历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结更正版_图文

历年高考完形填空常用词汇总 结 动词类: 1 “看” look 看的动作/ see watch 观 察

debate 辩 论 declare 宣 布 mention 提 起 deny 否 绝

figure 指 出 claim 自 称 admit 承 认

8“拿/放” take 拿走 拿来

bring

hold 举着 carry 扛, 挑

(无方向性) fetch 拿来拿去 lift 举 Put 放 lay 铺 / 放 置

describe 描 述 introduce

看 的 结 果 ;

announce 公 布 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫”

pull 拉/push 推 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 grasp 握 住

/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看 见/ 瞪 着 看 /glimpse 瞥见 film watch TV stare 好奇地看/ glare Glance 瞅 见 see a

cry 哭 叫

call 叫

seize 紧 抓 scratch 抠

shout 大 喊 moan 呻 吟 quarrel 大吵 4“问”

scream 尖 叫 sigh 叹 气

10 “ 打 ” hit 一 次 性 的 打 击 beat 不间断的打击 然的击打/突然想到 刮 attack 攻击 drop 掉 放 strike 突 blow 吹

ask 询问 interview question

2“说” tell sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 talk with sb

采访 express 表达 审问 5 “ 答 ”

11 扔”throw 扔 “ answer 回 答

about sth 强调说话者之间的交 流 Say sth 诉 说 的 内 容

弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 12“送” send 寄送 递送 give 给 deliver

respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 6 “听” listen to 听的动作 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听

speak in English 说 的 语 言 whisper sth to sb 耳 语

offer 主动给

Inform sb of sth 通知某人某 事 reason /talk/persuade

予 see off 给某人送行 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折

overhear 无意听到 7“写” dictate 听写 write drop a

sb into doing sth 说服某人做 某事 Bargain 讨 价 还 价 repeat 重 复 warn 警 告



/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱 in one’s arms

sth 写 describe 描写 line 写信 draw 画

/hold 握

chat 聊 天 explain 解 释

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb

take down/write down 写下, 记下

remind 提 醒 Discuss 讨 论

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jump

skip 单 腿 跳 slip 溜 enter 进入 move

hunt for search for seek / seek for 找 in search of 寻 Search sb 搜 身

/be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) die great loss die

come/go

搬 迁 drive 开 车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进 16 “ 坐 ” seated sit down be

die off 相继死去

search sp. for sth 为某物而搜 寻某地 Check 检 查 , 核 实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 21“穿” 穿戴 inspect 视察

away 逐渐消失 25“有” 是自己的 have 有 own

seat oneself take a

conquer 征 服

seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜 靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on

occupy 占有=possess 26“无” nothing left remaining disappear /gone 27“增/减” rise / go up be the thing missing

put on 动作 wear be

have on 试 穿 in

one’s stomach have a rest 打盹

stay in bed take a nap bend

dressed

穿 的 状 态

make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 red 去除 22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮 吸 have a meal have Take off be in

be asleep rest

/drop 人主动抬价 down increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy afford pay purchase pay raise /bring /reduce

turn over 翻身

脱 remove

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter

burst out laughing 19“哭” cry 泪 shed tears 留

supper toast taste treat sb to 请某人吃 oneself to 随便吃 23 “ 得 ” get obtain gain help

pay off

weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 /burst out

for sell on sale Bill / cash/

bargain cheque / notes/

burst into tears crying

credit card

20“找/查” find 找到 for 正在找过程

look

acquire 获得知识和技能 possess 24“失”

coins discounts 29 “ 存 在 / 消 失 ” come into

find out 查明

discover/explore 发现/探索

lose 丢了 be lost

being

exist

appear

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survive up

live

show

turn

reality 33 “ 努 力 ” try /manage attempt do

38 到 达 arrive at return to sp visit get to leave

reach stay in leave for upon

Disappear die die out pass away

make efforts ones best

do as much as

on one’s way to one’s arrival 39 受 伤 cut

be out of sight 30 “变化” develop improve become /wrong/ grow sour go+ bad /without

one can to do 34 祝贺 sb congratulations on observe 庆

on doing sth injured drown suffer

hurt kill

celebrate

wound bleed

祝 get together 聚会 35 赞 美 / 批 评 praise highly of / think

get burnt

( negative adj. ) Turn + color change /change into reform 31“认识的过程”feel guess suppose sense wonder

from suffer a loss 40 损 坏 damage ruin broken 41 修 复 break down crash repair fix rebuild recover destroy be

blame sb for

sth/ sb is to blame Criticize /scold sb. for sth. Have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of 36 喜 / 恶 fond of like love be be

doubt know /learn realize Understand be familiar with recite apply to remember recall

restore oneself 42

be keen on

crazy about adore prefer enjoy Dislike

be into

支 持 / 反 对 accept

agree receive

32 “ 成 功 / 失 败 ” make it succeed come true dream win Lose do failure defeat fail to suffer make progress

in favor of hate be ignore

disagree refuse

turn down elect vote

realize one’s

awful/disgusting turn off 37 判 断 consider conclude think find

be against for/ against

believe feel

43 做 饭 chop make

cook boil mix

wash fry

cut

steam brush

loss beat

turn sth. Into

infer doubt

clean

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cover uncover cooker 44 建 议 advise suggest urge demand

Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth

55 安装/装备 set equip

fasten

fix

recommend propose persuade 说服 45 花费

assist sb in doing sth 50 敬 佩 admire respect adore

be armed with 用 什 么 武 装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追 求 pursuit seek after chase ran after catch up

show respect for/to

sth/doing sth+cost in doing sth

envy /be jealousy in honor of 51 逃 避 ran away

sb+spend+

with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想 / 考 虑 think of 考 虑 /+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 consider be be

Sb+afford +n/to do sth It +take some time/

escape from

flee hide prevent /

money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. one’s expense 46 省/存钱 set aside save /save up put away at

52 阻 止 / 禁 止

keep/ stop sb. From doing sth forbid doing sth. Ban

think over 仔 细 考 虑 concerned considerate 58 打 算 担 心 towards sb.

prohibit 53 对 付 / 处 理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle solve

plan / intend / be going to

spare no effort/ time 47 参 加 join /join in take part in attend

design to do

/overcome sth settle 54 效 仿 copy learn

do /be about to do /will do 59 似 乎 / 好 象 seem as if as

compete in/ for/against 48 控 告 accuse sb. of

imitate

appear look like though

learn from

charge sb. With 49 救 治 help /help out

54 爆发/发生 happen break out burst out to

come about take place

60 开 办 / 关 闭 open set up close/close up

start end

save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth

close down go off 名词类“ 1 假 期 vacation holiday

explosion

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spring break

ask for leave have two

napkin 5 诊所/看病/服药 hospital take clinic one’s take have a

learned 10

knowledgeable advantage strength

be on holiday days off

优 缺 点

disadvantage weakness 11 目 标 intention faith 12 方 式 means aim purpose

2 旅 游 trip journey voyage passenger travel

tour tourist go

temperature medicine/pills

goal belief

fever/flu/headache physician specialist patient 6 车站/机场 board

doctor surgeon

camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职 务 人 员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister

method

airport

on

way

manner approach

manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor

miss the train/bus meet sb. head hair back wrist

13 身 体 素 质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep

catch a train 7 身体部位 brain

arm waist

slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划 草图 15 文章 reading translation paper article newspaper diary 日 记

relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor

shoulder pulse 8 意志

will courage

patience determination faith effort ambition energy inn menu 9 才能/品质 ability talent gift potential confidence

gardener guard 4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 restaurant bill knife order kitchen tip

essay

poem

novel/fiction magazine journal 日 志

fork and

intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict cold serious honest easy-going

reserve /book table dash tray

Taste delicious salad vegetables fruit

Files

form make a list of

16 课堂 class course lecture

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5

example notes

reason words

message phrase

容词)

practice 惯例(名词) sight sense emotion sadness hearing

incident 指小事件, accident 指 不幸的事故 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy one’s amused 悲 sad bitter 平 静 calm peaceful quiet unhappy painful joy delighted to

22 感 觉 touch

scholarship degree Subject question

smell

23 情 感 anger sorrow

feeling delight

trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学 校 活 动 match activity game

pleased

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be

hold a meeting

/debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建 议 / 观 点 idea advice proposal

rich/well-off 25 运 动 比 赛 on the

suggestion

silent/still

view recommendation 19 气 候 / 天 气 climate

playground and filed game player jogging

on the track pitch event sports judge play

烦 bother bored be fed up with 震 惊 surprised shocked 怕 astonished

weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow

match Coach weightlifting

/amazed be frightened

hot/cold/freezing/heat/war mth 20 交通 bike bike bike Give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit used to custom get by train/bus /boat

in fear

volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣 服 clothing clothes, cloth, clothes 统指各种衣

/scared /afraid 失 望 desperate hopeless be

on the train/bus /a drive a car ride a

disappointed depressed

服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指 布 , 为 不 可 数 名 词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件 衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident

满意 be satisfied content to do 生 气 Annoyed

with /be

angry

regular 有规律的 (形

disgusting

burst into rage

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2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ hardly/ hard very Nearly/ almost extremely/

Cause/ reason why/ that’s

that’s because

because/ since,as/ for Last/ continue stay/ keep/

very/ quite

Accidently/ once in a while occasionally/ once by far Farther/ further worse be well/ better/ good far /

treat/ cure/ operate

separate/ divide Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold

turn/become/go change/vary/range Provide/supply/offer/ give/send

however/ therefore/so/thus …. 易考的近义词组 Run/ manage plant fit/ suit/ match Hit/ beat/strike satisfy play /performer Contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate do Fall/ sink/ drop help/work/ touch meet/ /feel grow/ leave/remain

matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account

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