【江苏省】2014年中考英语真题汇编:词汇填空


【2014 淮安】A. 根据句子意思,从方框中选用恰当的单词或短语填空。
mice , delicious, keep fit, lead to, across, everything, unless, be afraid, in a hurry

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Many foreign guess like to come here to enj oy ___________ Chinese food. Why did they leave the house __________ with the door open ? You’ll be late for the meeting __________ you start out at once. Let’s go and play basketball after school. It can help us _____________. Lucy was surprised to see some __________ running inside her room at night. Be careful when you walk_____________ the street on your way to school. My parents got ______________ ready for the party before my birthday. It’s important to keep a balance between work and rest. Too little rest often ______________ illness. 【2014 淮安】B.根据句子意思,用括号中所给的词的适当形式填空。 9.It’s __________(possible) to finish the job in such a short time. We need two more days. 10. Now people hope to eat healthily and begin to care about the _________(safe) of food. 11. They are looking forward to _________(win) the first prize in the coming competition. 12. Which do you think is _________ (interesting), going on a picnic of going fishing? 13. Follow that _________(doctor) advice and you will get better soon. 14. It’s reported that some wild animals __________(face) the danger of dying out now. 15. I can’t understand your suggestion. Would you mind explaining it __________(clear)?
【答案】1.delicious 2.in a hurry 3.unless 4. keep fit 5.mice 6.across 7 everything 8. leads to 9 impossible 10.safety 11. winning 12.more interesting 13.doctor’s 14.are facing 15.more clearly.

【2014 南京】A) 根据括号中所给定汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 41-45 的相应位置上。 41. Millie lives on a healthy diet. She ▲ (很少) has sweet snacks. 42. Stephen was ▲ (忙碌的) with the report on giant pandas last week. 43. People aren’t allowed to eat food on the underground in Nanjing from the next ▲ (月). 44. Madee felt proud when she ▲ the national flag in the playground this Monday. 45. Jiangnan Examination Office in Confucius Temple attracted ▲ of tourists on China Tourist Day this year. 【2014 南京】B). 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将爱那 个答案填写在答题卡号为 46-50 的相应位置上。 46. The twin brothers always keep ▲ (argue) about what TV programmes to watch.

47. It’s easy for local people ▲ (choose) various goods in Sunnyside Shopping Mall. 48. Students in some junior schools can ▲ (learn) to play tennis or baseball in PE lessons. 49. The Bruce family had to give up camping in the Purple Mountain on such a ▲ (fog) day. 50. Many students are ▲ (happy) with too much homewo rk. They need more time for their hobbies. 【2014 南京】C) 根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单膝或短语填空,使对 话内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 51-55 的相应位置上. looked at while traditional place all over

A: You’ve been to Australia, haven’t you? B: Yea, I have. I was working in Australia for a year and I traveled 51 the country. A: What kind of work were you doing? B; I was teaching Chinese 52 things – Kung Fu and paper cut in a school. A: Did you see kangaroos? B: Yes. One weekend, I was driving in the countryside. I saw a kangaroo jumping right to my car! When I stopped the car, it stopped jumping and 53 me. Then I saw it was carrying its baby in its front. A: What was the best place you visited in Australia? B: Uluru! It is a red mountain in the desert. It’s very special 54 for Australians. A: Did you miss your family 55 you were in Australia? B; Yes, I missed them, but I never forget the experience in Australia! 【答案】
A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确\ 41. seldom 42. busy 43. month 44. raised 45. thousands

B) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空 46. arguing 47. to choose 48. learn 49. foggy 50. unhappy

C) 根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空 51. all over 52. traditional 53. looked at 54. place 55. while 【2014 盐城】A. 根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子,每空一词。 56. I only saw her once ___▲___ (在……期间)my stay in New York. 57. As times goes, my grandmother can’t see as ___▲___(清楚) as she used to. 58. Johnson likes to take down what happens every day in the ____▲____(形式) of diary. 59. We are happy that we take part in ___▲___(各种各样的) after-class activities. 60. Taylor Swift held a concert in Shanghai on ▲ (三月)30,2014. 【答案】56. during 57. clearly 58. form 59. various 60. March

【2014 盐城】B.根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空,每空一词。 61. Millie tries her best but did____▲___ (bad) among all the members in the team. 62. It’s ___▲___(fair) for the workers to get so little money for so much work. 63. Which team do you think will be the ___▲___ (win) of the 20th FIFA World Cup? 64. Wang Yaping, China’s ▲ (two) woman astronaut, gave us students a lesson about space science last year. 65. Yancheng, a green city, is a ▲ (please)place for people to live in. 【答案】61. worst 62. unfair 63. win ner 64. second 65. pleasant 【2014 盐城】C.根据句意用所给动词的适当形式填空。 66. There is no need for you ____▲___(go) to school tomorrow. 67. I think A bite of China is well worth ____▲___(watch). 68. Scientists are working hard to make the dream ____▲____(come) true. ass. 69. The person who is the earliest will get what he or she ____▲___(want). 70. Next week a speech ____▲____(give)by an artist in our school. 【答案】66. to go 67. watching 68. come 69. wants 70. will be given 【2014 盐城】D.根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。 Dear Mr President, I have been doing a project at school recently about animals in danger. I think their living c 71 is terrible in China. I am writing to you to suggest w 72 we should do to help protect animals more. I feel so s 73 for the giant panda. It’s one of the most popular animals in the world and a s 74 of China. We’ve learned that pandas mainly live on bamboo. I think we should try to do more to p 75 people from destroying their forests. Another animal we should try to protect more is the Chinese alligator(扬子鳄). They live in some a 76 of eastern China, and now the water there isn’t c 77 enough for them to live in. The government should stop factories from p 78 the lakes and rivers. If we protect these beautiful animals in China, more people may wish to visit China to see them. They could be an important t 79 attraction. It would be good if more people came to visit our beautiful country, e 80 some quieter places in the country. I hope you will encourage more people to think about such an important subject. Yours sincerely, Huang Jing 【答案】71. condition 72. what 73. sorry 74. symbol 75. prevent 76. areas 77. clean 78. polluting 79. tourist 80. especially

【2014 南通】A.请根据括号中的中文提示、英文释义或句意,写出句中所缺单词,使 句子通顺。 46.There is no (怀疑)that Nantong will develop into a modern city in the near future. 47.We see smiling faces (到处)h ere and they make us feel at home.

48.Johnson is such an (very good)engineer that he is suitable for the job. 49.Daniel,shall we (get ready)food and drink for the welcome party mow? 50.The temperature here was 25℃ and 35℃ last week. 【2014 南通】B.请根据句意从方框中选择合适的单词,并用其适当形式填空,使句子 通顺。 bad four diary different help

51.Bob came in the race and didn’t win a medal,but we still clapped him. 52.You will never be alone and .All of us are willing to give you a hand at any time. 53.Though the weather was getting ,the boys decided not to change their camping plan. 54.Her have recorded all her experiences in her study of English. 55.Jacky hates to be like others and he always does things . 【2014 南通】C.请根据句意从方框中选择合适的动词,并用其适当时态填空,使句子 通顺。 promise chat choose discuss refuse

56.The two travellers about the weather in a traditional English way when they met. 57.Mr Green never anyone to do anything unless he is sure that he can do something well. 58.Most young people in the village agreed to move to town,but some of the elderly people . 59.We Canada for the coming holiday,and the next step is to plan our route carefully. 60. ─I heard lots of noise from your group,Suzy. ─Oh,sorry to have disturbed you. We the history project. 【答案】 A. 46. doubt 47. everywhere 48. excellent 49. prepare 50. between B. 51. fourth 52. helpless 53. worse 54. diaries 55. differently C. 56. chatted 57. promises 58. refused 59. have chosen 60. discussed

【2014 宿迁】A) 根据句意及所给中文提示、英文解释或首字母,写出句中所缺单词,每空 限填一词。 41. I’m old enough to look after __________ (我自己). 42. I’m afraid to ride a roller coaster, especially when it moves at high __________ (速度). 43. Most of the Chinese students study at __________ (混合的) schools. 44. When we walk _________ (穿过) the road, we should follow the traffic rules. 45. Some students in western areas are too __________ (贫穷的) to afford pens and notebooks. 46. Mr Green works as a __________ (老板) in a big company. 47. It’s polite to ___________ (等待) in line before getting on the bus. 48. She hopes to be an excellent __________ (舞蹈家) like Yang Liping.

49. I’m so __________ (not strong) that I can’t walk any further. 50. —I live on the fourth floor, and you? —I live two floors above you, that is, on the s________ floor. 【2014 宿迁】B) 根据句意或句子的语法要求,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。 51. —Where’s Miss Yang? —Look, she __________ (talk) with her students over there. 52. People feel __________ (happy) when they face too much stress. 53. Thousands of __________ (visitor) come to my hometown Suqian every year. 54. They’ll go to watch the dolpin show if they _________ (have) free time. 55. Sandy can sing as _________ (good) as Wendy. 56. When we meet with problems, we shouldn’t give them up ________ (easy). 57. Mr Smith had a ________ (discuss) with us about the film just now. 58. You’d better _________ (join) in some activities after school. 59. Miss Zhang is friendly and always __________ (wear) a smile on her face. 60. The library building _________ (design) by the young man in 2012. 【答案】41. myself 42. speed 43. mixed 44. across 45. poor 46 boss 47. wait 48. dancer 49. weak 50. sixth 51. is talking 52. unhappy 53. visitors 54. have 55. well 56. easily 57. discussion 58. join 59. wears 60. was designed

【2014 泰州】56. Paper making is a great______ __ (invent) of ancient China. 57. My dream is to be a famous doctor and save patients'__ __ (life). 58. The little boy is so__ __ (care) that he often leaves his homework at home. 59. The CD can help you know__ __ (wide) the knowledge of geography. 60. It's reported that the haze(雾霾)in February, 2014 is the__ __ (serious) one these years in China. 61.Oh, dear! My iphone doesn't work. Would you please lend me__ __ (you)? 62.Our teachers often tell us __ __ (calm) down first when we are in danger. 63. There____ __ (be) an English Summer Camp next month. Come and join us. 64. China_____ ___(send) up several Shenzhou manned spacecraft into space since 2003. 65. The TV program Super Brain (最强大脑) is so fantastic that it is well worth____ ( watch). 【答案】 56. invention57. lives58. careless59. widely60. most serious61. yours62. to calm down63. will be/is going to be 64. has sent65. watching

四、【2014 无锡】词汇运用 (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) (A)根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。 1.Are you crazy? How do you (胆敢)to do so? 2.The old man looked a bit (苍白的)than usual after the operation. 3.You can get a better view of the lake if you go (楼上). 4.Reading should be a life long (习惯)for every one of us. (B)根据句意,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出单词的适当形式。

5.Why can t I get a free ticket, too? It’s (fair)! 6.The result of the competition is still under (discuss). 7.The e book I ordered arrived in the mail (short) after breakfast. 8.No one in the small town has ever (deal ) with such a problem before. 【答案】1.dare 2.paler 3.upstairs 4.habit 5.unfair 6.discussion 7.shortly 8.dealt 五、【2014 无锡】动词填空 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡标有 题号上的横线上。 (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) 1. (compare) with the older model ,the new robot costs less but lasts longer. 2.The officer promised they (keep) searching for the missing plane until it was found. 3.—Will you ever leave her alone? —Only if she (ask) me to. 4. (print) your report out,you only need to clink on that icon. 5.—I can t find the new road on my mobile phone.Are you sure you ve got the name right? —Yes.But you (download)the latest map? 6.Wuxi Underground Line 1 (expect)to be in service later this month. 7.By the time the factory was shut down, it (dump)its waste into the lake for years. 8.—I can t belive you ve sold me such a terrible camera.I want my money back… —I (listen),madam.Can you just slow down and tell me what s wrong? 【答案】1.Compared 2.would keep 3.asks 4.To print 5.have,downloaded 6.is expected 7.had dumped 8.am listening

【2014 徐州】词语运用 Shy,

(共 16 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 16 分) A)选出方框内的单词或词组填空,其中有一个单词或词组是多余的。
broke down, fastest, insisted, choice, lively

43. Billy is 45. My car 47. I ▲

▲ ▲

,clever and outgoing. ▲ . because of the cold weather. so I had to walk to my office ▲ but to leave the company.

44. Amy came first in the race. She ran the 46. Ricky had no

that we should take immediate action to put this right.

B)根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的真确形式填空。 (每空限填一个单词) 48. A friend of ▲ (I) is getting married next month. ▲ (three) floor . ▲ (young)! 49. Jane would like to live on the 51. The man was breathing 52. Every year a lot of ▲ ▲

50. The actress is in her forties. I thought she was much

(heavy) and had blood on his shirt.

(tour) go to Beijing to see the Great Wall.

C)用括号中所给动词的正确形式填空,使短文完整。 When I got home, Alan (53) ▲ (sleep) on the sofa with the television on. I turned off the television. Just then he (54) ▲ (wake) up."Why are you so late

today?" he asked. "The road is closed and drivers (55) said."Alan,I’ve got a chance (56) Vivien (57) ▲ (live) there.I(58)
44. fastest



(ask) to take another route." I

▲ ▲

(travel) to New York. My best friend (not see) her for years! I'm looking
46. choice 47. insisted

for ward to meeting her there.Nice!" 【答案】43. lively
48. mine 53. was sleeping 56. to travel 45. broke down 50. younger 49. third/3rd 54. woke 57. lives/is living 51. heavily 52. tourists

55. are asked/were asked/have been asked 58. haven't seen/have not seen

词汇运用(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) A)根据句意,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空,每空一词. 【2014 江苏镇江 】 36. The singers in the CCTV talent show Sing My Song have ▲ (able) to write songs. 【2014 江苏镇江】37. -Did you eat rice dumplings at Dragon Boat Festival? -Of course. I love the ones made in Jiaxing. They seem even ▲ (taste) to me after watching the TV programme A Bite of China. 【2014 江苏镇江】38. Li Jianrou was ▲ (interview) shortly after she won the first gold medal for China in the 22nd Winter Olympic Games. 【2014 江苏镇江】39. Jan looked ▲ (hope) at her husband for a football ticket to get closer to her favourite player. 【2014 江苏镇江】40. The old man was looking through the list of the ▲ (soldier) names in order to remember the old days. 36.ability/abilities 37.tastier 38.interviewed39.hopefully40.soldiers B)根据句意及汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空一词. 【2014 江苏镇江】41. Whether Siheyuan in Beijing should be kept or not is under a hot ▲ (讨论). 【2014 江苏镇江】42. -What do you think of the block you live in? -I'm not satisfied. The loud noise from the square always ▲ (打扰、扰乱)me a lot. 【2014 江苏镇江】43. What he said finally proved that he was ▲ (不诚实的). 【2014 江苏镇江】44. Some people have no sense of safety. They usually go ▲ (径 直)across the road without looking at traffic lights. 【2014 江苏镇江】45.The weather report says there will be much ▲ (雨)in most areas in the south. 41.discussion 42.disturbs 43.dishonest 44.straight/directly 45.rain
[来源:学_科_网]

词汇运用(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 【2014 连云港】A.根据句意和汉语提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。
1.

It’s lime lo have a rest. Let’s go out for a

(呼吸) of fresh air.

2. 3.

(幸运地)for the villager, the fireman put out the big fire in time. Thomas Bach of Germany was (选择,选为) to be the ninth IOC president last

year.
4.

(无论在哪里)someone falls ill, Doctor Mei often rides for hours to see the The guide is so (精力充沛的) and outgoing that he can always help

patient in the mountainous area.
5.

tourists have a goo d time on the trip. 【2014 连云港】B.根据短文意思和所给首字母,写出一个完整正确的单词。 Every minute of the day someone somewhere needs blood, maybe a (51) s someone’s mum or dad, so it is not just for emergencies and (52) a help them beat diseases like cancer, or do a planned operation. And that’s (53) w people to give blood, 3 times a year if you can. If you are in good health, (54) b of 17 and 59 and weigh at least 50kg, you can start (55) g you’11 see how easy it is lo save someone’s life. 【答案】 breath sick Luckily accidents chosen why Wherever between energetic giving baby, or They need blood to we need the ages

blood now. And when you act,

五、选词填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 【2014 连云港】从方框中选择恰当的词或短语并用其正确的形式填空(每个词或短语只能用 一次)。 child ; celebrate ; reduce ; show interest in ; win an award ;

chat with ; for free ; go running ; be proud of ; take photos

56. — Your uncle looks strong. —Yes. He likes sports. He 58. — Paul, where is Sam? —He is in the garden. He 59. There will be four hours’ performances Shanghai 62. by half. lives in the earthquake. the World Book Day, the book shop sold books at a discount on April 23nJ. it. 64. — China lifted the Uber Cup for the 13th time after beating Japan. — Great! The players arc so excellent that all of us them. grandma.
[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]

every day. for best picture.

57. At the 2014 Oscar ceremony, the film Twelve Years a Slave

in the theatre each day next month.

60. When the new railway is completed in 2017,the time of the journey from Lianyungang to 61. The solider is a hero who saved two

63. In recent years, WeChat has become a kind of fashion and a growing number of young people

65. — Did you see the man in a red cap pass by just now? — No, madam. We _ 【答案】 goes running will be reduced are fond of won an award children’s were taking photos in chatting with To celebrate for free have shown interest in of each other.

【 2014 苏州】根据下列句子及所给汉语注释或通过上下文,在答题卡上标有题 号的横线上,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。每空只写一词。 41.I like the suit, but the jacket doesn’t ▲ (合身) me. ▲ (治愈 ).

42.It might be several months before she’s fully 43.I think it’s our ▲

(轮次 )to drive the kids to school this week. ▲ (空闲的 )this afternoon.

44.I’m busy at the moment, but I’ll be 45.Brenda spent all day 46.She ▲ ▲

(准备 )the meal,

(突然 )found herself being talked about in all thenewspapers. ▲ (护士 )team spirit.

47.Even if they are not very skilled, you really have to admirethe 48.—Where will she sit? —The seat next to Kenny is 49. —I am a little ▲ ▲
[来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K]

,Mom,

—There are some cakes on the plate. You can take one. 50.—Dad, must we wait until the light becomes green? —Yes, I’m afraid we have to. That’s the 【答案】 41. fit 46.suddenly 42. cured 47. nurses' 43.turn 48. hers 44. free 49. hungry 45. preparing 50. traffic ▲ rule.

词汇(共8小题;每小题1分,满分8分)A)根据句子意思,用括号中所给词的正确形式填空, 每空填一词。 【2014常州】41. The horror film kept the little girl (wake) all night. 42. Smiles on the (swim) faces showed how they enjoyed the race. 43. Simon entered the library, found (he) a seat by the window and started his work. 44. It was closing time, but the (interest) tourists were still unwilling to leave.B)根据句意及汉语 【2014常州】提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空填一词。

45. The CN Tower in Canada is 1,815 feet in (高). 46. The cat is lying (舒适 47. He donated all his savings to local education in his (九十). 48. —Why did you shout? —I felt something (击中) me on the head. 【答案】

六、 用括号内所给动词的正确形式填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 【2014常州】49. Outgoing children prefer showing their feelings openly to (control) them within themselves. 50. — me) out. —Really? Why not go to the bookshop and buy one right now? 52. I can still speak some French now, for I (teach) Chinese in France for several years. 53. — hing? — 【答案】


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