10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
10 届钻石卡英语专业学员基础英语第三次全真模拟测试 届钻石卡英语专业学员基础英语第三次全真模拟测试
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ⅠVocabulary (10 points)
Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. (5 pionts) 1. Those people who are A. credulous 2. It is bad manner to A. do up are most welcome to the politicians. B. credible B. do by C. incredible C. do away with D. unbelievable D. do down disabilities. other people behind their backs.
3. Anna Roe of New York City stated that there are vocationally successful persons who are well-adjusted socially and yet who show, according to tests, more or less severe A. affectional 4. The problem of year. A. career B. profession C. occupation D. employment 5. Despite his professional A. imminence and his strength of character, he had a warm sensitivity for the C. emanation D. eminence B. emotional C. feeling D. sentimental
injury and sickness received a good deal of publicity and attention this
feelings of others, partly stemming from his memories of hardship at Dartmouth. B. immanence
Section B Directions: Choose one of the four alternatives which is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase and mark the corresponding letter. (5 pionts) 6. The advance publicity has been stupendous, and the first issue is alleged to have sold out straight away. ( ) A. inexorable A. disdainful within this month. ( ) A. was rich in A. depressed A. about two times B. was lacking in B. giving up B. sometimes C. was distracted with C. persuaded C. many times D. was oblivious of D. abandoning D. rarely 9. Miriam is not easily cast down even when the circumstances are against her. ( ) 10. Kevin has been to New York off and on for these three years. ( ) B. glamorous B. profane C. credulous C. incipient D. impressive D. grateful 7. Tony became scornful of his friends when he succeeded in the attempt. ( ) 8. Miss Muller's brain teemed with new ideas for a novel which she is going to start writing
ⅡReading Comprehension (40 points)
Section A Directions: In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and answer the questions below each text by
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
choosing[A],[B],[C]or[D].( 30 points) Passage One A magazine's design is more than decoration, more than simple packaging. It expresses the magazine's very character. The Atlantic Monthly has long attempted to provide a design environment in which two disparate traditions—literary and journalistic—can co-exist in pleasurable dignity. The redesign that we in troduce with this issue—the work of our art director, Judy Garlan—represents, we think, a notable enhancement of that environment. Garlan explains some of what was in her mind as she began to create the new design: "I saw this as an opportunity to bring the look closer to matching the elegance and power of the writing which the magazine is known for. The overall design has to be able to encompass a great diversity of styles and subjects—urgent pieces of reporting, serious essays, lighter pieces, lifestyle-oriented pieces, short stories, poetry. We don't want lighter pieces to seem too heavy, and we don't want heavier pieces to seem too petty. We also use a broad range of art and photography, and the design has to work well with that, too. At the same time, the magazine needs to have a consistent feel, needs to underscore the sense that verything in it is part of one Atlantic World. The primary typefaces Garlan chose for this task are Times Roman, for a more readable body type, and Bauer Bodoni, for a more stylish and flexible display type(article titles, large initials, and so on). Other aspects of the new design are structural. The articles in the front of the magazine, which once flowed in to one another, now stand on their own, to gain prominence. The Travel column, now featured in every issue, has been moved from the back to the front. As noted in this space last month, the word "Monthly" rejoins "The Atlantic" on the cover, after a decade long absence. Judy Garlan came to the Atlantic in 1981 after having served as the art director of several other magazines. During her tenure here The Atlantic has won more than 300 awards for visual excellence, from the Society of illustrators, the American Institute of Graphic Arts, the Art Directors Club, Communication Arts, and elsewhere. Garlan was in various ways assisted in the redesign by the entire art-department staff: Robin Gilmore, Barnes, Betsy Urrico, Gillian Kahn, and Is a Manning. The artist Nicholas Gaetano contributed as well: he redrew our colophon (the figure of Neptune that appears on the contents page)and created the symbols that will appear regularly on this page(a rendition of our building) ,on the Puzzler page, above the opening of letters, and on the masthead. Gaetano, whose work manages to combine stylish clarity and breezy strength, is the cover artist for this issue. 11. Part of the new design is to be concerned with the following EXCEPT ___. A. variation in the typefaces B. reorganization of articles in the front C. creation of the travel column D. reinstatement of its former name 12. According to the passage, the new design work involves ___. A. other artists as well B. other writers as well C. only the cover artist D. only the art director
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
13. This article aims to ___. A. emphasize the importance of a magazine's design B. introduce the magazine's art director C. persuade the reader to subscribe to the magazine D. inform the reader of its new design and features Passage Two WHY SHOULD anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-expanding Dictionary of National Biography? I do not mean that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it will cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the basic 22 plus the largely decennial supplements to bring the total to 31. Of course, it will be answered, public and academic libraries will want the new volume. After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who escaped the net of the original compilers. Yet in 10 year's time a revised version of the whole caboodle, called the New Dictionary of National Biography, will bbe published. Its editor, Proessor Colin Matthew, tells me that he will have room for about 50,000 lives, some 13,000 more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068 in Missing Persons in the shade. When Dr. Nicholls wrote to The Spectator in 1989 asking for name of peoplewhom readers had looked up in the DNB and had been disappointed not to find, she says that she received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written to 'ot her quality newspapers' too. )As soon as her committee had whittled the numbersdown, the professional problems of an editor began. Contributors didn't file copy on time; some who did sent too much: 50,000 words instead of 500 is a record, according to Dr. Nicholls. There remains the dinner-party game of who's in, who's out. That is a game that the reviewers have played and will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry. After all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Malefactors whose crimes excite a permanent interest have received hardly less attention than benefactors. Mr. John Gross clearly had similar anxieties, for he complains that, while the murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One might say in reply that the injustice of the hanging of Evans instead of Christie was a force in the repeal of capital punishment in Britain, as Ludovie Kennedy (the author of Christies entry in Missing Persons ) notes. But then Crippen was reputed as the first murderer to be caught by telegraphy(he had tried to escape by ship to America). It is surprising to find Max Miller excluded when really not very memorable names get in. There has been a conscious effort to put in artists and architects from the Middle Ages. About their lives not much is always known. Of Hugo of Bury St Edmunds, a 12th-century illuminator whose dates of birth and death are not recorded, his biographer comments: 'Whether or not Hugo was a wall-painter, the records of his activities as carver and manuscript painter attest to his versatility'. Then there had to be more women, too(12 percent, against the original DBN' s 3), such as Roy Strong' s subject, the Tudor painterLevina Teerlinc, of whom he remarks: 'Her most characteristic feature is a head attached to a too small, spindly body. Her technique remained awkward, thin and often cursory'. Doesn't seem to qualify her as a memorable artist. Yet it may be better than the record of the original DNB, which included lives of people who never existed(such as Merlin) and even managed to give thanks to J. W. Clerke as a contributor, though, as a later edition admits in a shamefaced footnote,
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
'except for the entry in the List of Contributors there is no trace of J. W. Clerke'. 14. The writer suggests that there is no sense in buying the latest volume ___. A. because it is not worth the price B. because it has fewer entries than before C. unless one has all the volumes in the collection D. unless an expanded DNB will come out shortly 15. On the issue of who should be included in the DNB, the writer seems to suggest that ___. A. the editors had clear roles to follow B. there were too many criminals in the entries C. the editors clearly favoured benefactors D. the editors were irrational in their choices 16. Crippen was absent from the DNB ___. A. because he escaped to the U.S. B. because death sentence had been abolished C. for reasons not clarified D. because of the editors' mistake 17. The author quoted a few entries in the last paragraph to ___. A. illustrate some features of the DNB B. give emphasis to his argument C. impress the reader with its content D. highlight the people in the Middle Ages 18. Throughout the passage, the writer's tone towards the DNB was ___. A. complimentary B. supportive C. sarcastic D. bitter Passage Three Medical consumerism—like all sorts of consumerism, only more menacingly—is designed to be unsatisfying. The prolongation of life and the search for perfect health (beauty, youth, happiness)are inherently self-defeating. The law of diminishing returns necessarily applies. You can make higher percentages of people survive into their eighties and nineties. But, as any geriatric ward shows, that is not the same as to confer enduring mobility, awareness and autonomy. Extending life grows medically feasible, but it is often a life deprived of everything, and one exposed to degrading neglect as resources grow over-stretched andpolitics turn mean. What an ignoramus destiny for medicine if its future turned into one of bestowing meager increments of unenjoyed life! It would mirror the fate of athletes, in which disproportionate energies and resources—not least medical ones, like illegal steroids—are now invested to shave records by milliseconds. And, it goes without saying, the logical extension of longevism—the " abolition" of death — would not be a solution but only an exacerbation. To air these predicaments is not anti-medical spleen—a churlish reprisal against medicine for its victories—but simply to face the growing reality of medical power not exactly without responsibility but with dissolving goals.
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
Hence medicine's finest hour becomes the dawn of its dilemmas. For centuries, medicine was impotent and hence unproblematic. From the Greeks to the Great War, its job was simple: to struggle with lethal diseases and gross disabilities, to ensure live births, and to manage pain. It performed these uncontroversial tasks by and large with meager success. Today, with mission accomplished, medicines triumphs are dissolving in disorientation. Medicine has led to vastly inflated expectations, which the public has eagerly swallowed. Yet as these expectations grow unlimited, they become unfulfillable. The task facing medicine in the twenty-first century will be to redefine its limits even as it extends its capacities. 19. In the author's opinion, the prolongation of life is equal to ___. A. mobility B. deprivation C. autonomy D. awareness 20. In the second paragraph a comparison is drawn between ___. A. medicine and life B. resources and energies C. predicaments and solutions D. athletics and longevism Passage Four The biggest problem facing Chile as it promotes itself as a tourist destination to be reckoned with, is that it is at the end of the earth. It is too far south to be a convenient stop on the way to anywhere else and is much farther than a relatively cheap half-day's flight away from the big tourist markets, unlike Mexico, for example. Chile, therefore, is having to fight hard to attract tourists, to convince travellers that it is worth coming halfway round the world to visit. But it is succeeding, not only in existing markets like the USA and Western Europe but in new territories, in particular the Far East. Markets closer to home, however, are not being forgotten. More than 50% of visitors to Chile still come from its nearest neighbour, Argentina, where the cost of living is much higher. Like all South American countries, Chile sees tourism as a valuable earner of foreign currency, although it has been far more serious than most in promoting its image abroad. Relatively stable politically within the region, it has benefited from the problems suffered in other areas. In Peru, guerrilla warfare in recent years has dealt a heavy blow to the tourist industry and fear of street crime in Brazil has reduced the attraction of Rio de Janeiro as a dream destination for foreigners. More than 150,000 people are directly involved in Chile's tourist sector, an industry which earns the country more than US $ 950 million each year. The state-run National Tourism Service, in partnership with a number of private companies, is currently running a worldwide campaign, taking part in trade fairs and international events to attract visitors to Chile. Chile's great strength as a tourist destination is its geographical diversity. From the parched Atacama Desert in the north to the Antarctic snowfields ofthe south, it is more than 5,000km long. With the Pacific on one side and the Andean mountains on the other, Chile boasts natural attractions. Its beaches are not up to Caribbean standards but resorts such as Vina del Mar are
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
generally clean and unspoilt and have a high standard of services. But the tromp card is the Andes mountain range. There are a number of excellent ski resorts within one hour's drive of the capital, Santiago, and the national parks in the south are home to rare animal and plant species. The parks already attract specialist visitors, including mountaineers, who come to climb the technically difficult peaks, and fishermen, lured by the salmon and trout in theregion's rivers. However, infrastructural development in these areas is limited. The ski resorts do not have as many lifts and pistes as their European counterparts and the poor quality of roads in the south means that only the most determined travelers see the best of the national parks. Air links between Chile and the rest of the world are, at present, relatively poor. While Chile's two largest airlines have extensive networks within SouthAmerica, they operate only a small number of routes to the United States and Europe, while services to Asia are almost non-existent. Internal transport links are being improved and luxury hotels are being built in one of its national parks. Nor is development being restricted to the Andes. Easter Island and Chile's Antarctic Territory axe also on the list of areas where the Government believes it can create tourist markets. But the rush to open hitherto inaccessible areas to mass tourism is not being welcomed by everyone. Indigenous and environmental groups, including Greenpeace, say that many parts of the Andes will suffer if they become over-developed. There is a genuine fear that areas of Chile will suffer the cultural destruction witnessed in Mexico and European resorts. The policy of opening up Antarctica to tourism is also politically sensitive. Chile already has permanent settlements on the ice and many people see the decision to allow tourists there as a political move, enhancing Santiago' s territorial claim over part of Antarctica. The Chilean Government has promised to respect the environment as it seeks to bring tourism to these areas. But there are immense commercial pressures to exploit the country's tourism potential. The Government will have to monitor developments closely if it is genuinely concerned in creating a balanced, controlled industry and if the price of an increasingly lucrative tourist market is not going to mean the loss of many of Chile's natural riches. 21. Chile is disadvantaged in the promotion of its tourism by ___. A. geographical location B. guerrilla warfare C. political instability D. street crime 22. Many of Chile's tourists used to come from EXCEPT ___. A.U.S.A B. the Far East C. western Europe D. her neighbours 23. According to the author, Chile's greatest attraction is ___. A. the unspoilt beaches B. the dry and hot desert
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
C. the famous mountain range D. the high standard of services 24. According to the passage, in WHICH area improvement is already under way? A. Facilities in the ski resorts. B. Domestic transport system. C. Air services to Asia. D. Road network in the south. 25. The objection to the development of Chile's tourism might be all EXCEPT that it ___. A. is ambitions and unrealistic B. is politically sensitive C. will bring harm to culture D. will cause pollution in the area Section B Directions: Here is a text. The parts A-F have been removed. Match the parts A-F to the numbered gaps in the text. There is one extra part which does not belong in any of the gaps. (10 points) Passgae Five Professor Kimura has now discovered that homosexual men tend to do worse in targeting tasks, but are superior in other areas, for example, listing things that are a particular color. This goes one step further towards supporting the theory that part of the brain is pre-programmed. But despite all the differences that appear to have emerged between male and female brains, Professor Kimura's studies indicate that the sexes still have something quite strikingly in common: both, it appears, are sensitive to hormonal fluctuation throughout their lives. 26 Now Professor Kimura has discovered that males perform best on mental-rotation tests in the spring when, contrary to popular belief, male levels of the hormone testosterone are at their lowest. Autumn, when testosterone levels are high, is when her male subjects fare worst in tests. 27 Moreover, weaknesses in certain skills are not fixed immutably. Extra training in weak areas for both sexes can go far towards rectifying the gender balance. 28 It's a good step forward towards greater harmony between men and women. It means they can work towards understanding and helping each other, even on the most basic level. 29 Furthermore, says Dr Apter, the latest findings mean that women need no longer force themselves into activities for which they have natural gift—just for the sake of equality: "They don't have to feel guilty or inferior about doing feminine things." With childcare, for example, women have developed the skills of attending to babies and noticing what they need and when they need it. This is partly because they spend more time with them, but women do also tend to be quicker at learning how to respond to the young. 30 A. But Dr Terri Apter, a social psychologist at Cambridge University, welcomes the recognition that the sexes have different intellectual abilities. B. "If women want to stay at home looking after their children, they should do so. They happen to be very good at it." C. What is more, the experts acknowledge that in spite of some evidence to the contrary, women generally recognize their superiority in this field.
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
D. "If a man finds his wife is not very good at map-reading and realizes that it may be genetic, he will not only be more patient but he can teach her how t0 do it better." E. Women tested by scientists at Canada's York University have been found to score much better on spatial reasoning tests during menstruation, when their oestrogen levels are low. F. Of course, as all scientists involved in gender testing are at pains to point out, their results are only averages. Some women will be better at football than most men, and some men will be better at Russian than most women.
Ⅲ Error Correction (10 points)
The following passage contains TEN errors. Each line contains a maximum of one error and three are free from error. In each case, only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way. For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "∧" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. For an unnecessary word, cross out the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line. Example When∧art museum wants a new exhibit, (1) an it never / buys things in finished form and hangs (2) never them on the wall. When a natural history museum wants an exhibition, it must often build it. (3) exhibit Classic Intention Movement In social situations, the classic Intention Movement is "the chair-grasp". Host and guest have been talking for some time, but now the host has an appointment to keep and can get away. 31.___ His urge to go is held in cheek by his desire not be rude to his 32.___ guest, if he did not care of his guest's feelings he would simply 33.___ get up out of his chair and to announce his departure. This is 34.___ what his body wants to do, therefore his politeness glues his body 35.___ to the chair and refuses to let him raise. It is at this point that he 36.___ performs the chair-grasp Intention Movement. He continues to talk to the guest and listen to him, but leans forward and grasps the arms of the chair as about to push himself upwards. This is 37.___ the first act he would make if he were rising. If he were not 38.___ hesitating, it would only last a fraction of the second. He would 39.___ lean, push, rise, and be up. But now, instead, it lasts much longer. He holds his "readiness-to-rise" post and keeps on holding it. It is 40.___ as if his body had frozen at the get-ready moment.
Ⅳ Translation (60 points)
A. Translate the following passage into English. (30 points) 我在一本名叫《西游记》的书里读到关于这只候子的故事,他后来被另一个姓唐的和
10 届钻石卡学员试题 (英语专业学员专用)
尚救了, 他被用来保护姓唐的和尚去取一本据说要经过很多艰险才能取到的经书, 经书当然 取到了,而他据说也修成了正果. 这个故事具有很强的趣味性,几乎欺骗了我的整个童年. 多年以后,我给我的孩子又讲这只猴子的故事,讲到他被救了之后,保护师傅历经艰 险去西天取经.孩子忽然对我说:"孙悟空真可怜." 我有些不解,问孩子为什么?孩子说:"他干嘛要跟着一个什么都不会的笨师傅去取一 本不知道拿来做什么的破经呢?他应该再大闹天宫." 那一夜,我整夜都不能入睡,黎明的时候,我似乎又看到那张小时候经常出现在梦中 的脸,他当然还是一张猴脸. 他泪流满面. B. Translate the following passages into Chinese. (30 points) People miss planes, burn dinner, and stay up way past bedtime just to read one more page of a good book. But it's not just the quality of the prose that causes the worm to burrow so deeply into a book. As typographers have long known, the aesthetics of print have a lot to do with keeping the eye on the page. Since Gutenburg put together the first printing press with movable type more than 500 years ago, typesetters have agonized over the optimum point size of the letters, whether they should have those curlicues (花线) on the ends call serifs(衬线), what style of font to choose, and the precise amount of white space needed between lines of text to make the words stand out. Printing got so good that readers found it easier to immerse themselves in a book. But with the advent of the computer, reading became infinitely more difficult. The biggest problem was resolution -- the clarity of words and images on the screen. A big stumbling block in the computer evolution was fuzzy letters arranged on glaring screens that left the reader with a blinding headache. Readability is so poor that, according to Microsoft, the average reader hits the print bottoms after just three paragraphs. As the rest of the world fiddled with new technologies that would provide higher resolution, Microsoft was working on new fonts that would make it easier fro the eye to focus on a computer screen. But Bill Hill, a Scot hired in 1994 to head Microsoft's typography section, wanted to know what was going on in readers' brains when reading a book. He was convinced people would switch from printed page to screen if he could duplicate the experience. "The magical thing about the book is it disappears when you read it. You're not even aware of the book because the real book is going on in your head. How does it do it?" Hill says on the Microsoft Web site.
Part V Writing (30 points)
Directions: People used to regard college life as most carefree days, but now depression, anxiety and even suicide are creeping onto campus. How should college students react to this change? Write an essay of about 400 words entitled: How to Survive College Life In the first part of your essay you should state clearly your main argument, and in the second part you should support your argument with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary.