山西省阳高县第一中学 2016-2017 学年高一英语下学期期末考试试题
I 阅读理解（3*20=60 分） A
I was born and raised in England in a culture where privacy and “keeping yourself to yourself” were valued traditions. Speaking to strangers was not encouraged. People were most hospitable and friendly—but only once they had been introduced to new people. However, I have been lucky enough to spend some time in both Italy and the US, where I found traditions of hospitality and politeness to be very different. I experienced Italian hospitality first-hand on a crowded railway carriage traveling, one afternoon, from Genoa to Florence. Sinking gratefully into an empty seat, I was berated(斥责) in rapid Italian by a gentleman who was returning to this seat－it had not been “spare” after all. I apologized in English, and got up to allow him back into the seat. The gentleman obviously had no understanding of the English language, but he, too, realized my genuine mistake. He smiled and gestured for me to remain in the seat, and he himself remained standing in the corridor(走廊) for the remainder of the journey. The other passengers of the carriage smiled and nodded at me and made me feel quite welcome among them. I feel that if this had been in England, a foreigner who made a mistake would not always be so kindly treated. Transport also featured in the differences I noticed between English and American culture. I flew to New York on a plane with mainly English passengers. We sat together in near silence. Nobody spoke to me nor, as I expected, to anyone else they did not know. They felt it was not polite to intrude on someone else's privacy. However, when I traveled across the United States, whether by plane or Greyhound bus, I was never short of conversation. Conversation was going on all around me and whoever sat next to me was happy to introduce themselves and ask me about myself. They obviously felt it would have been rude not to speak to another person, whether they were strangers or not. 1. The purpose of the author is to tell us ________.
A. his traveling experience B. cultural differences to show hospitality and
C. the culture shock he experienced in Italy and the US
D. how to adapt ourselves to a new culture
2. What do we know about the passengers of the carriage when the author was traveling
A. They all laughed at the author for his mistake.
B. They were all on the side of the gentleman.
C. They would not bear a mistake like the author's in public.
D. They all showed their understanding of the author's mistake.
3. The author probably believes the Italian people are________.
4. The last paragraph mainly tells us ________.
A. the difference between English and American culture
B. why Americans like to start conversations
C. different attitudes of Englishmen and Americans towards conversation
D. the importance of privacy among Englishmen
B Tourism probably started in Roman times. Rich Romans visited friends and family who were working in another part of the Roman empire. When the empire broke down, this kind of tourism stopped. In the early 17th century, the idea of the "Grand Tour" was born. Rich young English people sailed across the English Channel. They visited the most beautiful and important European cities of the time, including Paris in France, and Rome and Venice in Italy. Their tours lasted for two to four years, and the tourists stayed a few weeks or months in each city. The "Grand Tour" was an important part of young people's education-but only for the rich. In the 18th century, tourism began to change. For example, people in the UK started 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
to visit some towns, such as Bath to "take the waters". They believed that the water
there was good for their health. So large and expensive hotels were built in these
In the 19th century, travel became much more popular and faster. When the first
railways were built in the 1820s, it was easier for people to travel between towns,
so they started to go for holidays at the seaside. Some started to have holidays in
the countryside as cities became larger, noisier and dirtier.
Traveling by sea also became faster and safer when the first steamships were built.
People began to travel more to faraway countries.
The 20th century saw cars become more and more popular among ordinary people. Planes
were made larger, so ticket prices dropped and more people used them.
Thus tourism grew. In 1949, Russian journalist Vladimir Raitz started a company called
Horizon Holidays. The company organizes everything-plane tickets, hotel rooms, even
food-and tourists pay for it all before they leave home. The package tour (包办旅
行) and modern tourism industry was born.
The first travel agency in China was set up as early as 1949. But tourism did not
take off until 1978. In 2002, the industry was worth 500 billion yuan and became an
important part of China's social development.
5. In the early times, the travelers _______ .
A. all came from China
B. were very young and strong
C. had lots of money
D. traveled by boat
6. _______ played the most important role in the tourism development.
D. People's ideas
7. According to the passage , which of the following is right ?
A. Money played the most important role in the tourism development .
B. In the 20 th century, people preferred traveling by sea to traveling by air.
C. China’s tourism did not take off until 1949.
D. In 2002 , the tourism industry became an important part of China’s social
8. Modern tourism industry was born _______
A. in 1949
B. in Roman times
C. in the early 17th century
D. in the 19th century
When my friend Lesa was diagnosed(诊断) with cancer, another friend and I went
to the hospital to spend some time with her. We bought her a small toy and named
him Lemon－Aide. We gave Lemon－Aide to Lesa and told her he was to go with her to
all of her treatments to remind her that we were thinking of her and caring about
her even though we could not always be with her. When the treatments were completed,
she said when someone else needed him she would pass him along.
A few months later，much to my surprise, it was me that she passed him to. Lemon
－Aide went with me to all of my treatments.
One day while waiting for my doctor I decided we could market the idea to fight
cancer. Lesa thought it was a great idea so we founded the organization that came
to be known as Lemon－Aide' s Friends, Inc. We designed our organization to remind
people fighting cancer that there are people who love and care about them all the
time. Today we have totally 5013 volunteers. The money raised is donated to cancer
patients who do not have insurance. The physicians on our Board of Advisors determine
how and where our money is donated.
Lemon－Aide is for men, women, and children of all ages and to date has been sent
to 34 states and 33 countries to provide smiling support for people fighting cancer.
When life gave us lemons we made Lemon－Aide, a soft smiling toy that represents love,
support, and encouragement.
9．The author went to the hospital with her friend ________．
A．to operate on Lesa
B．to treat her disease
C．to accompany Lesa
D．to look after Lemon－Aide
10．Lesa was given a small toy because ________．
A．he represented her organization
B．he could help weaken her pain
C．she would think of her friends D．her friends tried to comfort her
11．It can be inferred that ________．
A．the author had suffered from cancer
B．Lemon－Aide had suffered from cancer
C．Lesa had recovered from cancer
D．Lemon－Aide learned to look after the author
12．Lesa and the author formed an organization to ________．
B．raise money C．help cancer patients D．help their
Do you often feel lonely? What do you do when you feel that way? Hide yourself
away and spend your time reading, watching TV or walking around?
You might think that feeling lonely is just like feeling happy, sad or scared
— that it’s just one of your various moods. That is true. However, if you let yourself
be lonely for too long without dealing with it, you could be making a serious mistake.
Doctors have known for some time that feeling lonely is bad for the mind. It can
lead to mental health problems such as depression, stress and reduce confidence.
“Being lonely means not feeling connected or cared for, but it’s not about being
mentally alone,” Lisa Jaremka, scientist from Ohio State University, US, told Live
Science in January. And there’s growing evidence that not having friends is connected
with physical illness as well.
In 2006, for example, scientists studied 2,800 women who had cancer. They found
that those who had few friends or family were five times more likely to die of their
disease than women with many social contacts. Also, even healthy people had a better
chance of falling ill if they felt left out by others, according to the BBC.
The results have scientists thinking that loneliness might hurt the immune
system(免疫系统), which protects the body from diseases.
Hoping to prove this theory, Jaremka and her research team put volunteers(志
愿者 ) through a stress test. During the test, volunteers were asked to make an
unprepared speech in front of a group of stony-faced people. The researchers found
that volunteers who said they were lonely in their daily lives felt more stress during
the test. And their blood samples showed that all the stress had managed to cause
harmful changes to their immune system.
“Loneliness has been thought of in many ways as a chronic stressor(慢性增压 器) — a socially painful situation that can last for quite a long time, ” explained Jaremka, who led the study.
The number of people suffering from loneliness is increasing all over the world. However, solving the problem is easier said than done. It won’t work to just “tell anyone to go out and find someone to love you”, said Jaremka. “We need to create support networks.” 13．If people feel lonely for a long time, ________.
A. they won’t feel happy anymore B. they are more mentally harmed than physically C. they will find the feeling goes away by itself D. they are more likely to fall ill 14．What was the purpose of the stress test carried out by Jaremka’s team? A. To find out how people fight diseases. B. To prove loneliness hurts people’s immune systems. C. To find out the relationship between loneliness and stress. D. To see how people’s emotions change when they give unprepared speeches. 15．We can conclude from the article that ________. A. loneliness has become the No. 1 killer in the world B. loneliness is increasing due to advanced technologies C. websites must be set up to help people deal with loneliness D. much more work needs to be done to fight loneliness
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填 A 空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余
选项。 The Winner’s Guide to Success
Do you know what makes people successful? To find out the answers, an American scholar recently visited some of the most successful people around the world. 16 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
Be responsible for yourself Sometimes you may want to blame others for your failure to get ahead. In fact,
when you say someone or something outside of yourself is stopping you from making success, you’re giving away your own power. 17 Write a plan
It is very difficult to try to get what you want without a good plan. It is just like trying to drive through strange roads to a city far away. 18 Without this “map”, you may waste your time, money and also your energy; while with the “map” you’ll enjoy the “trip” and get what you want in the shortest possible time. Be willing to pay the price
19 So you must be ready to work hard — even harder than you have ever done. If you are not willing to pay the price, you won’t get anything valuable.
20 It seems to us that everyone knows this. But it is easier said than done. When
you are doing something, you must tell yourself again and again: Giving up is worse than failure because failure can be the mother of success, but giving up means the death of hope.
A. Never give up. B. Nothing is easy to get. C. A good plan is like a map to you. D. Here are some keys to success that they give. E. Some people achieve success much later in life. F. You’re saying, “You have more control over my life than I do.”
II 完型填空：（2*20=40 分） Unchangeable Love
One day I visited an art museum while waiting for my husband to finish a business meeting. I was expecting a quiet 21 of the splendid artwork.
A young 22 viewing the paintings ahead of me 23 nonstop between themselves. I watched them a moment and decided the lady was doing all the talking. 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
I admired the man’s 24 for putting up with her 25 stream of words. 26
by their noise, I moved on.
I met them several times as I moved 27 the various rooms of art. Each time
I heard her continuous flow of words, I moved away 28 .
I was standing at the counter of the museum gift shop making a 29 when the
couple approached the 30 . Before they left, the man 31 into his pocket and
pulled out a white object. He 32 it into a long stick and then tapped his way
into the 33 to get his wife’s jacket.
“He’s a 34 man.” the clerk at the counter said. “Most of us would give
up if we were blinded at such a young age. During his recovery, he made a promise
his life wouldn’t change. So, as before, he and his wife come in 35 there is
a new art show.”
“But what does he get out of the art?” I asked. “He can’t see.”
“Can’t see! You’re 36 . He sees a lot. More than you and I do,” the clerk
said. “His wife 37 each painting so he can see it in his head.”
I learned something about patience, 38 and love that day. I saw the patience
of a young wife describing paintings to a person without 39 and the courage of
a husband who would not 40 blindness to change his life. And I saw the love shared
by two people as I watched this couple walk away, hand in hand.
21. A. view
22. A. lady
23. A. spoke
24. A. knowledge
25. A. vivid
26. A. adopted
27. A. towards
28. A. anxiously 29. A. comment list 30. A. exit 31. A. put reached 32. A. lengthened 33. A. shop counter 34. A. brave 35. A. wherever 36. A. humorous 37. A. describes 38. A. curiosity 39. A. support 40. A. get
B. seriously B. purchase
C. quickly C. decision
D. sadly D.
B. entrance B. held
C. front C. turned
D. queue D.
B. made B. coatroom
C. brought C. hall
D. changed D.
B. kind B. whatever B. silly
B. draws B. courage B. hesitation B. hope
III 语法填空：（15 分）
Among the few scientists who have had a great effect on science and history, Albert
Einstein is perhaps the 41 (great). An American university president once
commented that Einstein had created 42 new view of the universe. His theory has
completely changed the way scientists understand time and space. Now, more and more
people agree that the universe is something more complicated than 43 they have
ever thought before.
44 (bear) in Germany in 1879. In 1914, young Einstein, already
internationally famous, became a professor at an institute in Berlin. He had few duties,
little teaching and unlimited opportunities for study. However, 45 peaceful life
was soon broken by the First World War.
Einstein hated violence. He was deeply affected by the war; he sat 46 (happy)
in his office doing nothing and 47 (lose) interest in his research. Only when
peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work. In the years 48 (follow) the First World War, people showered honor upon him. He became the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Nobel Prize 49 Physics and was greatly honored and respected in Germany. However, his life was again disrupted. The Second World War broke out and Einstein had to moved to the US, 50 he lived until his death in 1955.
IV 改错：（10 分） Tina and I had been good friend for years. We often did things together, so one
day Tina didn’t talk to me and just sat by herself. I don’t know what was wrong. I thought about what I had done and said recent. Was Tina upset because I had done well in the history test than her? No, she was happy that I did well in school. I decided find out what was the matter. I walked over to there Tina was sitting. “Tina,” I said softly, “is anything wrong?” He answered sadly, “Yes, my cat died on last night.” I finally knew the reason what she didn’t talk to me and comforted her.
V. 书面表达 （25 分） 为了向全世界展示绿色中国，学生会倡议每位同学围绕“如何进行低碳生活”与“低碳
生活”的意义（节约能源，有利减少污染，改善环境），写一篇英语文章介绍自己如何从身边 小事做起，尝试进行低碳生活。 要求：1．表达清楚，语法正确，上下文连贯；
2．短文必须包括提示的所有要点，并作适当发挥； 3．词数：100 左右（文章开头已给，不计入总词数）； 提示：低碳生活的措施（添加至少 1 条个人观点） （1）外出时，最好步行或骑自行车代替乘公交或地铁 （2）每张纸都双面打印， （3）用环保袋代替塑料袋 （4）多种树 （5）离开教室前，应该关电灯、电视机和电脑 （6）请少用纸巾，多用手帕 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
小学+初中+高中+努力=大学 How to Live a Low-Carbon Life As we all know, having a low-carbon life will be very important to us. ________________________________________________________________________________ ___________
阳高一中高一年级期末考试英语答题卡 六选五： 16________ 17_______ 18_______ 19_______ 20________ 语法填空： 41_______ 42________ 43______ 44_______ 45________ 46_______ 47________ 48_______ 49______ 50________ 改错：
Tina and I had been good friend for years. We often did things together, so one day Tina didn’t talk to me and just sat by herself. I don’t know what was wrong. I thought about what I had done and said recent. Was Tina upset because I had done well in the history test than her? No, she was happy that I did well in school. I decided find out what was the matter. I walked over to there Tina was sitting. “Tina,” I said softly, “is anything wrong?” He answered sadly, “Yes, my cat died on last night.” I finally knew the reason what she didn’t talk to me and comforted her. 书面表达： 为了向全世界展示绿色中国，学生会倡议每位同学围绕“如何进行低碳生活”与“低碳生活” 的意义（节约能源，有利减少污染，改善环境），写一篇英语文章介绍自己如何从身边小事做 起，尝试进行低碳生活。 要求：1．表达清楚，语法正确，上下文连贯；
2．短文必须包括提示的所有要点，并作适当发挥； 3．词数：100 左右（文章开头已给，不计入总词数）； 提示：低碳生活的措施（添加至少 1 条个人观点） （1）外出时，最好步行或骑自行车代替乘公交或地铁 （2）每张纸都双面打印， （3）用环保袋代替塑料袋 （4）多种树 （5）离开教室前，应该关电灯、电视机和电脑 （6）请少用纸巾，多用手帕 How to Live a Low-Carbon Life As we all know, having a low-carbon life will be very important to us. 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
小学+初中+高中+努力=大学 ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ _______________
阅读理解 1、BDCA 2、CCDA 3、CDAC 4、DBD 5、DFCBA
完型： 21-25 ADDCC
【答案】1. greatest 2. a
3. what 8. following
4. was born 9. for
5. 10. where
短文改错 【答案】第一句 friend 改为 friends 第二句 so 改为 but 第三句 don’t 改为 didn’t 第三句 recent 改为 recently 第四句 well 改为 better 第六句 find 前面加 to 第七句 there 改为 where 第八句 He 改为 She 第八句 on 去掉 第九句 what 改为 why 书面表达 【答案】How to Live a Low-Carbon Life(低碳生活) 小学+初中+高中+努力=大学
小学+初中+高中+努力=大学 As we all know, having a low-carbon life will be very important to us. We can save energy. It’s also good for reducing pollution and improving our environment. What can we do for the environment？There are many ways．We should close the door and windows before we go out. And we'd better walk to school or ride our bikes. We should use cloth bags when shopping instead of using plastic bags all the time．And planting more trees can make our environment become better. We should turn off the lights, the TV and the computer when we leave the classroom．When we go out, we’ d better walk instead of taking a bus or car. What's more，it’s a good idea to reuse the books as possible as we can． In fact，If everyone does something for the environment，I believe the earth will be a better place．And our world will be more beautiful.