历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结

历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类:
1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 交流 Say sth 诉说的内容 stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 chat 聊天

2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 某事 Bargain 讨价还价

remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫

mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大吵

4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到 6 “听” listen to 听的动作

7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 去 9“抓” bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿 Put 放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮 lift 举

take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 attack 攻击

10“打” hit 一次性的打击

11“扔” throw 扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠 /embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进 stay in bed have a rest rest 16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one’s side/ on one’s stomach take a nap 打盹 19 “哭” cry shed tears 留泪 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 weep 呜咽地哭

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying in search of 寻找 Search sb 搜身 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查,核实 21“穿” examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 Take off 脱 remove 去除 put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 get changed 换衣服 be in red treat sb to 请某人吃

22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste help oneself to 随便吃
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23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) die 25“有” have 27“增/减” die off 相继死去 有 die away 逐渐消失 disappear be missing /gone be lost own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing great loss

26“无” nothing left

rise / go up /drop pay off pay for sell on sale bargain discounts live show turn up

人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase / decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay bill / cheque / cash/ credit card notes / coins die out

29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive disappear die 30 “变化” develop improve become grow

pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without ( negative reform recall recite apply to

adj.) turn + colour change /change into understand lose 34 祝贺 remember be familiar with

31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize 32“成功/失败”make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality

fail to do

33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 blame sb for sth/ blame sth on sb; sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb speak ill of 说?坏话 prefer ignore turn off visit leave leave for criticize /scold sb. for sth. enjoy in favor of 37 判断 38 到达 arrive at dislike 35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of /

36 喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into hate be awful / disgusting get to stay in sp think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt reach return to on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth

39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss of 遭受??损失 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin 41 修复 42 支持/反对 agree disagree elect sb + n. 43 做饭 cook wash cut break down be broken crash be against clean brush cover repair rebuild restore fix vote for/ against chop boil fry steam make mix recover oneself refuse turn down

accept receive

uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand 45 花费 sth/doing sth+ cost sb+spend+ in doing sth at one’s expense spare no effort/ time compete in/ for/against treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. of sth attend It +takes some time/ money/energy +to do sth Sb + buy sth for …..Money. 46 省/存钱 47 参加 take part in save /save up set aside put away join /join in charge sb. with save /rescue sb from sth. sb+ pay+$ for sth. persuade 说服 Sb+afford +n/to do sth

48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out

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Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to 51 逃避 ran away escape from adore envy /be jealousy in honor of forbid doing sth. ban sb from; solve settle burst out go off flee hide

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth the ban on sth; prohibit

53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn happen to take place 54 爆发 / 发生 explosion come about

break out

55 安装/装备 fasten fix set equip be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 58 打算 59 似乎/好象 seem appear be concerned 担心 look like as if consider be considerate towards sb.

plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do as though close/close up end close down

60 开办/关闭 open start set up

名词类
1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher conductor 4 餐 馆 / 定 餐 / 就 餐 inn reserve /book table tailor sailor inventor gardener guard restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife tray napkin Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit surgeon

5 诊 所 / 看 病 / 服 药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature fever/flu/headache doctor physician 6 车站/机场 8 意志 airport on board

take medicine/pills have a specialist patient meet sb. ambition energy

miss the train /bus catch a train

7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist will courage patience determination faith effort confidence Strict honest cold 10 优缺点 advantage 11 目标 serious easy-going learned belief faith approach 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud knowledgeable disadvantage strength weakness

aim goal intention purpose

12 方式 means method way manner

13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction Files form make a list of article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记

16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

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18 建议/观点 advice 20 交通

suggestion idea proposal view recommendation

19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to 22 感觉 23 情感 feeling emotion anger regular 有规律的(形容词) delight sadness sorrow be rich/well-off game match on the track and filed judge jogging pitch event practice 惯例(名词) sight hearing touch smell sense

24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond 25 运动比赛 on the playground sports player 26 衣服 27 事件 Coach clothes, cloth, clothing incident, accident

weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/

clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数,

cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

形容词类:
1 人的各种感受 乐:happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲: sad unhappy painful bitter 平静: calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦:bother bored be fed up with 震惊: surprised 怕: astonished shocked /amazed in fear be frightened /scared /afraid

失望:desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed 满意:be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 :annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ nearly/ almost accidentally/ once in a while Farther/ further hardly/ hard extremely/ very far / by far very/ quite occasionally/ once

better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

易考的近义词组 run/ manage hit/ beat/strike touch /feel lie/sit/locate fall/ sink/ drop money/ account grow/ plant meet/ satisfy play /performer help/work/ do matter/ problem /trouble/ cause/ reason because/ since /as / for treat/ cure/operate stand/ bear/tolerate/hold provide/supply/offer/ give/send contain/ hold /seat/ fill leave/remain fit/ suit/ match

that’s why/ that’s because last/ continue keep/ stay/ separate/ divide turn/become/go /change/vary/range

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