TPO1~30听力专业词汇带音标


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附 1 高频必背词汇 词汇来源:全部选自 OG 和 TPO 里摘录的高频且必须掌握的词汇。 唯一要求:听到就能迅反应出意思或形象。 1、对话场景词汇: A:Office Hours—Student & Professor 论文: office hour [??fis] [?au?]n.办公时间 term paper [t?:m] [?peip?]n.学期论文. the first draft [??] [f?:st] [drɑ:ft]n.初稿 look over a draft version [luk] [??uv?] [?] [drɑ:ft] [?v?:??n]v.检查草拟版本 hand in the final copy [h?nd] [in] [??] [?fain?l] [?k?pi]v.提交最后打印版 scope [sk?up]n.范围 wander off topic [?w?nd?] [?(:)f] [?t?pik]v.跑题. design plan [di?zain] [pl?n]n.设计方案. essay [?esei]n.作文,散文 rewrite [?ri:?rait]v.重写 revise [ri?vaiz]v.校正 comment [?k?ment]n.vt.评论 reference section [?ref?r?ns] [?sek?(?)n]n.参考部分 疑难解答: assignment [??sainm?nt]n. 作业 grade [greid]n.成绩 credit[?kredit]n.学分 mid-term exam [mid] [t?:m] [ig?z?m]n.期中考试 group project [gru:p] [? pr?d?ekt]n.团队项目 due [dju:]adj.截止 deadline [?dedlain]n.截止日期 extension [ik?sten??n]n.延期 申请 volunteer [?v?l?n?ti?]n.志愿者 campus [?k?mp?s]n 校园 semester[si?mest?]n.学期(半年)[英式 term;术语] scholarship/fellowship [?sk?l??ip] [?fel?u?ip]n.奖学金 选课: Preparatory Course [pri?p?r?t?ri] [k?:s]n. 预备课程: foundation course [faun?dei??n] [k?:s]n.基础课程 intro/introduction course [??ntr??]/ [?intr??d?k??n] [k?:s].n.导论课程 intermediate Course [?int??mi:di?t] [k?:s]n.中级课程 advanced course [?d?vɑ:nst] [k?:s]n.高级课程 其他: Orientation[??:ri?n?tei??n]n.大学新生介绍校园生活和学习 Retire [ri?tai?]v. 退休 graduate [?gr?djueit] vi. 毕业 n.毕业生 B:Student & Officer 学生对工作人员 Library:图书馆 librarian[lai?br??ri?n]n.图书管理员 inter-library [??nt?(r)] [?laibr?ri]n. 图书馆间 loan[l?un]v.n.借 loan counter[l?un] [?kaunt?] n.借书处 loan period [l?un] [?pi?ri?d] n.借书期限 return [ri?t?:n]v.还 renew [ri?nju:]v.更新,续 reserve[ri?z?:v]vt.预留/n.储备 photocopier[?f??t??k?p??(r)]n.影印机 fine [fain]vt.罚款/n.罚金 literature review [?lit?r?t??] [ri?vju:]n.文献评论 electronic [i?lek?tr?nik]adj.电子版的 journal [?d??:n?l]n.期刊 database [?deit?beis]n.数据库 published and unpublished data [?p?bli?t] [?nd] [??nˋp?bl??t] [?deit?]n.数据

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title [?taitl]n.标题 screen[skri:n]n.电脑屏幕 an abstract [?n, ?n] [??bstr?kt]vt.摘要 newspaper reviews [?nju:s?peip?] [ri?vju:z] n.报纸评论 Contemporary reviews [k?n?temp?r?ri] [ri?vju:z]n.当代评论 in the basement [in] [??, ?i:] [?beism?nt]n.地下室 reference guide [?ref?r?ns] [gaid]n.参考指南 the reference stacks [??, ?i:] [?ref?r?ns] [st?ks]n.书库 video library [?vidi?u] [?laibr?ri]n.录像图书馆 student orientation [?stju:d?nt] [??:ri?n?tei??n]n.情况介绍(针对大学新生) the front desk [??, ?i:] [fr?nt] [desk]n.前台 charge[t?ɑ:d?] =fee [fi:]n.费用 the rare books [??, ?i:] [re?] [buks]珍藏本书 gloves[gl?vz]手套 Bookstore:书店 full refund [ful] [ri?f?nd, ?ri:f?nd]n.退款 retreat[ri?tri:t]n.退书 merchandises[?m?:t??ndaiz]n.商品 purchased ['p?:t??st] =buy [bai] vt.买 policy [?p?l?si]n.规定 store credit [st?:] [?kredit] n.商店退款;赊账购物 Cafeteria:食堂 restaurant ['rest?r?nt] /dining room [?da?n??] [ru:m]n.餐厅 organic food [?:?g?nik] [fu:d]n.有机食物 deep fried food [di:p] [fraid] [fu:d]n.油炸食物 waiter [?weit?] n.男服务员 waitress[?weitris] n.女服务员 snack[sn?k]n.小吃,快餐 salad[?s?l?d]n.沙拉 Registrar’s ?Office:注册办公室 sign up [sa?n ?p]v.注册,选课,报名 course[k?:s]n.课程 prerequisite[?pri:?rekwizit]n.预备知识,先决条件. permission[p??mi??n]n.允许,许可 mailing address [?meili? ??dres] n.邮寄地址 at the administration office [?t, ?t] [??, ?i:] [?d?minis?trei??n] [??fis]n. 行政办公室 graduation form [?gr?d?u?ei??n] [f?:m]n.毕业表格 diploma[di?pl?um?]n.毕业证书. academic record [??k??demik] [?rek?:d, ri?k?:d]n. 学业成绩 graduation requirements [?gr?d?u?ei??n] [ri?kwai?m?nts]要求 department chair [di?pɑ:tm?nt] [t???] /chairperson['t???p?:sn]n.系主任 dean [di:n]n.院长;系主任 credit[?kredit]n.学分 introductory course [?int??d?kt?ri] [k?:s]n. 基础入门课程 the intermediate level course [??, ?i:] [?int??mi:di?t] [?lev?l] [k?:s]n.中级水平 basic course [?beisik] [k?:s]n.基础课程 foundational classe [faun?dei??n] [?kl?sik] 基础课程 field work [fild w?k] /research [ri?s?:t?]n.实地研究 verify [?verifai]vt. 证实 certify[?s?:tifai]vt.证明 faculty advisor:指导老师 dorm [d?:m] /dormitory [?d?:mit?ri]n.宿舍 social[?s?u??l]a.社交 academics[??k??demik]a.学术 feedback [?fi:db?k]n.反馈 Counseling Center:咨询中心 counselor [?kauns?l?]n. 咨询员 Department Secretary:部门秘书 salary [?s?l?ri] =income [?ink?m]n. 工资 paycheck ['peit?ek]n. 薪水 bank account [b??k ??ka?nt] n.银行存款/账户

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deposits [di?p?zits]n. 存款 payroll [?peir?ul]n.工资单;薪水册 form [f?:m]n.表格 table [?teib?l]n. 表格 chart [t?ɑ:t]n.图表 cash [k??]n. 现金 fax [f?ks]n. 传真 bill [bil]n. 账单 credit card[?kr?d?t kɑrd]n.信用卡 Career Services Office:就业服务办公室 career [k??ri?]n. 职业 recruit [ri?kru:t]vt. 招聘 interview [?int?vju:]n. 面试 resume [?rezju:mei]n. 简历 employee [im?pl?i-i:] n.雇员 employer [im?pl?i?]n. 雇主 career [k??ri?] /job fair[d?ɑb f?r]n.招聘会 website ['web?sait]n. 网站 recommend letter [?rek??mend] [?let?]n. 推荐信 firm [f?:m] =company [?k?mp?ni] =corporation [?k?:p??rei??n]n. 公司 wear a suit [w??] [ei, ?, ?n, ?n] [su:t, sju:t]n.正装 advancement [?d?vɑ:nsm?nt] =promotion [pr??m?u??n]n. 晋升 freshman [?fre?m?n]n. 大一新生 sophomore[?s?f?m?:]n.大二 junior[?d?u:ni?]n.大三 seniors [?si:ni?]n. 大四学生 language lab manager: video [?vidi?u]n.视频;录像 facilities manager:后勤经理 chorus [?k?:r?s] =choir[?kwai?]n.合唱队 rehearsal [ri?h?:s?l]n. 排练,预演 auditorium [??:di?t?:ri?m]n. 礼堂,会堂 construction [k?n?str?k??n]n. 建筑施工 hall [h?:l]n.大厅 laboratory [l??b?r?t?ri]n. 实验室 concert [?k?ns?t]n. 音乐会 reschedule [ri:??edju:l]vt. 重新安排时间表 Campus Activities. 校园活动 announcement [??naunsm?nt]n. 公告;通告 summit[?s?mit]n.提交 request [ri?kwest] vt./ n. 请求 poster [?p?ust?]n. 海报 flyers [?flai?z]n.传单 Administrating Office 行政办公楼 gym card [d?im] [kɑ:d]n. 健身卡 2、讲座学科词汇: Art 艺术: film [film] n.=movie [?mu:vi] n.=motion picture [?m?u??n] [?pikt??]n.电影 theater [?θi?t?]n. =cinema [?sinim?] n.电影院 standard [?st?nd?d] n.标准 hybrid[?haibrid]n.混合;混血 pioneer [?pai??ni?]n.先驱 innovator [ˋ?n??ve?t?(r)] n.改革者 characteristic [?k?rikt??ristik] n.特征,特质 narration [n??rei??n] n.叙事,讲述 audience [??:di?ns]n.观众,听众,读者 portray [p?:?trei] vt.描绘,扮演 photography [f??t?gr?fi] n.摄影 high-tech [ha??tek] n.高科技 equipment[i?kwipm?nt] n.设备

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documentary [?d?kju?ment?ri]n.纪录片 documentarist[?d?kj?ˋment?r?st] n.纪录片导演 female/male student [?fi:meil] / [meil] [?stju:d?nt] n.女/男学生 art academy [ɑ:t] [??k?d?mi] n.艺术学院 editorial [?edi?t?:ri?l] n. 社论 facial [?fei??l] adj. 面部的,表面的 literacy [?lit?r?si] n. 读写能力;精通文学 sarcastic [sɑ:?k?stik, sɑr-] adj. 讽刺的 neoclassical [?ni??ukl?sik?l] adj. 新古典主义的 renowned[ri?naund] adj. 著名的 legend [?led??nd] n. 传说 knight [nait]n. 骑兵,骑士 chivalry [??iv?lri] n.侠气,骑士精神 troubadour [?tru?b?du?] n.行吟诗人 studio[?stju:di?u] n.工作室;画室 toeshoe [ˋt???u?] n.芭蕾舞鞋 religion [ri?lid??n] n. 宗教;宗教信仰 Christian Church: [?krist??n] [t??:t?] n.基督教教会 clergy [?kl?:d?i] n.神职人员;牧师;僧侣 mythology [mi?θ?l?d?i] n.神话;神话学;神话集 prayer book [?pre?] [buk] n.祈祷书 monastery [?m?n?stri] n.修道院;僧侣 Proto-Indo-European: [pr??.t??-] [??nd??] [ju?r??pi:?n] n.原始印欧语 Dadaism. [?dɑ?d?iz?m] n. 达达派,达达主义 authentic [?:?θentik] adj.真正的,真实的;可信的 printing press [?printi?] [pres] n.印刷机 accessible [?k?ses?b?l] adj. 易接近的;可进入的;可理解的 rank [r??k]v.分等级 salon [s??l?n] n.沙龙,美术展览馆 exhibition [eksi?bi?(?)n] n.展览(会) make a name [meik] [?] [?neim]v.出名,成名 stereotype: [?steri?taip] n.刻板印象,成见,定型行为 allegory [??liɡ?ri] n. 寓言 painting=work [?peinti?] [w?:k] n.绘画作品 masterpiece [?m?st?pi:s] n.杰作 contemporary art [k?n?temp?r?ri] [ɑ:t] n.当代艺术 gallery [?g?l?ri] n.画廊 realistic [ri??listik] n.形式主义的 realism [?ri?liz?m] n 现实主义 impressionism [?m?pre??n?z(?)m] n.印象主义 brushstroke [br??] [str?uk] n.一笔,绘画技巧 texture [?tekst??] n.质地,纹理 canvas [?k?nv?s]n.画布,帆布 nature scene [?neit??] [si:n] n.场景,景色 landscape [?l?ndskeip] n.风景 posture [?p?st??] n.姿势 cave art [keiv] [ɑ:t] n.洞穴壁画 Europe [?ju?r?p] n.欧洲 Britain [?brit?n]n.英国 Italy [?it?li] n. 意大利 Rome(Roma) [r?um] n. 罗马 Greek [gri:k] n. 希腊 Egypt [?i:d?ipt] n.埃及 France [?fr?ns] n.法国 Germany [?d??:m?ni] n.德国 Spain [spein] n.西班牙 Turkey[?t?:ki] n.土耳其(Turkish) Netherlands[?ne??l?ndz] =Holland [?h?l?nd] n.荷兰(Dutch荷兰人) Canada [?k?n?d?] n.加拿大(Canadian [k??neidi?n] n.加拿大人)

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音乐:Music choir [?kwai?] n. 合唱队 chorus [?k?:r?s] n.合唱队 rhythm [?ri??m] n. 节奏;韵律 symphony [?simf?ni] n. 交响乐 violin [?vai??lin] n. 小提琴;小提琴手 cello [?t?el??] n.大提琴 viola [vi??ul?] n.中提琴,中提琴演奏者 clarinet [kl?ri?net] n.单簧管;竖笛,黑管 composer [k?m?p?uz?]n.作曲家;作家 melody [?mel?di] n. 旋律;歌曲 chamber music [?t?eimb?] [?mju:zik] n.室内音乐 musician [mju(:)?zi??n] n. 音乐家 improvisational [??mpr?va?ˋze???n?l]adj. 即兴的 percussion instrument [p??k???n] [?instrum?nt] n.打击乐器 string instrument [stri?] [?instrum?nt] n.弦乐器 Broadway musical: [?br?:dwei] [?mju:zik?l]n.百老汇音乐剧 orchestra [??:kistr?]n. 管弦乐队 critic [?kritik]n. 评论家;批评者 formal [?f?:m?l]adj. 正式的 poverty [?p?v?ti]n. 贫困 abstract art [??bstr?kt] [ɑ:t] n.抽象派 convention [k?n?ven??n] n.大会;惯例,习俗 fine art[fain] [ɑ:t] n.美术 academy [??k?d?mi] n.学院;研究院 contemplative[?k?ntempleitiv] adj.沉思的;冥想的 daydream [?de?dri?m]n. 白日梦 nightmare [?naitme?] n.噩梦 ivory [?aiv?ri]n. 象牙;乳白色 sculpture [?sk?lpt??]n. 雕塑 prehistory [?pri?hist?ri] n.史前 stained glass [ste?nd `gl?s ]n. 彩色玻璃 era [?i?r?]n.时代;年代;纪元 the Renaissance [?r?n??zans] n.文艺复兴 weaving[?wi?.v??] n.织动,编织 fabric[?f?brik] n.纤维织物 mosaic [m?u?zei-ik] n.马赛克 ceramics[si?r?miks] n.制陶术,制陶业 tribal art [?traib?l] [ɑ:t] n.部落艺术 建筑:Architecture Architect [?ɑ:kitekt] n.建筑师 compact structure [?k?mp?kt] [?str?kt??] 紧凑的结构 roof [ru:f] n.屋顶 dome [d?um] n.穹顶 steel girder [sti:l] [?g?:d?] n.钢梁 城市规划:City Planning pedestrian mall [pi?destri?n] [m?:l] n.步行街 retail [?ri:teil, ri?teil]n.v.零售 business owner=employer [?biznis] [??un?] = [im?pl?i?]老板 downtown [?daun?taun]n.市中心 suburb [?s?b?:b] n.郊外 country =rural area [?k?ntri]= [?ru?r?l] [???ri?]n.农村 residential area [?rezi?den??l] [???ri?]n. 住宅区 local resident [?l?uk?l] [?rezid?nt] n.当地居民 dweller [?dwel?]n.居民 inhabitant [in?h?bit?nt]n.居民 sidewalk [?saidw?:k]n.人行道, off-limits[??f?l?m.?ts]n.禁区,禁止进入 automobile [??:t?m?ubi:l]=car [kɑ:]=vehicle [?vi:ik?l]n.汽车 transportation hub [?tr?nsp?:?tei??n] [h?b]n.中转港 bus terminal [b?s] [?t?:min?l]n.公车终点站

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subway station [?s?bwei] [?stei??n]=underground[??nd??graund]n.地铁 business conference [?biznis] [?k?nf?r?ns] =seminar [?seminɑ:]n.会议 parking area/lot[?pɑ?ki?] [???ri?]/ [l?t]=car park [kɑ:] [pɑ:k] =stopping place [?st?pi?] [pleis]n.停车场 sculpture [?sk?lpt??]n.雕像 decoration [?dek??rei??n]= adornment[??d?:nm?nt] n.装饰品 layout [?leiaut]n.布局 文学:Literature create fairy tale [?fe?.ri.te?l]n.童话;神话 folk tale [f?ulk] [teil]n.民间故事 poetry [?p?uitri]=poem [?p?uim]n.诗歌 novel [?n?v?l]=fiction [?fik??n]n.小说 science fiction [?sai?ns] [?fik??n]n.科幻小说 character[?k?rikt?]n. 人物,角色,性格 plot [pl?t]n 情节 setting [?seti?]n.场景 appreciate [??pri:?ieit]vt.欣赏 author [??:θ?]n.作者 style [stail]n.风格 essay [?esei]n.散文 works[w?:ks]n.作品 universal truth [?ju:ni?v?:s?l] [tru:θ]n.真理 genre [???nr?]n.流派 type [taip]n.类型 royalty [?r?i?lti]n.皇室 prince [?prins]n.王子 princess [?prin?ses]n.公主 story tellers [?st??ri?tel?] n.说故事的人 character sketch [?k?rikt?] [sket?]n.素描,人物速写” characters’ ?personalities [?k?rikt?s] [?p?:s??n?liti]n.人物个性 people’s ?trait [?pi:plz] [treit]n.特质 portray [p?:?trei]vt.描绘 Major/main character [?meid??]/ [mein] [?k?rikt?]=round character [raund] [?k?rikt?]n.主角 Minor characters[?main?] [?k?rikt?]=flat character [fl?t] [?k?rikt?] n.配角 drama[?drɑ:m?]=theater [?θi?t?]=play [plei]n.戏剧 opera [??p?r?]n.歌剧 entertainment [?ent??teinm?nt]=recreation [?rekri?ei??n]=amusement [??mju:zm?nt]n.娱乐 museum [mju(:)?zi?m]n.博物馆 well-made play [wel] [meid] [plei]n.佳构剧 comedy [?k?midi]n.喜剧 formula [?f?:mjul?]n.准则,公式 logical [?l?d?ik?l]adj.合乎逻辑的 background [?b?kgraund]n.背景 lyrics [?liriks]n.抒情诗 quotation [kw?u?tei??n]n.引用语 servant [?s?:v?nt]n.仆人 master [?mɑ:st?]n.主人 comment [?k?ment]n.评论 the inciting [??] [in?sait i?]n.刺激 incident [?insid?nt]n.事件. fortune [?f?:t??n?t]n.命运,运气 obligatory scene [??blig??t?ri] [si:n]n.必须的情节 ending[?endi?] = denouement [dei?nu:mɑ?] n.结局 linguistics [li??gwistiks] .语言学 grammar [?gr?m?]n.语法 verb [v?:b]v.动词 noun [naun]n.名词 adjective [??d?iktiv]n.形容词

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历史:History ancient Rome/Greek [?ein??nt] [r?um]/ [gri:k]n.古罗马/希腊 traditional [tr??di??n?l]adj.传统的 舞蹈:Dance choreography [?k?ri??gr?fi]n.编舞: ballet[b??le?]n.芭蕾舞 讲座场景 B-- Social Science 社会科学 考古:Archaeology historical relic [his?t?rik?l] [?relik]n.遗迹 excavation [?eksk??vei??n]n.挖掘 grave= tomb [greiv]= [tu:m]n.坟墓 bury[?beri]v.埋葬 primitive [?primitiv]n.原始人,adj 原始的 the Neolithic period/age [??] [?ni:?u?liθik] [?pi?ri?d]/ [eid?] =New stone age [nju:] [st?un] [eid?]n.新石器时代 the Paleolithic period/age [??] [?p?li?u?liθik] [?pi?ri?d]/ [eid?] = the Old/late Stone Age [??] [?uld]/ [leit] [st?un] [eid?]n.旧石器时代 shelter [??elt?] n.庇护所 inhabit [in?h?bit]vt.居住于 religion [ri?lid??n]n.宗教 ceremony [?serim?ni]n.仪式 obsidian [?b?sidi?n]n.黑曜石 pyramid[?pir?mid]n.金字塔 人类学:Anthropology Native American [?neitiv] [??merik?n]n. 美洲原住民,印第安人 the natural resources [??] [?n?t??r?l] [ri?s?:sis]n.自然资源 waterproof[?w?:t?pru:f]=watertight [?w?:t?taitnis] adj.防水的 cooking container [?kuki?] [k?n?tein?]n.容器 utensil [ju:?tens?l]n.餐具,炊具 bowl [b?ul]n.碗 canoe [k??nu:]独木舟 alliance [??lai?ns]=federation [?fed??rei??n]n.联盟 哲学:Philosophy Ancient Greek philosopher [?ein??nt] [gri:k] [fi?l?s?f?]n.古希腊哲学家 希腊哲学三杰: Socrates[?s?kr?ti:z]苏格拉底;Plato [?pleit?u]柏拉图;Aristotle [??rist?tl]亚里士多德 Aristotle’s ?ethical ?theory [??rist?tlz] [?eθik?l] [?θi?ri]n.伦理学 happiness [?h?pinis]n.幸福 心理学:Psychology founder [?faund?]n.创始人 behaviorism [b??he?v??r?z(?)m]n.行为主义 mental process [?mentl] [?pr?uses]n.思维过程 thought [θ?:t]n.思想,想法 laryngeal [ l??rind?i?l]adj.喉部 larynx [?l?ri?ks]= voice box [v?is] [b?ks]喉头 throat [θr?ut]n.喉咙,嗓子 habit[?h?bit]n.习惯 positive/negative electrode [?p?z?tiv]/ [?neg?tiv] [??lektr??d]正/负电极 deaf [def]adj. 聋的 blind [blaind]adj.盲 sign language [sain] [?l??gwid?]n.手语,符号语音 ideomotor action [?aidi??m?ut?] [??k??n]n.意识,观念运动 adult [??d?lt]n.成年人 old people [?uld] [?pi:pl]=the aged[ ?i:] [eid?d]=elderly people [?eld?li] [?pi:pl] =senior citizens [?si:ni?] [?sitiz?nz]老年人 young people [j??] [?pi:pl] n.年轻人 kid [kid]n.儿童 teenager [?ti:neid??]n.十三至十九岁的人 baby[?beibi]=infant [?inf?nt]=nursling [?n??sli?]n.婴 儿

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child amnesia [t?aild] [?m?ni:zi?] n儿童健忘症,记忆缺失 cognitive capacity [?k?gnitiv] [k??p?siti]n. 认知能力 cognition [k?ɡ?ni??n]n.认识 intuitive [in?tju:itiv]adj.直觉的 maze [meiz]n.迷宫 egocentric [?i:g?u?sentrik]adj.自我中心的;利己主义的 subjective [s?b?d?ektiv]adj.主观的 objective [?b?d?ektiv]adj.客观的 hypotheses[hai?p?θisis]n.假定;臆测 distracted [di?str?kt]adj.心烦意乱的 questionnaire [?kwest???ne?]n.问卷 Archimedes [?ɑ?ki?mi?di?z]n. 阿基米德 psychoanalysis [?saik?u??n?lisis]n.精神分析 curiosity [?kju?ri??siti]n.好奇心 conscience[?k?n??ns]n.道德心,良心 identity [ai?dentiti]n.身份;同一性 abnormal [?b?n?:m?l]adj. 反常的 disadvantage [?dis?d?vɑ:ntid?]n. 缺点 generous [?d?en?r?s]adj.慷慨的,大方 obsession [?b?se??n]n.困扰 mental processes: [?mentl] [?pr?uses]n.心理历程 behaviorism [b??he?v??r?z(?)m]n.行为主义 muscle [?m?s?l]n.肌肉 mature [m??tju?]vt.使成熟 labyrinth [?l?b?rinθ]n. 迷宫 fame [feim]n. 名声,名望 经济学 Economics 商业 Business prosper[?pr?sp?]vi.繁荣 The dotcom crash [??] [d?t?k?m] [kr??]n.互联网泡沫 out of business 歇业,破产. irrational [i?r???n?l]adj.不理性的 boom and bust [bu:m] [?nd] [b?st] 繁荣与萧条 industry [?ind?stri]n.产业,工业 native to [?neitiv] [tu]原产至 hail from [heil] [fr?m]来自于,出产于 remote mountainous region [ri?m?ut] [?mauntin?s] [?ri:d??n]n.偏远山区 nomad [?n?um?d]n.游牧民 merchant [?m?:t??nt]n.商人 diplomat [?dipl?m?t]n.外交官 tulip mania [?tju:lip] [?meini?]n.狂热 gardening=horticulture [?ɡɑ?dn??]= [?h?:ti?k?lt??]n.园艺 disposable income [di'sp?uz?bl] [?ink?m] -money [?m?ni]n.可支配收入 luxury [?l?k??ri]n.奢侈品 commodity [k??m?diti]n.商品 specimen [?spes?m?n]n.样本 variation [?ve?ri?ei??n]n.变种 gold [g?uld]n.金子(区:goal目标) promissory note [?pr?mis?ri] [n?ut]n.本票 guarantee [?g?r?n?ti:]v.担保 speculation [?spekju?lei??n]n.投机 profit [?pr?fit]n.利润 revenue [?revinju:]=income [?ink?m]n.收入 cost [k?st]n. 成本 borrowing [?b?r?ui?]n.借款 mortgage [?m?:gid?]n./vt. 抵押 auction [??:k??n]n./vt.拍卖 bidder [?bid?]n.投标者 Panic [?p?nik]n. 恐慌 collapse[k??l?ps]n./vt.崩溃 service[?s?:vis]n.服务 product[?pr?d?kt]n.产品

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potential customer [p??ten??l] [?k?st?m?]n.潜在客户 media [?mi:di?]=communication [k??mju:ni?kei??n]n.媒体 advertisement [?d?v?:tism?nt]n.广告 adman [??dm?n]n.广告人 advertising plan [??dv?taizi?] [pl?n]n.广告策划 billboard [?bilb??d]n.公告牌 target age group [?tɑ:git] [eid?] [gru:p]n.目标年龄群 market research/survey [?mɑ:kit] [ri?s?:t?]/ [?s?:vei]市场调查 tax [t?ks]n.税金 client [?klai?nt]n.客户 commercial [k??m?:??l]adj.商业的;营利的 monetary [?m?nit?ri]adj. 货币的,财政的 infrastructure [?infr??str?kt??]n.基础设施 out of work [aut] [?v, ?, ?v] [w?:k]n.失业 collaborate [k??l?b?reit]vi. 合作;协作 industry cluster: [?ind?stri] [?kl?st?]n.产业集群 skilled labor [skild] [?leib?]n.熟练工人 Great Depression [greit] [di?pre??n]n.大萧条 mass communications [m?s] [k??mju:ni?kei??nz]大众传播工具 industrial revolution [in?d?stri?l] [?rev??lu:??n]n.工业革命,产业革命 slogan [?sl?ug?n]n. 标语;呐喊声 brand=trademark [br?nd]= [?treidmɑ:k]n.品牌,商标 urbanization [???b?nai?zei??n]n. 都市化 bureaucracy [bju?r?kr?si]n. 官僚主义 社会学:Sociology Meme[mi:m]n.文化基因 longevity [l?n?d?eviti]n.寿命 fecundity[fiˋk?nd?t?]n.繁殖力,复制能力 fidelity [fi?deliti]n.保真度,精准 美国政府 the United States Government fifty states 55 个州 the Federal [??] [?fed?r?l]n.联邦 federal subsidy[?fed?r?l] [?s?bsidi]=financial assistance[f??n?n??l] [??sist?ns]n.财政资助//补贴 the Second World War 第二次世界大战 the National Endowment for the Arts foundation[??] [?n???n(?)l] [in?daum?nt] [f?] [??] [ɑ?ts]n.美国艺术基金会 foundation [faun?dei??n]=fund [f?nd]n.基金会 council[?kauns?l]n.委员会 tax incentive [t?ks] [in?sentiv]n.税收优惠 patron [?peitr?n]=sponsor [?sp?ns?]n.赞助人 annual budget [??nju?l] [?b?d?it]n.年度预算 C: 理科—Life Science 生命科学 Nobel Prize[n?u'bel] [praiz] n. 贝尔奖 考过的动物: alligator [??ligeit?] = crocodile[?kr?k?dail]n.鳄鱼 anthropoid [??nθr?p?id]a.类人猿的 ant [?nt]n.蚂蚁 baboon [b?'bu:n]n. 狒狒 bat [b?t]n.蝙蝠 bear[b??]vt.熊 beaver [?bi:v?]n.海狸 bison ['baisn] n.美洲野牛 buffalo [?b?f?l?u]n. 水牛 cattle [?k?tl]n.牛 chimpanzee[?t?imp?n?zi:]n.黑猩猩 chipmunk[?t?ipm??k]n.花栗鼠 clam [kl?m]n. 蛤 cockroach['k?kr?ut?] n.蟑螂

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colubrid [?kɑl?br?d, ?kɑlj?-]n. 无毒蛇类 coral[?k?r?l]n.珊瑚 crab [kr?b]n.螃蟹 crow [kr?u]n. 乌鸦 camel [?k?m?l]n. 骆驼 deer[di?]n.鹿 zebra[?zi:br?, ?ze:-]n.斑马 dinosaur[?dain?s?:]n.恐龙 dolphin[?d?lfin]n.海豚 eagle[?i:gl]n.鹰 eel [i:l]n.鳗鱼 elephant [?elif?nt]n.大象 fly [flai]n. 苍蝇 frog [fr?g]n.青蛙 hawk[h?:k]n.鹰 hippopotamuses [?hip??p?t?m?s] =hippo['hip?u]n.河马 hummingbird [?h?mi?b?:d]n. 蜂鸟 kangaroo[?k??g??ru:]n.袋鼠 lions[?lai?n]n.狮子 lizard[?liz?d]n.蜥蜴 mammoth[?m?m?θ]n.猛犸象,长毛象 Marmot ['mɑ:m?t]n. 土拨鼠 meerkat['mi?k?t]n.猫鼬 mosquito[m?s?ki:t?u]n.蚊子 moth [m?θ]n.飞蛾 octopus['?kt?p?s]n.章鱼 otter [??t?]n.水獭 owl[aul]n.猫头鹰 penguin [?pe?gwin]n.企鹅 pigeon[?pid?in]n.鸽子 rabbit[?r?bit]n.兔子 rat [r?t] =mouse [maus](复数mice)n.鼠 reptile [?reptail]n.爬行动物 rhinoceros [rai'n?s?r?s]n.犀牛 rodent[?r?ud?nt]n.啮齿动物 shrimp[?rimp]n.虾 snail[sneil]n.蜗牛 snake [sneik]n.蛇 squirrel[?skwir?l]n.松鼠 starfish[?stɑr?f??]n.海星 termite [?t?:mait]n.白蚁 Tyrannosaurus rex [tai?r?n?'s?:r?s] [reks]n.霸王龙 venomous snake [?ven?m?s] [sneik]n. 有毒的蛇 whale[hweil]n.鲸鱼 wolf[wulf]n.狼 考过的植物: algae ['?ld?i:]n. 藻类 birch[?b?:t?]n.桦树 cactus [?k?kt?s]n.仙人掌 corn [k?:n] =maize [meiz]n.玉米 crop[kr?p]n.农作物 deciduous tree [di?sidju?s]a.落叶/阔叶树 eucalyptus [?ju:k??lipt?s]n.桉树 fungi . ['f??gai]n.真菌;菌类;蘑菇 fungus[?f??g?s]n 真菌,菌类 grain [grein]n. 谷物 lichen [?laik?n]n. 地衣;青苔 maple [?meip?l]n.枫树 moss [m?s]n.青苔 ,藓类 Nightshade family ['nait?eid] [?f?m?li]n. 茄科 oak[?uk]n.橡树

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onion [??nj?n]n.洋葱 paleontology [?p?li?u?liθik]a.古生物 pine needle [?ni:dl] [pain]n.松叶/松针 potato [p??teit?u]n.土豆 spartina [spɑ:’tain?]n.大米草(盐滩) tomato [t??mɑ:t?u]n.番茄 tulips[?tju:lip, ?tu:-]n.郁金香 vegetation[?ved?i?tei??n]n.植物 Animal Behavior:动物行为 passive [?p?siv] a.被动的 /enactive [i'n?ktiv] a.主动的 habitat selection [?h?bit?t] [si?lek??n]n.栖息地选择 agent [?eid??nt]n.中介 prime [praim] a. 首要的,最好的/ secondary [?sek?nd?ri, -deri] a.次要的,第二的 habitat [?h?bit?t]n.息地 mate [meit]n.交配 reproduce[?ri:pr??dju:s]v.繁殖 breed[bri:d]n. 品种 offspring [??f?spri?]n.后代 organism[??:g?niz?m]n.有机物,微生物 species[?spi:?i:z]n.物种 survival[s??vaiv?l]n.生存 insect [?insekt]n.昆虫 camouflage [?k?m?flɑ:?]vt. 伪装 predator-prey [?pred?t?] -[prei]捕食者—被捕食者 lags eggs [?li:k?d?z]下蛋 beach[bi:t?]n.海滩 fledglings[?fled?li?]n.雏鸟 hatchling ['h?t?li?]n. 刚孵化的幼体 larva [?lɑ:v?]n.幼虫 recreate['rekrieit]v.再建(栖息地) shrub [?r?b] = bush[br??] 灌木丛 underneath[??nd??ni:θ]n.下面 higher [?hai?] a.较高/ lower [?l?u?]a.较低 population density [?p?pju?lei??n] [?densiti]n.人口密度 mating ritual ['meiti?] [?rit?u?l]求偶仪式 grooming ['gru:mi?]n. 整理(羽毛) enemy [?enimi]n. 敌人 irrelevant [i?reliv?nt]a. 不切题,不相关 inappropriate [?in?'pr?upriit] adj.不恰当. displacement [dis?pleism?nt]n. 取代,换位 drive [draiv] =urge[?:d?z]n.驱动,驱动因素,强烈的愿望 stimulus [?stimjul?s]n. 刺激 feather [?fe??] n. 羽毛 horizontal [?h?ri?z?ntl]a. 水平的 vertical[?v?:tik?l]a.垂直的 circumstance [?s?:k?mst?ns] = environment[in?vai?r?nm?nt]n.环境 适应:Adaptation burrow [?b?r?u]n.洞穴 microclimate['maikr?u?klaimit]n.小气候 dehydrate[?di:?haidreit]vi.脱水 cold [k?uld] /warm[w?:m] blood animal [bl?d] [??nim?l]n.冷/热血动物 hibernation [?haib??nei??n]n.冬眠 herb [h?:b]n.草本植物 territorial[?teri?t?:ri?l]a.领地的 edible[?ed?bl]a.可食的 ceremony[?serim?ni]n.仪式,典礼 greeting[?gri:ti?]n.打招呼 the weather [??, ?i:] [?we??] =climate [?klaimit] n.气候 harsh [hɑ:??] a.(气候)恶劣的 individual [?indi?vid?u?l]n. 个体,个人 primitive [?primitiv]a. 远古的

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cluster[?kl?st?z]n. 串,簇;群,组vi.群集,丛生 colonize [?k?l?naiz]vt. 殖民 colonist [?k?l?nist] /colonizer['k?l?naiz?]n.殖民者 flowering tree [?flau?ri:i?] [tri:]n.会开花的树 leaf [li:f](leaves复)n.叶子 seed [si:d]n. 种子 root [ru:t]n. 根 stem [stem]n.茎 soak up [sok ?p]v.吸收 germinate [?d??:mineit]vi. 发芽. photosynthesis[?f?ut?u?sinθ?sis]n.光合作用 photolysis[f?u't?lisis]n.光解作用 respiration[?resp??rei??n]n.呼吸作用 进化 : Evalution evolve [i?v?lv] v.(使)演变,进化 evolution [?i:v??lu:??n]n.演变,进化 evolutionary[?i:v?'lu:?n?ri]adj.进化的 mammal[?m?m?l]n.哺乳动物 land creature [l?nd] [?kri:t??]陆地生物 creature [?kri:t??] n.生物 the missing link [??, ?i:] [?misi?] [li?k]n.进化缺环 skull [sk?l]n. 头骨 aquatic [??kw?tik]a. 水栖 fossil [?f?s?l]n. 化石 Latin [?l?tin]n. 拉丁 four limbs [f?:] [limz]n.四肢 tail [teil]n. 尾巴 skeletal ['skelitl]adj. 骨骼 descendant[di?send?nt]n.后代 ancestry [??ns?stri, ??nsestri] =ancestor[??ns?st?]n.祖先 tooth [tu:θ] -teeth[ti:θ]n.牙齿 toothless [?tuθl?s] adj. 无齿的 sperm [sp?:m]n. 精子 交流 :Communication infrasound ['infr?saund]n.次声 acoustic spectrum[??ku:stik] [?spektr?m]n.声谱 ultrasound ['?ltr?saund] n.超声波. ultrasonic pulse [??, ?i:] [??ltr?'s?nik] [p?lsiz]n.脉冲 high frequency sounds [hai] [?fri:kw?nsi] [saundz]n.频率 echolocation [?ek?ul?u'kei??n]n. 回声定位 self-explanatory [self]- [?ekspl??nei??n]n.自我解释,不言自明 pitch [pit?]n.音调 sound waves [saund] [?weivz]n. 声波 ground clutter [graund] [?kl?t?]n.地面杂乱回波 acoustic [??ku:stik]a. 声学,听觉的 reflection [ri?flek??n]n.反射 sophisticated radar [s??fistikeitid] [?reidɑ:]n. 精细的雷达 navigation [?n?vi?gei??n]n. 航海 orientation [??:ri?n?tei??n]n.定位 vision [?vi??n]n. 视力 wing [wi?]n.翅膀 object [??bd?ikt? ?b?d?ekt]n.物体 生物工程 DNA DNA 脱氧核糖核酸 enzyme [?enzaim]n.酶 chromosomes [?kr?um?s?umz]n.染色体 telomerase[t?'l?m?reiz]n.端粒酶(核糖体蛋白酶). gene [d?i:n]n.基因,遗传因子 genetic code [d?i?netik] [k?ud]n.基因代码 laboratory [l??b?r?t?ri]n.实验室 nerve cells [n?:v] [selz]n.神经细胞

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skin cells [skin] [selz]n.皮肤细胞 renewing [ri'nju:i?]n.更新 organ [??:g?n]n. 器官 tissue [?ti?u:, -sju:]n.组织 sequences [?si:kw?nsiz]n.序列 genic mutation ['d?enik] [mju:?tei??n]n.基因突变 其他: amphibian [?m?fibi?n]n.两栖动物 digestion [di?d?est??n]n.消化 herbivore ['h?:bi?v?:]n. 食草动物 hormone [?h?:m?un]n. 激素,荷尔蒙 insecticide [in'sektisaid]n. 杀虫剂,农药 omnivorous [am?niv?r?s]a. 杂食的 pesticide [?pestisaid]n.农药 | 杀虫剂 zoology [z?u??l?d?i]n. 动物学 vitamin [?vit?min, vai-]n. 维生素,维他命 Symbiosis [?simbi??usis]n.共生,共生关系 speciology [?spi:?i'?l?d?i]n. 物种学 secretion [si?kri:??n]n.分泌,分泌物 ruminant [?ru:min?nt]n. 反刍动物 heredity: [hi?rediti]n.遗传,遗传性 herbivorous: [h?:?biv?r?s]a.食草的,草食的 entomology [?ent??m?l?d?i]n. 昆虫学 compound eye [k?m?paund] [ai]n.复眼 immune system [i?mju:n] [?sist?m]n.免疫系统 antibiotic [??ntibai??tik]n.抗生素 pregnant [?pregn?nt]a. 怀孕的 prairie [?pre?ri]n.大草原;牧场 ranch [rɑ:nt?]n.大农场;大牧场 wither[?wi??]v.凋谢 metabolism [m??t?b?liz?m]n.新陈代谢 crossbreed ['kr?:sbri:d] v.(使)杂交 marsh[mɑ:?]n.沼泽;湿地 meadow[?med?u]n.草地;牧场 malnutrition [?m?lnju?tri??n]n. 营养不良,营养不足 jungle [?d???g?l]n.热带丛林 parasitic [?p?r??sitik]a. 寄生的,寄生虫的 osmosis [?z?m?usis]n.渗透,渗透作用 strengthen [?stre?θ?n, ?strenθ?n]vt.加强 rust[r?st]v.(使)生锈 rhizome ['raiz?um]n. 根茎,根状茎,地下茎 decaffeinated [di:'k?fineitid]adj. 不含咖啡因 讲座场景 D—理科—Physical Science 自然科学 天文: Astronomy departure point [di?pɑ:t??] [p?int]n.出发点,启程点 advanced navigational tools [?d?vɑ:nst] [?n?v?'gei?n?l] [tu:lz] = instruments[?instrum?nt]n. 先进的导航设备 ambient Light ['?mbi?nt] [lait]n.环境光 ancient civilization [?ein??nt] [?sivilai?zei??n] n.古文明 angle[???g?l]n.角度 reference points [?ref?r?ns] [p?int]n.参照点,参考点 asteroid belt [??st?r?id] [belts]n.小行星带 astronaut[??str?n?:t]n.宇航员 astronomer[??str?n?m?]n.天文学家 astronomical units [??str??n?mik?l] [?ju:nits]n.天文单位(距离) atmospheric [??tm?s?ferik]a. 大气的 average depth [??v?rid?] [depθ]n.深度 backward[?b?kw?d]a.向后的;反向的 Calculations [?k?lkju?lei??nz]n.计算 chemical element [?kemik?l] [?elim?nt] = composition. [?k?mp??zi??n]n.化学成分

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comet [?k?mit]n.彗星 constellation[?k?nst??lei??n]n.星座 crater[?kreit?]n.火山坑,坑 crust [kr?st]n.地壳外壳 crystal prism [?krist?l] [?priz?m]n.水晶棱镜 diameter [dai??mit?]n.直径 dust[d?st]n.沙尘 Electromagnetic radiation [i'lektr?um?g'netik] [?reidi?ei??n]n.电磁辐射 evaporation[i?v?p??rei?(?)n]n.蒸发 fingerprint ['fi?g??print]n.指纹 flame reaction [fleim] [ri??k??n]n.焰色反应 footprint[?fut?print]n.脚印 geocentric [d?i:??gr?fik]a.地心的 /地心论 gravitation [?gr?vi?tei??n]a.重力,万有引力 heliocentric [?hi:li?u'sentrik]adj.日心的 Helium ['hi:li?m]n. 氦气 /氦 hydrogen[?haidr?d??n]n.氢气,氢 image [?imid?]n. 图像 infrared ray [?infr??red] [rei]n.红外线 Law[l?:]n.定律;法律 albedo [?l'bid?u]n.反照率 /反射率 Length [le?θ]n. 长度 liquid [?likwid]n. 液体 lubricate [?lu:brikeit]vt.润滑 lunar=moon [?lu:n?] [mu:n]n.月亮 mantle[?m?ntl]n.地幔 melted [meltid]adj.融化 meteor showers [?mi:ti?] [??au?z]n.流星雨 microscopic [?maikr??sk?pik]a. 微观的 /显微镜的 mission[?mi??n]n.任务 moon[mu:n]n.月亮;卫星 multiplying by [?m?ltiplai:i?] [bai]v.乘 NASA: [?n?s?]abbr.=National Aeronautics and Space Administration [?n???n(?)l] [?e?r?u?n?:tiks] [?nd] [speis] [?d?minis?trei??n] (美国)国家航空和宇宙航行局 navigational aid [?n?v?'gei?n?l] [eid]n.助航设备 observation [??bz??vei??n]n.观察 on the far side of the moon n.远月点 optical radiation [??ptik?l] [?reidi?ei??n]n.光辐射 orbit [??:bit]n.轨道 oxygen [??ksid??n]n.氧气,氧 paradox [?p?r?d?ks]n. 悖论;似非而是的论点 permanent base [?p?:m?n?nt] [beis]n.永久基地 phases of the Moon [feiz] [?v] [??, ?i:] [mu:n] n.月相 phenomena [fi?n?min?]n.现象(phenomenon [fi?n?m?n?n]的复数) planet [?pl?nit]n. 行星 position [p??zi??n]n.位置 v. 定位,安置 practical value [?pr?ktik?l] [?v?lju:]n.实用价值 primitive life [?primitiv] [laif]n.原始生命 purified['pju?rifaid]adj.净化的 putting in a decimal ['puti?] [in] [ei] [?desim?l]n.放入小数(除) reflected light [ri?flek??n] [lait]n.反射光 rocket fuel [?r?kit] [fju?l]n.火箭燃料 seafarer [?si:?fe?ri?]n.航海家 solar system [?s?ul?] [?sist?m]n.太阳系 space exploration [speis] [?ekspl?:?rei??n]n.太空探索 space probe [speis] [pr?ub]n.航天/空间探测器 space suit [speis] [su:t, sju:t]n.宇航服 spacecraft [?speiskrɑ:ft]n. 太空飞船 space ship[speis] [?ip] /shuttle [???tl] space[speis]n.太空 spectral lines of light [?spektr?l] [lain] [?v, ?, ?v] [lait]n.光谱线

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spectroscopy[?spektr?m]n.光谱学 spectrum[?spektr?m]n.光谱 subtract [s?b?tr?kt]v.减 sun spots [s?n] [sp?ts]n.太阳黑子 telescope[?telisk?up]n.望远镜 the pacific islands [??, ?i:] [p??sifik] [?ail?nd]太平洋岛 the Vikings[??, ?i:] [?vaiki?z] 维京人 topographical map [?t?p?'gr?fikl] [m?p]n.地形图 ultrared [??ltr?'red]adj.红外线的 ultra-violet ['?ltr?]- [?vai?l?t]n.紫外线 Underground rivers/water [??nd??graund] ['riv?s]/ [?w?:t?]n.地下水 visible light [?viz?b?l] [lait]n.可见光 water molecules [?w?:t?] [?m?likju:lz]n.水分子 zenith star [?ziniθ] [stɑ:]n.天顶星 九大行星 Mercury [?m?:kjuri]n. 水星 Venus [?vi:n?s]n. 金星 Earth [?:θ]n. 地球 Mars [mɑ:z]n. 火星 Jupiter [?d?u:pit?]n. 木星 Saturn ['s?t?n]n. 土星 Uranus ['ju?r?n?s]n. 天王星 Neptune ['neptju:n]n. 海王星 Pluto ['plu:t?u]n.【已取消】冥王星 2.环境科学/生态 agricultural [?gri?k?lt??r(?)l]a.农业的 alternative energy sources [?:l?t?:n?tiv] [?en?d?i] [s?:siz]n.替代能源 insulating effect [?insjuleit] [i?fekt]n.隔绝效果 artificially [?ɑ:ti?fi??li]ad. 人造地 atmosphere [??tm?sfi?]n.大气,大气层 autumn[??:t?m]n.秋 bird band [b?:d] [b?nd]n.鸟足识别环,鸟足带 body fat [?b?di] [f?t]n. 体脂肪 cease to exist [si:s] [tu:, tu, t?] [ig?zist] =extinct [ik?sti?kt] =die out [dai] [aut]v.灭绝 climate[?klaimit]n.气候 coal [k?ul]n.煤 decompose [?di:k?m?p?uz]v. 分解 degree Celsius [di?gri:] ['selsi?s]adj.摄氏度 destination [?desti?nei??n]n. 目的地,终点 drain [drein] vt.排水;流干 eastern [?i:st?n]a. 东 ecological tourism [?ek??l?d?ik?l] [?tu?riz?m]n.生态观光 ecologists [i:?k?l?d??sts]a.生态学家 ecology [i?k?l?d?i]n.生态 economic factors [?i:k??n?mik] [[?f?kt?z] ]n.经济因素 eco(ecological [?ek??l?d?ik?l])-system [?sist?m] = ecosystem[i?k?n?mi]n.生态系统 eco(ecological [?ek??l?d?ik?l])-tourists [?tu?rist] n.生态旅游者 emigrate [?emigreit]vi.移居外国 fertilizers [?f?:tilaiz?z]n. 肥料 forecast [?f?:kɑ:st] n./ vt. 天气预报 ,预测 fossil oil [?f?s?l] [?il] =petroleum [pi?tr?uli?m]n. 石油 frost[fr?st]n.霜;冰冻 hemisphere [?hemisfi?]n.半球 humid[?hju:mid]a.潮湿的 hurricane [?h?rik?n]n. 暴风 hygrometer [haigr??sk?pik]a. 湿度计 immigrate[?imigreit]vi.使移居入境 interrelationship [?nt?r?`le??n,??p ]n. 相互关系 labeled ['leibld]adj.被贴标签的 layer[?lei?]n.底层,层 meteorological [mi:ti??r?l?d?i]n.气象的

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meteorology[mi:ti??r?l?d?i]n.气象状态,气象学 microbes[?maikr?ubz]n.微生物,细菌 migrate [mai?greit]vi. 移动;使移居;使移植 migration routes [mai?grei??n] [ru:ts]n.迁徙路线 moist[m?ist]a.潮湿的;多雨的 nectar ['nekt?]n.花蜜 nesting sites [nesti?] [saits] n.筑巢区 nitrogen cycle [?naitr?d??n] [?saik?l]n.痰循环 northern [?n?:??n]a. 北方的 nutrient [?nju:tri?nt]n.营养物 oceanography[??u?i?'n?gr?fi]n.海洋学 organism[??:g?niz?m]n.生物体;有机体;微生物 oysters['?ist?z]n.牡蛎,蚝 particles [?pɑ:tiklz]n.微粒 peak [pi:k]n.顶峰,最高值 permafrost['p?:m?fr?st]n.永久冻土 phosphorus cycle ['f?sf?r?s] [?saik?l]n.磷循环. pollen [?p?l?n]n.花粉 pollinated[?p?l??ne?tid]v.授粉 pollution [p??lu:??n] =contaminate [k?n?t?mineit]vt.污染 recycle [ri:'saikl]vt. 循环 run-off [r?n] -[?(:)f]v.排水,径流 sandstorm ['s?ndst?:m]n. 沙暴 sediments [?sedim?nts]n. 沉淀物 semiarid [?semi'?rid]adj. 半干旱 soil [s?il]n.土壤 southern [?s???n]a. 南方的 spring[spri?]n.春 summer[?s?m?]n.夏 temperature [?temp(?)rit??]n. 温度 the carbon cycle [??, ?i:] [?kɑ:b?n] [?saik?l]n.碳循环 the consumer market [??, ?i:] [k?n?sju:m?] [?mɑ:kit]消费者市场 the land /water phase [??, ?i:] [l?nd]/ [?w?:t?] [feiz]n.阶段 the Mexico Gulf [??, ?i:] [?meksik?u] [g?lf]n.墨西哥湾 thermometer [θ??m?mit?]n.温度计;体温计 thunder [?θ?nd?]n. 雷 tornado[t?:?neid?u]n.龙卷风;旋风 track [tr?k]n.跟踪 typhoon [tai?fu:n]n. 台风 weathered ['we??d]n. 风化. western [?west?n]a. 西方的 winter[?wint?]n.冬 地理 Geography 地质 Geology Atlantic (Ocean) [?t?l?ntik]( [??u??n])n. 大西洋 aquifers [??kwif?z]n.蓄水层, barren [?b?r?n]a. 贫瘠 basin['beisn]n.盆地 carbonic acid [kɑ:?b?nik] [??sid]n.碳酸 continent [?k?ntin?nt]n. 大陆,洲 continental drift [?k?nti?nentl] [drift]大陆漂移说 continental slope [?k?nti?nentl] [sl?up]n. [海洋] 大陆坡 coral island [?k?r?l] [?ail?nd]n. 珊瑚岛 dating technique [deiti?] [tek?ni:k]n.年代测定技术 Death Valley [deθ] [?v?li]n.(美)死谷 desert[di?z?:t]n.沙漠 dissolves[di?z?lvz]v.溶解;分解 draw a diagram [dr?:] [ei, ?, ?n, ?n] [?dai?gr?m]v.画个图表 drill[dril]v.钻(孔) drought [draut]n.干旱 earthquake[??:θkweik]n.地震 elevation/height [?eli?vei??n]/ [hait]n.海拔

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Empty Quarter [?empti] [?kw?:t?]n.阿拉伯半岛沙漠“空白之地” equator[i?kweit?]n.赤道 erode[i?r?ud]vt.腐蚀,侵蚀 extinct volcano [ik?sti?kt] [v?l?kein?u]n.死火山 formation [f?:?mei??n]n.形成 frigid zone [?frid?id] [z?un]n.寒带 geologic feature [d?i??l?d?ik?l] [?fi:t??]n.地质特征 geologist [d?i'?l?d?ist]n.地质学家 geothermal[?d?i:?u'θ?:m?l]adj.地热的 glacier [?gl?si?]n.冰川,冰河 granary [?gr?n?ri]n.谷仓 granite[?gr?nit]n.花岗岩 grassland ['grɑ:sl?nd]n. 草原 gypsum['d?ips?m]n.石膏 interglacial[?int?'gleisi?l]adj.间冰期的 lake[leik]n.湖 latitude[?l?titju:d]n.纬度 limestone [?laimst?un]n.石灰岩 longitude[?l?nd?itju:d]n.经度 magma ['m?gm?] = lava [?lɑ:v?] n.熔岩 magnetic force [m?g?netik] [f?:s]n.磁力 moisture [?m?ist??]n. 水分,湿度 monsoon rains [m?n?su:n] [reinz]n.季风雨 North pole/Arctic [n?:θ] [p?ul]/ [?ɑ:ktik]n.北极 Pacific ( Ocean) [p??sifik]( [??u??n])n. 太平洋 particle ['pa:tikl]n.颗粒 plain,flatland [plein], [?fl?t?l?nd, -l?nd]平原 plate tectonics [pleit] [tek't?niks]n.板块构造论 plateau=highland [?pl?t?u]= [?hail?nd]n.高原 polar region [?p?ul?] [?ri:d??n]n.极地 rain forest [rein] [?f?rist]n.雨林 rainfall [?reinf?:l]n.降雨量 salinity[s?'liniti]n.盐度 sandstone [?s?ndst?un]n.砂岩 seismometer[saiz'm?mit?]n.地震仪;地震检波器 silver[?s?lv?]n.]银 soluble[?s?ljub(?)l]a.可溶的,可溶解的 South pole/Antarctic [sauθ] [p?ul]/ [?n?tɑ:ktik]n.南极 temperate zone [?temp?rit z?un] n.温带 terrestrial heat [t??r?stri?l hit] n.地热 terrestrial magnetism [t??r?stri?l ?m?ɡn??t?z?m] n.地磁学;地磁 thaw [θ?:]n.解冻,融雪 the Arabian Peninsula [??, ?i:] [??reibi?n] [pi?ninsjul?]n.阿拉伯半岛 the cycle [??, ?i:] [?saik?l]n.周期循环 the Grand Canyon [??, ?i:] [gr?nd] [?k?nj?n]n.(美)大峡谷 the Ice Age [??, ?i:] [ais] [eid?]n.冰河世纪 the Nile valley [??, ?i:] [nail] [?v?li]n.尼罗河流域 the Sahara Desert [??, ?i:]n.撒哈拉沙漠 tide[taid]n.潮流;潮汐 tin[tin]n.锡;罐头 zinc[zi?k]n.锌 tropical zone [?tr?pik?l z?un] n.热带 tundra['t?ndr?]n.苔原,冻原 volcano [v?l?kein?u]n.火山 voyage[?v?i-id?]n.航行;航程 water year [?w?t? j?r] 水文年 dune[dju:n]n.沙丘 化学 Chemistry acid[??sid]n.酸 atomic number [??tɑm?k ?n?mb?]n.原子序数, biochemistry[?ba?o?k?m?stri]n.生物化学 carbohydrate [?kɑrbo?ha??dret]n.碳水化合物

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carbon dioxide[?kɑrb?n da??ɑksa?d]n.二氧化碳 carbon [?kɑ:b?n]n. 碳 chemist [?kemist]n.化学家 compound[k?m?paund]n.化合物 cyclotron['saikl?tr?n]n.粒子回旋加速器 decay [di?kei]v. 衰退;衰减 early version [??:li] [?v?:??n]n.早期版本 electron [i?lektr?n]n.电子 gap [g?p]n.缺口;空白 hydrogen [?haidr?d??n]n. 氢 infrared microscope [?infr??red] [?maikr?sk?up]n.红外线显微镜 ingredient [in?gri:di?nts]n.材料 inorganic chemistry [in??rdinit, i?n?:din?t] [?kemistri]n. 无机化学 iron [?ai?n]n. 铁 isotope[?ais?t?up]n.同位素 lead [li:d]n.铅 liquefy [?likwifai]v.溶化 | 液化 matter [?meit?] =substances [?s?bst?nsiz]=material[m??ti?ri?l]n.物质 museum curator [mju:'zi?m] [kju??reit?]n.博物馆馆长 neutron [?nju:tr?n]n. 中子 nitrogen [?naitr?d??n]n.氮 ore sample [?:] [?s?mpl, ?sɑ:mp?l]n. 矿石样本 original [??rid??n?l]n.原作 oxide[??ksaid]n.氧化物 oxygen [??ksid??n]n.氧 phosphorus [?fɑsf?r?s]n. 磷 pigments [?p?gm?nts]n.颜料;色素 plastic[?pl?stik]n.塑料的 properties ['pr?p?tis] n.特性 proton number [?pro?tɑn ?n?mb?] n.质子 proton[?pr?ut?n]n.质子 radioactive Uranium[?reidi?u??ktiv] [ju??reinj?m]n.放射性铀 spectral signature [?spektr?l] [?sign?t??]n. 光谱特征 sulfide [?s?lf?]n. 硫化物 sulfur [?s?lf?]n. 硫 synthesize ['sinθisaiz]v.合成;综合 the periodic table [??, ?i:] [?pi?ri??dik] [?teib?l]n.元素周期表 wavelengths [?we?v?le?kθs] n.波长 X-ray [?eks?rei] X光 zinc[zi?k]n.锌 物理:Physics fluid[?flu:id]n.流体;液体 hydrodynamics['haidr?udai'n?miks]n.流体力学 aerodynamic ['??r?dai'n?mik]adj.气体动力的 interaction [?int??r?k??n]n. 交互作用;感应 acceleration of gravity [?ksel??rei??n] [?v] [?gr?viti]n.重力加速度 conversation of energy [?k?nv??sei??n] [?v] [?en?d?i]n.能量守恒 direct current[d??r?kt ?k?r?nt]n.直流 mechanics [mi?k?niks]n.力学,机械学 watt[wɑ:t, w?t]n.瓦特 voltage [?v?ultid?]n.电压 test tube[test tju:b]n.试管 gasify['g?sifai]v.气化 distillation [?disti?lei??n]n. 蒸馏 dilution[dai'lju:??n]n.稀释 conduction[k?n'd?k??n]n.传导 Acoustics [??ku:stiks]n. 声学 resonance[?rez?n?ns]n.共振;共鸣 dynamics [dai'n?miks]n. 动力学

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人物: Ralph Waldo Emerson 爱默生(美) :著 Self-Reliance《自立》 Shakespeare 莎士比亚(英):佳构剧: 《罗密欧与朱丽叶》Romeno and Juliet; 《哈姆雷特》Hamlet; the Grimm Brothers 格林兄弟: 《格林童话》Grimm’s Fairy Tales Einstein 爱因斯坦(美籍德人): 《相对论》Relativity Theory Newton 牛顿(英) :万有引力 Universal gravitation Darwin 达尔文(英): 进化论 Evolution Theory Copernicus 哥白尼(波兰): 最早提出日心说 heliocentric theory Galileo 伽利略(意):最早使用望远镜进行天文观察 telescope; Plato 柏拉图: 《理想国》 (The Republic) Aristotle 亚里士多德:古希腊哲学三杰之一 Columbus 哥伦布(意) :最早发现美国大陆的欧洲人 Marco Polo 马可波罗意) :写《马可波罗游记》 Mendeleev 门得列夫(俄) :发明元素周期表 3、高频俚语: But there was one thing that really did jump out at me. 一下子吸引 That's why I want to pitch in 帮忙. Eric, but it will be low key 低调, nothing flashy 光鲜. That's not her style 风格. You could ask them but I think they've got covered 应付得来. I hesitate to mention it. 犹豫 She'll still be around.来访,露面 So how come? = What's up about that? 所以这是怎么一回事呢? Sure that makes sense.有意义,讲得通,言之有理。 You should keep in your mind.牢记 Now, you are getting it.你明白了,掌握了。 That's amazing! 太神了!太棒了! It was awesome! 真了不起! hammer courses 拳头产品 Yep(=yes 对), it's a big step, no question. 一大步 Well, he takes this a step further. Absolutely!完全正确 definitely 肯定语气 Not exactly.不尽然;不太准确。 Well, it is a busy time, with spring break 春假 coming up next week. It’s ?your ?call 你自己决定. Tell me about it!可不是嘛(=我同意) ! 跟我说说吧! Well, I know the award was well deserved.实至名归 Oh, wow. That could actually solve my dilemma 困境,左右为难,进退两难, uh, what I originally wanted to ask you? Couldn't you make an exception 例外? Sweet. Thanks. 很好 That’s ?usually ?my ?rule of thumb: would my parents understand this? 拇指/经验法则 Something just came into my mind and went out the other side.左耳进右耳出。 Oh, ?good, ?that’s ?a ?relief. ? 放心了,轻松了。 I ?know, ?but ?I ?didn’t ?want ?to ?risk ?the ?project ?going down the drain.前功尽弃,白费心机 Free rider 搭便车;集体工作里偷懒不干活。 We ?don’t ?have ?time ?to start from scratch.从头开始,白手起家 Well, for your own good.为你自己好 It’s ?still ?a ?pretty ?tall order 难以完成的事, and we will be moving right along, so you will really need to stay on top of it 熟 练掌握. you know, just in case.以防万一 Really? Is that a big deal?很重要吗? They ?wanted ?to ?see ?what’s ?causing all the fuss. 大惊小怪,慌乱 Well, I was impressed. 印象深刻 So when I had a project, I had to make a plan away in advance 提前. Another thing I was wondering is: is there a place where I can bring my computer and hook it up? the semester is for gear 开始. Hem~~ well, this I wasn’t ?it ?expecting. ?I ?mean… ?er~em.. ?Wow~出人意料 Why not stop by his office during office hours? 拜访 There ?is ?no ?reason ?you ?couldn’t pop in to say hi and to make yourself known. 拜访 Wow, ?I’m ?glad ?I ?came by here. ?So, ?it ?looks ?like ?I’ve ?got ?some ?work ?to ?do. 拜访 stop by=pop in=come round 随便拜访

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That’s ?very ?wise 非常明智. Now, in your case 鉴于你,以你的情况。 That’s ?a ?given 显然. So in a sense 在某种意义上 So ?it’s ?no ?wonder ?that 难怪 Of course, that's a fair question. 好问题 pull them from thin air 凭空捏造 car runs out of gas on the highway 用完 takes charge of handling the situation 负责,接管 It’s ?easy ?stuff. 容易 I can attest to that. 证明,证实 I bet.我确信,我打赌 Paris was not a good place to go; Paris was THE place to go. Hah…No ?way. ? you name it(应有尽有,凡是你能说出来的). Though the word junk is used sort of tongue-in-cheek.半开玩笑 That’s ?mouthful ?name. ? 绕口的名字 the big picture 宏观看问题 puzzle谜团 So really we are working just a few pieces of a big puzzle. 谜团 It’s ?quite ?a ?mystery. 神秘 That seems so bizarre.奇异 but ?first ?let’s ?recap 扼要简明. but ?she ?didn’t ?know ?that ?was ?the ?defense of her own discovery of element 43. 防御,辩护,支持 oops哎呀 etc.(et cetera法) Well, ?we’ll ?stay ?tuned ?on ?that进行关注(收看). So ?what’s ?going ?on? ? 怎样啊? the conventional wisdom 传统的思维 Is everybody with me on that? 能跟得上我吗?听的懂吗? It ?can ?generate ?194 ?megawatts ?of ?electric ?power, ?but ?that’s ?just ?a drop in the bucket.九牛一毛 Precisely, the term keystone kind of explains itself. 字面意思即可解释自己 That’s ?not ?my ?point ?at ?all. 我一点都没有这个观点/意思?


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