高考英语复习精典素材 ――历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的 stare 好奇地看/ glare

观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ 瞪着看 Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 2 “说” telll sth to s b.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 者之间的交流 see a film

watch TV

talk with sb about sth 强调说话

Say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事

whisper sth to sb 耳语

reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价 还价 chat 聊天 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告 remind

提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布

introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气

quarrel 大吵 4“问” 5“答” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 answer 回答 question 审问

respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到

6 “听” listen to 听的动作 7“写” dictate 听写

write sth 写 describe 描写

drop a line 写信 draw 画

take down/write down 写下,记下 8 “拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛, (无方向性) fetch 挑 pull 拉/push 推 scratch 抠

拿来拿去 lift 举 9“抓”

Put 放 lay 铺/放置 grasp 握住

take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓

10“打” hit 一次性的打击 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮

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attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔 摇 12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake

13 摸/抱”touch摸 /fold 折叠 “

/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握

14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 crawl 匍匐前进

move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly 16“坐” 斜靠 sit down

be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean

17 “睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed a rest rest take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend


turn over 翻身

18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughte r burst out laughing 19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 burst into tears

/burst out crying 20“找/查” find 找到 现/探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of 寻找 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发

Search sb 搜身

search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地

Check 检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态

make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 be in red have a meal Take off 脱 remove 去除 toast taste

have supper

treat sb to 请某人吃 23“得” 24“失” get obtain

help oneself to 随便吃 possess gone 不见(物)

acquire 获得知识和技能 gain

lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见

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great loss 25“有” have 有


die off 相继死去

die away 逐渐消失 occupy 占有=possess be missing /gone

own 是自己的

conquer 征服

26“无” nothing left 27“增/减” 人主动抬价

the remaining thing


rise / go up /drop raise /bring down /reduce purchase afford pay increase/decrease pay off pay for sell on sale

28“买/卖” buy bargain Bill /

cheque /


credit card notes/ coins exist die out appear survive

discounts live show turn up

29“存在/消失”come into being Disappear die 30 “变化” develop improve

pass away grow

be out of sight


go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without reform

( negative adj.) turn + colour 31“认识的过程”feel realize Understand to 32“成功/失败”make it dream win Lose Into reality 33“努力” try /manage can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate think highly of / make efforts fail to do failure remember sense guess suppose

change /change into wonder doubt

know /learn

be familiar with




succeed make progress

come true

realize one’s

defeat suffer loss beat

turn sth.


do ones best

do as much as one

observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

35 赞美/批评 praise

blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill

criticize /scold sb. for sth. of 36 喜/恶 like love be fond of in favor of

be keen on Dislike

be crazy about be


be into

prefer enjoy ignore



turn off

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37 判断





feel get to



doubt visit leave

38 到达 arrive at leave for


return to

stay in sp

on one’s way to 39 受伤 hurt from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage 41 修复 repair injured

upon one’s arrival wound cut kill

on doing sth drown bleed get burnt suffer

destroy ruin rebuild restore

break down fix

be broken crash recover oneself

42 支持/反对 agree

disagree elect cut




turn down

be against 43 做饭 cook wash brush 44 建议 advise

vote for/ against boil cooker urge propose demand fry steam make mix clean


cover uncover

suggest recommend

persuade 说服 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sth It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth one’s expense 46 省/存钱 save /save up 47 参加 take part in 48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out sth Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire of 51 逃避 ran away escape from flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor set aside put join /join in charge sb. With save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of away attend spare no effort/ time compete in/ for/against sb+ pay+$ for sth. at sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do

52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth prohibit
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53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate come about burst out 55 安装/装备 learn from learn take place break out

solve settle

54 爆发/发生

happen to go off


fasten fix

set equip

be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 sb. 58 打算 plan / intend / design to do 59 似乎/好象 seem appear look like 60 开办/关闭 open 名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two start set up be going to do /be about to do /will do as if as though end close down be consider towards ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with


close/close up

camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor 4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn knife tray tailor sailor inventor gardener guard restaurant kitchen menu bill salad order tip fork and fruit

reserve /book table napkin

Taste delicious

dash vegetables

5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature a fever/flu/headache patient
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take medicine/pills have surgeon specialist

doctor physician


6 车站/机场 7 身体部位 8 意志

airport arm head

on board hair

miss the train/bus waist

catch a train pulse

meet sb. wrist


back shoulder effort

will courage patience determination faith


ambition energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid

careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

10 优缺点 advantage 11 目标 aim


strength purpose

weakness faith

goal intention method way


12 方式 means


approach keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on

13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill weight

be well

14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph 划草图 15 文章 reading newspaper

pie chart

draw a sketch

translation essay poem paper novel/fiction journal 日志 diary 日记 Files

article magazine make a list of


16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment 17 学校活动 match 18 建议/观点 advice game activity idea marks

hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony proposal view recommandation


19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯 on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike

例(名词) 22 感觉 23 情感 sight feeling hearing emotion touch anger smell sense sadness sorrow


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24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond rich/well-off 25 运动比赛 on the playground match sports player on the track and filed Coach judge pitch


event game



play volleyball/soccer/

26 衣服

clothes, cloth, clothing

clothes 统指各种衣服,谓

语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident 不幸的事故
形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy bitter peaceful pleased amused

incident 指小事件, accident 指

悲 sad unhappy 平静 calm 烦 bother quiet bored

painful silent/still

be fed up with astonished shocked /amazed

震惊 surprised 怕 in fear

be frightened /scared /afraid disappointed hopeless be depressed

失望 desperate

满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage

2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very far / by far however/ therefore/so/thus very/ quite

Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further ….

occasionaly/ once be well/ good

better/ worse

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易考的近义词组 Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike grow/ plant meet/ satisfy leave/remain touch /feel fit/ suit/ match play /performer

Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue


help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide

matter/ problem /trouble/ that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/

treat/ cure/ operate

Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold Provide/supply/offer/ give/send



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英语 历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结