英语国家的铁路运输常见词汇

elevated railway, overhead railway, aerial railway 高架铁路 mine railway 矿区铁路 funicular (railway) 缆索铁路,登山铁路 light railway line 轻便铁道 urban railway 市区铁路 railway network 铁路网 railway transport 铁路运输 trial run 试车 open to traffic 通车 porter 搬运工人 ticket inspector 查票员 ticket 车票 single ticket, oneway ticket 单程票 return ticket, roundtrip ticket 来回票 platform ticket 站台票 railway station 车站 station hall 车站大厅 information desk 服务台 waiting room 候车室 passenger station 客车站 time-table 时刻表 arrival time-table 到站时刻表 departure time-table 发车时刻表 ticket-collector, gateman 收票员 ticket office, booking office 售票处 junction 枢纽站 rail and water terminal 水陆联运站 platform bridge 天桥 luggage barrow 推行李车 enquiry office, information desk 问讯处 way station 小站 label 行李标签 luggage office 行李房 left-luggage office 行李暂存处 platform-ticket 验票口 barrier 栅栏门 platform 站台 (electric) platform truck 站台车 platform tunnel 站台地道 platform roofing 站台顶棚 station-master 站长 terminal; terminus 终点站 escalator 自动扶梯 The train leaves the station at..., The train is due out at... 火车在(某时)离站

to have one's ticket punched (给检票员)检票 10 minutes behind schedule 晚点十分钟 to change trains at... 在(某地)换车 The train is due at... 在(某时)到达 to break the journey 中途下车 dining car, restaurant car, diner 餐车 pantry 餐车食品室 open wagon, (railway) wagon, (railway) truck 敞车 carriage, coach, car 车厢 roof 车顶 concertina walls (车厢通道两侧的)伸缩篷 step; foot board (车厢门口的)踏板 gangway (车厢的)通道 lidded ashtray 带盖烟灰盒 tank wagon 罐车 mixed train 混合列车 freight train, goods train 货物列车 engine, locomotive 机车 window seat 靠窗座位 coach, passenger train 客车 express train, express 快车 refrigerator wagon 冷藏车 car attendant; train attendant 列车员 guard, conductor 列车长 slow train, way train 慢车 covered wagon van, box car 棚车 ordinary train 普通列车 sleeping carriage with cushioned berths 软卧客车 up train 上行车 livestock wagon 牲畜车 sleeping car, sleeper 卧车 down train 下行车 luggage van, baggage car 行李车 rack, baggage rack 行李架 sleeping carriage with semicushioned berths 硬卧客车 ordinary seat 硬席 carriage with semicushioned seats 硬座车 mail car 邮政车 mail and luggage van 邮政行李车 through train 直达车 special train 专车 pointsman, switchman 道岔工人 signal for blocking the track, block signal 闭塞信号 semaphore signal, home signal 臂板信号

warehouse 仓库 siding, sidetrack 侧线,旁轨 turnout 岔道 weighing machine 秤重机 derailing (火车)出轨 single line (track) rail 单线 points, switches 道岔 switch lock, point lock 道岔锁 wait sign, wait signal 等候标志(信号) marshalling yard, shunting yard 调车场 dispatching 调度 dispatcher 调度员 crossover 渡线,转线轨道 rail 钢轨 track 轨道 sleeper, railroad tie 轨枕 rail chair 轨座 buffer stop, bumping post 缓冲桩 goods shed, freight depot 货棚 goods station 货运站,货站 container 集装箱 locomotive (engine) shed 机车库 station warning sign 进站预告标 clearance 净空 (signal) gantry (铁路上支持信号装置的)跨线桥 barrier (道口)拦路木 section 路段 reduce speed sign(al) 慢行标志(信号) bell and whistle sign, whistle sign 鸣笛预告标 platform car, flat car 平车 grade crossing, level crossing (道路与铁路的)平面交叉 track-laying machine, tracklayer 铺轨机 volume of railway freight 铁路货运量 railway connections 铁路交叉点,铁路联络线 railway warning sign 铁路警告标志 railway clearance 铁路净空 railroad bed 铁路路基 railway curve 铁路曲线(弯道) railway tunnel 铁路隧道 stop sign(al) 停车标志(信号) danger sign(al) 危险标志(信号) unprotected crossing 无防护设备的道口 signal light (lamp) 信号灯 signal box, signalman's cabin 信号房

signalman 信号员 wing rail (of frog) 翼轨 distant signal, disk signal, target 圆盘信号机 back-turning section 折返段 frog 辙叉,岔心 turn-table 车台,旋车盘 point (box), switch (box) 转辙器 switch signal, point indicator 转辙信号


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