仁爱版英语八年级下册知识点汇总


Unit5 feeling happy Topic 1 why all the smiling faces? 一、 重点词汇 1、cruel 残忍的 2、 silly 傻的 4、rich 富裕的 5、proud 骄傲的 7、smell 问起来 8、set 设置 10、since 自从。。 。 11、lively 活泼的 13、mad 发疯的 14、please 请;令人高兴的 16、main 主要的 17、role 角色 19、culture 文化 20、peace 和平 二、重点短语 1 Why all the smiling faces? 为什么你们都笑容满面。 2 You look so excited. 你看起来很兴奋。 3 invite/ ask sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 4 one of 其中之一 5 prepare sth for sb= get sth ready for sb 为某人准备好某事 6 say thanks / hello / sorry / goodbye to sb 向某人说声谢谢/ 你好/抱歉/再见 7 None of 没有一个 8 What a shame / pity. 真遗憾。 9 get the ticket to = buy the ticket for 买到。。的票 。 10 not at all 一点也不 11 What do you like best? = What’s your favorite? 你最喜欢什么? 12 be proud of = take pride in 为。。感到骄傲 。 13 be worried about = worry about 为。。而担心, 担心。。 。 。 14 wait in line 排队等候 15 be pleased with sb = be satisfied with sb 对某人感到满意 be pleased at sth 为某事而感到高兴 16 taste delicious 尝起来美味 smell terrible 闻起来恶心 18 have a temperature = have a fever 发烧 19 I hope everything goes well. 我希望一切进展顺利。 20 ring up sb ring sb up 打电话给某人 21 be able to 能够 22 of all time = all the time 一直,总是 23 care for = take care of = look after 照顾 24 because of 因为,由于 25 cheer up cheer sb up 使。。兴奋起来 。 26 at last = in the end = finally 最后,最终 27 be on 上演 tell a story = tell stories 讲故事 28 on the / one’s way to 在去往。。的路上 。 29 be with a history of 200 years = have a history of 200 years =have 200 years of history 有着两百年的历史 30 come into being 形成 31 be full of 充满,装满 32 ( have a ) fight against sb 与某人打架/吵架 3、smile 微笑 6、taste 品尝 9、able 能够 12、play 玩 15、marry 结婚 18、express 表达

17 set the table 摆放餐具

make peace with sb 与某人和解 33 end with 以。。结束 。 start / begin with 以。。开始 。 34 连系动词+形容词表系表结构be /look /smell /taste /sound /feel /become /get /turn 三、重点语法 1. Linking verb + adjective 系动词+形容词,构成系表结构. 系动词: (是) feel look sound taste turn get become smell seem 等等. example :The be For food tastes delious. 注意: (1). 有些连系动词通常不用于被动语态和进行时态中。如:feel, taste 等词。例如: -Do you like the material? -Yes, it feels very soft. (2). 一般情况下,连系动词主要跟形容词或分词作表语。例如: Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not, you may get run over by a car. (3). 能跟名词作表语的连系动词常见的有:be, become, appear, seem, prove, remain 和 turn 等.注 意:turn 后跟(表示主语身份的)名词作表语时,不加冠词。例如: Twenty years later, he turned teacher. The population growth in China remains a problem. (4). 连系动词也可跟不定式(to do / to be),常见的有:appear, seem, remain, prove, look 等。例如: Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains to be seen whether they will enjoy it. On the long journey, Peter proved to be a most interesting guide. We all had a wonderful time.

2. hope 与 wish 的比较.都与 that 引导的从句连用.Hope 常用于将来时表可能实现的愿望. Wish 常 用于过去式表示不可能实现的愿望. For example : I hope that you will be happy. I wish that you could be happy. 3. 动词-ing 和-ed 形式作主语补语的区别.动词-ing 表示主语的特征,常用于事物.动词-ed 表示主语 的状态,常用于人.这类词有:interest move active disappoint excite surprise frighten bore 等等. For example:The game is interesting. I am interested in the game. 4.表示能力的词. Could 表示过去的能力. Can 表示现在的能力 be able to 表示过去,现在,将来任何时候的能力.将来时态(shall \will be able to----) Unit 5 Topic 2 一、重点词汇: 1. Exam 测试

shy,strict,especially,stranger,accept,advice,deal,

example,fail,normal,kill,refuse,hit,though,understand,asleep,suggestion, experience,soft, 二、重点短语 1 seem to +V 似乎 2 do badly in = be bad at 3 be strict with

不擅长于某一方面

对。。严格要求 。

4 need to do sth 需要做某事 5 take it easy 放轻松,别紧张 6 try to do sth 尽力做某事

try doing sth

尝试做某事

try on 试穿 try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事 7 at one’s age 在某人这一年龄的时候 8 tell a joke = tell jokes 讲笑话 9 make / let / have sb do 让某人做某事 get / ask / tell sb to do 10 be sure (that ) 确信。。 。 be sure to 一定会 11 as … as 和。。一样 。 not as / so … as 不如。。 。 12 How time flies! = How quickly the time flies! 光阴似箭。 13 be used to 习惯于做某事 used to do sth 过去常常做某事 14 deal with = do with 处理,对付 15 for example 例如 16 learn from 向。。学习 。 learn to do sth 学习做某事 17 refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事 18 be angry with sb = be mad at sb 生某人的气 19 even though / if 尽管 20 not …any longer = no longer 不再 not …any more / anymore = no more 21 by oneself 靠自己 22 fall asleep 入睡 23 give sb a hand = do sb a favor = help sb 帮助某人 24 in one’s teens 在某人十几岁的时候 25 take part in = join in 参加,加入 26 clam down clam sb down 使某人平静下来 三、重点语法: 5. 原因状语从句.引导词:because since so 等,但是因为,所以不能同时出现. For example:He is ill, so he isn’t able to come. She is lonely because she has no friends to talk with. Since she is very strict with herself ,she is unhappy. 6. always 常用于一般现在时.表示频繁发生的动作.但与现在进行时态连用表是厌恶,责备,赞扬的 语气. For example: She is always talking about money. 7. can’t 表示一种否定的推测.You can’t have SARS. must 表示一种肯定的推测.It must be sunny day tomorrow 9. 英语语法 as...as、so…as、so…that 和 too…to 的用法区别 ① so…as 只用于否定句,as…as 不但可用于肯定句,还可用于否定句 ② as…as 中的第一个 as 是副词,后接形容词或副词的原形;第二个 as 是连词,引导比较状语从句. 例如:Jack is as tall as you. 杰克和你一样高. Jim is not so/as brave as you. 吉姆不如你聪明. ③ so…that 如此…以至于(只能引导结果状语从句 ,的后面多接形容词、副词或分词 ,后接句子. 例如: The house was so crowded that I could hardly turned around. 屋里很挤,我几乎都无法转身了. ④ too…to 太…以至于不能…(too 为副词,后接形容词或者副词,to 为不定式的标志,这个不定式短语本 身带有否定含义.) 例如: The box is too heavy for her to carry it. 对于她来说,这个箱子太重了,以至于她搬不动.

Unit 5 Topic 3 一、重点词汇: 1、nervous 紧张的, 4、monitor 班长,

2、bitter 5、speech



3、test 测试, 6、passport,

7、moon 月亮, 8、thought 虽然, 9、spirit 精神的 10、decision 决定, 11、sense 感觉, 12、boss 老板,13、decide 决定 二、重点短语 1 make me feel nervous 使我感到紧张的 make me want to sleep 使我想去睡觉 2 follow the doctor’s advice 依据医生的建议 3 I hope so. 我希望如此。 4 at the end of 在、、的末端 、 in the end = at last 最后 5 Take it easy. 别紧张 6 help sb to do 帮助某人做某事 help sb with sth 帮助某人某事 7 learn by oneself = teach oneself 自学 8 That’s very nice of you. 你是多么的好啊! 9 in a good / bad mood 愉悦的心情 in good spirits 良好的精神 10 smile at life 笑对人生 11 give a surprise to sb = give sb a surprise 给某人惊喜 12 in hospital 住院 in the hospital 在医院 13 get together with sb 与某人相聚在一起 14 try out 尝试 15 so、、that 如此、、以致 、 、 16 get help from sb 得到某人的帮助 17 make important decisions 做一个重要的决定 18 think …over 考虑 19 a sense of happiness 高兴的感觉 20 get along / on with sb 与某人相处的融洽 三、重点语法 8. 使役动词(让―――\ 使――)make let have 的用法. make +宾语+(省约 to 的不定式)动词. make+宾语+名词.We make him team leader. make +宾语+形容词.It make me happy. Let+宾语+(省约 to 的不定式)动词. Have+宾语+(省约 to 的不定式)动词 老师叫 John 到办公室拿他的书。 The teather made(had ) John get his book in the office. 爸爸让我明天下午看电视。 Father let me watch TV tomorrow afternoon. 10. few ; a few ; little; a little 的用法和区别. ⑴ (a) few 与 (a) little 的区别 ① 从所修饰的名词来看:(a) few 后接可数名词,且要用复数形式;(a) little 后接不可数名 词。如:

We had little time to do it. 我们没什么时间做此事。 There’s only a little soup left. 只剩下一点儿汤了。 He has few friends. 他朋友很少。 I’ll only be away a few minutes. 我只离开几分钟。 ② 从所表示的意思来看:上面提到,两者均可表示数量,其主要区别是,(a) few 后接可数 名词,(a) little 后接不可数名词。但是,(a) little 还可表示大小。如: Please accept this little gift.请接受这件小小的礼物。 There are several little towns along the river. 沿河有几个小镇。 注意体会下面两句,前面的 little 表示形状或个子―小‖ 后面的 little 表示数量―少‖ , : The little boy is very busy. He has little time to play. 这个小男孩很忙,他很少有时间 玩。 It’s a little animal. It eats only a little food. 那是一个小动物,它只吃一点点食物。 ③ 从各自的词性来看:在词性方面,两者的共同点是,均可用作形容词或代词;其不同点 是,(a) little 还可用作副词,用以修饰形容词、副词、动词以及介词短语。如: He is a little tired. 他有点累了。 They are a little bit better now. 现在他们稍好一点了。 You should walk a little faster. 你应该走快一点。 She was only a little over fifty years old.她才五十多一点。 ⑵ a 与没有 a 的区别 有 不带 a 的 little 和 few 含有否定意义,表示数量很少或几乎没有,强调―少‖ 带有 a 的 lit ; tle 和 few 含有肯定意义,表示数量虽然少但毕竟还有,强调―有‖ 比较: 。 Few people like such things. 没什么人喜欢那样的东西。 A few people like such things. 有少数人喜欢那样的东西。 He knows little English. 他几乎不懂英语。 He knows a little English. 他懂一点点英语。 注意,当 few 前不带 a,但带有 the, some these, those 等修饰语时,也表示肯定意义。如: Some few have already left. 有几个已经离开了。 The last few winters have been very cold.过去几个冬天都很冷。 The first few chapters are about his early days.前几章谈他的少年时期。 ⑶ 思维拓展 注意两者比较级和最高级的用法及区别:little 的比较级和最高级分别为 less 和 least,few 的比较级和最高级分别为 fewer 和 fewest。如: Boys think less about dress than girls do. 男孩子不像女孩子那样爱打扮。 He has the least money of all of us. 他是我们大家中钱最少的。 Fewer radios were sold this year than last. 今年卖掉的收音机比去年少。 He tried to finish the work with least money and fewest people. 他设法要用最少的钱 和最少的人去完成这项工作。

Unit 6 Topic 1 一、 重点词汇 1、field 田地, 2、trip 旅游, 3、vehicle 车辆, 4、airline 航班, 5、raise 筹集, 6、discuss 讨论, 7、book 预定, 8、railway 铁路, 9、cinema 电影院, 10、condition 条件 , 11、comfortable 舒适的, 12、standard 标准的, 13、draw 抽奖,画, 14、land 着陆,土地 二、重点短语: 1 go on 继续 go on a spring field trip 继续去春游 go on a visit / trip to …=have a visit /trip to … 2 decide on 致力于 decide to do sth 决定做某事 make a decision 决定 3 My pleasure. = It’s a / my pleasure. 我很乐意 4 Have a good trip. 玩得愉快 Have a good / wonderful time. 5 see the sunrise 看日出 6 raise money 筹集钱 make / earn money 赚钱 save money 节省钱 7 book / order sth for sb 为某人预定、、 、 8 pay for 付、、的钱 、 9 make a reservation make a hotel reservation 10 plan to do sth 计划做某事 11 work out 解决 work it / them out 12 the cost of 、、 、 、、的花费 、 the price of 、、的价格 、 13 come up with 14 look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事 15 hear from …= get / receive a letter from 收到、、来信 … 、 16 in the day / daytime 在白天 at night 在晚上 in the evening 在晚上 17 the sea of clouds 云海 18 place of interest 有趣的地方 三、重点语法 1、动词不定式 Help sb (to)do sth 帮助某人做某事 (1) tell / ask / order / want / teach sb to do sth; 例如:Mother told me not to play in the street. 妈妈告诉我,不要在马路上玩。 (2) see / hear / watch / notice / feel / make / let / have sb do sth; 例如:I often heard him sing in the next room. 我常听见他在隔壁唱歌。 Unit 6 Topic 2 一、重点词汇 1、 receive 收到, 2、perfect 完美地, 3、camp 野营, 4、face 面对,脸; 5、north 北方, 6、space 空间, 7、push 推, 8、direction 方向, 9、step 步,阶段; 10、 rush 冲, 11、notice 注意, 12、huge 巨大的, 13、guard 警戒

二、重点短语 1 speak to 对某人说话 2 be busy doing sth 忙着做某事 3 ride one’s bicycle to = cycle to 骑自行车去、、 、 4 would like sb to do sth = want sb to do sth 想要做某事 5 come along with sb 跟着某人 6 at the foot of 、、底部 、 at the top of 、、顶部 、 7 spread over 延伸 8 the beginning / start of 、、的开始 、 9 on both sides of = on each side of = on either side of 两边 10 make sure =be sure 确定 11 at the back 在背后 12 two and a half hours = two hours and a half 两个半小时 13 tell good from bad 14 in the …of 在、、里 on the …of 在、 、 、边上 to the …of 相隔 15 be surprised at sth 对某事吃惊 be surprised to do sth to one’s surprise 16 in different directions 在不同的方向 in all directions 在所有方向 17 step on one’s toes 18 rush out of 冲出 19 out of sight 看不到 out of one’s sight 20 each other = one another 每一个 21 ride to 骑自行车去 22 be famous for 因、 、而出名 be famous as 作为、 、出名 23 can’t / couldn’t help doing 禁不住做某事 24 here and there = every where 到处 25 thank goodness 谢天谢地 26 have fun doing sth 做某事很有趣; Unit 6 Topic 3 1 be popular with 2 get / be used to doing sth 3 be afraid of doing sth = be afraid to do sth 4 obey / follow the traffic rules break the traffic rules 5 avoid air pollution avoid doing sth 6 It’s easy to park bikes. 7 adj 比较级 +_than any other +n = the +adj 最高级 +of all the +n 复 8 slow down 9 run into = knock into run to 10 warn sb to do sth warn sb not to do sth =warn sb against doing sth 11 in danger 12 around the world = all over the world = through out the world 13 …times as…as…

14 millions of 15 be born 16 make a comeback

hundreds of millions of

17 lead to 18 win the race beat sb 19 It seems impossible to beat him. 20 It’s certain that… 21 break the record hold the record 22 instead of 23 decide not to do sth 24 go through 25 The roads are very difficult to ride on. 26 the World Championship the World Champion 27 keep one’s mind on doing sth 28 in the middle of 29 It is a mistake not to do sth 30 at least = at the least at most = at the most

set a record

SECTION A 1. How are you doing ?你过的好吗?主要用于见面打招呼。 How are you ?你好吗? Hello/Hi !喂! /你好! How do you do ?你好! 2. You look so excited . 你看起来很兴奋。 这个句子是连系动词(look)+ 形容词(excited)的结构。这种结构我们通常称为―系表结构‖,即连系 动词用于连接主语和表语的性质、状态或身份等。 (1) 表示状态的连系动词有: Be 是 ,look 看起来, sound 听起来, taste 尝,品尝, smell 闻起来, feel 感觉,摸起来,seem 似乎, lie 处于…状态, keep 保持, stay 仍然等.如: ----- How are you ? 你好吗? ----- I’m fine . 我很好。 She felt a bit tired . 她感到有点累。 You are not looking very well . 你气色不到好。 He seemed quite normal . 他看上去很正常。 Jennie, alone, kept silent. 只有珍妮保持沉默。 (2) 表示状态变化的连系动词有: Get 变得, turn 转变, go 变, fall 变成, become 变成, grow 渐渐变得。如: When she saw this ,she turned red . 看到这她脸红了。 The weather is getting quite warm . 天气变得非常暖和。 After a game they often become very friendly to each other . 比赛结束后,他们之间往往变得很友好。 The sea is growing calm . 大海变得平静起来。 3. Oh ,it is one of my favorite movies . 它是我最喜欢的电影之一。 (1) one of …意为―…中的一些‖。后面常跟名词的复数形式或是表示复数的名词。其谓语动词用 单数。如: Jim is one of the lively boys in our class . 吉姆是我们班上活跃的男生之一。

One of them is from England . 他们中有一个人来自英格兰。 Some of … 意为―… 中的一些‖。其谓语动词单复数由 of 后面的宾语确定。 Some of us are Young Pioneers . 我们中有些是少先队员。 Some of food goes bad . 一些食物变质了。 (2) favorite adj. 意为―最喜欢的‖。如: Who is your favorite writer ?谁是你最喜欢的作家? favorite 相当于 like …best . 上句可以改成:Which writer do you like best ? Favorite 可以作名词, 表示―最喜欢的人 (或事物) 如: ‖。 These cakes are great favorites with the children . 孩子们最喜欢这种蛋糕。 4. And we can spend the evening at my house . 我们可以在我家度过那个夜晚。 (1) spend 在这里表示―度过‖。如: We spend the weekend in Paris. 我们在巴黎度过周末。 (2)spend 可以表示―花费(时间、金钱)‖,其用法有两个: spend …on sth. 在…上花费(时间、金钱) spend …(in)doing sth. 花费(时间、金钱)做…。如:

Unit7 Topic 1 1.重点词汇及短语:successful,imagine,soup,biscuit,pancake,cheese,pie,western, Indian,Russian,supply,know about,make money,make a poster,chat with, on the Internet,try one’s best,prepare for,think about,have a sweet tooth,later on, in order to,get all wet,be pleased with,make an invitation

2.语法: (1)学习宾语从句(that 的用法)。 (2)掌握征求对方意见或提建议的句型。 3.重点句型及交际用语: (1)I will turn to our teachers for help. (2)I’ll chat with Daniel on the Internet to get more information about him. (3)Let’s try our best to make it successful. (4)Can you imagine what the food festival will be like? (5)I'm thinking about that. (6) I have a sweet tooth and I thank a lot of students would buy western food, such as … (7)What’ s more , I’m sure that selling friend rice and dumplings will make a lot of money. (8) That’ s good enough . (9) I believe we’ ll make a lot of money for Daniel Igali (10) –Thank you very much . –It’ s a pleasure.

(11) May I invite you to our food festival? (12)It’s a great pity,but never mind. (13)Will you please tell me something about yourself,…? (14)I'll send you an e-mail later on.(15)We hope they will be successful. (16)Extension six zero zero six,please.(17)Hold the line,please. (18)I'm pleased to hear that you are trying to help others. (19)Keep up the good work. (20)Our students will sell many delicious international foods in order to raise money for a village school in Nigeria. (21)I'm very pleased with what you are going to do for us. 二、重点短语: 1、know about 了解、知道、、的情况; 、 know much/ a lot about sb / sth; know of 听说过;知道 2、have a food festival = hold a food festival 举办美食节。 3、make money 赚钱 4、shall I / we …… 我、、、,好吗? 、、、 May I 。。。 。。。 我可以、、、 、、、吗 ? Will you 。。。 。。。 请你、、、 、、、好吗? 注意:will you not、、 而不是 will you don’t 、、、 、 、、、 Would like to do sth 想要做某事 5、turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 向某人求助 It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事 6、chat with sb 和某人聊天 chat about sb/ sth 闲谈某人或某事 7、on the Internet 上网 on the line 上线 on the radio 在使用收音机 8、get sth about sb 获得关于某人的信息 9、try one’s best = do one’ s best 尽最大努力 We must try our best to study English well. 我们必须尽最大努力学好英语。 10、successful 成功的 successfully 成功地 succeed 成功 success 成功 11、It is + 形容词 + for sb to do sth 做某事是很、、、 、、 12、have a sweet tooth =like eating sweet food 喜欢吃甜食 13、west 西方 western 西方的;西部的; north 北方 northern 北方的 south 南方 southern 南方的 east 东方 eastern 东方的 Fujiang is in the southeast of China . 福建在中国的东南部。 14、what’s more 而且 15、serve sth 提供某食物 serve sb 为某人服务 不用 serve for sb 16、enough + 名词 形容词+enough enough money 足够多的钱 big enough 足够大

17、invite sb to somewhere 邀请某人去某处 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 18、never mind = it doesn’t matter 没关系 19、what a pity 太遗憾了 feel pity for sb = have pity on sb 同情某人 I pity you 。我可怜你。 20、later on 在过些时候 He will call me up later on 。过些时候他会给我打电话。 later on 后来 (用于过去时中) 一段时间 + later 、、之后 、 two days later 两天之后 sooner or later 迟早 see you later 一会儿 half an hour later 半个小时后 21、in + 一段时间 (用在将来时句子中 22、 we hope they could make it successful. 我们希望他们能够成功。 (句子中的 could 不能换成 can) 23、打电话中的常用句子 1)may I speak to Tom ? 叫 tom 接电话,好吗? 2)I’d like speak to Tom . 我想让 tom 接电话。 3)I’ll call back later. 我再过些时候再回电话。 4)This is Tom speaking. 我是 tom。 5)I can’t hear you . 我没听清楚。 6)Hold the line ./ Hold on , please. 请稍等。 7)The line is bad/busy. 线路坏了。 8)I couldn’t get through. 我打不通。 24、try to do sth. 试图做某事。 try doing sth 试着干某事 25、be pleased to do sth 高兴做某事 be pleased with sth 对、、满意 、 26、keep up 使某物保持 Keep up the good work。继续好好干。 keep doing sth 一直做某事 (表示动作的持续) keep on doing sth (表示动作的反复) keep sb / sth doing sth 让某人/持续做某事 让某事持续进行 keep out 不让人入内 keep up with 跟上 27、in order (not) to do sth in order that + 句子 = so that + 句子 28、supply sb with sth = supply sth to sb 给某人提供某物 29、一些 little / a little +不可数名词 few / a few +可数名词 little、few 用于否定句 a little、a few 用于肯定句 30、喜爱 enjoy (具有满足感) 、be fond of (对、、感兴趣) 、 go in for (习惯于) 31、What he needs is a good meal. 他所需要的是一顿美餐。 32、win 赢得 beat 打败 Topic 2 1.重点词汇和短语:cut,oil,add,pork,ham,deep,cooker,immediately, advantage,butter,pear,patient,heat,spoon,somebody,course,southern,be proud of,well done,cut up,be tired of,pour..over,help oneself to,table , manners, . at the table,on sb.’s lap,start with,in one’s right hand,around the world,pick up:,at

the same time 2.语法: (1)宾语从句(whether 与 if 的用法) 。(2)不定式作主语。 3.重点句型:(1)I'm glad that you are trying to help others. (2)It's very kind of you. (3)Well done! (4)Cooking is fun! (5)Could you tell me how to make it?

(6)Would you mind if I learn to make it from you? (7)There’s no need. (8)When you sit down at the table,take your napkin and put it on your lap. (9)The dinner always starts with a small dish. (10)Maybe you don’t know whether it's polite or not to speak loudly at the table. (11)Remember not to drink too much. (12)If you can’t remember these rules,just do as other people do. (13)People around the world have different eating habits. (14)Do you know if people in the south of China eat noodles? 二、重点短语和语法 1、help others 帮助别人 2、be proud of = take pride in 因、、而自豪 、 3、kind adj。善良的 be kind to sb 对某人友好 n. 意为―种类‖。 A kind of 一种 many kinds of 许多种 all kinds of 各种各样的 Different kinds of 不同种类的 of a kind 同一种类的 4、 Topic 3 1.重点词汇和短语:sale,satisfy,menu,wine,bill,salad,coke,lemonade, worth.effort。realize,on sale,kind—hearted,take order,soft drink,main course, be healthy,healthy eating,balanced diet 2.语法: (1)副词的比较级和最高级。 (2)继续学习宾语从句。 3.重点句型及交际用语: (1)I hope everyone has a wonderful time! (2)Many different delicious foods are on sale,such as fried rice,meat pie,and Indian curries. (3)We’ll try to satisfy all the guests. (5)Enjoy yourselves! (8)May I have the bill? (4)The students are so kind—hearted. (7)May I take your order?

(6)Here is a table for two.

(9)Here’s your change. ( 10)Could I order the meal by phone? (12)we’ll send the food to you in twenty minutes·

(11)I'll e—mail you one.

(13)And I think you will be happier than all the students. (14)I don't think I can eat it very neatly! (15)Michael cuts more finely than she/her。

(16)Also,We should never eat too much or too little. (17)Second,it's very important for us to keep a balanced diet。 (18)It's said that half of all students don't have a regular breakfast or don't eat anything at all in the morning. 。 (19)Finally,we must realize that we should eat not only our favorite food but also healthy food. (20)Not all students have a regular breakfast. (21)The more regularly we eat,the healthier we are.

Unit 7 topic3 1. have a wonderful / good/ nice / time = enjoy oneself 意为―过得愉快,玩得开心‖。 Have a good journey 旅途愉快 Have an accident 出事故 Have a drink of orange 喝杯橘子汁 Have a fight with 和(某人)打架(战斗) Have a fire 生火 Have nothing to do with 和…无关 Have a look at 看一看 Have no idea 不知道 Have a word with sb. 和某人说句话 2. hope 和 wish 的连系与区别 hope 一般侧重于表达有可能实现的愿望,故常译为―希望‖。 Wish 一般侧重于表达不大可能实现或根本不考虑是否可能实现的愿望,故常译为―但愿‖。 相同点: 1)表示―想‖、―希望‖时,均接不定式做宾语。如: I hope (wish)to come tomorrow。我希望(但愿)明天能来。 2)均可与 for 连用。如: Let’s hope for the best。让我们尽量往好处想。 He wishes for a dictionary。他想得到一本词典。 不同点: 1) hope 和 wish 均可接宾语从句。Wish 常用虚拟语气,表示一种无法实现的或不真实的愿望;而 hope 用陈述语气,表示很有把握实现或得到。如: I wish I were bird 。但愿我是一只鸟。 I hope she won’t come together 。我不希望她今晚来。 2)wish 后通常接―宾语+不定式(宾补)‖,而 hope 不行,如: My parents wish (不用 hope)me to grew up quickly 。我父母希望我快快长大。 3)wish 可接双宾语,表示―祝愿‖,而 hope 不能。如: I wish (不用 hope)you well and happy。我祝你健康幸福。

4)作简略回答时,hope 后可用替代词 so 或 not ,而 wish 不能。如: ——will it be fine tomorrow?明天会是晴天吗?——I hope so。我希望是(晴天) 。 ——can we be late for class ?我们上课会迟到吗?——I hope not 。我想不会。 3. (1)on sale 意为―出售,上市‖ The new model will be on sale next month 。新款下月上市。 (2)such as …表示例举;for example …表示举例说明,常用逗号隔开。如: I like drinks such as tea and soda。我喜欢诸如茶和汽水之类的饮料。 For example ,john has the same opinion 。比如约翰就有相同的看法。 4. (1)satisfy 是及物动词,表示―使….满意‖。如: The answer won’t satisfy her。 那个答案不会使她满意的。 (2)be satisfied with 对…感到满意。如: She is satisfied with her son’s progress 。 她对儿子的进步感到满意。 5. (1)a table for tow 意为―一张两人桌‖。 (2)这句是倒装句,其结构为―副词 here /there / now / then 等+come / go / be 等动词的一般现在时+ 名词‖。 6. order 的用法 1) 作不可数名词时,常与 in 连用,意为―整齐;顺序;有条理‖。 In the right (wrong)order 整齐有序(零乱无章) In good (bad)order 整齐(不整齐) 2)作可数名词时,常与 for 连用,意为―定购;订货;定货单‖。 He placed an order for ten boxes of apples。 他定购了 10 箱苹果。 3)作动词时,意为―定购;点(菜等)‖。 Could I order the meal by phone?我可以通过电话订餐吗? 4)词组或短语: Keep order 维持秩序 in order 整齐,有条理 in order to …为了…,以便… Out of order 不整齐,无秩序 7. smell 动词,意为―闻起来‖,用作系动词,后面跟形容词。 类似的单词有:look (用眼睛)看上去….;feel (用心或手脚)感到….,觉得;taste (用嘴巴)尝起 来…;sound (用耳朵)听起来…。还有 get ,turn, become 等。这类词大部分兼有动词与系动词的 作用。如: You look very nice 。 你看上去很漂亮。 8. have the bill 意为―付账‖。类似的词组有: get/ play the bill 9. change 不可数名词,意为―(找回的)零钱,找头‖。 He gave me two dollars change。他找给我 2 美元。 Change 的用法: 1)作可数名词时,意为―改变;变化;更换;调换‖。 I’m going to make some changes in this room 。我打算在这个房间里做些变动。 2)作动词时,意为―改变;改造;交换;调换‖。 She has changed the mind。她已经改变主意了。 10.常见的合成词:short-sighted 近视的,眼光短浅的;short-handed 人手短缺的; Light-hearted 心情轻松的;narrow-minded 心胸狭窄的;cold-blooded 冷血的; Deep-seated 牢固的;good-tempered 脾气好的;old-fashioned 老式的。 11.hold the festival 举行美食节;hold a meeting 举行会议;hold on 继续;抓住不放; (打电话)不挂断; hold one’s breath 屏息,不出声;hold one’s head high 趾高气扬;hold out 伸出;提供;hold with 赞同; 赞成; 12. send to …把…送到…;send for 派人去请; send sb. In 派某人去(应付困难局面) ; Send up 发射;发出;把…送上去。 2)in + 一段时间,意为多久之后,用于将来时。 词组:in a minute 一会儿,立刻 ;in a short while 不久;in a hurry 匆匆忙忙;in danger 在危急中; in front 在前面;in front of 在…..的前面;in full 全部的;in line 排成一行;

In public 当众; 公开地; surprise 惊奇地; time 及时; the end 最后; the open air 在户外; trouble in in in in in 处在困难中 13. the results were worth the effort 付出总有回报; 14.go well 进展顺利;go ahead 开始,继续;go back 返回,追溯到;go by 经过(时间,地点) ;go down 下降,降低;go on 发生,继续;go out 出去,离家;go over 查看,仔细检查;go through 经受,经历; 15.1)be worth sth. 值…钱,相当于….的价值; 2) be worth doing sth. 值得做某事; 16.副词的比较级 1.规则变化:1).单音节词和少数双音节词① 一般情况在词尾加-er ,-est 如: . Hard harder hardest fast faster fastest ② 以字母 e 结尾的,只加-r ,-st 如:late later latest . ③ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,先改 y 为 I ,再加 – er ,-est 如:early earlier earliest . 2) 多 音 节 和 部 分 双 音 节 词 , 在 词 前 加 more most 如 : quickly more quickly most quickly slowly more slowly most slowly 注意:由形容词通过加后缀-ly 派生出来的副词的比较级和最高级加 more most 。 2.不规则变化:如:well better best far further furthest 17. (1)副词原级的用法:甲+谓语(行为动词)+as+副词的原级+as +乙 Tom studies as hard as jim 汤姆和吉姆学习一样努力。 (2)副词比较级的用法:甲+谓语(行为动词)+副词的比较级+than +乙 Lily wrote more carefully than lucy 莉莉写得比露西更认真 A. 副词的比较级前也可以用:even, still ,a lot,far ,much , a little,等副词修饰。 Liping ran much faster than liming 。李平比李明跑的快得多。 B. 表示―越…越….‖时用―the +副词比较级,the +形(副)词比较级‖ The more regularly we eat ,the healthier we are。我们吃的越有规律,我们就越健康。 (3) 副词最高级的用法:主语+谓语(行为动词)+副词的最高级+in/of 范围。 Kangkang cuts the most finely (of all).康康切的最精细。 (4)副词最高级转换成比较级时,被比较的对象应用―any other +单数名词‖或―the other +复数名词‖, 排除主语本身。如:mark works hardest in his class。马克在班上学习最刻苦。 Mark works harder than any other student in his class。马克在班上学习最刻苦。 Mark works harder than the other students in his class。马克比他班上其他学生学习刻苦。 18. better late than never 迟到总比不来的好 It is never too late to mend 改过不嫌晚 19. too much 太多,修饰不可数名词,反义词组为 too little 太少。 He ate too much food 。他吃得太多。 Too many 太多,修饰可数名词。 20. it is said that … 意为据说或听说…. It 代替 that 从句,it 在这里是形式主语,无词义。 It is known that … 众所周知…;it is reported that 据报道;it is believed that 人人都相信;it is though that 人们认为 21. not 与 all ,everything ,everyone ,everybody ,both 引导词连用时,表示部分否定,而非全否定。 若表示全否定,则可用 none ,nothing ,no one ,nobody ,neither 等。 Unit 8 topic 1 1. 1) …that …如此…以至于…., so that 引导的是结果状语从句, 其结构是 so +形容词或副词+that 从句。 2)so…that …可以换成 such +(a/an)+形容词+名词。 2. would like 作为一个固定结构后接名词,代词,不定式作宾语,也可以用不定式作宾补,表示想要的 意思。 1)would like sth. 想要某物;I would like some rice and pork 。我想要一些米饭和猪肉。 2)would like to do sth. 想要做某事。 3)would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事。

Would like = want 想要 4. be 为助动词,made 是及物动词 make 的过去分词,of 后接宾语,be made of 的主语通常为成品。 Be made from 后的原材料则看不出,be made in 主语是成品,介词 in 后为产地,be made into 主语 为原材料,介词 into 后接成品。 The table is made of wood 。这桌子是由木头制成的。 (可以看出原材料) Paper is made from wood 。纸是由木材制成的。 (看不出原材料) The comb is made in hong kong 。这把梳子是香港制造的。 Iron is made into knives 。铁可以制成小刀。 5. afford 常接在 can ,could ,be able to 之后,意为担负的起(…的费用,损失,后果等) ;抽的出(时 间) 。Afford 还有提供,给予,出产的意思。 6. on sale 上市;折价出售,减价出售。 For sale 待售,供出售。 7. (1) though 是从属连词, 引导让步状语从句, 和连词 but 不能连用, 但翻译时需译为但是。 though 如: Australia is very larger ,the population is quite small。虽然澳大利亚面积很大,但是人口却很少。 (2)such as 像,诸如,例如(用于举例) 。 Opportunities such as this did not come every day 。这样的机会不是天天都有的。 8. (1).like 是名词,意为喜好,爱好,反义词为 dislike We all have different like and dislike ,我们各有不同的好恶。 (2)depend on 意为依靠,依赖,随…而定,取决于。 The country depend on its tourist trade 。这个国家主要依靠旅游业。 It/that depends (口语)那得看情况。 Depend on sb./sth. 。依靠某人,信赖某人某事 Depend on sb.to do sth./doing sth.。指望某人做某事。 Depend on = depend upon 9. generally 通常,一般的,一般放在句首。 While 用于对比两件事物,意为然而… The same …as … 与…一样 10. catch one’s eye 引起某人的注意。 11. it is said that… 据说 12. star doing sth. 开始做某事 star to do sth. 开始去做(另外)某事 Begin doing sth. 开始做某事 Begin to do sth. 开始去做某事 Remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 Remember to do sth. 记得要做某事 Forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 Forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 Try doing sth. 试着做某事 Try to do sth. 努力去做某事 Stop doing sth. 停止做某事 Stop to do sth. 停下来去做(另外的)某事 13. protect sb. /sth. From sth. 保护…使免于… 14. (1)keep sb. /sth. +adj. 保持某人或某事怎么样 Please keep the windows open 。请让窗户开着 keep sb. /sth. Doing sth. 让某人持续做某事;让某事持续进行。 I’ll try not to keep you waiting 。我会尽量不让你就等。 (2)keep (on)doing sth. 继续或重复做某事。 I keep forgetting to mail this letter 。我老是忘记寄出这封信。 Keep at 继续做;keep away from 不接近;keep in 抑制,隐瞒;keep from 阻止,克制; Keep company with 与…在一起;keep in mind 记住;keep in tough with 与...保持联系 Keep up 保持;keep on 继续;keep off 使不接近;keep an eye on 照看,注意; Keep one’s promise 信守诺言;keep one’s temper 不发火;keep peace with 齐头并进。 15.more than +adj. ,不只是;比….更多。 Topic 2 1. make sth.制作某物。 Did you make that dress yourself ?那件衣服是你自己做的吗?

Make 与 do 的区别:两者都有―做‖的意思。Make 表示做出以前并不存在的事物如:paper is made from wood 。纸是由木材做成的。而 do 是强调动作。如: What are you doing ?你在做什么? 2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事。 allow doing sth. 允许做某事。 3. it is +adj. +that 从句。 4. show sth. 展示某物。 Show sb. sth.= show sth. to sb. 把…指给….看,出示。 5. agree with … 同意…;agree to do sth. 同意去做某事;agree that … 同意… 6. stop …from doing sth. 阻止…做某事,相当于 keep/prevent…from doing sth. 7. take off 脱下,脱掉,起飞 your socks are very dirty ,please take them off 。你的袜子很脏,请脱下来。 The plane will take off in an hour。飞机将在一个小时后起飞。 8. it is +adj. +that 从句,it 是形式主语,真正的主语是由 that 引导的从句。 9. on every occasion 在每一个场合,occasion 为可数名词。 10. dress 给…穿上衣服。Put on 表示穿(戴)上的动作,wear 后接衣、袜、鞋、帽或手表、眼镜、饰 物等;have …on…不能用进行时;be in …接服装、材料、颜色等;in …还可作定语;dress sb /oneself 给别人/自己穿衣服;dressed sb in …给某人穿上…衣服;dress up (sb.) (in…)着装,打扮,可分 开用。 11. but 除…之外,常用于 all ,no,nobody,nothing ,anywhere ,what ,who,where 之后,意为 除…外什么也没有。 12. but 和 except 的区别:两者用法大体相同,可互换使用,但当介词短语放在句首或句尾时,通常用 except 。 在 anybody ,anything ,anywhere 之后,but 的语气比 except 强。 13. protect 是及物动词,后可直接跟名词或代词,意为保护,防护。 I will protect your child when he is in danger 。当你的孩子遇到危险时,我会保护他。 14. 比较 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事. See sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事了. 如: I saw the boy climbing the wall. 我看见小孩在爬墙.(强调爬墙的情景) I saw the boy climb the wall. 我看见小孩爬墙了.(强调爬墙这件事) 15. write (a litter)to sb. 给某人写信 ; 16. give sb. some advice 给某人一些建议. 17. follow / take sb. ’s advice 听从/采纳某人的意见. 18.tell sb. about /of sth. 告诉某人关于某事. 19.had better do sth. 最好做某事,后面接动词原形. Had better 后跟省 to 的不定式,否定形式 had better not do… 20.advice sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事. 21.in 穿着,戴着. In a dark color 穿着暗色;in warm color 穿着暖色. 22.go well 正常运转,顺利. I hope you will go well. 我希望你一切顺利. 23.it is +adj.+ for sb. +to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是… It is important for us to learn English well = It is important that we must learn English well . 对我们来说 学好英语是重要的. 24. well – known 众所周知,著名的,出名的.相当于 famous For 某人以某种知识,技能或特征出名 25. 人+be famous As 某人以某种身份出名 For 以某种特产而出名 26. 地方+famous As 以什么样的产地或地方而出名 Be famous for 后的介词宾语是主语的所属内容; be famous as 后的介词宾语与主语是同位成分.

Topic 3 1. fashion show 时装表演; on show 展出,陈列; for show 供展览的,装门面的,中看不中用的; good show 好,真棒; a show of hands 举手表决. 2. there is / are going to be +… 是一个固定句型,其中 be 不能用其他动词代替. 3. here ,there 引导的倒装句只是主谓语序倒装,而 there be 表示存在有 There goes the man .那人走了. There is a man standing over there .有一个人站在那儿. 4. 形容词作定语与介词短语作定语的区别: An interesting book 一本有趣的书(形容词修饰名词) A book on the desk 桌子上的一本书(介词短语修饰名词) 5. a traditional dress 传统服装; traditional Chinese medicine 中医; traditional music 传统音乐. 6. another 作形容词时,意为 又一个,再一个,其结构为: Another +单数名词 Another +数词+复数名词= 数词+more +复数名词 7. be full of 充满….的,相当于 be filled with .;fill …with 把…装满。 8. stand for 代表,象征。 9.get its name 得名。 10.not only …but also … 不但… 而且…,通常连接两个对等成分,可以连接名词、动词、介词短语 等。 11.design …as… 把…设计成…. 12.in the past 在过去,相当于 in the old days 13.around the world 全世界,相当于 all over the world 。 14.at one time 曾经,一度,相当于 at a time 。 15.hardly 几乎不,表示否定概念,相当于 almost not 16.except 指从整体中除去一个或一部分,除去的人或物不在整体内。 Besides 指在具体的整体外加上一个或一部分,意为:除…之外,还有…. But 和 except 都可以表示除…之外,都表示从整体中除去部分,常可以换用,但 except 所含除外 语气较强。but 着重在整体,常用在 no,all,nobody,where,who 等词后。


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