历年高考完形填空常用词汇和词组总结(1)+-+...


2011 年高考英语复习资料――历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结

动词类:
1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 Say sth 诉

Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容

说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语

Inform sb of sth 通知某人某 chat 聊天

事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价
repeat 重复

explain 解释 warn 警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布

declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫

call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟

sigh 叹气 quarrel 大吵

4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到

6 “听” listen to 听的动作

7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿去 lift 举 Put

放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推
9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔

drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms

12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠

/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15 “行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进

16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest
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take a nap 打
1

盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 rest
18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing 19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查,核实 21“穿” examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 in search of 寻找 Search sb 搜身 search sp.

put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red Take off 脱 remove 去除

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste treat sb to 请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) great loss die die off

相继死去
25“有” have

die away 逐渐消失

有 own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess
the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”

rise / go up /drop

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease
28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay Bill / cheque / pay off pay for sell on sale bargain

cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive Disappear die die out

pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without ( negative adj.) turn + colour

30 “变化” develop improve become grow change /change into 31“认识的过程”feel sense Understand reform

guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win Lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame
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criticize /scold sb. for sth.

have a low opinion of sb

Speak ill of

36 喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of Dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

37 判断 think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt 38 到达 arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for

on one’s way to

upon one’s arrival on doing sth

39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin break down 41 修复 repair rebuild restore fix be broken crash

recover oneself refuse turn down

42 支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive be against elect vote for/ against

43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth persuade 说服

Sb+afford +n/to do sth

It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth 46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away 47 参加 take part in 48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out join /join in charge sb. With

sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense spare no effort/ time

attend compete in/ for/against

save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to 51 逃避 ran away escape from adore envy /be jealousy in honor of

flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit solve settle

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn take place break out

54 爆发/发生 come about happen to

burst out go off explosion 55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip

be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上
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57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起

consider

think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb. 58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do 59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like as if as though 60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down

名词类“
1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin 5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician 6 车站/机场 surgeon specialist patient

airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.

7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable 10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith

12 方式 means method way manner approach 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction diary 日记 Files form make a list of article magazine newspaper journal 日志

16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation
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19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词)

22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense 23 情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow be rich/well-off

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond 25 运动比赛 on the playground

on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player

Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名

词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of
27 事件 incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

形容词类
1 人的各种感受

乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed 满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage
2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further …. hardly/ hard extremely/ very far / by far very/ quite

occasionaly/ once

better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

易考的近义词组
Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike grow/ plant meet/ satisfy leave/remain touch /feel fit/ suit/ match play /performer
5

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Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue

lie/sit/locate

help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

turn/become/go change/vary/range

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