会宁一中 2015-2016 学年度第一学期期中考试 高二级英语试卷
考试说明： 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分。 2. 答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。 3. 全部答案在答题卡上完成, 答在本试卷上无效。 4．本次考试共计 120 分钟，满分 150 分。 第I卷 第一部分： 阅读理解，（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Snowflakes seem like white stars falling from the sky. But they don’t always look white. Sometimes they appear to have other colors. Some are red, yellow, or black. There have been snowflakes of almost every shape. Think how it would seem to have these coming all around you. Wouldn’t they look pretty? Black snow came down in France one year. Another year gray snow fell in Japan. It was found that such snow was mixed with ashes. This made it seem dark. Red snow has come down in other countries. When this happened, it was mixed with red dust. That is why it looked different. Most [Z-XK]snow looks like white, but it is really the color of ice. It is ice that comes from snow clouds. Each snowflake begins with a small drop of water. More water forms around this drop. The way the water freeze gives the snowflake its shape. No two snowflakes are of ever just the same size or shape. All start out flat and have six sides. Some snowflakes are broken when they hit the ground, others melt as they fall. When the air is cold and dry, the falling snowflakes are small and hard. If the air is wet and warm, the snowflakes are big and soft. Would you be surprised to see snowflakes as big as your head falling from the sky? It happened once in our country. It could occur again. 1. Snowflakes are _________ according to the writer. A. white stars. B. always white. C. of similar shapes D. pretty 2. According to the passage, if the snowflakes are hard and small, the weather should be _________. A. cold and wet. B. cold and dry. C. wet and warm. D. dry and wet. 3. We can infer from the last paragraph that very large snowflakes _________.
A. C. 4. A. B. C. D.
occur regularly. B. will occur regularly occur once a year. D. don’t often occur. Which of the following statements is true? Color snowflakes look so because they are mixed with dust of different colors. All snowflakes look white, and it is the color of the ice. Probably there are two snowflakes of the same size and shape. Most snowflakes are made from water and dust.
B One night there was a woman at the airport who had to wait for several hours before getting her next flight. While waiting, she bought a book and a pack of biscuits to spend the time. She looked for a place to sit and waited. She was reading her book, when suddenly she realized that there was a young man sitting next to her who was stretching his hand, and grabbing the pack of cookies lying between them. He started to eat them one by one. Not wanting to make a fuss about it(小题大做)，she decided to ignore him. The woman ate the biscuits and watched the clock, while the young thief was also eating them. The woman started to think, “If I weren’t such a good and educated person, I would have hit this man by now.” Every time she ate a biscuit, he had one, too. The dialogue between their eyes continued and when only one biscuit was left, she wondered what he was going to do. Softly and with a nervous smile, the young man grabbed the last biscuit and broke it into two. He offered one half to the woman while he ate the other half. Briskly(利 索地)she took the biscuit and thought, “What a bad man! How uneducated! He didn’t even thank me!” She had never met anybody who made her so angry, and was pleased when her flight was ready. She grabbed her bags and went towards the gate not looking back to where that thief was seated. After getting on the plane and being seated, she looked for her book which was almost finished by now. While looking into her bag she was totally surprised to find her pack of biscuits. “If my biscuits are here,” she thought, feeling bad, “those others were his and he tried to share them with me.”Too late to say sorry to the young man, she realized with pain, that it was her who had been an uneducated thief, but not him. 5. According to the passage, the woman bought the biscuits _________. A. because she was hungry then. B. Because the biscuits were on sale. C. because she wanted to kill time D. because the young man wanted to eat it 6. From the first paragraph, we can know that when the woman saw the young man eating the biscuits, she felt _________. A. worried B. annoyed C. anxious D. curious 7. Which of the following is right? A. The woman thought the young man was an uneducated guy. B. The young man ate the last biscuit himself. C. The woman herself ate the last biscuit. D. The man was also angry with the woman. 8. From the story, we should draw a lesson: _________
A. Look before you leap C. Every coin has two sides
B. Never judge one easily C. Always be friendly to others
C Many parents worry that their children’s eating habits may not be good enough to stay healthy. Some children ask for the same food over and over again, some may refuse to try anything new, and some may keep asking for snacks (点心). Therefore, having healthy eating habits becomes one of the most important lessons a child needs to learn. Most parents struggle with managing good eating habits and nutrition (营 养) for their children. Parents should make a plan for their children’s nutritional needs. Start your child’s day with a good breakfast. Breakfast is necessary to provide the nutrition for an active day. Studies show that children do better in study when they begin a day with a good breakfast. Allow your child to help you plan and prepare a meal. He will be glad to eat foods that he has helped to put on the table. The mealtime environment has a lot to do with how your child will feel about food. Try to serve your meals at the same place at the same time of a day. Keep the meal itself as the main event and leave the toys and television for later use. Snacks are also important. We can give our body and brain energy (能量) by eating snacks between meals. Children are often hungriest in the afternoon after school and in the evening. Offer snacks at regular time between meals. This way, your child won’t refuse a meal because he knows a snack is soon to follow. More importantly, when offering snacks, you should be careful with what to choose. 9. The main idea of the second paragraph is that ____. A. most children go to school without eating breakfast B. one shouldn’t eat too much for breakfast C. a good breakfast is important to children D. most people haven’t realized the importance of having a good breakfast 10. To help their children form healthy eating habits, parents ____. A. should encourage their children to eat more often at school B. can ask the children to help with meal planning and preparation C. must make the mealtime environment as quiet as possible D. should serve some snacks while having a meal 11. What would most probably be talked about in the next paragraph of the passage? A. Examples of healthy snacks. B. Why snacks are important. C. Advice on how to keep healthy. D. What to eat for lunch and supper. D Basic Study Manual Hardcover: $ 37.50
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In spite of billions of dollars spent on “educational research,” children are not taught the most basic skills of learning, even the most basic of these: how to use a dictionary. In fact, a search of educational books for children found not one that told them how to use a dictionary －or that one should. Written for children 8 to 12-year old, this fully illustrated book will teach your child: ◎ How to find words in a dictionary ◎ The different ways that words are used ◎ What the different marks and symbols that are used in a dictionary mean ◎ How to use a dictionary to correctly pronounce words Includes a section for parents and teachers showing you how to use this book with children. Buy this book and give it to your children to unlock their education. What’s more, you’ll just pay 50% for it before May 1, 2015. 12. According to the advertisements, the four books are all intended for ________. A. teachers B. adults C. children D. women
13. Some of the four books were illustrated in order to _________. A. help readers understand the book C. reduce the cost of the books readers 14. If you buy the four books on April 1, 2015, you will have to pay ___ for the four books. B. persuade readers to buy them D. make the books suitable to different
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第二节．七选五（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 No one is ever too young to make a difference. 16 Eleven-year-old Olivia was
concerned about pollution in the Gulf of Mexico (墨西哥湾). She was especially concerned about the birds living along the coast. Olivia wanted to help and she had an idea about what she could do.[Z-xk.Com] 17 “I’m no James Audubon,” she said, referring to an artist famous for his pictures of birds, “but I can draw.” Olivia felt her watercolors of birds were good enough that some people might buy them. She wondered if people would be even more likely to buy her artwork if they knew the money would be used to help birds on the Gulf Coast. Olivia got in touch with the National Audubon Society. This society honors James Audubon, the artist Olivia admires greatly, and it works to aid and save endangered birds. drawings. With the National Audubon Society’s help, Olivia’s “Save the Gulf” campaign was announced. 19 America Online (AOL) news published an article about 18 That was because Olivia promised to create 500 original
Olivia. Just three days after the story appeared, her project had already raised $20,000. 20 She then completed a book project. The book, called Olivia’s Birds:
Saving the Gulf, is a collection of her bird drawings. Each drawing includes facts
about the pictured bird. Olivia hopes that her book will raise more awareness about the Gulf Coast birds that she loves so much. A. Her story drew a great amount of attention. B. Success inspired Olivia to work even harder.
C. Olivia Bouler has proved that beyond a doubt. D. Olivia had always loved to draw and paint birds. E. Olivia has raised close to $200,000 in the past few years. F. The National Audubon Society was thrilled with Olivia’s offer to help. G. Olivia shares information about her goals on a social networking website. 第二部分：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 Jane's mother worked on the farm from dawn till dark，which just could make ends meet. To make Jane live a __21__ life, Mother was very careful about spending money.__22__，Jane didn't understand her. Every day Mother was busy with her __23__ while Jane was studying at school，so they had little time to enjoy themselves. One day，Mother realized Jane was unhappy and even __24__ to her，so she decided to go__25__ with Jane to make Jane happy. On Sunday morning they went happily to the snowfield. Since they were__26__ in white [Z-xk.Com]clothes，the manager advised them to buy ski clothes. He said __27__ there was an accident，they might be easily __28__ in their ski clothes. Mother couldn't __29__ them，so she refused. Then they went skiing in their white clothes. They were skiing happily on the __30__ when suddenly the snowfield began to __31__. It was the snow slide(雪崩)．They ran a long way and __32__ the snow slide finally，but they couldn't find their way. Later，a helicopter was flying above，__33__people on it couldn't see or hear them. Jane was __34__ because she had hurt her head seriously and __35__ dropped on the snow. Just then an idea struck Mother. She pierced(刺破)her wrist __36__ and then bright red blood dropped down on the snowfield. A red SOS was on the snow. At last Jane __37__，but Mother died. Every time I __38__ the blood dropping onto the snowfield，I feel __39__. I believe anyone who hears the tragedy will __40__ Mother for her selfless love to her daughter. 21．A.happy 22．A. Moreover 23．A. writing 24．A. unfriendly 25．A. skating 26．A. all 27．A. now that 28．A. searched 29．A. pay B．healthy B．However B．loyal B．dancing B．both B．in case B．examined B．manage B．housework C．busy C．Anyway C．work C．kind C．hiking C．either C．as though C．found C．afford D．meaningful D．Though D．research D．cruel D．skiing D．every D．even if D．caught D．stand
30．A. mountain 31．A. change 32．A. escaped 33．A. but 34．A.in despair 35．A. hair 36．A. carefully 37．A. cried 38．A. find out 39．A. satisfied D．painful 40．A. admire
B．farmland B．melt B．passed B．so B．in danger B．blood B．slowly B．died B．think of B．curious B．envy 第 II 卷
D．snowfield D．jump D．overcame D．while D．in ruins D．jewels D．hardly D．survived D． come across
C．experienced C．since C．in peace C．tears C．immediately C．woke C．suffer from C．anxious C．reward
第一部分：语言知识运用（共三节，满分 45 分）
根据所学单词及提示写出所缺单词的正确形式。（每题 1.5 分共 15 分）
41. The children are the helpless ________________ (受害者) of the fighting. 42. The government has ________________ (宣布) that public spending will be increased. 43. The woman has ________________ (安排) for her son to have swimming lessons. 44. The bank can supply you with foreign ________________ (货币). 45. The woman has two children from a(n) ________________ (早先的) marriage. 46. These materials can be ________________ (回收利用) into other packaging products. 47. It’s difficult to ________________ (评估) the impact of the President’s speech. 48. Goats’cheese may be ________________ (加工) in many ways. 49. The girl ________________ (窒息) to death after breathing in smoke. 50. Do you think we need to call a(n) ________________ (救护车)? 第二节：用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空。（每题 1.5 分共 15 分）
make a difference , pick up, sweep up, put forward, switch on, accuse of, Look into, In order to, in place, take the place of,
51. An organization has been set up to ________ the problem. 52. At the meeting, the manager ________ a new marketing plan. 53. With the good care taken by doctors and nurses, many patients are beginning
to_________ 54. Who will ___________ Mr. Li when he retires? 55. The old lady____________ the fallen leaves in the garden every day. 56. When I ___________ the light, I found the room robbed. 57. He _____________murder and was finally sentenced to death. 58. __________maintain physical well-being, a person should eat wholesome(有益健 康的) food and get sufficient exercise. 59. Before you leave the library, all the books should be put_________. 60. The fresh air in the countryside has __________to her health. 第三节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 If you get the chance to visit Brazil, you should go to the town of Ouro Preto (欧鲁普雷图). It was a mining town during 61. ________ 1700s and became very wealthy thanks to the gold trade. Thousands of people crowded into the town in the hope of finding gold, an event 62. ________ (know) as a gold rush. The town wasn’t only filled with gold hunters because artists and writers followed soon after. This is 63. ________ the area is full of beautiful works of arts.
The fantastic buildings and art still exist to be seen and enjoyed because people kept Ouro Preto well 64. ________ (preserve) over the years. The architecture has helped the development of tourism, 65. ________ Ouro Preto now relies heavily. Tourist favorites are the 18th? and 19th?century churches that are decorated 66. ________ real gold. There are also many sculptures by famous Brazilian artists.
One of the famous works in Ouro Preto is the Church of San Francisco de Assis. However, another67. ________ (amaze) sight, other than the church itself, is the painted wooden ceiling inside. The painting has beautiful colors and shows cupid (丘 比特) flying in a(n) 68. ________ (enjoy) scene. With the 69. ________ (extreme) impressive buildings and statues, more and more visitors70. ________ (attract) to Ouro Preto every year.
第二部分：写作（共二节，满分 35） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意：[Z-XK] 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Sam went to the cinema the other night. Entered the cinema, he thought of taking off his coat. But the cinema was very cold and he has to keep his coat on. As there weren’t much space between the rows, his legs began to ache shortly after he took up his seat. Worse still, they found it difficult to breath easily. Looking around, he saw a lot of people were smoking. At last the film started. That made him angry was that the person in front was wearing so big hat that he could hardly see the screen. To top it all, people all around him either told jokes nor laughed loudly. However, Sam missed most of the dialogue. 第二节：书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华。你的美国朋友 Mike 最近因学习压力大患上了轻度的焦虑症（anxiety disorders），写信向你求助。请你用英文给他回一封信，就如何处理压力给他一些建议。例 如：散步（walking）,做体育运动(do some sports)，和朋友交谈等等。 注意：词数 120 左右（信的开头已给出，但不计入总词数）。 Dear Mike, I am sorry to hear that you are suffering from anxiety disorders due to the great stress of studying.
________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________
参考答案 阅读理解:A 篇 1-5 DBDAC 6-10 BABCB 7 选 5：16-20 CDFAB 完形填空：21-25 ABCAD 26-30 BBCCD 31-35 CAABB 36-40 CDBDA 11-15 ACABD
第一节：根据所学单词及提示写出所缺单词的正确形式。 41. victims recycled 47. assess 第二节．[Z-xk.Com] 51. look into, 56.switched on difference 语法填空 61. the 62. known 63. why 52.put forward 53.pick up 54. Take the place of 59.in place. 55. sweeps up 60. made a 48. Processed 49. choked 50. Ambulance 42. Announced 43. arranged 44. Currency 45. Previous 46.
57.was accused of
58.in order to
65. on which
67. amazing attracted
短文改错： 71. Entered the cinema, ... Entered → Entering
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72. ... he has to keep ... 73. As there weren’t much ... 74. ... he took up his seat. 75. Worse still, they found ... 76. ... to breath easily. 77. That made him angry ... 78. ... so big hat that ... 79. ... nor laughed loudly. 80. However, Sam missed ... 写作。 One possible version: That →
has → weren’t → 去掉 up they → he
hat 前加 a nor However → → or Therefore / So
Dear Mike, I am sorry to hear that you are suffering from anxiety disorders due to the great stress of studying. Here I would like to give you some suggestions about
dealing with your stress. First, you ought to learn to study hard as well as relax if necessary. When tired, you can go walking or do some sports with your classmates. Secondly, as is well known, stress is to us what water is to fish, but do not give yourself too much stress or you may feel frustrated and tired, which is bad for your health. Thirdly, I think it would be beneficial if you could share some of your inner emotions with your friends, parents or teachers. I hope you will find these suggestions helpful.[Z-XK]
Best wishes, Li Hua
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