[名校联盟]福建省福州八中2011-2012学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题

I 听力测试 20 分 第一节(共 5 题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话仅读一遍。 1. How much more does the man need? A. 115 dollars. B. 100 dollars. C. 35 dollars. 2. What was the woman unhappy about? A. She had to wait too long for the holiday. B. The weather is not good. C. She only got a day off. 3. Where did the man come from? A. Beijing. B. Lanzhou . C. It doesn?t mention. 4. Who typed the term paper? A. The man. B. The woman C. The man?s sister. 5. What does the woman mean? A. She will go to the concert. B. She is too busy to go to the concert. C. She will go to the concert after the exam. 第二节(共 15 题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读每个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答 6 至 8 题 6. When did the man go to New York? A.Two months ago. B. A month ago. C. Two weeks ago. 7. How did the man like New York? A.It?s wonderful. B. Just so so. C.It?s boring. 8. What did the man take pictures of? A.The Statue of Liberty. (自由女神像) B. The skyscrapers. (摩天大楼) C. The White House. 听第 7 段材料,回答 9 至 11 题 9. What?s the possible relationship between the speakers? A.Old friends. B. Husband and wife. C. Mother and son. 10. Which is wrong about the man? A.He used to be thinner than now. B.He is tired recently. C.He eats too much. 11. How does the woman keep young? A.By using some make-up. B.By eating a lot of fruit. C.By taking exercise and eating healthily. 听第 8 段材料,回答 12 至 14 题 12.When was Martin Luther King murdered? A. In 1964. B. In 1965. C. In 1968. 13.What kind of prize did he win? A. Nobel Peace Prize. B. Nobel Chemistry Prize. C. Nobel Physics Prize. 14.What can we learn about Martin Luther King from the conversation? A.He was a famous singer. B.He was a film star. C.He was a great politician. 听第 9 段材料,回答 15 至 17 题
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15.Why did the couple go to Hong Kong? A.They went to visit their old friend. B.They were invited to take part in a charity(慈善) activity. C.They went to Hong Kong for sightseeing. 16.Where did the couple have their meal? A.In their hotel. B. In a restaurant. C. Not mentioned. 17.What did the couple do next? A.They ate their dog without knowing the fact. B.They were very sad and returned to France right away. C.They asked the restaurant to give them another dog. 听第 10 段材料,回答 18 至 20 题 18.When did Uncle Sam become symbol(标志) of the United States? A. In 1961. B. In 1812. C. In 1916. 19.From whom did Uncle Sam come? A.President Abraham Lincoln. B.The government officials. C.Meat packer Samuel Wilson. 20.What does the U.S.?s symbol- Uncle Sam look like now? A.He is a tall, thin young man without beard.(胡须) B.He is a tall, thin old man with white hair and beard. C.He looks like President Lincoln with beard. II 单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 21. — People should spare no efforts to protect the environment. — ____. Air pollution does harm to our health. A. All right B. Take it easy C. Go ahead D. Exactly 22. Having checked the doors were closed, and ___ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom. A. why B. that C. when D. where 23. There is no _____ that the new cure that scientists have recently discovered will benefit these patients. A. doubt B. question C. use D. wonder 24. ____ it with the design of other students, and you will find what problem there is with it. A. Comparing B. Compared C. To compare D. Compare 25.______, we would not have finished the work on time. A. If you didn?t help us B. Without your help C. If you don?t help us D. With your help 26. When he took _____ charge of that company, there were already three companies that were in _______ possession of him and his wife. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the D. /; / 27. He was found stealing items from the shop where he worked. _____, he lost his position. A. Consequently B. Formally C. Unfortunately D. Gradually 28. ____ the efforts to get the kids more interested in books, the children only spent just over an hour a week reading. A. As long as B. Even though C. In spite of D. As a result of 29. In fact ____ is a hard job for the police to keep order in an important international football match. A. there B. this C. that D. it 30. It is against the law to buy and sell guns in our country. In other words, it?s ____. A. challenging B. informal C. illegal D. unsuitable 31.— It is said that the cycling race around the Huancheng Lake was very hard. — So it was. Only a few cyclists _____ it. A. made B. quitted C. helped D. kept 32.It is reported that the number of students _________ computer games has been on the increase in recent

years. A. devoted to B. related to C. connected to D. addicted to 33. The accident was ____ his careless driving. A.due to B. because C. because of D. Both A and C 34. -------How was your dinner date, dear? -------Very nice. __________ A. Much more than I could have imagined B. I can wait to have it again C. Could have helped myself to some more D. If they had served better 35. ____ of the truth of the report, he told his colleagues about it. A. Convinced B. Convincing C. To convince D. Having convinced 36. It is unbelievable that the country has been ____ into an advanced industrial power in only 20 years. A. translated B. shifted C. transferred D. transformed 37. The teacher demanded that the exam ______ before eleven. A. must finish B. would be finished C. be finished D. must be finished 38. Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a(n)_________ of 40,000 per year. A. average B. number C. amount D. quantity 39. How I wish every family _____ a large house with a beautiful garden! A. has B. had C. will have D. have 40. Shelly had prepared carefully for her biology examination so that she could be sure of passing it at her first_________. A. intention B. attempt C. purpose D. desire III. 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,共 20 分) It was autumn and yellow leaves were falling. I was preparing for the Postgraduate Entrance examination, but so many unhappy things made me 41 , so I decided to take a walk. I was walking alone, when I heard the sweet sound of a guitar. I ran to see who was playing. A young girl, sitting on the lawn, was 42 playing her guitar. She was a beautiful girl, ___43_____when the wind blew her long hair. The music was so 44 that I listened quietly. Every day when I passed by the lawn, I would see her playing her guitar. She was the only __45__ and I was the only listener. 46 became interesting and I could review the courses 47. One day, when I was __48____ devotedly, the sound suddenly stopped. The girl came over to me. “You must 49 the music,”she said. “Yes, you __50____very well. Why did you stop?”I asked. ___51____, a sad expression appeared on her face. “I came here ___52____ to have a rest because I failed in the college entrance examination. It was your listening every day that__53_____ me,”she said,“and I ____54___ to go tomorrow.”“in fact, it was your playing that gave me a meaningful autumn and __55_____.” I answered. She smiled and I also smiled. Since then, I have never seen her again, but I will ___56_____ remember her and the season. It was her _57______ that helped me pass the Postgraduate Entrance Examination though she only appeared a few days in my life. We may meet many people in our lives. Some are like a shooting star, __58_____ give off so much __59_____ that they guide us in the correct direction; some are like clothes to us, they are always with us, but do not understand us. Many people step in our life, but only true friends leave__60____. 41. A. tired B. excited C. angry D. disappointed

42. A. devoted to B. lost in C. fond of D. satisfied with 43. A. specially B. actually C. especially D. occasionally 44. A. strange B popular C. unfamiliar D. attractive 45. A. performer B. actress C. star D. singer 46. A. Work B. Life C. Love D. Music 47. A. attentively B. friendly C. naturally D. truly 48. A. singing B. dancing C. listening D. watching 49. A. recognize B. understand C. realize D. dislike 50. A. act B. play C. sing D. dance 51. A. Suddenly B. Unluckily C. Strangely D. Obviously 52. A. almost B. just C. even D. ever 53. A. interested B. satisfied C. encouraged D. impressed 54. A. hate B. have C. tend D. mean 55. A. wisdom B. pride C. honor D. confidence 56. A. usually B. hardly C. always D. seldom 57. A. existence B. appearance C. kindness D. friendship 58. A. and B. or C. so D. but 59. A. heat B. color C. light D. dust 60. A. footprints B. experience C .missing D. history IV 阅读理解:40 分(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,共 40 分) A When I was an official of a school in Palo Alto, California, Polly Tyner, the president of our board, wrote a letter that was printed in the Palo Alto Times. Polly?s son, Jim, had great difficulty in school. He was classified as the educationa lly handicapped and required a great deal of patience on the part of his parents and teachers. But Jim was a happy kid with a great smile that lit up the room. His parents knew his difficulties, but they always tried to help him see his strengths so that he could walk with pride. Shortly after Jim finished high school, he was killed in a motorcycle accident. After his death, his mother submitted this letter to the newspaper. “Today we buried our 20-year-old son. He was killed in a motorcycle accident on Friday night. How I wish I had known that the last time I had talked to him would be the last time. If I had only known that, I would have said to him, ?Jim, I love you and I?m always so proud of you.? I would have taken the time to count the many blessings he had brought to the lives of the people who loved him. I would have taken the time to appreciate his beautiful smile, his laughter, and his genuine love to other people. “When I put all the good things on the scale and try to balance them with all the irritating (恼人的) things such as the radio that was always too loud, the haircut that wasn?t to our liking, the dirty socks under the bed, etc., I find that the irritations really don?t amount to much. “I won?t get another chance to tell my son all that I would have wanted him to hear, but, other parents, do have a chance. Tell your young people what you would want them to hear as if it may be your last conversation. The last time I talked to Jim was the morning of the day when he died . He called me to say, ?Hi, Mom! I just called to say I love you. You have to go to work now. Bye.? That day, he gave me something to treasure forever. ” If there is any purpose at all for Jim?s death, maybe it is to make others appreciate life more and to tell people, especially family members, that they should take the time to let each other know just how much they care. You may never have another chance. Do it today! 61. Who was Jim? A. The child of the Tyners?. B. The writer?s relative. C. The president of a school board. D. An official of a school. 62. What?s the meaning of the underlined phrase “the educationally handicapped”?

A. The learning difficulty. B. The physical problems. C. The psychological problems. D. The communication difficulty. 63. According to the writer, which of the following about Jim is TRUE? A. He was always sad about his school marks. B. His parents always scolded him about his bad school marks. C. His study needed more attention from his parents and teachers. D. He was killed in a car accident. 64. The purpose of Polly?s letter is to . A. memorize her son[ B. teach parents to appreciate their children C. teach children how to be good boys D. give some advice on how to deal with children?s problems
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B Some people make you feel comfortable when they are around. You spend an hour with them and feel as if you have known them half your life. These people have something in common. And once we know what it is, we can try to do it ourselves. How is it done? Here are several skills that good talkers have. If you follow the skills, they?ll help you put people at their ease, and make friends with them quickly. First of all, good talkers ask questions. Almost anyone, no matter how shy he is, will answer a question. One well-known businesswoman says, “At business lunches, I always ask people what they did that morning. It?s a common question, but it will get things going.” From there you can move on to other matters—sometimes to really personal questions. And how he answers will let you know how far you can go. Second, once good talkers have asked questions, they listen to the answers. This point seems clear, but it isn?t. Your questions should have a point and help to tell what sort of person you are talking to. And to find out, you really have to listen carefully and attentively. Real listening at least means some things. First it means not to change the subject of conversation. If someone sticks to one topic, you can take it as a fact that he?s really interested in it. Real listening also means not just listening to words, but to tones of voice. If the voice sounds dull, then, it?s time for you to change the subject. Finally, good talkers know well how to deal with the occasion of parting. If you?re saying good-bye, you may give him a firm handshake and say, “I?ve really enjoyed meeting you.” If you want to see that person again, don?t keep it a secret. Let people know what you feel, and they may walk away feeling as if they?ve known you half their life. 65. Asking questions might be a quite good and suitable way _______. A. for you to make more and more new friends B. to begin your business talks C. to get the conversation going smoothly D. for you to make a deep and lasting impression on others 66. After having asked somebody a question, it?ll be polite of you to _______. A. make clear what kind of person he is B. listen to his reply attentively C. wait quietly and patiently for his answer D. go on asking him more questions 67. Generally speaking, good talkers are persons who _______. A. are good at making any topic interesting B. never talk too much or too little

C. always speak in a gentle way D. know how and when they should change the topic of the talk 68. If you really take delight in meeting someone again, _______. A. you may take him as your lifelong trustworthy friend B. it seems necessary for you to let him know it C. it?s proper for you to give him a second handshake D. it?ll be helpful for you to have further understanding of him C The first reality TV show in the world was called Expedition Robinson and it was shown in Sweden in 1997. Half the population of the country watched the final event and a new kind of TV program was born. Two years later in Holland , the first series of Big B rother was filmed. Again, it was a great success and the final program was watched by 15 million people. Now more than 20 countries around the world have Big Brother or Expedition Robinson on their TV screens. The ordinary people who take part in the programs are known by millions of people in their own countries and reality TV has become big, big business. For the TV producers, reality TV is a dream which comes true because many of the programs cost nothing to make. At some point, the television viewers are asked to telephone the program to vote or to apply to take part in the show. It is the cost of these telephone calls that pays for the shows. One of the most popular shows is Pop Idol. In the show a group of attractive young people are made into pop stars. TV viewers vote for their favorite person on the show. The winner makes a record and millions of copies of the record are sold. His or her pictures are published on the covers of magazines or on the front pages of newspapers, and then, they are quickly forgotten. But not everyone is happy about reality TV. In Portugal, two TV channels got into trouble because they showed too much of the personal lives of the people in the shows. In France, reality TV is called “rubbish TV” and the TV studios of Big Brother were attacked three times in one week. In Greece, Big Brother was described as “against human rights and civilization”. 69. Those who take part in the reality TV shows are usually _____. A. successful people B. pop TV stars C. attractive people D. famous film stars 70. Who would pay for the cost of the reality TV shows according to the passage? A. TV producers who make reality TV shows B. TV actors who take part in reality TV shows. C. TV viewers who telephone reality TV shows D. TV companies which broadcast reality TV shows 71. It can be concluded from the pass age that ______. A. everyone is happy about reality TV. B. reality TV will do well in many countries. C. all the people in Europe are in favor of reality TV D. reality TV will not be broadcast in any countries. D For readers interested in contributing to help victims of the earthquake and tsunami(海啸) that struck Japan and the Pacific region on March 11, 2011, here is a list of contact information and links for some agencies that plan to provide relief. Locating Loved Ones If you are looking for information on people in the quake zone, Google has opened a Person Finder page. Ushahidi, a crowd sourcing mapping tool, has set up a local platform (平台) for Japan that allows people in th e area affected by the earthquake to text the location of people who may be trapped in damaged buildings. Inquiries concerning U.S citizens living or traveling in Japan should be referred to the U.S Department of
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State, Office of Overseas Citizens Services at 1 - 888 - 407 - 4747 or 202 647 -5225. Aid and Charitable Organizations Each of the following groups has set up fundraising sites specifically for the victims of Friday' s earthquake and tsunami. AMERICAN RED CROSS Red Cross officials say donors can text REDCROSS to 90999 and a $ 10 donation will automatically be charged to donor?s phone bill, or donations can be made directly on its Web site GLOBALGIVING.ORG. Global Giving is working with International Medical Corps, Save the Children, and other organizations on the ground to disburse funds to organizations providing relief and emergency services to victims of the earthquake and tsunami.Donors can text JAPAN to 50555 to give $ 10, and larger increases can be submitted on Global Giving' s Web site. THE SALVATION ARMY The Salvation Army has been providing food and shelter 避难所) to Tokyo commuters who wer e stranded ( when public transportation was interrupted by the earthquake.They are to send a team to Sendai, a city about 250 miles from Tokyo, to assess the situation there.Text JAPAN or QUAKE to 80888 to make a $ 10 donation. (Make sure to respond “YES” to the Thank You messag e you receive. Donations can also be ) made on the organization' s Web site or by calling 1 - 800 - SAL - ARMY. SAVE THE CH ILDREN To make a donation, visit Save the Children?s Web site, call 1 - 800 - 728 - 3843 , or text JAPAN to 20222 to donate $ 10. SHELTERBOX.ORG Shelterbox. org is a disaster-relief organization that focuses on providing survival materials such as tents and cooking equipment to families displaced by disasters. UJA-FEDERATION OF NEW YORK Information is available on the organization's Web site or by calling (212) 836-1486. 72. What?s the best title for the passage above? A. Japan Earthquake and Tsunami B. International Organizations C. How to Help D. How to Donate Money 73. What does the word “text” mean in this passage? A. a passage in a book B. write something C. read messages D. send messages to 74. If you are an American and worried about your friend travelling in Japan, ______. A. you?d better give him a message B. you should call 1 -888 -407 -4747 or 202 647 -5225 C. you should get in touch with Ushahidi D. you can look for information on all of the Web sites 75. If you want to make a donation of $ 10000 or more, you should get in touch with ______. A. THE SALVATION ARMY B. AMERICAN RED CROSS C. GLOBALGIVING. ORG D. SHELTERBOX. CROSS E We each have a unique genetic (基因的,遗传的) make-up. Every cell of your body has the same set of about 100,000 separate genes made of DNA. These are the instructions for producing a person. Genes decide everyt hing from the colour of your skin to the way your brain works. You have one of several billion combinations of DNA which come from the random mixing of your parents? genes. Except for identical twins (同卵双胞胎), no one has the same combination as another person. You are unique! You are unique in another way too: in the way you are raised and all the experiences you have from before birth to adult life. These experiences influence you, your behaviour and attitudes, and the choices you make. But are genes or life experiences more important in shaping your appearance and personality?

Scientists are studying twins to find out. One set of twins occurs every 70 births---some are identical and others are non-identical twins. Identical twins are special because they share exactly the same genes and often the same environment. Non-identical twins are more like ordinary brothers and sisters. Some identical twins have been adopted and brought up in different homes. With identical genes but a different home environment, scientists can study twins to see how much a particular feature depends on the genes we inherit. For example, we know that eye problems, like short-sightedness, are mostly genetic. But resistance(抵抗力)to pain is largely dependent on experiences. Genes also influence our eating habits. Identical twins brought up apart often like to eat at the same time of day and feel full after eating the same amount. Non-identical twins in similar circumstances 环境)have more varied eating habits. Identical twins ( are also more likely to follow the same patterns for marriage and divorce than non-identical twins. Scientists are trying to identify the different genes that influence our behaviour. Some people are thrill-seekers and get into risk-taking and adventurous activities. They take up extreme sports like bungee jumping and possibly take drugs. Scientists have discovered a gene which affects this. We could ask, “Are our lives determined by our genes or our upbringing?” Scientists are learning more all the time, but it is certainly true that both are important in making us who we are. 76. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? A. We cannot easily change our physical appearance. B. How we turn out depends on our parents? genes. C. Everyone has a physical double somewhere in the world. D. Both our genes and our experiences make us who we are. 77. Why are scientists studying twins? A. To find out how many twins are born every year. B. To discover what shapes us as individuals. C. To compare differences between twins. D. To study brother-and-sister relationships. 78. According to the passage, __________. A. one in 70 twins are genetically identical B. non-identical twins are usually not of the same sex C. twins separated at birth behave exactly the same D. identical twins are genetically the same 79. Which of the following is most affected by experience according to the passage? A. Eating habits. B. Eye-sight. C. Pain resistance. D. Marriage patterns. 80. What does the underlined “this” in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. Our love of sport. B. Our attitude to risk-taking. C. Our skill at bungee jumping. D. Our ability to take drugs.
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第二卷 (计分:50 分) 注意:本卷答案一律写在答题纸上,请看清题号作答。 ...... V.根据所提供语境,用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空。 (每题 1 分,共 15 分) feel like get into consist of in the flesh by coincidence be worth run out come about make up a great deal result in scores of range from accustomed to concentrate on 81. I?ll never understand how it _____ that he still insisted on going there alone after being told about the possible danger. 82. The cause of the accident ______ the death of 6 passengers lay in the driver?s carelessness. 83. The law banning the use of plastic bags may affect many people, _____ shopkeepers to customers. 84. With the food and water ______, they?ll have to ask the local government for help.

85. ______ climbing steep(陡峭的) mountains, he had no difficulty reaching the top. 86. While you prefer to stay by the seaside, I _________ spending my holidays in the mountainous area. 87.The child ____ the habit of turning on the television as soon as he came in from school. 88. Don?t believe him. He _____ a story. 89. Everything worthy of being done _____doing well. 90. — How do you like his new novel? — It is ____ more interesting than I expected. 91. If Liu Dehua hadn?t held his concert in Jinan, I wouldn?t have seen him ______. 92. ---Can I help you, madam? ---I?d like to buy ____eggs. 93. A basketball team ________five players . 94. He found it hard to __________ one thing for longer than 5 minutes. 95. Mary and I wore the same dress to the party _____________. VI. 阅读填空题。阅读下 面短文,根据以下要求:1)汉语提示;2)首字母提示;3)语境提示, 在 每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确、拼写正确。 (每题 1 分;共 10 分) (题目见答卷纸) VII. 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 如今,低碳生活已经成为了一种责任,习惯和时尚。请你根据下面的内容提示写一篇英语短文,谈谈 如何从身边的小事做起,实践低碳生活。 内容提示: 1. 节约水,电,粮食等; 2. 废物再利用; 3. 出行方式; 4. 植树…… 注意: 1. 短文需要包括上面的内容提示,可用适当的例子加以说明; 2. 词数:120 词左右,开头已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:低碳生活 low-carbon living; 二氧化碳的排放 the emission of carbon dioxide

福州八中 2011—2012 学年第一学期期末考试
高二英语 选修 6 试卷参考答案及评分标准
第一卷

听力材料

3. W: Could you tell me something about Martin Luther King? M: Yeah, I?d like to. What?s your question? W: Was he born in Africa? M: No, he was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in the southeast of the US.

1. Uncle Sam became symbol of the United States in 1961 by the U.S. Congress. Uncle Sam is a tall, thin old man, with white hair and beard. He often wears a tall hat, a bow tie, and the stars and strips of the American flag. Why does Uncle Sam stand for the United States? During the War of 1812 the U.S. government hired meat packers to provide meat to the army. One of these meat packers was a man named Samuel Wilson. Samuel was a friendly and a fair man. Everyone liked him and called him Uncle Sam. Sam Wilson stamped the boxes of meat for the army with a large U.S. for United States. Some government inspectors came to look over Sam?s company. They asked a worker what the U.S. on the boxes stood for. As a joke, the worker answered that these letters stood for the name of his boss, Uncle Sam. The joke spread. Before long, people called all things that came from the government “Uncle Sam”, “Uncle Sam” became a nickname for the U.S. government. Soon there were drawings and cartoons of Uncle Sam in newspapers. In these ea rly pictures, Uncle Sam was a young man without beard. The beard was added when Abraham Lincoln was President. President Lincoln had beard.


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