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2012 届高考英语考前冲刺精选语法部分状语从句
一.状语从句在复合句中表示时间、地点、条件等,分以下几大类: 1.时间---when, while, as, after, before, since, until/till, once; 一…就…as soon as, the moment, the second, the minute that , directly, immediately, instantly; 每当 each/every time; 到…为止 by the time, 注意句型:①hardly / scarcely(过去完成时) … when(一般过去时), no sooner (过去完成时) … than(一般过去时),一……就 ②This/It is the first/second…time that(现在完成时)… This/It was the first/second…time that (过去完成时) ③ 主句(现在完成时)since (一般过去时) I have studied in this school since I came here. It is/has been 一段时间…since(过去时) It is years since I saw her. ④It will be…before(一般现在时)…才…/…就…It will be 5 years before we meet again. It was 一段时间+before(过去时) It was ten years before we returned home. ⑤ be doing sth….when 正在做…就在这时… I was making a cake when the light went out. be about to do sth….when 正要做…就在这时 We were about to start when it began to rain. had done sth….when 刚做过…就在这时…We had just fallen asleep when the bell rang. 2.地点---where, wherever ,anywhere, everywhere 3.原因---because, since(既然,由于), as(由于), now that(既然), in that(因为),considering that (考虑到,鉴于) ,seeing (that)(鉴于…,由于) ,not that…,but that…(不是因为…而是因 为…) 4.条件---if, unless, suppose, in case, so(as) long as(只要), so (as) far as 据…/就…) on condition ( , that(如果), providing, provided that(假若), supposing, suppose (that)(假设),given (that)(假 设) 注意句型:祈使句+and /or 主语+will/ can … 5.让步---(al)though, as “尽管” ( 用于倒装句中) even if, even though , (即使) no matter …/~ever , (无论/不管), while(尽管), 6.6.目的---so that(为了), in order that(常与 may/can/should/might 连用) ,in case, for fear that(以防), lest(以免,以防) (用虚拟 should +动词原形) 7.结果---so that(以至于), so…that, such…that 8.方式---as(如,照), just as(正如,正像), as if/as though, the way, 9.比较---than(比), as…as…(像…一样)The…, the...(越…越…),the same as,not so\as…as, 二.使用状语从句时要注意的几个问题: 1.在时间和条件从句中,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时表示将来。 I’ll write to you as soon as I get to Shanghai. 2.时间 (when, as soon as 等) 地点(where 等)、 、 条件(if/unless 等)、 方式(as)或让步从句(though 等),从句主语与主句主语一致,从句谓语含 be ,省略主语 + be” If (you are) asked you may come in. / If (it is) necessary I’ll explain to you again. While (I was) walking along the street, I heard my name called. 3. 区分不同从句: 以 where 为例 You are to find it where you left it.(地点状语从句) Tell me the address where he lives.(定语从句,句中有先行词) Where he has gone is not known yet.(主语从句)
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This place is where they once hid.(表语从句) I don’t know where he came from.(宾语从句) 三.单选题 1. As far as I am concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn, ________. the more for life are you equipped B. the more equipped for life you are the more life you are equipped for D. you are equipped the more for life 2. Was his father very strict with him when he was at school? Yes, he had never praised him _______ he became one of the top students in his grade. A. after B. unless C. until D. when 3. Don’t be afraid of asking for help _____ it is needed. A. unless B. since C. although D. when 4. A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ curiosity ______ he reaches the end of the story. A. when B. unless C. after D. until 5. How far apart do they live? ______I know, they live in the same neighborhood. A. As long as B. As far as C. As well as D. As often as 6. ________ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. A. Even though B. Unless C. As long as D. While 7. Dad, I’ve finished my assignment. Good, and ____ you play or watch TV, you mustn’t disturb me. A. Whenever B. Whether C. Whatever D. No matter 8. We were swimming in the lake_______ suddenly the storm started. A. when B. while C. until D. before 9. It was evening ________ we reached the little town of Winchester. A. that B. until C. since D. before 10. You can eat food free in my restaurant________ you like. A. whenever B. wherever C. whatever D. however 11. _______ modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. A. While B. Since C. As D. If 12. ________ I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless 13. I do every single bit of housework_____ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A. since B. while C. when D. as 14. Simon thought his computer was broken _____ his little bother pointed out that he had forgotten to turn it on. A. until B. unless C. after D. when 15. They wanted to charge $5,000 for the car, ______ we managed to bring the price down. A. but B. so C. when D. since 16. The American Civil War lasted four years_______ the North won in the end. A. after B. before C. when D. then 17.---Did Jack come back early last night? ---Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock _______ he arrived home. A. before B. when C. that D. until
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18. Allow children the space to voice their opinions, _________ they are different from your own. A. until B. even if C. unless D. as though 19. The old tower must be saved, ______ the cost is. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever 20. There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely, _____ she was an only child. A. ever since B. now that C. even though D. even as 21. We thought there were 35 students in the dining hall, ___, in fact, there were 40. A. while B. whether C. what D. which 22. _______ you’ve tried it, you can’t imagine how pleasant it is. A. Unless B. Because C. Although D. When 23. He found it increasingly difficult to read, ____ his eyesight was beginning to fail. A. and B. for C. but D. or 24. If you are traveling ________ the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as the Romans do. A. in which B. what C. when D. where 25. “You can’t have this football back _____ you promise not to kick it at my cat again,” the old man said firmly. A. because B. since C. when D. until 26. A man cannot smile like a child, _______ a child smiles with his eyes, while a man smiles with his lips alone. A. so B. but C. and D. for 27. ---How long do you think it will be ______ China sends a manned spaceship to the moon. ---Perhaps two or three years. A. when B. until C. that D. before 28. -–Why didn’t you tell him about the meeting? ---He rushed out of the room ______ I could say a word. A. before B. until C. when D. after 29. We won’t keep winning games ______ we keep playing well. A. because B. unless C. when D. while 30. I grew up in Africa, _________ at least I should say that I spent much of the first ten years of my life there. A. and B. or C. so D. but 四.完成句子 1._____________________________________( 一旦你掌握了这种方法), you’ll find it’s quite useful. (once) 2. Make a mark___________________________________(在有问题的地方). (where) 3.__________________________________________( 既 然 大 家 都 在 这 儿 ), let’s have a discussion and then make a decision. (now) 4. __________________________________________________(只要我们不灰心), we’ll find a way to overcome the difficulty. (long) 5. ___________________________________________(他虽然是个孩子), he knows a lot. (as) 6. _______________________________________________(无论有多远), I intend to drive there tonight. (however) 7. Let’s take the front seats_____________________________________(以便能看得更清楚些).
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(so that) 8. Better take more clothes_______________________________(以防天气转冷). (in case) 9. We left in____________________________________________________(匆匆忙忙地离开, 忘了锁门). (such) 10. He acted_________________________________________(好像什么都没发生). (as if) 11.You must do______________________________(按照我说的去做). (as) 12. The more you practise, _______________________________( 你就会更好). (better) 13. ______________________________________________ (直到他妈妈回家) that he will go to bed. (until) 14. I shall go there____________________________________(除非明天下雨). (unless) 15. There was an applause________________________________________________(她一出现 在舞台上).(moment) 16.____________________________________________________(无论他去哪儿), he always brings two bodyguards with him. (wherever) 17.He _________________________________________(正要抢劫银行就在这时) he saw a police-car coming. (rob) 18.Hardly ______________________________________(他刚进屋) the telephone rang. (enter) 19. By the time he arrived,_________________________________________(火车开了).(go) 20._____________________________________(无论你喜不喜欢), you’ll have to do it.(or) 参考答案 1-5 BCDDB 6-10 CBADA 16-20 BBBBC 21-25 AABDD 1.Once you master this method 2. where you have a question 3. Now that everyone is here 4. As long as we don’t lose heart 5. Child as he is 6. However far it is 7. so that we can see more clearly 8. in case the weather turns cold 9. such a hurry that we forgot to lock the door 10. as if (though) nothing had happened 11.as I tell you to 12. the better you will get/be 13. It is not until his mother comes home 14. unless it rains tomorrow 15. the moment she appeared on the stage 16. Wherever he goes 17.was about to rob the bank when 18.had he entered the room when 19. the train had already gone. 20. Whether you like it or not

11-15 AABAA 26-30 DDABB

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