but they have few.

划线提问不同 1.对主语提问一律用"What's+某地/某时?"结构,其中谓语动词 须用 is, there 要省略。 且 如: There are some pictures on the wall.---What's on the wall?

2.对地点提问要用"Where is/are there…?"如:There is a black car under the tree.--Where is there a black car? 3.对主语的数量提问要用"How many+主语(复数)+are there…?/How much+主 语(不可数)+is there…?" 如: There're three people in my family. --How many people are there in your family? There's some rice in the bag. ---How much rice is there in the bag? 1.对主语提问要用"Who/has/have+…?" 如: Mary has a sweater.--Who has a sweater? We have new brooms.--Who hsve new brooms? 2.对宾语提问要用"What have/has+主语?/What do does+主语+have…?"如: My father has a big farm . What has your father?/ What does your father have? 3.对宾语的数量提问用"How many+复数名词+have/has+主语?/How much+不可数 名词+have/has+主语?"或"How many +复数名词+do/does+主语+have?/How much+不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?" 如:I have two pictures. --How many pictures do you have?/How many pictures have you?

注意 there be 结构在改为否定或疑问句时,一般将 some 改为 any. 如:There are some dishes on the desk. --There aren't any dishes on the desk./Are there any dishes on the desk? have 句型在改为否定句时,也应将 some 改为 any. 如: She has some fruit. --She hasn't/doesn't have any fruit./Has she any fruit?/Does she have any fruit?

注:在表示 "附属于某物/某处的东西"时,there be 结构与 have 句型都可以用。 如: There are four windows in the classroom =The classroom has four windows. The house has eighteen floors.=There are eighteen floors in the house. Topic 2 What’s your home like?

一、词汇: look for 寻找 2、a parking lot 停车场 3、at the street corner 在街 道的拐角 4、play the piano 弹钢琴 5、knock at(the door)敲(门) 6、 hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事 7、at the end of 在……的尽头; 在……的末尾 8、in the suburbs 在郊外;在郊区 9、according to 按照 二、句型: What’s your home like?你的家什么样? like 用作动词时意为“喜欢”, 用作介词时意为“像……”, 常用短语: like, be look like I’m looking for a grocery store.我正在找一家杂货店。 look for 寻找。强调寻找的动作; find 找到,发现。强调结果; find out 着重指通过分析、调查等弄清或杳明一件事情 Are you looking for your pen? Yes, I am.你在找你的钢笔吗?是的。 Can you help me find my bike?你能帮我找到自行车吗? Please find out who broke the window.请找出是谁把窗户打破的? 3.There is one in front of our building.我们的楼前有一家(杂货店)。 in front of 在……的前面(在范围之外的前面) in the front of 在……的前面(在范围内的前面) There is a tree in front of the classroom..教室前面有一棵树。(树在 教室外)

The teacher is standing in the front of the classroom.老师站在教室的前 面。(老师在教室里) 4.What’s the matter?怎么了?(出什么事了?) 类似的表达法还有:What’s up?/What’s wrong?/What’s going on? 5.People enjoy living in a house with a lawn and a garden.人们喜欢住带 有草坪和花园的房子。 enjoy doing sth.喜欢、享受做某事。Enjoy 后接名词或动词的 ing 形式, 如: He enjoys reading novels.他喜欢读小说。 6.I hear you playing the piano beautifully.我听见你弹钢琴很动听。 hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事。如:. I hear them singing songs in the next room.我听到他们正在隔壁房间唱 歌。 7.Hello, this is Mrs. Wang speaking.喂,我是王太太。 电话用语,不用 I 和 you, 而用 this 和 that。如: This is Mary (speaking).我是玛丽。 Who’s that (speaking)?你是谁? 8. The kitchen fan doesn’t work.厨房的排气扇不工作了。 work 进行顺利,起作用,(机器)正常运转 如:My clock doesn’t work.我的钟不走了。

Topic 3 Which is the way to the post office?

词汇: 1、thousands of 成千上万的 2、a public phone 公用电话 3、get to 到达 4、 the way to the station 去车站的路 5、be far from 远离…… 6、traffic lights 交通灯 7、across from 在(街,路等)的对面 8、between…and… 在……和……之间 9、the information desk 咨询处 10、on the left 在左 边;on the right 在右边 二、句型: Excuse me, how can I get to the library?劳驾,去图书馆怎么走? Turn right at the second turn.在第二个拐弯处向右拐。 turn right(left)= turn to the right (left)向右(左)拐 turn (turning)名词,拐弯处 at the first turning 在第一个拐弯处 Turn right at the second turn. =Take the second turning on the right. Thank you anyway.仍然(还是)要谢谢你。类似的还有: Thank you all the same./Thank you anyhow. You need to take No. 718 bus here.你需要乘 718 路公共汽车。 need 作行为动词时,意为“需要,需求”,有人称、数和时态的变化。need to do sth. 需要做某事,如:You need to have a good rest.你需要好好休息。 need 还可作情态动词,意为“必要,需要”,后接动词原形,常用作 否定形式 needn’t,意为“不必”,如:You needn’t drive so fast.你不必 开得这么快。 Every year thousands of people get hurt or die in road accidents.每年 成千上万的人在交通事故中受伤或死亡。 hundred 和 thousand 等表示数目的词前如果有确切的数字,这些词不用复数形 式,后面直接跟名词;如果本身表示模糊的概念,这些词用复数且后跟 of 才能 再接名词,如:two hundred books 两百本书 hundreds of books 成百上千本书 five thousand trees 五千棵树 thousands of trees 成千上万棵树 If everyone obeys the rules, the roads will be much safer.如果人人都遵 守交通规则的话,道路交通就会变得更加安全。

much safer 安全得多 等。

much 用在比较级前,强调程度。类似的还有 a little

The earth is much bigger the moon.地球比月亮大得多。 Are you feeling much better today?你今天觉得好点了吗? Tom is a little taller than his mother.汤姆比他妈妈高一点儿。 if 连词,意为“如果,假如” If you are hungry ,you can buy some food in the shop.如果你饿了,你可 以在店里买点食物。 If he comes , I will tell you .如果他来了,我就告诉你。

三、语言点: 英语中常见的问路方法有: 1、Is there a … near here? the way to… ,please? 2、Where is the … ,please ? 3、Do you know

4、Which is the way to … ,please? tell me the way to…? 7、Can you find the way to …? way? 英语中常见的指路方法有:

5、How can I get to …?

6、Can you

8、I want to go to…

.Do you know the

It’s over there . It’s next to the … from… It’s behind the … It’s between … and … . about …meters from here.

It’s across

Walk/Go along this street.

It’s

Take the first turning on the left. 四、形容词比较级的构成:

Walk on and turn right.

绝大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级, 以表示形容词说明的性 质在程度上的不同。

形容词的原级: 形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。 例如: poor tall great glad bad

形容词的比较级和最高级: 形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级 形式的基础上变化的。分为规则变化和不规则变化。 规则变化如下: 1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。 great (原级) greater(比较级) greatest(最高级) 2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构 成。 wide (原级) wider (比较级) widest (最高级) 3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble 结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词 尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。 clever(原级) cleverer(比较级) cleverest(最高级) 4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字母的形容词的比较级和最高级是把 -y 去 掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构 成. happy (原形) happier (比较级) happiest (最高级) 5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高 级是双写该辅音字 母然后再加 -er 和-est。 big (原级) bigger (比较级) biggest (最高级) 6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用 more 和 most 加在形容词 前面来构成。 beautiful (原级) difficult (原级) more beautiful (比较级) more difficult (比较级) most beautiful (最高级) most difficult (最高级) 常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级: 原级 比较级 最高级

good many much bad little ill far

better more more worse less worse farther(further)

best most most worst least worst farthest(furthest)

Unit 7

The Birthday Party

Topic1 Can you dance?

词汇: 1、Happy Birthday!生日快乐! 2、take photos 拍照 3、work out 作出, 解决 4、how about/what about 如何,怎样 5、fly kites 放风筝 6、row a boat 划船 7、perform ballet ]表演芭蕾舞 8、dance the disco 跳迪 斯科 9、make model planes 做飞机模型 10、draw pictures 画画 11、 show sb. sth.给某人看某物 12、 years ago 两年前 two 13、 in hospital be (生病)住院 二、句型: What are you going to perform at Kangkang’s birthday party?你打算在康 康的生日晚会上表演什么?

“be going to+动词原形”的句型常用来表示打算、准备做某事或即将发生或肯 定要发生某事,be 是助动词,有人称和数的变化,如: He is going to have a swim this afternoon. What about /How about +名词、代词或动名词,意为“……怎么样?”常用来 表示对……的看法,或表示建议、询问的方式,如: How/What about sitting here to look at the moon?坐在这儿赏月怎么样? I only can sing English songs.我只会唱英文歌曲。(情态动词 can 的用法) They couldn’t sing any English songs two years ago.两年前他们不会唱英 文歌曲。 一段时间+ago:表示在……时间以前,如:three months ago 三个月以前 4.What will you buy for Kangkang as a birthday present?你要给康康买什 么礼物? “will+动词原形”表将来。 5.I can play the guitar. 三、定冠词 the 的用法 1) 定冠词特指某(些)人或某(些)事物, 以区别于同类中其他的人或事物。 The bag in the desk is mine. 桌子里的书包是我的。 Is this the book you are looking for? Do you know the man in back? 这是你要找的书吗?

你知道穿黑色衣服的人是谁吗?

It is not the car we are looking for. 这不是我们要找的车。 The man has found his child. 那个人找到了他的孩子。

2) 定冠词用来指上文中已提到过的人或事物。 I bought a book from Xinhua book-shop. The book costs 15 yuan. 我从新华书店买了一本书. 这本书值十五元。 I saw a film yesterday.The film was ended at eight o'clock.

我昨天看了一场电影。电影八点钟结束的。 Lucy bought a radio yesterday, but she found something was wrong with the radio. 露西昨天买了一台收音机,但是她发现收音机有问题。 3) 定冠词用于表示世界上独一无二的事物或用于自然界现象或方位名词之 前。 the sun the moon the earth the sky the world the sea

The sun is bigger than the moon. I can see a bird in the sky.

太阳比月亮大。

我能看到天空中有一只小鸟。

I like to have a walk with the bright moon light in the evening. 我 愿晚上在明亮的月光下散步。 4) 定冠词与单数名词连用,表示这一类人或物。 The dog is not too danger. The cat is an animal. 狗不太危险。

猫是一种动物。

The umbrella in the shop is very cheap in this season. 这个季节商 店里的雨伞很便宜。 5) 定冠词与某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化, 表示某一类人。 the poor, the rich, the wounded, the sick, the deaf. The wounded were brought to the hospital. He always helps the poor. 他经常帮助穷人。 受伤者被送到了医院。

The deaf can go to this special school. 耳聋者可以进这所特殊学校上 学。 6) 用在序数词, 形容词最高级和表示方位的名词前。 This is the biggest city in China I have ever visited. 中国参观的最大的城市。 I saw a plane coming from the east. 这是我在

我看见一架飞机从东方飞来。

He is the last one to help me.

他不会来帮助我的。

7) 定冠词用在演奏乐器的名称和文艺活动,运动场所的名称前。 The little girl likes to play the violin. 小女孩喜欢拉小提琴。 They are going to the cinema tonight. 他们今晚要去影院看电影。

The theater was on fire last week. 剧院昨天着火了。 8) 定冠词用在报刊,杂志的名称的名词之前。 I am reading the China Daily now. 我现在正读中国日报。 Have you got the Evening Paper yet? 你拿到晚报了吗? The Times is a foreign newspaper. The Peking Review is on the desk. 泰晤士报是一家外国报纸。 北京周报在桌子上放着。

9) 定冠词用在江河,海洋,山脉,群岛的名称之前。 We live near the Yellow River. 我们住在黄河边上。 The Changjiang River is the biggest one in China. 长江是中国最大的 河。 The Himalayas is located in Tibet. 喜马拉雅山位于西藏。 10) 定冠词用在姓名复数之前,表示一家人。 The Greens is very kind to us. The Whites like the classic music. 不用冠词的场合。 1) 专有名词,抽象名词和物质名词之前一般不用冠词。 China is a largest country in the world. 中国是世界上最大的国家。 I think water is a kind of food, too. Cotton feels soft. 棉花摸起来柔软。 我认为水也是一种食物。 格林一家人待我们很好。 怀特一家喜欢古典音乐。

2) 表示日常餐食名词之前不用冠词,但如果指具体的饮食时用定冠词 the。

It's time for breakfast. What do you have for lunch?

该吃早饭了。 你午饭吃点什么?

The dinner I had at that restaurant was expensive. 我在那家饭店吃 的饭很贵。 3) 在季节,月份,星期,节日。球类运动,棋类游戏的名词之前不用冠词。 Summer is hot and winter is cold here. New Year's Day is coming. 新年就要到啦。 Today is the first day of May. 今天是五月的第一天。 We are going to play basketball this afternoon. 今天下午我们要去打 篮球。 We don't like bridge very much. 我们不太喜欢桥牌。 4)语言的名称前不用冠词。 Can you speak English? 你会讲英语吗? 这儿夏天热冬天冷。

It's difficult to learn Chinese well. 要学好中文很难。 Tom knows English but he doesn't know French. 汤姆懂英语但不懂法语。 5) 某些固定词组不用冠词。 by air, on foot, at night, after school, at home, go to class, in fact, from morning till night. I'm going to Chicago by air next week. 下周我要乘飞机去芝加哥。

I go to school on foot . 我步行去学校上学。 In fact, I don't know him at all. He is at home today. 他今天在家。 实际上,我一点也不认识他。

Topic2 When is your birthday?

一、词汇: 1.first of all 首先 2.have a birthday party 举行生日晚会(聚会) 3.have a special dinner 吃一顿特殊的晚餐 4.forget to do sth.忘记去做某事 5.That’s a good idea!真是好主意! 6.make a cake 做蛋糕 7.be born 出生 8.the shape of ……的形状 9.I’m afraid…我恐怕,我担心…… 句型: When is your birthday, Kangkang?康康,你的生日是什么时候? May the eighteenth.五月十八日。 ①“when”可以就年、月、日和钟点进行提问,而“what time”只能就钟点进 行提问。 ②英语中日期有几种表示方法: a.把月份写在日期前面,这通常是美国写法。如:March 21st,2001 March the twenty-first, two thousand and one(2001 年 3 月 21 日) 读作

b.先写日子,再写月份和年,这通常是英国写法。如::21st March,2001 读作 the twenty-first of March, two thousand and one ---I beg it’s going to be fun.我敢断定肯定有趣。---You bet.当然了。 What day is it today? It’s Friday. 询问星期用 What day…? 回答用 It……如:

What day is it today? It’s Wednesday.

或 Today is Wednesday.

What’s the date today? It’s May 21st,2004. 询问日期用 What’s the date…?如:What’s the date the day afternoon? Tomorrow is your mom’s birthday. 名词所有格表示名词之间的所属关系。一般有两种表示方式,一种是在名词后加 's 构成,一种是用 of 所有格。 (1) 表示有生命的人或物的名词,在词尾加 's 来表示从属关系,如: Mary’s school bag my sister’s cat

(2) 以 s 结尾的名词,表示所有格只在后面加’, 如: the boys’ game the teachers’ chairs

(3) 由 and 连接两个或两个以上的单数名词,表示共有关系,这时只 在最后一个名词后加 's ,如: Tom and Mike’s sister Jack and John’s room Tom’s and Jack’s fathers (4) 无生命东西的名词, 一般都与 of 构成短语, 表示所属关系, 如: a map of China a picture of my school

How shall we celebrate it?我们要怎样庆祝呢? Shall we have a special dinner?我们吃一顿特别的晚餐怎么样? “Shall I…/Shall we…”用于示表示建议或征求意见,也可用“疑问词+shall +I / we…”如:Shall we go swimming this afternoon?今天下午我们去游泳 好吗? What time shall we start?我们该什么时候出发? Don’t forget to buy a birthday cake.别忘了买生日蛋糕。 forget 的用法:

(1) 接名词或代词,如: I forget his name.我忘了他的名字。 Don’t forget me.别忘了我。 (2)接不定式,意为“忘记要做某事”,如: Please don’t forget to close the door when you leave.你离开时请别忘 了关门。 (3)接动词 ing 形式,意为“忘记做过某事”,如: I forget meeting you in Beijing.我忘了在北京见到过你。 Kangkang is going to be thirteen on May the eighteenth. 介词 on ,in 和 at 放在时间前的用法: on 放在某一或某些确定或不确定的时间前,如某天(某些天),某天的上午, 下午或晚上,如: on August 18th,1980 on Sunday 在星期天 on a cold day 在一个寒冷的日子 在 1980 年 8 月 18 日 on Saturday evening 在星期六的晚上 on Children’s Day 在儿童节

in 表示在一段时间,多放在年、月、季节等时间前,如: in summer 在夏天 in July 在七月 in the morning 在早上

at 用在某一时刻、年纪、夜晚、中午等时间前,如: at 8 o’clock 在八点 at noon 在中午 at night 在夜晚 at the age of ten 在十岁时

When were you born?你什么时候出生? I was born in June ,1970.我生于 1970 年 6 月。 Sorry, I’m afraid you can’t.

I’m afraid 往往相当于 I’m sorry, but…可用来引出带有歉意的句子,表求 一种担忧,语气较缓和,如:I’m afraid I can’t come.(=I’m sorry, but I can’t come.) 四、序数词 表示数目顺序的词用序数词。 1) 序数词 1━19 除第一,第二,第三,第五,第八,第九, 第十二变化不规则 外, 其余均由在 基数词后加上 -th。 2) 十位整数的序数词的构成方法是, 是将十位整数基数词的词尾 -y 变成 i 再加 -eth。 3) 几十几的序数词,只是把个位数变成序数词, 十位数不变。 序数词的用 法: 序数词主 要用作定语,表语。前面要加定冠词 the。 Topic3 We had a wonderful party. 词汇: lots of=a lot of 许多 tell a lie 撒谎 in fact 事实上,实际上 fall down 跌倒 be funny 有趣 have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 blow out 吹灭 not…at all 一点也不,根本不 not …till/until 直到……才 hurt oneself 受伤 as well 也 magic tricks 魔术 rock songs 摇滚歌曲

cross-talk 相声

句型: He performed magic tricks. 一般过去时的句子构成. My mother didn’t go to work yesterday. Did you go to the zoo last Sunday? Yes, I did. /No, I didn’t .

2.I have a lot of work to do as well.我还有许多工作要做。 as well 意为“除……之外,也,又”,只能放在句末作状语,与 too 的用法相同,可互换使用。as well as 是连词,用来连接两个名词形容词等, 如: Lu Xun is a great writer, and a fearless fighter as well.鲁迅是个伟大 的作家,也是个无畏的战士。 He gave the beggar food, as well as money.(=He gave the begger food , and money as well.)他除了给那个乞丐食物外,还给他钱。 3.You know I don’t like video games at all. not…at all 根本不,一点都不,at all 多放在否定句末,加强否定语气,如: My mother can’t ride a bike at all. Thanks very much. Not at all. 4. Did the movie go on until midnight?电影一直演到午夜吗? until 用作介词,跟一个表示某一时间的名词,也可用作连词,引导一个时间 状语从句。 ①肯定句中,until 只与持续性动词连用,意为“到……为止”。如: We had to wait until he came back.我们只好等到他回来。 ②until 在否定句中, 通常与瞬间性动词连用, 构成“not……until”, 意为“直 到……才”,如:The children didn’t leave school until five o’clock.

③引导时间状语从句,用一般现在时代替一般将来时, 如: I won’t go until he comes back.我将等他回来再走。 三、动词的一般过去时态 I. 一般过去时的概念 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 常和表示过去的时 间状语连用。如:last year, yesterday 等; 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动 作,常和 often, always 等频率副词连用。 例如:①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。 ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。 II. 一般过去时的构成 我们主要来学习谓语动词为实义动词的一般过去时的构成。 动词过去式的构成: (1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则: ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。 ②以不发音的字母 e 结尾的动词,去 e 再加-ed。如:live-lived。 ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。 如:stop-stopped。 ④末尾是辅音字母+y 结尾的动词,先变 y 为 i,然后再加-ed。如: study-studied。 (2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had 等。 III. 一般过去时的几种句型 肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。如:He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。 否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn't)+动词原形+其它。如:He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店。

一般疑问句的构成:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?如: 1) --Did you go to Beijing last week? --Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.) --No, I didn't. (Yes, I

2) --Did you meet the businessman before? did.) 特殊疑问句的构成: 疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?如: 1) --What did you do last night?

--I did my homework.

2) --Where did you go last week? --I went to Shanghai with my parents. 一般过去时口诀: 一般过去时并不难,表示过去动作、状态记心间。 动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。 否定句很简单,didn't 站在动词原形前,其它部分不要变。 一般疑问句也好变,did 放在句子前,主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。 特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。 最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记。

Unit 8 The Seasons and the Weather

Topic1 What’s the weather like today? 重点词语: 1. 季节词汇: 四季名词 spring summer Autumn / fall winter 四季特征 warm hot cool cold

四季色彩 green bright yellow white 四季活动 hike swim climb mountains make snowmen 2. 天气词汇: 天气名词 rain wind cloud snow sun fog 对应形容词 rainy windy cloudy snowy sunny Foggy 3. in spring / summer / fall / winter 在春天;夏天;秋天;冬天

4. go climbing mountains / shopping / swimming 5. quite = very 很,相当 6. come back to life 复苏,复活 7. 名词转化为形容词:hope – hopeful care – careful

8. from December to February 从十二月到二月 9. fall off 落下;掉落

10. weather report 天气预报 11. a hopeful season 一个充满希望的季节 the harvest season 丰收的季节 12. come after 紧跟其后 13. get warmer and warmer 变得越来越暖和 14. make dinner 做饭 交朋友 make wishes 许愿 make tea 泡茶 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends

make a mistake 犯错误

make a noise 制作噪音

make a sentence 造句 make sure 确信 二、重点句型:

make dumplings 包饺子

1. What’s the weather like today? = How is the weather today? 今天天 气怎么样? It looks like rain. = It looks like raining. 看起来好像要下雨。

2. Which season is the warmest / hottest / coolest / coldest in the year? 一年里哪个季节最暖和;最热;最凉快;最冷? 3. Sometimes it rains quite heavily / hard. 有时候雨下得很大。 4. It’s a good time to swim. 它是游泳的好时节。 It’s a good season for hiking. 它是去远足的好季节。 It’s a good time / season to do something. 它是做某事的好时间;好季 节。 5. Do you like summer? Yes, but I like winter better. 你喜欢夏天吗?是 的,但是我更喜欢冬天。 Which do you like best, spring, summer, fall or winter? I like summer best. 你最喜欢哪个,春,夏,秋,还是冬?我最喜欢夏。 Like…better 更喜欢… like…best 最喜欢…

6. I like spring best. = My favorite ( season ) is spring. 我最喜欢的 季节是春天。 7. What’s the weather like today? How was the weather yesterday? What will the weather be like tomorrow? 今天天气怎么样?昨天天气怎么样?明 天天气怎么样? 8. It’s nice and warm. 今天挺暖和的。 Nice and …; good and … 可用来加强语气,意为“很,挺”。如: nice and cold 很冷 nice and far 很远 今天的天气比昨天更好。

9. It’s better today than yesterday.

10. The weather gets warmer and warmer. 天气变得越来越暖和。 get 变得。如:get cold 变冷;get thin 变瘦 比较级 and 比较级意为“越来越…”,如: taller and taller, 越来越高; heavier and heavier,越来越重

11. The cold weather is coming. 寒冷的天气马上就要来了。

12. It lasts from December to February. 它从十二月持续到二月。 13. The newspaper says it’ll be sunny tomorrow. 据报纸报道明天将会是 晴天。 14. The farmers are busy harvesting. 农民们忙着收割庄稼。 be busy doing something = be busy with something 忙着做某事 I am busy doing my job. = I am busy with my job. 我忙着我的工作。 三、语法学习: 1. 形容词的最高级: 单音节词和少数双音节词: (1)一般情况下加-est,如:coldest, tallest (2)以“e”结尾的词,加-st,如:nicest, finest (3)以辅音字母+y 结尾的词,先变 y 为 i,再加-est,如:busiest, heaviest (4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写末尾辅音字母,再加-est,如: biggest, hottest 多音节词在前面加 most,如:most beautiful, most dangerous 四、交际用语:学习描述和谈论四季和不同时间下的天气状况 What’s the weather like in summer? It often rains. Sometimes it rains quite heavily. How is the weather in winter? It’s better than yesterday. Which season do you like best, spring, summer, fall, or winter? Which season is the coldest in a year? What do you think of the weather today? What’s the temperature? It’s 35℃.

Topic2 The summer holidays are coming.

重点词语: 1. the summer / winter holiday 暑假; 寒假 2. talk about 谈论到, 谈及 3. holiday plans 假日计划 4. want to go 想去 want to do something = would like to do something 想做某事 hope to do something 希望做某事 plan to do something 计划做某事 5. around the country 环绕国家 6. take pictures / photos of 给…照 相 7. the local people / food 当地人;当地食物 8. places of interest 名胜古迹 和某人一起庆祝某事 9. celebrate something with somebody

10. get together with somebody 和某人聚会在一起 11. go on a trip 去旅游 make one’s trip 旅行 make a holiday 度假 go for a holiday 去 度假 be on holiday = go on holiday 在度假 take a holiday = have a holiday 休假 12. have a good time = have a great time = have a wonderful time = have a nice time = have fun 玩得很高兴 13. on the beach 在海 滩上 14. tell somebody something about something 告诉某人一些事情关 于某个事物 15. the best time 最佳时间 16. enter someone’s home 进 入某人家里 17. take off your shoes 脱鞋子 18. go out 出去 go back 回去 19. point to 指着 20. eat with your left hand 用左手吃东西 21. Muslin countries 穆斯林国家 22. touch somebody on someplace 触摸某人 的某个部位 23. make the OK sign 做个好了的手势 24. arrive on time 按 时到达 25. a little later 晚一点 26. pass something to somebody 传 递某物给某人 二、重点句型: 1. The summer holidays are coming. 暑假要来了。 2. I hope to get together with my old friends. 我希望和我的老朋友在一 起。 3. Each of us has a good plan for the holidays. 我们每个人都有一个很好 的假期计划。

4. Before you go on a trip, what will you pack for it? 你去度假以前, 要打包准备些什么? 5. It sounds really interesting and exciting. 它听起来相当有趣和令人激 动。 6. Different countries have different customs. 不同的国家有不同的风俗。 7. You shouldn’t eat with your left hand. 你不能用左手吃东西。 8. You mustn’t point to anything with your foot. 你千万不要用脚指东西。 9. Guess what I bought for you! 猜猜我为你买了什么! 三、语法学习: 1. 一般过去时的特殊疑问句: How was you trip? It was wonderful. How did you make your trip? By plane. What places did you visit? We visited some famous temples. When did you come back? I came back yesterday. Where did you go on a trip? To Australia. Why did you watch TV? Because I wanted to watch tennis games. Whom did you live with? My parents. 2. 情态动词 should 和 shouldn’t 的用法: What places should I visit in Yunnan? You should visit Dali and Lijiang and you shouldn’t miss Xishuangbanna. When you enter someone’s home, you should take off your shoes. 四、交际用语:谈论旅游和风俗。 Where do you want to go for you holiday? I’m going to travel around the country and take pictures of the local people.

When you travel in other countries, you’d better know the customs of the country. How was your trip? It was wonderful. How did you go to Tibet? By plane. How long were you there? I was there for five days. When did you come here? I came back yesterday. What’s the best time to go there?

Topic3 Let’s celebrate!

重点词语: 1. 节日名称: The Spring Festival New Year’s Eve Lantern Day Tomb–sweeping Festival 春节 除夕 元宵节 清明节 Dragon Boat Festival Mid-autumn Festival Double Ninth Festival 端午节 中秋节 重阳节 Teachers’ Day Mother’s Day Children’s Day National Day 教师节 母亲节 儿童节 国庆节 Women’s Day Army’s Day Party’s Birthday Youth Day 妇女节 建军节 党的生日 青年节 April Fool’s Day Christmas Thanks-giving Day Halloween 愚人节 圣诞节 感恩节 复活节

2. make dumplings 包饺子 子和舞龙

3. perform lion and dragon dances 表演舞狮

4. give each other presents 互赠礼物 5. dress up 盛装打扮, 乔装打扮 6. the most important 最重要 7. stay up 熬夜 8. gaze at 观看 9. get dark 变黑 10. have a family get-together 举行家庭聚会 11. prepare for 为…做准备 12. go trick-or-treating 去玩“是恶作剧还是请客” 13. knock on 敲打 14. play tricks on somebody 捉弄某人 15. enjoy doing something 享受做某事 16. be in bed 入睡 17. send…to 把…送 到…;寄… 18. colored lights / candles 彩灯;彩烛 19. on Christmas Eve 在圣诞节前夜 20. lunar May 5th 农历五月五 21. hold dragon boat races 举行龙舟赛 22. eat rice dumplings 吃粽子 23. the birthday of China 中国的生日 24. the capital city of China 中国的首都城市 25. Tian’anmen Square 天 安门广场 26. watch the national flag go up 观看升国旗 27. a seven-day holiday 七天的假期 二、重点句型: 1. People in many countries celebrate Christmas and give each other presents. 很多国家的人庆祝圣诞节和互赠礼物。 2. What other special festivals do we have? 我们有别的什么特殊的节日吗? 3. On this day people eat mooncakes and enjoy gazing at the full moon. 在这一天人们吃月饼赏月。 What do you mean by trick-or-treat? 你所说的“trick-or-treat”是什么意 思? It the neighbors don’t give them candies they will play tricks on them. 如果邻居不给他们糖果,他们将会捉弄他们。 Everyone is all smiles. 大家都笑容满面。 They must be from Santa Claus! 他们一定来自圣诞老人。 Before Christmas, I sent many Christmas cards to my friends. 圣诞节之 前,我给朋友们寄了很多圣诞节贺卡。 三、语法学习:由 when, before, after 引导的时间状语从句。 When it snows, the ground is white with snow and I can make snowmen.

When you travel in other countries, you should know the customs of the country. Before the Chinese New Year, many Chinese families burn the pictures of kitchen god, Zao Shen, to bring good luck. Parents also enjoy eating their children’s trick-or-treat candies after the children are in bed. 四、交际用语:学习中外节日。 Children dress up in strange clothes and play tricks. On Spring Festival, Chinese people celebrate and perform lion and dragon dances. Thank you for your Christmas cards!


相关文档

更多相关文档

仁爱版八年级下册英语的重点句型和短语
仁爱版八年级下册英语的重点句型和短语(2)
仁爱版英语七年级下册重点短语与句型总结[1]
仁爱英语七年级下册重点短语与句型
仁爱英语八年级下册unit8重点句型短语
新目标英语八年级下册重点短语和句型
仁爱英语八年级重要短语和句型
2013版仁爱英语七年级下册词组和重点句型小测
仁爱版英语七年级下册重点短语与句型总结
仁爱版八年级下册英语的重点句型和短语
仁爱版八年级下册英语的重点句型和短语
2015仁爱版八年级英语下册短语汇总
2014仁爱英语八年级下册重点短语汇总
仁爱版八年级下册英语的重点句型和短语(2)
电脑版