2019教育【全国百强校】福建省厦门外国语学校北师大版高中英语复习课件:虚拟语气专题 共24张PPT数学_图文

Objectives
By the end of this lesson, you will be able to:
? discover the differences between the first
and second conditionals and their rules;
? use the second conditional to describe your life.

1.Read the first 17 lines in the dialogue and find all the sentences with “if…” . Do the same with the rest of the dialogue. Are the sentences used to talk about:
a) unlikely situations in the future?
b) possible situations in the future?

Read the following sentences and see what you can discover? Part I

1.If I don’t finish my project on the history of the

Internet for next Monday’s lesson, the science teacher
b will be angry.(L3-5)
2.If it’s good, Dad, Mum and I will probably go camping.
b (L7-8) b 3. We won’t go if it rains.(L8-9)

4.… if I stay home, I’ll help you with your project… (L9-

b 51.0I)f you tell me some titles, I’ll look for them in the

b library. (L12-13)
6.If you go to the Science Museum website, you’ll find

lots of good information. (L14-15)

b

Read the following sentences and see what you can discover? Part II

7.… if we had virtual reality holidays, we wouldn’t have any problems with the

weather. (L18-19) a

8.… if they invented virtual reality holidays,

I”d go on an around-the-world tour. (L41-

42) a

9.… what would you like to do if someone

gave you the chance? (L43)

a

Compare and find the difference.

If I have time tomorrow, I will go

with you.

a fact

If I were a bird, I would fly high to

touch the cloud.

a wish

If I get more information, I will tell

you immediately.

a fact

If I were God, I would make all the

blind see the beautiful world.

a wish

Q:What’s the difference between the two sentences? If I am free, I will visit you. (真实条件句)
If I were a bird, I would fly into the sky. (虚拟条件句)

Subjunctive mood is used to talk about
situations that are not true or not likely to become true.

与现在事实相反虚拟:
If I _w_e_r_e(be) as tall as Yao Ming, I _w_o_u_l_d_ become a famous basketball player.

What would you do if you won the lottery? If I won the lottery, I would…

If I won the lottery, I would buy an expensive car. (与现在事实相反)

If I won the lottery,
I would buy a beautiful house.(与现在 事实相反)

I don’t know which to buy. If you were me, which would you buy?
If I were you, I would buy the red one.

If people __d_r_o_v_e____ (drive) more carefully, they ___w_o_u_l_d_n_o_t__h_a_v_e__ (not have) the car accident.

If he c_o_u_ld__s_w_im_ (can swim) ,
he __w__o_u_ld__n_o_t_b_e______ (be not) trapped in this island.

Group work
如果我是一名百万富翁,我会给惠南中学 建一座图书馆。如果我有足够的钱,我为每 一位学生提供免费的三餐。如果我是超人, 我会把钓鱼岛从日本手里抢回来。 If I _w_e_re___ a millionaire, I w_o_ul_d__ build a library for Huinan Middle School. If I _h_a_d__ enough money, I __w_o_ul_d_s_u_p_pl_y_ (supply) free food to the students. If I __w_e_re__ a superman, I _w_o_u_ld__ seize Diao Yu Islands back from Japan.

大话西游
如果上天能够给我一个再来一次的机会, 我会对那个女孩子说三个字:我爱你。 如果非要在这份爱上加上一个期限,我希望是--一万年!
If the God g_a_v_e_(give) me another chance,I_w__o_u_l_d_t_e_ll(tell) the girl three
words, “ I love you.” If hIa_d_t_o___(have to) set a time limit to our love, Itw_o_u_l_d__b_e__ (be)10,000 years!

改正文章中出现的三处错误
如果我的学生现在成为国王,我就成为了国王的老师,我 会作为国王的老师受到人们的尊敬,我会为他感到自豪。
If my student becomes the king of our country ,
became
I will become the king’s teacher.
would become
I would be respected by people as king’s teacher and I shall be proud of him.
would

Summary
与现在事实相反虚拟条件句: 从句谓语用: 动词过去式(be动词用were)
主句谓语用: would/could/should/might+动词原形

exercises

1) If he ___B___ to do so, he could find the time.

A. wants

B. wanted

C. woulAd want

D. has wanted

2) If I ____ a bird, I ____ very happy.

A. were, would be B. am, shall be

C. am, would be

D. were, shall be

3.If the earth stopped moving, everything
___A__.

A. would disappear B.disappeared

C. will disappear

D. disappears

4. My father will go to the movie with us if

he __D_ _ time.

A. will have

B. had

C. has had

D. has

1. Matching
1) If you are promoted,
2) If I lived in the USA,
3) If you work hard, 4) If we didn’t have computers, 5) If it snowed every day in winter,

a. I would love it.
b. I would celebrate Thanksgiving.
c. life would be very different.
d. you will get a good job.
e. will you make any changes?

? 2. Complete the sentences
1) If I don’t finish my homework, ____________________________________.
2) If it rains, __________________________________________________.
3) If I pass the exam, _____________________________________________.
4) If we had a holiday tomorrow, ____________________________________.
5) If I lived in England, ____________________________________________.
6) If I were a millionaire, _________________________________________.

? 3.Think about your future life (home, job, family, etc.) or what you would
like to see or happen in your present life.
? Explain why you would like to have this kind of life and what you would be able to do.
? If I were a ____________________________________________________
? If I had ______________________________________________________
? If I lived _____________________________________________________
? If I __________________________________________________________

Homework
? 1. Read the text fluently after class find the subjunctive mood sentences
? 2. Do exercise on page 13.


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