电子科技大学网络教育考卷(英语)

电子科技大学网络教育考卷( 电子科技大学网络教育考卷(A1 卷)
(20 年至 20 学年度第 学期) 学期)
考试时间 年 月 日(120 分钟) 课程 大学英语专科 教师签名_____

大题号 得 分





















合 计

一、英语知识运用(每题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 本部分共有 10 小题,每题给出 A B C D 四个选择,要求从中选出最佳答案。 1. — I'm afraid I've got a terrible flu. — ___________C_________________. A. Never mind B. Keep away from me C. Better go and see a doctor D. You need be more careful 2. —It’s cold in here. Do you mind if I close the door? — __________________C__________. A. With pleasure B. Yes, please C. Of course not D. Thank you 3. — I’m going to America for a holiday next week. — ___________________D_________! A. Goodbye B. Wish you success C. For sure D. That’s great 4. — What a beautiful dress you’re wearing! — ___________________B_________. A. No, thanks B. Thank you C. Yes, it is D. Sorry, it isn’t 5. — Would you like a cup of coffee? — ______________A______________. A. It’s very kind of you B. No, I wouldn’t C. Yes, please D. Here you are 6. — Can I help you with your luggage? — ________________A____________. A. Thank you. I can manage it myself B. No way. I can do it myself C. No, I don’t need your help D. You do your things, please 7. — This is the worst film ever produced. Do you think so? — ________________B____________. A. You’re wrong B. I don’t think so, I’m afraid C. Not at all D. No, that’s not real 8. — Can I borrow your camera for a week? — _____________________A_______. A. Sure, here you are B. Yes, you can borrow

C. Yes, bring it with you 9. — Sorry, I have kept you waiting.

D. It doesn’t matter

— ___________A_________________. A. That’s all right B. I don’t care C. I’m sad D. No, not at all 10. — When your classmate can’t follow you, what will he say to you? — He will say, “____________B________________” A. Can you say for a second time? B. Pardon? C. I don’t understand anything. D. What you said was nonsense.

二、阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 40 分) 本部分共有四篇短文,每篇短文后面有四个阅读理解题,根据短文从 A、B、C、D 中选出 最佳答案。 Passage One "Cool" is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings. "Cool" can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything. When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say, "It's cool." You may think, "He's so cool," when you see your favorite footballer. We all maximize (扩大) meaning of "cool". You can use it instead of many words such as the "new" or "surprising". Here's an interesting story we can use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall(瀑布)they had visited. On one student's paper was just the one sentence, "It's so cool." Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt. But the story also shows a scarcity(缺乏)of words. Without "cool', some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility (可信性) Can . you think of many other words that make your life as colorful as the word "cool"? I can. And I think they are also very cool. 11. We know that the word "cool" has had C . A. only one meaning B. no meanings C. many different meanings D. the same meaning 12. In the passage, the word "express" means " B ". A. see B. show C. know D. feel 13. If you are A something,you may say, "It's cool." A. interested in B. angry about C. afraid of D. unhappy with 14. The writer takes an example to show he is C the way the word is used. A. pleased with B. strange to C. worried about D. careful with 15. In the passage, the writer suggests(暗示)that the word "cool" D . A. cannot be replaced by other words B. usually means something interesting C. can make your life colorful

D. shouldn't be overused Passage Two William Henry Harrison, the ninth presidents of the United States, was born in a small town. As a young boy, he was very quiet and shy. In fact, he was so quiet that many people thought he was stupid. Because of that, the people of the town liked to play tricks on this boy. “Here, William,” one of them would say. “Here is a nickel(五美分硬币), and here is a dime (十美分硬币). Which one do you want?” William always chose the nickel, and all the people would laugh at him. Finally, his mother took him aside and said to him, “I know that you are a smart boy, but sometimes you let people think you are not so smart. Why do you always choose the nickel instead of the dime? Don’t you know that a dime is worth more than a nickel?” “Certainly I know it,” William answered slowly, “but if I choose the dime, then people won’t play the trick on me anymore. Then I won’t get any more nickels.”

16. William Henry Harrison was born ______D_____________. A. in a big city C. in the countryside B. on a farm D. in a small town

17. People thought he was stupid because _________B________. A. he did poorly at school C. he always asked foolish questions B. he was so quiet D. he was afraid of others

18. Whenever people played tricks on him, he was asked to ____C___________. A. laugh at himself C. choose between a nickel and a dime B. make faces D. tell right from wrong

19. His mother took him aside and asked why________A_______. A. he always chose the nickel instead of the dime B. he didn’t know that a dime was worth more than a nickel C. people played the same trick on him D. he failed to let people know how smart he was 20. We can infer from the story that William Henry Harrison was ________D________. A. foolish C. silent Passage Three Mark Twain was famous as a writer, but he was also famous as a public speaker and teller of funny stories. He often went from town to town giving lectures. One day he was walking along the street of a small town where he was going to give a lecture that evening. He met a young man who said, “Mr. Twain, I’d like to talk to you for a minute, please. I have an uncle that I’m fond of. The problem is he never laughs or smiles. Can you do B. naughty D. clever

anything?” “Bring your uncle to my lecture this evening, young man. I guarantee that he’ll laugh and smile.” That evening the young man and his uncle sat in the first row. Mark Twain spoke directly at them. He told some funny stories, but the old man never smiled. Then he told the funniest stories he knew, but the old man’s face still remained blank(茫然的). At last, Mark Twain left the platform almost exhausted. Later Mark Twain was talking with a friend about this. “Oh!” said the friend, “I know that old man. He has been deaf for years.” 21. Mark Twain often went form town to town because _______C________. A. he was famous as a writer B. C. he was fond of traveling he was famous as a public speaker and teller of funny stories

D. he wanted to meet different people in different places 22. The young man asked Mark Twain to ___A____. A. do something to make his uncle laugh and smile B. tell as many funny stories as possible in the lecture C. find out why his uncle never laughed or smiled D. give him some advice on how to become a writer 23. That evening the young man and his uncle sat __________B_____. A. on the ground C. in the middle of the crowd B. in the first row D. in the last row

24. When Mark Twain told the funniest stories in the lecture, ___________C________. A. there was no response from the audience(听众) B. the young man’s uncle began to dance happily C. the young man’s uncle was expressionless D. the young man and his uncle left halfway 25. The old man didn’t laugh in the lecture because _________D________. A. he didn’t understand those funny stories B. he had heard of those funny stories before C. he didn’t think Mark Twain was a good teller of funny stories D. he had been unable to hear sound for years

Passage Four Scientists have created a tomato that can grow on salty water. The plant is the first crop of its kind ever produced in the world. Its significance can not be overestimated. The new technology can help mankind solve the problem of feeding its ever-expanding population. It is estimated that by 2025 the world

population will amount to more than 9 billion, an increase of 3 billion over 2,000. Each day 240,000 more people are born, ready to be fed like the rest of us. Unfortunately, not all the land on Earth can be used to grow crops for humans. About 24. 7 million acres of land is lost to agriculture each year because the land has become too salty. The main cause of the problem is irrigation(灌 溉). When farmers water their crops, salts in the water also enter the soil. Over time, salts such as sodium(苏打) and calcium(钙) build up to such a point that they severely harm the growth of crops. Salts destroy most plants' ability to draw up water through their roots. But, the new variety of tomato produced by American and Canadian scientists can store salts in its leaves so that the fruit doesn't taste salty. Researchers hope this technology will enable areas of poor-quality land to become productive. 26.And they can feed some of the world's growing population.26. The new potato created by scientists can ____B___. A. grow under the sea C. grow in the river B. grow on salty water D. grow in the lake

27. According to the passage, the world population in 2000 was ___C_______. A. more than 9 billion C. more than 6 billion 28. A B. 3 billion D. about 8 billion

may be one reason for the problem of feeding the ever-expanding population.

A. That not all the land on Earth can be used to grow crops B. That there are rich countries and poor countries C. That the world is running out of water D. That tomato stores salts in its leaves 29. ____D_______ mainly leads to salty land. A. Expanding population C. Farming B. The growth of crops D. Irrigation

30. Salts are harmful to plants because _____B__________. A. they make the fruit taste salty B. they destroy most plants' ability to draw up water through roots C. they enable areas of poor-quality land to become productive D. they enter the soil 三、词汇与结构(每题 1 分,共 25 分) A 部分:本部分共有 15 小题,每题给出 A B C D 四个选择,要求从中选出最佳答案。 31. All of them are very disappointed _____D____the results of the discussion. A. from B. for C. to D. with

32. How the prisoner managed to escape ____B_____ unknown. A. to remain B. remains C. remain D. remaining

33. The young pianist performed wonderfully _____B____ he was a little nervous. A. in that B. except that C. for that D. except for

34. You never told me you have been to Hong Kong before,____C_____ A. had you B. didn't you C. did you D. weren't you

35. No sooner had they entered their office _______A___the lightning started. A. than B. when C. before D. after 36. The teacher has his students ____D______a book review every week. A. to write B. written C. writing D. write

37. I am so busy today. I would rather you____C_____ tomorrow for a visit. A. come B. would come C. came D. have come

38. My best friend sent me a letter saying that he would visit me ___B______next month. A. some time B. sometime C. sometimes D. some times

39. Not until he had cleared his glasses ____C_____his father was there. A. that he saw B. had he seen C. did he see D. that he had seen

40. The teacher had done___A____ he could do to help the students with learning difficulty. A. what B. which C. that D. all which

41. If by any chance someone comes to see me, ask him or her to leave a ___A_____. A. message B. letter C. sentence D. notice

42. We walked all the __C_ to the museum. A. trip B. road C. way D. journey

43 Here's my card. Let's keep in __A____. A. touch B. relation C. connection D. friendship

44. You have worked out the plan and now we must put it into _C__. A. fall B. reality C. practice D. deed

45. Linda got a well-paid job last week, so she was __B____. A. nervous B. excited C. unhappy D. polite

B 部分:本部分共有 10 小题,每题给出 A B C D 四个选择,要求从中选出最佳答案。 Cars are an important part of life in the United States. 46 a car most people feel that they are poor. And 47 a person is poor, he does not feel really poor when he has a car. Cars made the

United States a nation on 48. There are three main reasons why the car became so 49 in the United States. First of all, the country is a 50 one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest 51 of transportation. The second reason is the fact 52 the United States never really developed an 53 and inexpensive form of public transportation. The third, and the most important reason, is the American spirit of 54. Americans don't like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time, and this is the freedom that Americans want 55 to have. 46-50 BADCA 51-55 BCABD

46. A. With 47. A. even if

B. Without B. since

C. Because of C. however

D. For D. now that

48. A. farms 49. A. possible 50. A. huge 51. A. method 52. A. why 53. A. efficient 54. A. cooperation 55. A. mere

B. wells B. polite B. small B. form B. what B. effective B. independence B. much

C. ways C. popular C. narrow C. flow C. that C. exact C. peace C. more

D. wheels D. precise D. tiny D. choice D. which D. earnest D. game D. most

四、英译汉(每题 2 分,共 10 分) 本部分共有 5 小题 56. Don’t trust him no matter what he says. 无论他说什么都别相信。 57. When she left school, she went first to Britain. 当她离开学校,她首先去了英国。 58. Would you mind closing the window for me? 你介不介意帮我关下窗户呢? 59. Smoking can seriously harm your health. 抽烟会严重危害你的健康。 60. Good health is an essential part of good life. 身体好是幸福生活的一个基本要素。 五、汉译英 (每题 2 分,共 10 分) 本部分共有 5 小题 61. 我想吃鱼,不想吃牛肉。 I’d like to have some fish rather than beef. 62. 那个小女孩正盯着桌上的生日蛋糕。 The little girl is staring at the birthday cake on the table. 63. 许多人以帮助人为乐。 Many people delight in helping others. 64. 汤姆的声音很像他父亲。 Tom’s voice is similar to his father’s. 65. 去国外读书的机会的确很吸引青年学生。 A chance to study abroad really appeals to young people.


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