中考英语短文填词


【2011 上海】D. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with suitable words .( 在 短文的空格内填入适当的次,使其内容通顺. 每空格限填一词, 首字母已给 ): ( 14 分) At one time, making a film was an expensive activity only for a small group of people and film companies. Not only were the tools and machines expensive but the cost of film was also far greater than most people could afford. However, modem technology has c 92 all that. New technology has really opened up the world of film-making for film fans. Now a camera does not cost m 93 and most young people are certainly able to pay for it. So all you need is to get one for yourself. With that, you may then start your own film-making. However, film-making is t 94 work. You probably need many other people to help you. For example, the p 95 of actors and actresses is very important in your film. Of course, these actors and actresses may be your schoolmates, friends or family members. You don’t even need to pay them a cent while they are glad to be part of your job. B 96 , you need to make up a story. Can you write your own one? If you have good imagination, you can create an attractive story e 97 . Many world-famous film makers and producers are also good story-writers. If not, perhaps you need someone else to write it for you. An excellent story is the key to making a s 98 film. 【主旨大意】 文章指出, 随着生活水平和现代科技的提高, 人们自己制作一部电影已经不再是什么稀罕的 事。文章指出要制作一部优秀的电影,除了优秀演员之外,还需要有一个好的剧本,这是电 影成功的保证。 92. changed 【解析】上文提到在过去,制作一部电影是一件十分昂贵的事,只有少数人 和电影公司才能干。 然而现在随着时间的推移, 现代科技将这一切都改变了, 故填 changed; 93. much 【解析】本句意为“现在一部相机花费并不多”,价格大多数人都能坦然接 受,故填 much; 94. tiring 【解析】该句意为“然而,电影制作是一件很累人的事”,work 是不可数 名词,故要说 tiring work,不能加 a; 95. population 【解析】 下文中都是在谈论电影中的那些男女演员, 加上谓语动词是单数, 故应填 population; 96. besides 【解析】上边提到了演员,下边接着讲述应该要有剧本,故填 besides; 97. character 【解析】这个地方讲“如果你的想象力丰富,那么你就能够创作出一个 具有吸引力的人物,??”,故答案填 character; 98. successful 【解析】该句意为“一个优秀的故事是电影成功的关键”,故答案填 successful; 【2011 山东聊城】五、选词填空(共 10 小题,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,从所给单词中选出适当的词,并用其正确的语言形式填在标有题号的空白 处,使语意通顺、完整。 (每空一词且每个单词只能用一次) beautiful, same, classroom, deeply, friend, classmate, do, know, look, anything, because, successful

My teachers thought I was the worst student. My family also had the 11 thought as my teachers. When I was going to give up my studying, a new teacher, Miss White came to our school. She was young, 12 and knowledgeable (知识渊博的). One day, I was sitting alone in my 13 , Miss White came up to me and talked to me happily. Soon her smile away my unhappiness. “Do you think I can go to college?” I didn’t 14_____ why I asked such a question. I thought she must say “no”. 15______ everyone else said so. But she said, “Dear, you can do 16______ you want. Just try, and you’ll get closer to success. I believe you are the best!” I was touched 17______ by her words. I decided to study hard. From then on, we became good 18______. She often helped me with my study in her free time. In the end, I 19_______ well in my studies and went to a good college. Miss White is an angel(天使). Her words have kept me going forward. She helped me to see that I am special and can be 20____ in life. Keys: 11. same 判断推理题。根据前一句话意思我的老师认为我是学生,后面应该是我的家人也 有同样的想法。 12. beautiful 细节判断题。根据句意,她既年轻、漂亮又学识渊博。 13. classroom 细节推理题。根据上下文意思,得出答案 classroom。 14. know 细节判断题。根据语境意思,我不知道我为什么问这样的问题。 15. Because 细节判断题。根据上文我的心里想法,得出答案。 16. anything 细节推理题。这是一句常用语,只要你想做到的,你就能够做好任何事情。 17. deeply 细节推理题。老师的话深深地触动了我。 18. friends 细节判断题。根据上下文意思,得出我和老师成为好朋友了。 19. did 细节判断题。根据语境意思,是一般过去时,所以应该用动词的过去式。 20. successful 细节推理题。 根据上下文意思,得出答案是成功的。 【2011 山东烟台】阅读下面短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示补全文中所缺的单词, 答案 写在题后的横线上。 “Sorry” is a word that people in Britain often say in their daily life. One day while I was w 1 on the street, a young man ran by hurriedly, brushing (轻擦)against my handbag. He continued his way, but turned b 2 and said “sorry” to me. Even in a rush, he didn’t f 3 to say “sorry”. One day, after I bought some bananas, the shopkeeper was passing me the change, but I wasn’t ready for it and a coin dropped onto the ground. “Sorry, Madam,” he said w 4 bending to pick it up. I was s 5 why he said “sorry” to me. Another time, I stepped on a man’s f 6 at the entrance to a cinema. At the same time, we b 7 said “sorry”. Slowly, I got to know that when something unpleasant happens in daily life, the British don’t c 8 much about who is wrong. If someone is in trouble, a “sorry” is always n 9 . Perhaps that is w 10 I seldom see people quarrel on the buses or streets in Britain. 【主旨大意】

文章介绍了 sorry 这个词在英国人日常生活中被广泛使用, 同时 sorry 也让人与人之间的关 系更加和谐。 1. walking 【解析】根据上下文可以看出这个句子是过去进行时,故此处填 walking。 2. back 【解析】根据句意和上下文,可以知道这个人转身说了句“sorry”,故此处 填 back。 3.forget/ fail 【解析】 根据上下文可以知道这个人虽然不停地跑着, 也没忘记说 sorry, 故此处填 forget/fail。 4. while 【解析】根据句意可知,这个人一边说 sorry,一边将掉在地上的硬币捡起, 故用 while。 5.surprised 【解析】该句意为“我感到很惊讶,他居然对我说‘对不起’ ”。(因为 这不是他的错),故填 surprised。 6. foot/ feet 【解析】该句意为“还有一次,我在电影院的门口不小心踩到了别人的 脚。”此处要填 foot/feet。 7. both 【解析】接上句“我们两个都说了‘对不起’”,所以填 both。 8.care 【解析】这里是说英国人不很在乎谁对谁错,故要填 care。 9. necessary 【解析】该句意为“如果某人处于困难之中,‘对不起’总是需要的”, 故填 necessary。 10. why 【解析】该句意为“或许这就是我们为什么在英国很少见到大街上或者公共 汽车上吵架的原因吧”,此处填 why。 【2011 湖北·武汉】 五、词与短语填空(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 先阅读短文,然后用下面方框中所给的单词或短语填空,使全文在逻辑上正确。 (提示: 选项中有一个是多余的。 ) go back / mad / need / mind / hurry up / polite We asked some people what annoyed them. Here’s what they said: I don’t like waiting in line when a shop assistant has a long telephone conversation. When that happens, I usually say, “Would you (71) helping me?” And I don’t like it when shop assistants follow me around. Then I say, “Could you please no follow me around? I’ll ask you if I (72) some help.” Usually the shop assistants say they are sorry, but sometimes they get (73). If that happens, I won’t (74) to that store again. I get annoyed when someone talks to me while I’m reading. This happens to me al the time in the school library. When it happens, I usually talk to the person because I want to be (75). But because I’m polite, people don’t know I’m annoyed. So they do the same thing again. Perhaps in the future I should try not to be so annoyed. 71.mind 72.need 73.mad 74.go back 75.polite 【2011 黑龙江绥化市填词型】(D) Everybody likes to have a good time, but do you know that laughing is very good for your health? Scientists believe that laughing can help your body fight illness. Because of this, an Indian doctor opened the first laughter club in 1995. Now there are more than 1,000 laughter clubs around the world. A laughter club is a place where you can go to laugh in your way for happiness and good health. Steve Wilson, the man who took laughter clubs to America, said, "We laugh with each other, but never at each other. At first, the laughter exercise feels a bit false. But soon

the laughter becomes real. " Laughter is very important when we communicate with other people. It helps us make friends and understand each other better. We can laugh with people all over the world. It is the same in any language. So never be afraid to laugh. It's good for your health. Fill in the blanks according to the passage. Only one word for each blank. Laughing can make us happy and (71)__. The first laughter club (72)_opened in 1995. Now there are (73)_1,000 laughter clubs all over the world. We can go to a laughter club to laugh for our health, but remember (74)__to laugh at each other. Laughter is an international language. It is (75)___to each other's understanding. Let's laugh with people around us. 【主旨大意】“笑一笑十年少”,微笑不但有助于身体健康,而且微笑还是沟通的第一张名 片。 71, healthy 72 .was 73. over 74. not 75, helpful / important / useful / necessary/good 【2011 泰州】 Your maths teacher may wear old-fashioned clothes and always pronounce your name wrongly. Your English teacher may love to start classes with tests. Perhaps it is hard f 1 you to accept these. But they eat pizza, go to movies and enjoy sports at weekends, just like you. So how can you g 2 along with your teachers? Here are some tips. F 3 ,do the following things: Don’t be late for school. H 4 in your homework on time. Be polite to your teachers. Second, show an interest in the subject. Even if you are not g 5 at your maths or English, you should do your b 6 to learn it and show your teacher that you are a hardworking student. You can also come to your teacher during his/her spare time. Use this time to get some help or talk about your progress in class. You may be surprised to learn that your teacher is more relaxed in his/her free time t 7 in his/her working hours. A good relationship with your teachers will help you now and in the f 8 .There may be some t 9 you will always remember because they change you and your life. After f 10 school, you may even go back to visit them. And they are always proud of that. 答案:1.for 2.get 3.First 4.Hand 5.good 6.best 7.than 8.future 9.things 10. ? 【2011?宁夏】从下面方框中选择适当的词填入短文中,使短文通顺正确(注意有些词要用 适当的形式) 。方框中有两个多余的词。

leave, if, arrive, all, bike, but, success
Last Sunday my brother and I went fishing. We got up very early that day. When we (76) __________ home, the moon could still be seen in the sky. The morning air was cool and I felt wind on my lace. This made us very comfortable. We laughed and talked (77) __________ the way while we were riding our (78) __________. By about six we were already sitting by the river. Fishing is not easy. If you want to be (79) __________, you must be very careful. That day we had another good catch. We caught a lot of fish and enjoyed ourselves very much. It was late when we got home.

We fell a little tired (80) __________ happy. Fishing is a very good sport. I like it very much. 答案:76. left 77. all 78. bike(s) 79. successful 80. hut (2011 湖南岳阳中考)(D) 阅读填空 根据下面短文内容,在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 Our eyes are very important to us. They are like cameras. We can see beautiful things and colors around us. 56 our eyes. But if we don’t take care of them, they may hurt. 57 do we protect our eyes? 0n sunny days, the sun shines brightly. So we’d better 58 our sunglasses. When we read, we shouldn’t stay too close to our books and the light shouldn’t be too bright 59 too dark. We mustn’t read in bed. It’s 60 for our eyes. We mustn’t rub our eyes with dirty hands or play games on computer too long. 56. with 57. How 58. wear 59. or 60. bad 【2011 四川广安】B.短文填空(共 8 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 8 分) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,把所缺单词填写在短文后面相应的横线上,使句意完整。 It's very important for us to keep h___1_____in our everyday life. Here is some a____2____for you. First, you should have healthy diet. Different food helps us in different w_____3____. You should eat more fruit and vegetables instead o____4____hamburgers, Beijing roast duck and so on. If you choose the right food, you can have healthy eating habits. Second, doing exercise is good f___5_____your health. For example, climbing mountains, riding bikes or swimming. Third, you should s_____6____at least eight hours a day and you shouldn't work or study too hard. Finally, remember that s ____7____is bad for your health, so don't smoke, you will become m____8__healthier. 1._______ 2.________ 3.________4.________ 5.________ 6._______7._________8.________ 答案:1. healthy 2. advice 3. ways 4. of 5. for 6. sleep 7. smoking 8.much 【2011 山东临沂】八、短文填空(共 12 小题,计 12 分) A)在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺,每空格限填一词,词首字母已给。 Teenagers are always stressed out now. They are often too busy to think about their diets and exercise. The truth is, healthy eating, along with regular exercise. Is the only way to k___83_fit. During your teenage years, it is important to give your body the energy it needs. Teenager girls need about 2,200 calories(卡路里)a day and boys need a bit more. Doctors suggest 2,800 calories for teenage boys. 50% of your calories should come f 84 rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to d 85 a lot of water, six to eight glasses a day. Enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair. Exercise can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Scientists suggest that teenagers should spend at l 86 30 minutes exercising every day. When you exercise, your body produces something. It makes you feel r 87 and

energetic. It can even help you sleep better at night and let you pay more a 88 when you study. Let’s eat healthily and take regular exercise. 答案:83 k_______ 84. f _______ 85. d _______ 86. l _______ 87. r _______ 88. a _______ 83. keep 84. from 85. drink 86. least 87. relaxed 88. attention 【2011四川德阳】第二节短文填空(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,把所缺单词的正确形式完整地填写在短文下的横线上。 At school many things happen to us. We may feel excited when we succeed in a school play. We may feel sorry if we lose an important _76 g____. We want to keep the memory(记忆)in our lives. How to keep memories? Our teacher, Mr. Smith, has taught us how to _77 r___ things to make our own yearbook. A yearbook is a kind of book which is used to memory exciting moments. It’s usually made at the end of year. Last _78 D___, we began to make our yearbook. First we chose the persons that had done something special, then some students interviewed them, some _79 w____ down their stories, others took photos of them. Finally our teacher helped us to put the things _80 t____. Then we had our first yearbook. 76 __________ 77 __________ 78 __________ 79 ___________ 80 __________ 答案:71. game 72. remember 73. December 74. wrote 75. together 【2011乌鲁木齐】Ⅳ.短文填空(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分) A passenger told all air hostess(空姐) that he needed a cup of water to take his 91 when the plane just took off. She said to him, “I’ll bring you the water 92 ten minutes." Thirty minutes later, when the passenger ring for service sounded, the air hostess ran ill a hurry .She Was so busy that she 93 to bring him the water. As a 94 .the passenger couldn’t take his medicine in lime. The air hostess hurried over to him with a cup of wale. but he 95 it. After a short while, the air hostess came up to him with a smile,” Could you please tell me what I can do for you, sir? "The passenger turned around without any words. The second time .also with a sweet smile, "Would you like 96 I can do for you?” Again the passenger refused. In the following hours 013.the flight, each time the air hostess passed the passenger, she would ask him 97 a smile whether he needed some help or not. But the passenger never replied to her. When the passenger was going to get 98 the plane, he asked the air hostess to hand him the passenger's booklet (小册子).She knew that he would write down terrible words about her job. 99 .still with a smile she handed it to him. Getting off the plane. the air hostess opened the booklet, and smiled because the passenger wrote,” How can I refuse your twelve sweet 100 ?" 91. medicine 92. in 93. forgot/failed 94.result 95.refused 96.something/anything 97 with 98 off 99.However 100.smiles 【2011 浙江舟山】五、词汇运用(本题有 15 小题,每小题 1 分;共 15 分) A. 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,写出短文空白处各单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。 These days, a Chinese girl’s travel diary has become a hit online.

Zhao Xing, with only a 56 (地图), a travel bag and 30 yuan, left the Chinese mainland for the 57 (第一)time to Taiwan. At the 58 (机场), she was helped by a man who even told her his phone number. A bus driver was kind enough to 59 (叫醒)her up when she fell asleep on the ride. In Taiwan, Zhao told the man who 60 (给)her a ride that she was from Beijing. The man asked if there was 61 (任何事)else he could do to help make her journey 62 (更好的). “After coming back and thinking over everything I’ve experienced, I realized that the people impressed me the most, not the beautiful scenes or tasty food,” Zhao 63 (写)in her online diary. From Beijing to Taiwan, so close, so 64 (遥远的)away. Zhao’s wish is to encourage others to realize their 65 (自己的) dreams of making the world a smaller, more friendly place for all. 56. map 57. first 58. airport 59. wake 60. gave 61. anything 62. better 63. wrote 64. far 65. own 【2011 湖北十堰】第二节:选择单词,用其适当的形式填空,使短文意思正确、通顺 (每词先用一次) book, finish, be, one, great, will, live, from, dream, move A little girl called Fan Yi has caught many people’s attention recently. The little writer’s ___________(81) English story, Swordbird, was on the New York Times’ bestseller list for children’s fiction. Fan Yi was born in Beijing in 1997. She ___________(82) her second grade of primary school in Beijing. She ___________(83) to the US with her parents at the age of 7. She has shown ___________(84) interests in birds since she was a little girl. When Fan ___________(85) studying American history at school, she read many articles(文章) about the September 11 Attacks(9.11 事件). She wanted all people to ___________(86) in peace with each other. Around that time, she had a(n) ___________(87) one night. In the dream, some birds fought with each other. Fan got an idea ___________(88) the dream and turned it into a story. In it, she showed her idea of peace in the world. In the future, Fan will write more ___________(89) for the Swordbird series. Will she become another J.K Rowling? We ___________(90) have to wait and see. Keys: 81. first 解析:此处用 one 的序数词 82. finished 解析:根据句意是完成学业,用过去时。 83. moved 解析:move to? 搬到?? 84. great 解析:great 修饰后面的 interests。 85. was 解析:过去进行时。 86. live 解析:want sb. to do sth. 想要某人坐某事 live in?住在?? 87. dream 解析:从 one night 看出,是做了一个梦。 88. from 解析:from 来自 89. books 解析:write books 写书 90. will 解析:根据上一句,得出答案:我们将拭目以待。 【2011 肇庆】六、短文填空(本题共 10 分,每小题 1 分)

根据短文意思,在答题卡上的相应位置写出一个恰当的单词,使句子通顺、完整。 “How many common English words were invented by Shakespeare?” How long did 41_ take people to find the answer to this question 15 years ago? And now? You can google it 42_ find the answer immediately! Larry Page and Sergey Brin met in 1995, 43 they were both studying computer science at a university. They dreamed of producing something that could answer 44 questions in seconds. They decided to make a better and faster search engine(搜 索引擎) 45 January 1996. At that time 46 would give them money for their project, so they had to borrow money from family and friends. Soon they started their own company. Its name Google comes from math. A ‘google’ is 47 very high number —1 followed by a hundred zeros. The google search engine was soon used by thousands of people worldwide 48 it was fast, easy and correct. By 2002 it became the 49 (big) search engine on the Internet. Google hopes that in the future all the world’s information 50 be put on the Internet, so that everybody can find everything. 【主旨大意】文章介绍了 google 搜索引擎的发展历史。 41. it 46. nobody 42. and / to 43. when 47. a 48. because 44. any 49. biggest 45. in 50. will / can


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