高一英语定语从句复习 语法归纳及练习 一、基本概念 1. 定语从句 在复合句中作定语，修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 2. 先行词 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。一般情况下，定语从句紧跟先行词。但也有因各种原因定语从 句与先行词被分割的现象。 3. 关系代词和关系副词 定语从句的引导词。与先行词关系密切，因此紧跟先行词，并在定语从句中充当一个成分。关系 代词有：who, whom, which, that 和 whose, 另外，as 也可充当关系代词。关系代词在定语从句中 充当主语、宾语、表语和定语。关系副词有：when, where 和 why。在定语从句中充当状语。 二、关系代词的用法 （一）基本用法 根据先行词的不同，和在从句中所充当的成分不同，选用不同的关系代词。 如下表：
关系词 who 先行词 人 从句成分 主语，宾语 例句 Do you know the man who is talking with your mother? Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am whom 人 宾语 working The boy (whom) she loved died in the war. I like those books whose topics are about whose 关系 代词 that 人，物 主语，宾语 人，物 定语 history. The boy whose father works abroad is my classmate. A plane is a machine that can fly. She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much. The book (which) I gave you was worth $10. which 物 主语，宾语 The picture which was about the accident was terrible. as 人，物 主语，宾语 He is such a person as is respected by all of us. This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. as 做宾语一般不 省略 whom, which 和 that 在从句中做宾 语时，常可以省 略， 但介词提前时 后面关系代词不 能省略， 也不可以 用 that 备注
（二）关系代词 that 代替 which 的一些情况 which, that 在代替物时，一般可以通用。但在有些情况下，只用 that。 ⑴ 先行词是最高级形容词或它的前面有最高级形容词修饰时。 例如：① This is the best that has been used against pollution. ② English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these years. ⑵ 先行词是序数词，或它前面有一个序数词时。
例如：① This is the last place (that) I want to visit. ② It is the first American movie of this kind that I’ve ever seen. ⑶ 先行词是 all, much, little, something, everything, anything, nothing, none 等代词时。 例如：① You should hand in all that you have. ② We haven’t got much that we can offer you. ⑷ 先行词前面有 the only, the very, any, few, little, no, all, much, every 等修饰时。 例如：① The only thing that we can do is to give you some money. ② The little money (that) he had was stolen. （三）宜用 who, 而不用 that 的一些情况 ⑴ 先行词是 one, ones, anyone 时。 例如：① One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. ② Don’t tell anyone about the news who oughtn’t to know it. ⑵先行词是 those 时。 例如：① Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes made of the magic cloth. （四）其它情况 ⑴ 先行词既有人又有物时。 例如：① Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about? ② The bike and its rider that had run over an old man were taken to the police station. ⑵ 主句已有疑问词 who 或 which 时。 例如：① Which is the bike that you lost? ② Who is the woman that was praised at the meeting? （五）与 whose 有关的问题 ⑴ whose 是代词的所有格，它既可以代人也可以代物。 例如：① I saw a woman whose bag was stolen. ② Please show me the book whose cover is red. ⑵ 当 whose 表示物与物的所有格关系时，亦可用 of which 的形式。 例如：① The building whose roof you can see from here is a new restaurant. → The building, the roof of which you can see from here, is a new restaurant.或 → The building, of which the roof you can see from here is a new restaurant. 三、介词提前的问题 关系代词在定语从句中充当介词宾语时，介词可以前提至关系代词前。 例如：Have you seen the pen (which) I wrote the note with just now? （which 作介词 with 的宾语） →Have you seen the pen with which I wrote the note just now? 但是，要注意的是： ⑴ 介词前提后，先行词是人或物，关系代词分别只能用 whom 和 which，而不再用 that 或 who。 ⑵ 介词前提后，关系代词不再能省略。 ⑶ 有些含有介词的短语动词中的介词不能前提，如：look for, look after, take care of 等。 例如：
① 错误：Who is the old man to that you were talking to? 正确：Who is the old man to whom you were talking ? 或 Who is the old man (that/ whom) you were talking to? ② 错误：These are the sheep of which the boy took care. 正确：These are the sheep (which/that) the boy took care of. 四、关系代词在从句中作主语时，从句中的主谓一致 关系代词在定语从句中作主语时，从句的谓语动词在人称和数上应与先行词一致。 例如： ① Who is the guy that is reading over there? ② The number of people that are going to the exhibition is expected to be over 25,000. ③ All that needs to be done has been done. ④ He is one of the students who use computer a lot for study. ⑤ Timmy is the only one of the pupils that has failed the exam. 例③中的 all 意为“一切” ，作单数。例⑤中没通过考试的学生事实上只有一人，因此谓语动词也 用单数。 that 与 which, who, whom 的用法区别：
情况 用法说明 1． 先行词为 all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much,等不定代词时。 2． 先行词被 all, any, every, each, much, little, no, some, few 等修饰时 只用 that 的情况 3． 先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时 4． 先行词既指人又指物时 5． 先行词被 the only, the very 修饰时 6． 句中已经有 who 或 which 时，为了避免重复时 例句 1. He told me everything that he knows. 2. All the books that you offered have been given out. 3. This is the best film that I have ever read. 4. We talked about the persons and things that we remembered. 5. He is the only man that I want to see. 6. Who is the man that is making a speech? 1． 在非限制性定语从句中，只能用 which 指代物， 1. He has a son, who has gone abroad for 用 who/whom 指人 只用 which, who, whom 的情况 2． 在由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中，只 能用 which 指物，whom 指人。 3． 先行词本身是 that 时，关系词用 which, 先行词 为 those, one, he 时多用 who。 further study. 2. I like the person to whom the teacher is talking. 3. Those who respect others are usually respected by others.
高一定语从句专项练习(1) 1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. which B. where C. what D. in which C. I spoke to D. that I spoke D. where they stayed 2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke A. which they stayed A. which A. which A. where A. where B. that B. on which B. to which B. that B. to who spoke B. at that they stayed C. when 3.This is the hotel _______last month. C. where they stayed at D. on which D. when D. in which D. there 4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. C. in which C. which C. which 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. 7.Great changes have taken place in the factory ____we are working since then. 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year C. that has been shown this year A. about which you talked A. with which A. whom A. to whom A. who A. all that A. which A. who A. that A. I went with A. the novels B. in which B. who B. on whom B. who's B. all what B. who B. whom B. as B. that have shown D. that you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked
9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? B. which you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. C. on which D. by which C. which C. with which C. which C. that C. what C. that C. whom B. with whom I went B. the such novels D. that D. with whom D. whose D. which D. as D. as D. what C. with who I went C. such novels D.I went with him D. same novels
11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. 19.I don't like ______ as you read.
20.He talked a lot about things and persons _______they remembered in the school. A. which A. which A. them A. who;/ A. whose title A. for which A. that B. that B. that B. which B./; whom C. whom C. whom C. whom C. whom;/ D. what D. who D. who D./; who D. the title of that 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. B. its title B. for that B. which C. the title of it C. in which C. as B. which; when B. whose B. with which C. what C. that D./ D. for which D what D. it C. what; that D. on which; when 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which A. which A. in which 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked C. that I have looked after A. why; that A. that A./ B. which B. which B. which I have looked after D. I have looked after B. that; why C .for which C. for which B. either of which C. as were C. that C. for that; hat D. who D. with which C. both of that D. which D. it D. both of which D. for which; what
31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. 32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. 33.That is not the way ______I do it. 34.I have two grammars, ______are of great use. A. all of which A as was A. who A. that A. that 35.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. B. which was B. which B. which B. which 36.My neighbours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. 37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. C. from that C. who D. from which D. as 38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done.
39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. A. / A. that A .what; that A. when; who A. owns; are A. followed A. that B. why B. which C. when C. it D. whose D. though —Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. D. that; that D. when; which C. which; which C. which; that C. own; is C. to follow D. it C. through that; what C. this school one D. who D. what; that 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. 41.—Did you ask the guard _______ happened? B. what; what B. that; which B. owns; is B. following B. /
42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. 43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing. D. own; are D. that followed 44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. 45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? C. which 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what A. this school A. as B. that B. through which; what B. this the school C. what 47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week? D. this school where 48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. 49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well. A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which 50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. A. are being B. has been C. had been D. have been 高一定语从句专项练习（2） 1. Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ________ from east to west. Those ________ run from north to south are called avenues. A. running; that B. run; who C. running; who D. run; that 2. This is the case ________ he’s had all his money stolen. A. when B. where C. that D. on which 3. Mr. Smith will pay a visit to Beijing this autumn, ________ we will enjoy the Olympic Games in 2008. A. where B. when C. which D. how 4. The artist will not paint people or animals but he will paint anything ________ . A. that the little girl asks him B. the little girl asks him to C. for the little girl to ask him D. what the little girl asks him 5. —How did you get in touch with the travel agent, Robin? —Oh, that’s easy. I surfed the Internet and then called one ______ the telephone number is provided. A. which B. in which C. of which D. whose 6. October 15 th is my birthday, ________ I will never forget. A. when B. that C. what D. which 7. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ____ he can walk correctly and safely. A. when B. where C. which D. whose 8. There are several research centers in China ______ a certain disease called Bird Flu is being studied.
A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. I hope that the little ________ I have been able to do does good to them all. A. which B. what C. that D. when 10. The time is not far away ________ modern communications will become widespread in China’s vast countryside. A. as B. when C. until D. before 11. ________ is known to everybody, Taiwan is a part of China. We must unify it. A. It B. As C. Which D. What 12. I shall never forget the day ______ Shen Zhou V was launched, _____ has a great effect on my life. A. when, which B. that, which C. which, that D. when, that 13. The bread my wife makes is much better than ________ you can buy at a store. A. that which B. one that C. that of which D. this of which 14. There is no such place _____ you dream of in all this world. A. that B. what C. which D. as 15. The people, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. A. all whose homes B. all of whose homes C. all their homes D. all of their homes 16. The humans are destroying nature day by day, of course, will cause severe punishment from it sooner or later. A. who B. when C. on which D. which 17. Is this research center ________ you visited the modern equipment last year? A. where B. that C. the one that D. the one where 18. Some pictures of the river brought the days back to the old ________ they swam in it. A. when B. that C. who D. where 19. The man showed us so heavy a stone ________ no man can lift. A. that B. as C. which D. and 20. He stayed there for quite a long time, during ________ time he learned much spoken English. A. that B. this C. which D. same 高一定语从句专项练习（3） 1. Who is the woman is sweeping the floor over there? A. who B. / C. that D. when 2. The doctor is leaving for Africa next month. A. the nurse is talking to him B. whom the nurse is talking C. the nurse is talking to D. who the nurse is talking 3. He talked about a hero no one had ever heard. A. of whom B. from whom C. about that D. who 4. Have you read the book I lent to you? A. that B. whom C. when D. whose 5. American women usually identify their best friend as someone ______ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom 6. Recently I bought a second-hand car was very low. A. which price B. the price of whose C. its price D. whose price 7. Lily, is Helen ______ you want to introduce me to? A. that B. who C. whom D. the girl 8. The professors talked with us about the beautiful schools and the experienced teachers ______ they had seen. A. that B. who C. which D. what 9. This is the only bus ______ goes to the village school. A. / B. that C. where D. it 10. Is there a shop around _______sells China Daily?
A. who B. where C. in which D. which 11. She was the only one of the girls in our class _______ accepted as candidate for the president of our Students’ Union. A. who was B. who were C. who has been D. who have been 12. She is no longer the sweet little girl ______ she used to be. A. what B. who C. when D. that 13. Is this the singer ______ songs you like best? A. who’s B. whose C. which D the one whose 14. He got angry with _____ was against his opinion. A. who B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 15. Anyone _____with what I said may raise your hand. A. which agrees B. who agree C. who agrees 16. That’s the dog ______. A. we’ve been looking after B. after which we’ve been looking C. what we’ve been looking after D. we’ve been taking care for 17. This is the last time ______ I’ll give you a lesson. A. when B. that C. what D. as 18. The family _____ I stayed with in Paris are coming to London. A. whose B. which C. what D. whom 19. This is the very knife ______ I used to cut apples yesterday. A. that B. by which C. which D. with which 20. China has many rivers, _____ the Yangtze River is the longest.. A. which B. in which C. among which D. one of which 21. The use they are ______ the waste helps to save a lot of money. A. made of B. made from C. making up of 22. That tree, the branches _____ are almost bare, is a very old one. A. whose B. in which C. of which D. of it
D. which agree
D. making of
23. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person ______ she could turn for help. A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom 24. What is the way Smith thought of ______ enough money to buy the new house? A. getting B. having got C. being got D. to get 25. Jack spent as much time as he could ______ over his lessons. A. going B. went C. go D. to go 26. The freezing point is the temperature ___water changes into ice. A. at which B. on that C. when D. of which 27. I am impressed by the fact that he makes good use of every minute _____ he can spare. A. that B. in which C. in that D. when 28. This is the last time ______ I will write to you. A. when B. that C. what D. as 29. I don’t like the way ______ he spoke to me. A. what B. by which C. by that D. / 30. The train ______ he was traveling was delayed for more than an hour. A. by which B. on which C. for which D. on that （4）真题回顾 1. We went through a period _____ communications were very difficult in rural areas. (2008 上海) A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which
2. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree _____ they can be controlled on purpose. (2007 重 庆) A. with which B. to which C. of which D. for which 3. Animals suffered at the hands of Man ______ they were destroyed by people to make way for agricultural had to provide food for more people. (2008 江西) A. in which B. for which C. so that D. in that 4. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from ______ their parents speak at home. (2008 浙江) A. what B. that C. which D. one 5. You can only be sure of _____ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future. (2007 安徽) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that 6. Women _____ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those _____ don’t. (2006 北京) A. who, / B. /; who C. who, who D. /; / 7. The Beatles, _____ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Livepool.(2006) A. what B. that C. how D. as 8. In an hour, we can travel to places _____ would have taken our ancestors days to reach. (2006 上海) A. where B. when C. which D. what 9. I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction ________ she had come.（ 2006 重庆卷） A. of which B. by which C. in which D. from which 10. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house ______ roof is under repair. (2006 福建) A. whose B. which C. of which D. that 11. – Mom, what did your doctor say? －He advised me to live ____ the air is fresher. (2006 四川) A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. where 12. The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs ______ they are being trained. (2005 江西) A. in that B. for that C. in which D. for which 13. The English play ____ my students acted at the New Year ’s party was a great success. (2004 全国) A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 14. George Orwell, ____ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (2004 全国) A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 15. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% ________ are sold abroad. (2004 辽宁) A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that 高一定语从句专项练习（1） 1-5 ACDCA 6-10 CAAAA 11-15 CDDAD 41-45 ADCDA 46-50 BBACB
16-20 DBBCB 21-25 DCDAA 26-30 CADDB 31-35 ABADC 36-40 BDDAB
高一定语从句专项练习（2） 1-5 ABABC 6-10 DBBCB 11-15 BAADB 16-20 DDABC 高一定语从句专项练习（3） 1-5 CCAAD 6-10 DDABD 11-15 ADBCC 16-20 ABDAC 21-25 DCDDA 26-30 AABDB
（4）真题回顾 1-5 CBDAB 6-10 CDCDA 11-15 DDCDA
高一定语从句专项练习（1） 1-5 ACDCA 6-10 CAAAA 11-15 CDDAD 41-45 ADCDA 46-50 BBACB
16-20 DBBCB 21-25 DCDAA 26-30 CADDB 31-35 ABADC 36-40 BDDAB
高一定语从句专项练习（2） 1-5 ABABC 6-10 DBBCB 11-15 BAADB 16-20 DDABC 高一定语从句专项练习（3） 1-5 CCAAD 6-10 DDABD 11-15 ADBCC 16-20 ABDAC 21-25 DCDDA 26-30 AABDB （4）真题回顾 1-5 CBDAB 6-10 CDCDA 11-15 DDCDA