外研版高中英语必修3 Module 4《Sandstorms in Asia》导学课件Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary_图文

Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary

Ⅰ. 速记单词

1. 音意记忆。

(1)

_m__a_ss_

(2)

_c_a_m_p_a_i_g_n_

(3)

_p_r_o_c_e_ss_

(4)

_c_it_iz_e_n_

(5)

_d_u_s_t

(6)

_m_a_s_k_

(adj. )大量的;大规模的 (n. )战役;活动 (n. )进程;过程 (n. )公民;市民 (n. )沙尘;灰尘 (n. )面罩

2. 形意记忆。 (1)storm (n. )暴风雨→_s_a_n_d_s_to_r_m__(n. )沙尘暴 (2)_fr_i_g_h_t_en__in_g_ (adj. )吓人的;可怕的→_fr_i_g_h_te_n_e_d_(adj. ) 害怕的;受惊吓的→frighten (v. )使惊吓;吓唬 (3)desert (n. )沙漠→_d_e_s_e_r_ti_f_ic_a_t_io_n_(n. ) (土地的)沙漠化 (4)_fo_r_e_c_a_s_t(vt. )预报;预告→forecaster (n. )预报员 (5)strong (adj. )强壮的→_s_tr_e_n_g_t_h_(n. )力气;力量→ _s_tr_e_n_g_t_h_e_n_(v. )加强;巩固 (6)_c_y_c_le_(vi. )骑自行车→cyclist (n. )骑自行车的人

Ⅱ. 短语互译 1. cut down 2. dig up 3. be caught in 4. as a result of 5. 认识到,意识到 6. 阻止某人做某事 7. 一个接一个地 8. 清除;除掉

_砍__倒__ _挖__掘__;__找__出__ _突__然__遭__遇__(风__暴__等__)_ _由__于__ _w_a_k_e__u_p_t_o_ _p_r_e_v_e_n_t_s_b_. _(f_r_o_m__) _d_o_in__g_s_th__. _o_n_e_a_f_te_r__a_n_o_th__er_ _s_w_e_e_p__a_w_a_y_

Ⅲ.完成句子 1. 沙尘暴常常很浓密,以致遮住了太阳,有时风力大得足以 移动沙丘。 They are often _s_o_t_h_ic_k__th__a_t you cannot see the sun, and the wind is sometimes strong enough to move sand dunes. (so+ adj. /adv. +that结果状语从句) 2. 近些年来沙漠化导致的沙尘暴在中国似乎有所增加。 Sandstorms in China _a_p_p_e_a_r_t_o__h_a_v_e_i_n_c_re_a_s_e_d_in recent years as a result of “desertification” .(appear +动词不定式结构)

3. 沙尘暴有时会持续一整天,并且由于浓浓的尘埃使能见度 变低,使得交通变得非常缓慢。
The storms sometimes continue all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust _m_a_k_e_s__it_d_i_f_fi_c_u_lt__to__s_ee_. (make+it+adj. /n. +to do. . . ) 4. 为了阻止它(沙漠)的逼近,政府已经开始植树。 _T_o__p_r_e_v_en__t _it_c_o_m__i_n_g_n_e_a_r_e_r_, the government is planting trees. (不定式作状语)

Ⅳ.语篇理解

1. Choose the best answer according to the passage. (1)When sandstorms happen, what will you wear if you go out? ( C )

A. A hat. B. A coat. C. A mask. D. A tie. (2)How many kilometres is the desert away to the west of

Beijing? ( B )

A. 350.

B. 250.

C. 150.

D. 200.

(3)Which statement is WRONG? ( ) B A. People sometimes can’t forecast the strength of a storm. B. The government plans to continue planting trees for the next ten years. C. Northwest China is part of the sandstorm center in Central Asia. D. Sandstorms sometimes affect Beijing. (4)According to the text, we can learn that sandstorms ___. (B ) A. cause people to buy more masks B. are difficult to deal with C. are not dangerous but frightening D. will disappear within five years

2. Fill in the blanks according to the passage.

What are they?

Sandstorms
They are (1) _st_r_o_n_g_,_d__ry_winds that carry sand.

They are strong enough to move How powerful are they?
(2) _s_a_n_d_d_u_n__es_.

Where do they often In Central Asia, (3) _N_o_r_t_h_A__m_e_r_i_ca_,

occur?

Central Africa and Australia.

Sandstorms in China

Sandstorms begin in (4) _d_e_s_e_rt__a_re_a_s_and appear

to have increased in recent years as a result of

The cause

“desertification” . It is a process that happens when land becomes desert because of (5) _c_li_m__a_te_ _c_h_a_n_g_e_s and because people cut down trees and

dig up grass.

Citizens wake up to a(n) (6) _o_ra_n__g_e sky and Sandstorms
strong winds that cover the city in a thick, in Beijing
brown-yellow dust. The storms sometimes last all

day and affect traffic.

Sandstorms in China
·Ren Jianbo described a sandstorm in Inner Two persons’ Mongolia. descriptions ·Huang Xiaomei told people about a sandstorm
in(7)_B_e_i_ji_n_g_. ·A (8)ma_s_s_c_a_m__p_a_ig_n____has been started in China. The measures ·The g3o0vbeirlnlimonent has already planted over (9) ________trees and fivpelans to continue planting for the next (10) ____ years.

【读而后思】 What measures should we take to prevent desertification? _P_la_n_t_i_n_g_m__o_r_e_t_r_e_es__a_n_d_g_r_a_s_s_;__st_o_p_p_i_n_g_o_v_e_r_g_r_a_z_in__g_; _co_o_p__er_a_t_i_n_g_w__it_h_o_t_h_e_r_c_o_u_n__tr_i_e_s,__e_tc_._._

1. frightening adj. 吓人的;可怕的 【语境领悟】 ①I number that crash among the most frightening experiences of my life. 我认为那次事故是我一生中最可怕的遭遇。 ②I kept having frightening dreams all night. 整个晚上我不断地做噩梦。

【归纳拓展】 (1)frighten frighten sb. into doing sth. frighten sb. out of doing sth. (2)frightened be frightened at/of be frightened to do sth.

vt. (使)惊恐 吓唬某人做某事 使某人不敢做某事 adj. 感到恐惧的;害怕的 害怕……;对……感到恐惧 害怕去做某事

③He frightened his son out of drinking. 他使儿子吓得不敢喝酒。 ④She was frightened to see a figure in the dark. 她在黑暗中看到人影,心里害怕。

【名师点津】frightening意为 “令人恐惧的;可怕的” ,一 般用于指事物,在句中作定语或表语;frightened意为 “受惊 的,害怕的” ,一般用于指人,在句中作定语或表语。 ⑤The news is quite frightening. 这消息令人恐惧。 ⑥She was frightened at the thought of the examination. 想到 考试她就害怕。

【即学活用】用frighten的适当形式填空。 ①He was_f_r_ig_h_t_e_n_e_d_ at the sound. ②What can we do to make the experience lessf_r_ig_h_t_e_n_i_n_g_? ③He knew that Soli was trying to_fr_i_g_h_t_en__ him, so he smiled to hide his fear.

2. mass adj. 大量的;大规模的 【语境领悟】 ①Their latest product is aimed at the mass market. 他们的最新产品瞄准了大众市场。 ②The police considered it as a mass murder. 警方认为这是一次大规模的谋杀。

【归纳拓展】

masses of/a mass of

大量;许多

the mass of

大多数;大部分

the masses

群众;平民

③There is a mass of stones in the yard.

院子里有许多石头。

④The Second World War involved the mass of the population.

第二次世界大战殃及许多无辜的人。

⑤The masses have boundless creativity.

群众有无限的创造力。

【名师点津】 a mass of/masses of后可跟可数名词复数或不可数名词,且谓 语动词与该名词的数保持一致。 ⑥On his desk is a mass of books and papers. 在他书桌上有大堆的书和文件。

【想一想】 我们还学过一些表示 “许多” 的短语,根据其后所修饰的名 词可分为以下三种情况:①既能修饰可数名词也能修饰不可 数名词②修饰可数名词③修饰不可数名词。你能给它们分类 吗?

【参考答案】

plenty of

quantities of=a quantity of masses of = a mass of lots of=a lot of

+可数或不可数名词

numbers of=a number of

a good/great many

+可数名词复数

quite a few

a great deal of an amount of +不可数名词

quite a little

【即学活用】

I got ______ things to deal with in the morning,so I wasn’t

able to go to the flower exhibition.

A.a great deal of

B.a large amount of

C.masses of

D.a great many of

【解析】选C。masses of things成堆的事,大量的事。a great

deal of/a large amount of后接不可数名词;a great many of后

接 “限定词+复数名词” ,如a great many of the students;

修饰可数名词复数时用a great many。故答案为C项。

3. strength n. 力量; 力气;长处 【语境领悟】 ①She has always been encouraged to swim to build up the strength of her muscles. 她总是被鼓励去游泳以增强肌肉力量。 ②Take into account your own strengths and weaknesses. 考虑一下你自己的长处和短处。

【名师点津】(1)strength表示 “优势” 时,其反义词是 weakness。 (2)strength的动词是在其后加后缀-en,即strengthen。我 们 已 学 过 的 加 后 缀 -en 的 词 有 shorten, widen, deepen, lengthen等。

【归纳拓展】

(1)have the strength to do

有做……的力气/意志力

build up one’s strength

增强体力

with all one’s strength

尽全力

(2)strengthen

v. 加强

strong

adj. 强壮的

③The enemy has greatly strengthened during the truce talks.

和谈期间,敌人力量已大为增强。

【易混辨析】

strength 强调 “体力,力量,力气”

force

指武力,暴力。表示 “力量” 时,指人或事物 撞击时所用的力,其复数形式常指 “兵力,军 队”

power

指 “能力,权力” ,着重指行动所根据的能力 (本领)或职权

energy 主要指人的精力、活力,也指自然界的能量

④The police took the thief to the police station by force. 警察 强行把小偷带到了警察局。 ⑤Electricity gives us power and makes machines work. 电给 我们提供能量,促使机器运转。 ⑥He has so much energy that he can work as hard as three men. 他的精力很充沛,以至于工作起来相当于三个人。

【即学活用】选词填空(strength/force/power/energy)。 ①The solar cell can turn the _e_n_er_g_y_ of sunlight into electric energy. ②If you drop something,the f_o_r_c_e_ of gravity will pull it to the floor. ③I don’t have the_st_r_e_n_g_th__ to climb any further. ④He has lost thep__o_w_e_r_ of walking.

⑤(2012·福建高考)—Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency? —Well, you know, English is my ______. So it is my best choice. A. strength B. talent C. ability D. skill 【解析】选A。考查名词词义辨析。句意: ——你为什么选择 在国际旅行社工作?——噢, 你知道, 英语是我的强项。因此 这是我最好的选择。strength长处; talent才华, 天赋; ability能 力; skill技能。故选A。

4. cut down砍倒;缩减;降价 【语境领悟】 ①Many big trees along the road have been cut down for building houses.路旁的许多大树都被砍掉建房了。 ②This factory’s production has been cut down. 这家工厂的产量减少了。 ③In the end,I cut the dealer down by another$5. 最后我使商贩把价格又降低了5美元。

【归纳拓展】 cut in cut off cut out cut up

插嘴,打断 切断,阻断,隔绝 剪除,切掉,删除 切碎

④She always cuts in when other people are talking. 别人谈话时她总要插嘴。 ⑤The motor was cut off as soon as something seemed to be wrong with it. 一旦发现发动机似乎有点毛病,就立即把它关掉。 ⑥She cut out the photograph from the newspaper. 她从报纸上把照片剪了下来。 ⑦The cook was cutting up the meat for making jiaozi. 厨师正在切肉包饺子。

【即学活用】根据句意用合适的副词或介词填空。 ①他把树砍倒,又把它劈成烧火用的木柴。 He cut _d_o_w_n_ the tree and cut it _u_p_ for firewood. ②村庄被大雪阻隔。 The village was cut _o_ff_ by the heavy snow. ③我们正在看电视,播音员打断了节目,插播了一条最新消 息。 While we were watching TV,an announcer cut__in_ to tell us a
piece of latest news. ④医生建议他少喝酒。 The doctor advised him to cut _d_o_w_n_ on drinking.

⑤ ( 2013·陕 西 高 考 ) My uncle hasn’t been able to quit smoking, but at least he has______. A. cut out B. cut down C. cut up D. cut off 【解析】选B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:我叔叔一直没能把 烟戒掉,但是至少他抽烟少了。cut out停止运转,删去;cut down砍倒,缩减;cut up切碎;cut off切断,切除。根据句 意,应选B。

5. be caught in 突然遭遇(风暴等);被困于 【语境领悟】 ①He was caught in a heavy traffic after work. 下班后他遇到了严重的交通堵塞。 ②I was caught in a heavy rain on the way to work. 在去上班的路上,我遇到了大雨。

【归纳拓展】 be/get caught up in 热衷于……,着迷于……;牵连,卷入 catch sb. doing sth. 发现/撞见某人正做某事 be caught doing sth. 被撞见做某事 ③I caught the boy stealing fruit from our orchard. 我撞见那个男孩在偷我们果园里的水果。

【即学活用】 ______in a heavy snow,he didn’t get there in time. A.Catch B.Catching C.Caught D.To catch 【解析】选C。句意:由于遭遇大雪,他没有及时到达那里。 主语he和catch之间是动宾关系,故此处用过去分词短语作状 语。

6. prevent sb. / sth. (from) doing sth. 阻止……做某事 【语境领悟】 ①He said this would prevent companies from creating new jobs. 他说这将阻止各公司创造新的职位。 ②Something must have prevented her (from) coming. 一定有什么事使她不能来。

【归纳拓展】
stop sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 keep sb. from doing sth.
③They try to keep their children from swimming. 他们试图阻止孩子们去游泳。

【名师点津】主动句中prevent/stop. . . from. . . 中的 from 可 省略,在被动句中from 不可省略,而keep. . . from中的from 无论在主动句还是被动句中都不能省略。 ④The heavy rain prevented/stopped us (from) going out. =We were prevented/stopped/kept from going out by the heavy rain. 大雨使我们不能出去。

【即学活用】
We were ______ by heavy fog from seeing anything. A.rescued B.protected C.prevented D.escaped 【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。句意:浓雾使我们看不到任何 东西。四个选项都可与from连用。rescue. . . from. . . 意为 “把……从……解救出来” ;protect. . . from. . . 意为 “保 护……免受……” ;prevent. . . from. . . 意为 “阻止……做某 事” ;escape from意为 “逃离;逃脱” ,不用于被动语态。 根据句意选C。

7. Sandstorms in China appear to have increased in recent years as a result of “desertification” . 近些年来沙漠化导致的沙尘暴在中国似乎有所增加。 【句式分析】 本句中appear to have done为不定式的完成式,表示一个更早 的动作,发生在主要动词所表示的动作之前。其中appear意 为 “似乎,好像” 。 ①From her look, she appears to have known the truth. 从她的表情看,她好像已经知道了真相。

【归纳拓展】 appear用作系动词,意为 “似乎,显得,好像” ,常见用法: appear +n. /adj. appear to do/to be doing/to have done 似乎要做/正在做/已经 做过某事 it appears (to sb. ) that. . . 某人觉得…… there appears to be 似乎有…… ②These stars appear to move around the North Star. 这些星星似乎环绕着北极星转。 ③It appears to me that you are all mistaken. 我觉得你们全错了。

【即学活用】完成句子。 ①他显得很老。 He appears _v_er_y__o_ld_. ②他似乎感冒了。 He appears to _h_a_v_e_c_a_u_g_h_t_a__c_o_ld_. ③我觉得有点不对。 _It_a_p__p_e_a_rs__to__m__e_t_h_a_tsomething is wrong.

8. The storms sometimes continue all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust makes it difficult to see. 沙尘暴有时会持续一整天,并且由于浓浓的尘埃使能见度变 低,使得交通变得非常缓慢。 【句式分析】 句中makes it difficult to see中的make是使役动词,意为 “使 ( 某 人 或 某 物 处 于 某 状 态 中 ) ” , 其 中 it 为 形 式 宾 语 , difficult为宾语补足语,不定式短语to see为真正的宾语,其结 构为:make it +adj. / n.(for sb. ) to do. . . 。

①The heavy snow made it impossible for them to get there on time. 这场大雪使得他们不可能按时到达那儿。 ②He makes it a rule to recite a poem every morning. 他把每天早晨背诵一首诗作为一个习惯。

【归纳拓展】 it作形式宾语的情况还用在下面句式中:feel/ think/ believe/ find/ consider+ it+adj. /n. +(for sb. ) to do / that. . . ③I don’t think it possible to master a foreign language without a good memory. 我认为没有好的记忆力,掌握一门外语是不可能的。

【即学活用】
The fact that she was foreign made ______difficult for her to get a job in that country. A.so B.much C.that D.it 【解析】选D。考查it的用法。句意:她是外国人的事实使得 她在那个国家很难找到工作。句中for her to get a job in that country是动词不定式的复合结构作made的宾语,difficult是 宾语补足语,此处要用it作形式宾语,其他选项中的词没有这 种用法。

1. They are often so thick that you cannot see the sun,and the wind is sometimes strong enough to move sand dunes. 它们常常很浓密,以致遮住了太阳,有时风力大得足以移动 沙丘。 【句式分析】 (1)本句中的so. . . that. . . 意为 “如此……以致……” 。so 是副词,修饰形容词或副词;that引导结果状语从句。 ①He got up so early that he was the first to get to school. 他起 床很早,结果第一个到达学校。 ②There were so many people there that I wasn’t able to pick her out. 那儿有很多人,我没能认出她来。

【归纳拓展】 a. so+adj. /adv. +that 从句 so+adj. +a/an+可数名词单数+that从句 so+many/few/much/little+可数名词复数或不可数名词+that 从句 b. such+a/an+adj. +可数名词单数+that从句 such+adj. +不可数名词+that从句 such+adj. +可数名词复数+that 从句

【名师点津】(1)so和such放到句首时,主句要部分倒装。 (2)当little 表示 “小” 而不表示 “少” 时,必须用such, 如such a little boy/such little boys;而当little 表示 “少” 而 不表示 “小” 时,用so, 如so little water。 ③So excited was he that he could not speak. 他如此兴奋,以致说不出话来。

(2)句中的strong enough to move sand dunes 属于 “adj. /adv. +enough+to do” 结构。此处enough作副词;enough作形容 词修饰名词时,放在名词前后均可,构成 “enough+n. +to do” 或 “n. +enough+to do” 。 ④He didn’t run fast enough to catch the train. 他跑得不够快,没赶上火车。 ⑤This plastic bag is not big enough to hold so many things. 这个塑料袋不够大,装不下这么多东西。 ⑥We have enough time/Time enough to read the reference books. 我们有足够的时间来阅读这些参考书。

【即学活用】句式仿写。 ①雨下得太大,我们不能回家。 _It__ra_i_n_e_d__so__h_e_a_v_il_y__th_a_t_w__e_c_o_u_l_d_n_’_t_g_o_b__a_ck__h_o_m__e_. ②这个女孩如此可爱,以致大家都喜欢她。 _T_h_e_g_i_r_l_is__s_o_l_o_v_el_y__th_a_t_e_v_e_r_y_o_n_e__li_k_e_s_h_e_r_.

③ ______to go to school must have their rights to get

education in our country.

A.Old enough children

B.Children old enough

C.Enough old children

D.Children enough old

【解析】选B。句意:在我国,到了上学年龄的孩子必须有权

利接受教育。old enough在这里作定语修饰children,故答案

为B项。

2. It was the most frightening and the most dangerous situation I’ve ever been in. 那是我所遇到的最可怕、最危险的情况。 【句式分析】 (1)本句是一个复合句,其中I’ve ever been in是限制性定语从 句,修饰situation。此定语从句中省略了关系代词that。 (2)当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时,常用关系代词 that。 This is the most interesting book that I have ever read. 这是我读过的最有趣的书。

【即学活用】 The film makes me think of the happiest days______ we spent together. A. when B. where C. that D. which 【解析】选C。考查定语从句。定语从句中spent缺少宾语, 故用关系代词。when,where为关系副词,可排除;先行词 被形容词最高级修饰,所以定语从句用that引导。

Ⅰ. 根据所给汉语意思或首字母拼写单词 1. Before the rain, there was a m_a_s_s of clouds. 2. He threw it forward with all his s_t_re_n_g_t_h_. 3. She married an American man and became a U. S. c_it_i_ze_n_. 4. I read a f_r_ig_h_t_e_n_in__g story which took place in a haunted (闹鬼的) house. 5. Hurricane has been f_o_r_e_c_a_st_ for tomorrow afternoon.

6. I am unable to c_y_c_le_ to school because my bicycle is broken. 7. During his election _c_a_m_p_a_i_g_n_(活动) he promised to put the economy back on its feet. 8. Producing a dictionary is a slow _p_r_o_c_e_ss_(过程). 9. A _s_a_n_d_s_t_o_r_m_(沙尘暴) kicked up while we drove through the desert. 10. A third of Africa is under threat of _d_e_s_e_r_ti_f_ic_a_t_io_n_(沙漠化).

Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. 你抽烟太凶了,该少抽点。 You smoke too much—you should try to _c_u_t_d_o_w_n_. 2. 上个月这里挖出了一座古希腊雕像。 An old Greek statue was _d_u_g_u_p_here last month. 3. 我们遇上了暴风雨,全身都被浇透了。 We _w_e_r_e_c_a_u_g_h_t__in_the storm and got drenched. 4. 久病使她的心脏略微受到损伤。 Her heart was slightly damaged _a_s_a_r_e_s_u_l_t _o_fher long illness.

5. 他还没意识到情况的严重性。 He hasn’t yet _w_o_k_e_n__u_p__to_the seriousness of the situation. 6. 进一步治疗将预防癌症恶化。 Further treatment will _p_r_e_v_e_n_t cancer _f_r_o_m_ developing. 7. 电灯一个接一个灭了。 The lights went out _o_n_e_a_f_te_r__a_n_o_th__er_. 8. 让我们把这些碎玻璃扫走。 Let’s _s_w_e_e_p__a_w_a_y_the broken glass.

Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. (2013·天津高一检测)Don’t blame yourself too much. Everyone has his ______ and weaknesses. A. powers B. forces C. energies D. strengths 【解析】选D。考查名词辨析。句意:不要太自责。每个人都 有长处和短处。power力量,权力;force武力;energy能量, 精力;strength 在此处意为 “优势,长处” 。故选D。

【变式训练】

(2013·南昌高一检测)The children are full of ______. They

have been playing all day long without resting.

A. force

B. power

C. energy

D. strength

【解析】选C。考查名词词义辨析。句意:孩子们充满活力。

他们已经玩了一整天而没有休息了。force力,力量,武力、

暴力;power能力,影响力,权力;energy能量;strength力

量,力气。

2. The house cost ______ we didn’t buy it.

A. such many money that

B. such much money that

C. so many money that

D. so much money that

【解析】选D。考查so/such. . . that. . . 的用法。句意:这所房

子价钱太高,我们没买。与many, much连用时只能用so,又

因money为不可数名词,应用so much。

3. The little girl was______ by the man’s______ voice.

A.frightened; frightening

B.frightening; frightened

C.frightened; frightened

D.frightening; frightening

【解析】选A。考查形容词。句意:这个小女孩对那个男人的

可怕的声音感到害怕。frightened表示 “(人)感到害怕的” ;

frightening表示 “令人害怕的” 。故选A。

4. (2013·锦州高一检测)He has______ letters to answer. He

has to work from morning to night.

A.much

B.masses of

C.the number of

D.a great deal of

【解析】选B。句意:他有很多封信要回复,不得不从早忙到

晚。letter是可数名词,masses of 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰

不可数名词。A、D两项只修饰不可数名词;C项为 “……的

数量” 。

【变式训练】

The flowers made a ______ of colour against the stone wall.

A.mass

B.many

C.number D.plenty

【解析】选A。句意:以石墙衬托着的花朵五彩缤纷。a mass

of意为 “大量的” ,可以修饰不可数名词或可数名词,符合

句意。many和a number of修饰的是可数名词复数;plenty of

既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词,但不与a搭配。

5. The firm is now in the ______ of moving the main

equipment to a new place.

A.process

B.action

C.development

D.direction

【解析】选A。考查名词。句意:公司目前正在把主要设备迁

到新地址去。in (the) process of意为 “在进行中” ,process

过 程 , 符 合 句 意 。 action 行 动 ; development 发 展 ; direction

方向。

6. “Rain is ______ or all parts of southern England tomorrow.

“ a forecaster on TV said.

A.predicted

B.forecast

C.informed

D.told

【解析】选B。考查动词。句意:电视天气预报员说明天整个

英格兰南部都有雨。forecast指有专业知识的专业人员对于公

众的预报,符合句意。predict意为 “预言,预测” ,尤指个

人的预言和推测;inform告知,通知;tell告诉。

7. We took our umbrellas with us when we went out in order

to ______ us from a heavy rain.

A.ban

B.preserve

C.prevent

D.protect

【解析】选D。考查动词。句意:为了保护我们免受大雨淋湿,

我们出门时随身携带雨伞。protect sb. from doing保护某人免

遭……;ban禁止;preserve保护,维护;prevent防止,阻止。

【变式训练】

Measures must be taken to prevent pollution ______ happily.

A. from we live

B. for us to live

C. us living

D. from our living

【解析】选B。句意:为了幸福地生活,我们必须采取措施制

止污染。此题不要受prevent. . . from doing. . . 的思维定势的

影响,此处为带逻辑主语的不定式作目的状语。

8. On the way home, he ______ a storm.

A.caught

B.was caught by

C.caught hold off

D.was caught in

【解析】选D。句意:在回家的路上,他遭到了暴风雨的袭击。

be caught in遭受……。

9. His sudden look of fear made ______ clear that he had

something to do with the matter.

A.him B.this

C.it

D.that

【解析】选C。考查it作形式宾语的用法。句意:他脸上突然

变化的表情表明他与这件事情有关。made的宾语应为that引

导的宾语从句,所以用it作形式宾语。

10. If you don’t ______ your smoking, I will ______ your

supply.

A.cut up; cut down

B.cut down; cut off

C.cut in; cut off

D.cut in; cut up

【解析】选B。考查动词短语。句意:如果你再不减少吸烟的

量,我将断绝对你的供应。cut down减少;cut off断绝,切断。

11. The aircraft appears ______ near London.

A. crashing

B. to be crashed

C. crash

D. to have crashed

【解析】选D。考查不定式。句意:飞机似乎在伦敦附近坠毁

了。crash坠毁,不及物动词。appear to have done sth. 似乎

做了某事,符合句意,故选D。

12. (2013·北京高一检测)Moving to another city can ______

both your salary level and your cost of living, so you’d better

think it over before you make a final decision.

A. connect B. relate

C. effect

D. affect

【解析】选D。考查动词。句意:搬到另一个城市会影响到你

的薪水和生活成本,因此在做出最终决定之前你最好认真思

考。connect连接,联合;relate使有联系;effect使发生,实

现,引起;affect影响。根据句意可知选D。

13. —May I have a talk with one of your sports reporters?

—Sorry, but all of them are out to ______ the main events of

the day.

A. get

B. find

C. cover D. search

【解析】选C。考查动词。句意:——我可以和你们的体育记

者中的一位谈谈吗?——抱歉,他们都出去报道今天的重要

事件去了。cover意为 “报道” ,符合句意。

14. ______ the heavy snow,two-thirds of the buildings in the

area need repairing.

A. In a word

B. As a result of

C. By the way

D. As a result

【解析】选B。考查词组。句意:由于大雪的缘故,这个地区

三分之二的大楼需要修理。in a word总之;as a result of由于,

因为;by the way顺便说一下;as a result结果。

15. He advised his daughter ______ there in a hurry.

A. to not go

B. not to go

C. not go

D. not going

【解析】选B。考查advise的用法。句意:他劝女儿不要急着

到那儿去。advise sb. not to do sth. 劝告某人不要做某事,故

选B。

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