小题训练十二


英语小题组训练(十二)
第一节:单项选择 1. This course is based on a project, one of________ aims is to improve the students’ comprehensive ability in English. A. whose B. which C. its D. what 2. — Why are you so familiar with my close friend Nipple? —Yeah, I happen, believe it or not,_____him in a packed trip. A. to meet B. to be meeting C. to have met D. to be met 3. — Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency? — Well, you know, English is my____. So it is my best choice. A. talent B. strength C. ability D. skill 4. Local citizens placed flowers at the comer of one street in Hamilton, Canada, _____the Canadian soldier, who was killed by a gunman. A. in favor of B. in memory of C. in terms of D. in spite of 5. Look, _______ beautiful flowers ______ the girl carrying that she becomes the focus in the room. A. such; is B. so; are C. how; is D. what; are 6. — Haven’t seen you for ages! Where have you been? — I____in Xinjiang for one year, volunteering services as a doctor. A. have stayed B. stay C. stayed D. am staying 7. Nowadays mobile internet devices are pushing up demands for online education, which makes people see it as one of the most____new market. A. demanding B. confidential C. promising D. controversial 8. — They are said to have been familiar with each other. — But they_________. They were introduced only hours ago. A. may not have been B. couldn’t have been C. mustn’t have been D. needn’t have been 9. One well of the oil field was still burning with huge fire twisting crazily____the night sky. A. in B. on C. against D. across 10. She is ______ is known as a nosy person—she is always dying to know what’s going on in others’ lives. A. what B. who C. whom D. that 11. The measure of a man’s real character is what he ____ if he ____ he would never be found out. A. would do; knew B. may do; knew C. might do; knows D. should do; had known 12. I felt I would never____the shock of his being worked to death. A. get off B. get through C. get by D. get over 13. We don’t need magic to change the world____we carry all the power we need inside ourselves already: the power to imagine better, said J K Rowling. A. though B. unless C. before D. when 14. That’s all for today’s programme. Please stay ____ to CCTV International’s Chinese Channel this time next week. A. turned B. tuned C. toned D. tended 15. ____ you believe him when he said he made it to Eason’s concert! He doesn’t like pop music at all. A. Do B. Did C. Don’t D. Didn’t 第二节:阅读理解
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A few years ago, in one experiment in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects for their willingness to obey instructions given by a “leader” in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal dislike of the actions they were called upon to perform. Specifically, Milgram told each volunteer “teacher-subject” that the experiment was in the noble cause of education, and was designed to test whether or not punishing pupils for their mistakes would have a positive effect on the pupils’ ability to learn. The teacher-subjects were placed before a panel of thirty switches with labels ranging from “15 volts of electricity (slight shock)” to “450 volts (danger — severe shock)” in steps of 15 volts each. The teacher-subject was told that whenever the pupil gave the wrong answer to a question, a shock was to be administered. The supposed “pupil” was in reality an actor hired by Milgram to pretend to receive the shocks by giving out cries and screams. Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of the pupil, and to administer whatever level of shock was called for. As the experiment unfolded, the “pupil” would deliberately give the wrong answers to questions, thereby bringing on various electrical punishments, even up to the danger level of 300 volts and beyond. Many of the teacher-subjects balked at administering the higher levels of punishment, and turned to Milgram. In these situations, Milgram calmly explained that the teacher-subject was to carry on with the experiment and that it was important for the sake of the experiment that the procedure be followed through to the end. What Milgram was trying to discover was the number of teacher-subjects who would be willing to administer the highest levels of shock, even in the face of strong personal and moral revulsion(反感) against the rules and conditions of the experiment. Before carrying out the experiment, Milgram explained his idea to a group of 39 psychiatrists and asked them to predict the average percentage of people who would be willing to administer the highest shock level of 450 volts. The overwhelming consensus was that basically all the teacher-subjects would refuse to obey the experimenter. The psychiatrists felt that “most subjects would not go beyond 150 volts” and only a small percentage of about one in 1,000 would give the highest shock of 450 volts. What were the actual results? Well, over 60 per cent of the teacher-subjects continued to obey Milgram up to the 450-volt limit! In repetitions of the experiment in other countries, the percentage was even higher, reaching 85 per cent in one country. How can we possibly account for this result? One might firstly argue that there must be some sort of built-in animal aggression instinct(本 能) that was activated by the experiment. A modem sociobiologist might even go so far as to claim that this aggressive instinct was of survival value to our ancestors in their struggle against the hardships of life on the plains and in the caves, finally finding its way into our genetic make-up. Another explanation is to see the teacher-subjects’ actions as a result of the social context in which the experiment was carried out. As Milgram himself pointed out, “Most subjects in the experiment see their behaviour in a larger context that is good and useful to society — the pursuit of scientific troth. The psychological laboratory has a strong claim to legitimacy(合法性) and gains trust and confidence in those who perform there. An action such as shocking a victim, which in isolation(单独看来) appears evil, acquires a completely different meaning when placed in this setting”. Here we have two different explanations. The problem for us is to sort out which of these two polar explanations is more reasonable. This is the problem of modern sociobiology — to discover how hard-wired genetic programming decides the interaction of animals and humans with their environment, that is, their behaviour. Put another way, sociobiology is concerned with explaining the biological basis of all behaviour. 1. Why did Milgram do the experiment? A. To discover people’s willingness for orders from leaders.
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B. To display the power of punishment on ability to learn. C. To test people’s willingness to sacrifice for science. D. To explore the biological basis of social behavior. 2. Which of the following is right about the experiment? A. The actor’s performance was vital to its success. B. Its subjects were informed of its real purpose beforehand. C. The electrical shock made the “pupil” give more wrong answers. D. Its subjects were convinced of the effects of punishment on ability to learn. 3. What does the underlined phrase “balked at” most probably mean? A. commented on B. hesitated in C. got rid of D. looked down upon 4. Before the experiment took place the psychiatrists _________ . A. believed that a shock of 150 volts was unbearable B. failed to agree on how the teacher-subjects would respond to instructions C. under-predicted the teacher-subjects’ willingness to follow experimental procedure D. thought that many of the teacher-subjects would administer a shock of 450 volts 5. Which of the following is mentioned as one possible factor that explains the teacher-subjects’ behaviour? A. Economic factor. B. Biological factor. C. Cultural factor. D. Historical factor. 6. What’s the author’s purpose with this article? A. To introduce a problem sociobiology deals with. B. To explain a scientific phenomenon. C. To report an experiment that focuses on education. D. To argue against a scientific view. 第四节:任务型阅读 In Greek mythology, the Trojan(特洛伊) War was started against the city of Troy by the Greeks after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has appeared in many works of Greek literature, most notably through Homers(荷马) Iliad. The Iliad relates a part of the last year of the siege(包围) of Troy; the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the war’s heroes. Other parts of the war are described in a cycle of epic poems(史诗), which have survived through fragments. The war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets including Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord(不和谐), gave them a golden apple marked “for the fairest”. Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the “fairest”, should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen’s husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Greek troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris’ insult. After the deaths of many heroes the city fell to the ruse(策略) of the Trojan Horse. The Greeks slaughtered(大屠杀) the Trojans and desecrated(亵渎) the temples, thus earning the gods’ great anger. Few of the Greeks returned safely to their homes. The ancient Greeks treated the Trojan War as an historical event which had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern-day Turkey near the Dardanelles. As of the mid-19th century, both the war and the city were widely believed to be non-historical. In 1868, however, the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann met Frank Calvert, who convinced Schliemann that Troy was at Hissarlik; this claim is now accepted by most scholars. They believe that there is a historical core to the tale. However, whether there is any historical reality behind the Trojan War is still an open question.

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Topic

Sub topic ? The Iliad 1 in Literature ? The Odyssey ? Epic poems ? Roman poets

Detailed information

relating what happened in the last year of the siege 2 gaining Odysseus’ journey home 3 through fragments

Virgil and Ovid included

?

The war was

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by a quarrel between the three goddesses for the title of the “fairest”.

? The Trojan War Plot of the War

5 judged Aphrodite the “fairest” in exchange of Helen, the most beautiful woman, who was taken to Troy by him.

?

Feeling 6 by Paris’ action, Agamemnon led an expedition of Greek troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years.

?

With the ruse of the Trojan Horse, Greek troops 7 the city and slaughtered the Trojans and desecrated the temples, which made the gods very angry and made few of them return home safely.

The ancient Greeks’ time 8 Background

■ The war was believed to be an historical event, in the 13th or 12th century BC. ■ The war was regarded as non-historical.

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The mid-1900s

From 1868 第四节:书面表达

■ Many scholars 10 Frank Calvert’s claim and believe that there is a historical core to the tale, but it still remains an open question.

The Ant and the Grasshopper(蚱蜢) In a field one summer’s day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to her heart’s content. An Ant passed by, carrying with great effort an ear of corn. He was taking it to his nest. “Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of carrying and toiling in that way?” “I am helping to lay up some food for the winter,” said the Ant, “and recommend you to do the same.” “Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper, “we have got plenty of food at present.” But the Ant went on his way and continued his toil. When a cold, frosty winter day came, the Ant was dragging out some of the corn which he had laid up in the summer-time, to dry it. The Grasshopper, half consumed with hunger, begged the Ant to give her a morsel of it to preserve her life. “What were you doing,” said the Ant, “this last summer?” “Oh,” said the Grasshopper, “I was not idle. I kept singing all the summer long.” Said the Ant, laughing and shutting up his granary: “Since you could sing all summer, you may dance all winter.” Winter finds out what summer lays by.
【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个词概括这段短文的内容; 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)这则寓言所隐含的寓意; (2)简要谈谈你的感想。 【写作要求】 1. 概述故事或提供论据时, 不能直接用原文原句 2. 作文中不能出现真实的姓名和学校名称 3. 不必写标题。 4

ACBBA CCBCA ADDBC DABCBA 71. substitute / replace 72. Approaches / solutions 73. Priority 74. containing / with 75. cooperate / work 76. Reasons / Causes / Facts 77. calls 78. limitation(s) / disadvantages / drawbacks / weaknesses /shortcomings 79. connected 80. transform / switch / change VI. 书面表达: (25 分) The grasshopper just enjoyed herself by singing all the summer. Thus she had nothing to eat in the winter. Meanwhile, the ant planned ahead, working hard to lay up enough food for the winter.(34 words) It is obvious that the fable provides a moral lesson about hard work and preparation for the future. First, one needs to work hard to realize his dream just as the famous saying goes “Hard work leads to success”, which is a universal truth that we must keep in mind forever. Second, we’d better prepare for the days of necessity. As more proverbs illustrate, take an umbrella in case. As for me, I admire the ant for his hard work and good planning. As a senior three student, it is necessary to go all out and make good preparations for college entrance examination and life in the future. My future is not just a dream. (120 words)

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